Metropolitan France known as European France or Mainland France, is the area of France, geographically in Europe. It comprises mainland France and Corsica, as well as other islands in the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel and the Mediterranean Sea. Overseas France is the collective name for the part of France outside Europe: French overseas regions, territories and the sui generis collectivity of New Caledonia. Metropolitan and Overseas France together form the French Republic. Metropolitan France accounts for 82.0% of the land territory, 3.3% of the exclusive economic zone, 95.9% of the French Republic's population. The five overseas regions — French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Réunion, Mayotte—have the same political status as metropolitan France's regions. Metropolitan France and these five overseas regions together are sometimes called la France entière by the French administration, but this France entière does not include the French overseas collectivities and territories that have more autonomy than do the overseas departments.
In Overseas France, a person from metropolitan France is called a métro, short for métropolitain. The term "metropolitan France" dates from the country's colonial period, when France was referred to as la Métropole, as distinguished from its colonies and protectorates, known as les colonies or l'Empire. Similar terms existed to describe other European colonial powers; this application of the words "metropolis" and "metropolitan" came from Ancient Greek "metropolis", the name for a city-state that created colonies across the Mediterranean. By extension "metropolis" and "metropolitan" came to mean "motherland", a nation or country as opposed to its colonies overseas. Today, some people in overseas France object to the use of the term la France métropolitaine due to its colonial history, they prefer to call it "the European territory of France". They oppose treating overseas France and metropolitan France as separate entities. For example, INSEE used to calculate its statistics for metropolitan France only, to analyze separate statistics for the overseas departments and territories.
People in the overseas departments have opposed this separate treatment, arguing that the four overseas departments were part of France. As a result, since the end of the 1990s INSEE has included the four overseas departments in its figures for France; the fifth overseas department, has been included in the figures for France since the mid-2010s too. INSEE refers to the five overseas departments as la France entière. "The whole of France" includes the five overseas departments, but does not include the other overseas collectivities and territories that have more autonomy than the departments. Other branches of the French administration may have different definitions of what la France entière is. For example, in contrast to INSEE, when the Ministry of the Interior releases election results, they use the term la France entière to refer to the entire French Republic, including all of overseas France, not just the five overseas departments. Note that since INSEE now calculates statistics for la France entière, this practice has spread to international institutions.
For instance, the French GDP published by the World Bank includes metropolitan France and the five overseas departments. The World Bank refers to this total as "France". Metropolitan France covers a land area of 543,940 square kilometres, while overseas France covers a land area of 119,396 km2, for a total of 663,336 km2 in the French Republic. Thus, metropolitan France accounts for 82.0% of the French Republic's land territory. At sea, the exclusive economic zone of metropolitan France covers 333,691 km2, while the EEZ of overseas France covers 9,825,538 km2, for a total of 10,159,229 km2 in the French Republic. Thus, metropolitan France accounts for 3.3% of the French Republic's EEZ. According to INSEE, 65,018,000 people lived in metropolitan France as of January 2018, while 2,790,000 lived in overseas France, for a total of 67,808,000 inhabitants in the French Republic. Thus, metropolitan France accounts for 95.9% of the French Republic's population. In the second round of the 2017 French presidential election, 35,467,327 French people cast a ballot.
33,883,463 of these cast their ballots in metropolitan France, 1,003,910 cast their ballots in overseas France, 579,954 cast their ballots in foreign countries. The French National Assembly is made up of 577 deputies, 539 of whom are elected in metropolitan France, 27 (4.7%
" Fascination" is a 1983 song by the British synthpop group The Human League. It was composed by Jo Callis and Philip Oakey, produced by Martin Rushent; the song features vocals from four of the band members, including lead singer Philip Oakey, female co-vocalists Susan Ann Sulley and Joanne Catherall, a rare vocal role from keyboardist and guitarist Jo Callis. The single was designated'Red' on the Human League’s short-lived, self-imposed labelling system of'Blue' for pop songs and'Red' for dance tracks; the single was released in the UK on 11 April 1983 as a non-album single, went to number 2 in the UK Singles Chart. It was incorporated into the band's EP Fascination!. Released in the US a month after the UK release, the single reached number 1 on the US Hot Dance Music/Club Play chart and number 8 on the US Billboard Hot 100 that summer; the EP Fascination! contained two versions of " Fascination". These were the tracks featured on the 12" issue in the UK; the 7" issue featured a new track on the B-side Total Panic.
The video for " Fascination" was filmed in a semi-derelict area of Newham, London, due for demolition and redevelopment as part of the widescale redevelopment of Docklands and East London which took place in the early 1980s. The video begins with a close-up of an orange "you are here" dot on a street map, which becomes an actual giant orange dot on the ground as the camera zooms in; the dot highlights a single house on the apex of a street, the camera passes through a set of window curtains to show the band playing the song inside. The entire room is painted grey, as are microphones. During the bridge, two boys kick a ball around in the street outside. Both the ball and one boy's clothes turn orange; as the song ends, the camera retreats from the room and zooms out into the sky, the view changing back to the original map. Unusually for Human League videos to this point, the band are all seen playing instruments as if it were a live performance. Philip Oakey said in 1983: "The aim of the video is to show that we're a group who play music together...
This should help us in America where they believe we are a manufactured item because we've never been live on TV there." Both the house and surrounding area encompassed by the orange dot were painted orange, including a nearby Austin 1800 car. The video was conceived and directed by Steve Barron, who directed most of the Human League's early 1980s music videos; the band's scenes were all filmed in a studio. The house remained orange until being demolished in mid-1983. A cover version of the song recorded by Rob Crow, features in the 2010 commercial for Kingsford Charcoal. A cover version of the song recorded by the OV7 group features in the album Siete Latidos. In the 2002 video game Grand Theft Auto: Vice City, the song is featured in the fictional radio station Wave 103. Http://www.the-black-hit-of-space.dk/keep_feeling_fascination.htm Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics Available to watch on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QqqBs6kkzHE
Microsoft Flight Simulator X is a 2006 flight simulator developed by Aces Game Studio and published by Microsoft Game Studios for Microsoft Windows. It is the sequel to Microsoft Flight Simulator 2004 and the tenth and most current installment of the Microsoft Flight Simulator series, first released in 1982, it is built on an upgraded graphics rendering engine, showcasing DirectX 10 features in Windows Vista and was marketed by Microsoft as the most important technological milestone in the series to date. FSX is the first version in the series to be released on DVD media. In December 2012, over six years after its release, the FSX multiplayer matchmaking system over the GameSpy network was discontinued. On July 9, 2014, Dovetail Games, the developer of Train Simulator, announced that it signed a licensing agreement with Microsoft to continue development on FSX and the production of new content. On December 18, 2014, the FSX: Steam Edition version of the simulator was made available through digital distribution via Steam.
The updated release of FSX includes support for Windows 8.1 and along with updated hosting of FSX multiplayer features through Steam. Flight Simulator X marks the tenth version of the popular line of flight simulators, it was released to the US market on October 17, 2006. According to Microsoft's Web site for the game, a standard edition features everything from navaids to GPS and airways, it includes 18 planes, 28 detailed cities, over 24,000 airports with a deluxe version featuring 24 aircraft, 38 cities. The player can fly anything from a light experimental aircraft to jumbo jets; the game features dynamic real-world condition weather. The geography matches the part of the world. Jetways and ground equipment are included in the game. Flight Simulator X was unveiled at the 2006 International Consumer Electronics Show as a gaming showcase for Microsoft Windows Vista and is now compatible with Windows 7, with Windows 8 or Windows 10 via Steam. Microsoft released screenshots as well as a list of asked questions as a press release on Microsoft Flight Simulator Insider, numerous flight simulator communities.
This included mission-based gameplay with mission specific aircraft as well as an upgraded rendering engine capable of increased detail. Following the Electronic Entertainment Expo in May 2006, Microsoft published new screenshots, videos and an official trailer; the graphical quality of the simulator has increased. On January 22, 2009, it was reported that development team behind the product was being affected by Microsoft's ongoing job cuts, with indications that the entire Flight Simulator team would be laid off; the news was confirmed by Microsoft officials stating they were committed to the Flight Simulator franchise, with expectations to continue product releases in the series, but had nothing specific to announce at that time. On August 17, 2010, Microsoft announced Microsoft Flight, a new simulation game that boasted a further-improved graphics engine and enhanced simulation features. In April 2012, Flight was released. In August 2012, further development of Flight was cancelled by Microsoft.
Flight Simulator X was released in two editions: Deluxe. The released Gold Edition was a marketing package rather than a "version" as it contains both the Deluxe Edition and the Acceleration expansion pack. Compared to the Standard Edition, the Deluxe Edition incorporates additional features, including an on-disc software development kit, three airplanes with the Garmin G1000 Flightdeck, the ability for the player to act as Air traffic control for other online users with a radar screen; the Deluxe Edition added pilotable – Grumman G-21A Goose, Maule Orion M-7-260-C Super Rocket, G1000 furnished versions of the Beechcraft Baron 58, Cessna C172SP Skyhawk, the Mooney M-20-M Bravo. The Acceleration pack added further aircraft – Agusta Westland AW101, Boeing F/A-18 Hornet, a racing version of the P-51D Mustang. Microsoft Flight Simulator X: Gold Edition combines the Deluxe Edition and the Acceleration expansion pack into one. New features included in Flight Simulator X include: Improved graphics Airports with animated jetways and improved ground services Ability for players to be an Air Traffic Controller Support for DirectX 10 Proprietary SimConnect API allows FSUIPC-like access to Flight Simulator functions and variables Advanced Animations, including wing flex The inclusion of "Missions" adds a new facet to the simulation, adding task-oriented goals and encouraging users to fly worldwide, rather than just from their home field.
Although a similar concept was available in previous versions, the new implementation of multipath & event-oriented situations extends the potential for user interaction. Pilots earn "Rewards" for completing various missions and reaching specific accomplishments throughout the game; some of the rewards exist. Some missions have multiple and hidden rewards, receipt being dependent on performing additional actions; the Learning Center has been carried over from FS2004, which introduces the user to the various features of FSX. Flying lessons are included, voiced over by real-life pilot and instructor Rod Machado; the user can fly a checkride at the end of the learning process. Completion of these various checkrides certify the user with simulated pilot ratings; this feature contains aircraft information files that wer