Midtown Manhattan is the central portion of the borough of Manhattan in New York City. Midtown is home to some of the city's most iconic buildings, including the Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building, the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project, the headquarters of the United Nations, Grand Central Terminal, Rockefeller Center, as well as Broadway and Times Square. Midtown Manhattan is the largest central business district in the world and ranks among the most expensive pieces of real estate. However, due to the high price of retail spaces in Midtown, there are many vacant storefronts in the neighborhood. Midtown is the country's largest commercial and media center, a growing financial center; the majority of New York City's skyscrapers, including its tallest hotels and apartment towers, are in Midtown. The area hosts commuters and residents working in its offices and retail establishments and students. Times Square, the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, is a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
Sixth Avenue has the headquarters of three of the four major U. S. television networks. Midtown is part of Manhattan Community District 5, it is patrolled by the 18th Precincts of the New York City Police Department. Geographically, the northern bound of Midtown Manhattan is defined to be 59th Street. Midtown spans the entire island of Manhattan along an east-west axis, bounded by the East River on its east and the Hudson River to its west; the Encyclopedia of New York City defines Midtown as extending from 34th Street to 59th Street and from 3rd Avenue to 8th Avenue. In addition to its central business district, Midtown Manhattan encompasses many neighborhoods, including Hell's Kitchen and Chelsea on the West Side, Murray Hill, Kips Bay, Turtle Bay, Gramercy Park on the East Side, it is sometimes broken into "Midtown East" and "Midtown West", or north and south as in the New York City Police Department's Midtown North and Midtown South precincts. Neighborhoods in the Midtown area include the following: Between 59th Street to the north and 42nd Street to the south, from west to east: Hell's Kitchen from the Hudson River to Eighth Avenue, including Theatre Row on West 42nd Street between Eleventh Avenue and Ninth Avenue, where Hell's Kitchen meets Central Park and the Upper West Side at West 59th Street and Eighth Avenue, Columbus Circle Times Square and the Theater District from West 42nd Street to around West 53rd Street, from Eighth Avenue to Sixth Avenue The Diamond District on West 47th Street between Sixth Avenue and Fifth Avenue Midtown East from around Sixth Avenue to the East River, including: Sutton Place near the East River between East 53rd Street and East 59th Street Turtle Bay from 53rd Street to 42nd Street and from Lexington Avenue to the East River Tudor City from First Avenue to Second Avenue and East 40th Street to East 43rd Street Between 42nd Street north and around 34th Street, from west to east, north to south: Hell's Kitchen from the Hudson River to Eighth Avenue The Garment District from West 42nd Street to West 34th Street and from Ninth Avenue to Fifth Avenue Herald Square around the intersection of Broadway, Sixth Avenue, West 34th Street Murray Hill from East 42nd Street to East 34th Street and Fifth Avenue to Second Avenue Between 34th Street and 23rd Street, from west to east: Chelsea, between the Hudson River and Sixth Avenue Koreatown from 36th Street to 31st Street and Fifth and Sixth Avenues, centered on "Korea Way" on 32nd Street between Fifth Avenue and Broadway Rose Hill or Curry Hill between Madison Avenue and Third Avenue Kips Bay from Third Avenue to the East River Between 23rd Street and 14th Street, going west to east and north to south: Chelsea, between the Hudson River and Sixth Avenue The Meatpacking District in the southwesternmost corner of Midtown, to the south of West 15th Street Madison Square and the Flatiron District, the area surround the intersection of Broadway, Fifth Avenue and 23rd Street.
Union Square, to the northeast of the intersection of Broadway, East 14th Street and Park Avenue South Gramercy from East 23rd Street to East 14th Street and Lexington Avenue to First Avenue Peter Cooper Village from East 23rd Street to East 20th Street and 1st Avenue to Avenue C Stuyvesant Town from East 20th Street to East 14th Street and First Avenue to Avenue CMidtown is the original district in the United States to bear the name and included historical but now defunct neighborhoods such as the Ladies' Mile, along Fifth Avenue from 14th to 23rd Street. Important streets and thoroughfares Broadway 34th Street 42nd Street The border of Midtown Manhattan is nebulous and further confused by the fact that the term "Midtown Manhattan" can be used to refer either to a district or a group of neighborhoods and districts in Manhattan: The area between 14th and 86th Streets includes the center of Manhattan. Manhattan Community District 5 is located from 14th to 59th Streets between Lexington Avenue and Eighth Avenue.
Community District 5 is coterminous with Midtown but includes the Flatiron District, NoMad, Union Square, parts of Gramercy Park an
Metropolitan Stadium was a sports stadium that once stood in Bloomington, just outside Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Millers minor league baseball team played at Met Stadium from 1956 to 1960; the Minnesota Twins and the Minnesota Vikings played at the "Met" from 1961 to 1981. The North American Soccer League soccer team Minnesota Kicks played there from 1976 to 1981; the area where the stadium once stood is now the site of the Mall of America. Beginning in 1953, inspired by the Boston Braves' move to Milwaukee, Gerald Moore, the president of the Minneapolis Chamber of Commerce, led the drive to lure a Major League team to Minnesota by constructing a modern stadium built to Major League specifications. After the rejection of numerous sites, a stadium committee appointed by Moore approved a 160-acre plot of farmland in Bloomington; the stadium would replace Nicollet Park as the home of the American Association's Minneapolis Millers. The site was equidistant from the downtowns of Minneapolis and St. Paul, it was believed this would be the best location for a prospective Major League team.
After a plan by architects Thorshov & Cerny won approval, groundbreaking was scheduled to begin on June 20, 1955. The construction was delayed, when the owners of the property on which the stadium would be built on began a protest, claiming they had not yet been paid. One of these owners created a barricade of farm equipment along his property line that ran directly through where the stadium's infield would be; the dispute was settled in time for the groundbreaking to move forward as planned. Many spectators and dignitaries attended the groundbreaking, including Minneapolis mayor Eric G. Hoyer and several members of the Minneapolis Millers. On February 7, 1956, an accident occurred on the construction site when a portable heater used to cure concrete exploded in the stadium's basement. After $50,000 of repairs and a three-week delay in construction, Metropolitan Stadium opened in time to hold its first game, a minor league contest between the Millers and the Wichita Braves on April 24 of that year.
In the 1950s, major league owners Calvin Griffith and Horace Stoneham called the stadium the finest facility in the minors. Under major league rules of the time, the Giants owned the major league rights to the Minneapolis area. Negotiations were held with Griffith's Washington Senators, as well as the Cincinnati Reds, Cleveland Indians, Philadelphia Athletics. However, the Giants chose to follow the Brooklyn Dodgers to the west coast at the urging of Dodgers owner Walter O'Malley, who owned the Millers' crosstown rivals, the St. Paul Saints. San Francisco had long been home to the Pacific Coast League's San Francisco Seals, the top farm team of the Boston Red Sox; as part of the deal, the Millers' parent team became the Red Sox, who had no plans to move anywhere in the foreseeable future. Multiple exhibition games featuring Major League teams were held at the Met at this time; the latter game brought 15,990 fans to the stadium, including Calvin Griffith, who described the stadium as "terrific."
In October 1960, Calvin Griffith announced that his Washington Senators would move to Metropolitan Stadium and became the Minnesota Twins. The Twins played their first home game on April 1961 with a loss to the new Washington Senators; the Millers and their perennial crosstown rival St. Paul Saints were promptly folded by Major League Baseball. To ready the stadium for the Twins, a $9 million renovation increased the seating capacity from about 22,000 to over 30,000 by the completion of the Twins' inaugural season. During the Twins' first 10 seasons at the Met, they outdrew the average American League team each year; the National Football League was interested in placing a team at the Met. Conversations were had with Violet Bidwill Wolfner, owner of the Chicago Cardinals, about moving her team to the stadium; the Cardinals moved two of their regular season home games against the Philadelphia Eagles and New York Giants to Bloomington for the 1959 NFL season. A preseason football game was held each year at the Met from 1956 to 1960.
September 15, 1956 Pittsburgh Steelers 14 Philadelphia Eagles 12 September 21, 1957 Green Bay Packers 10 Pittsburgh 10 September 21, 1958 Chicago Cardinals 31 Green Bay 24 September 20, 1959 Green Bay 13 Pittsburgh 10 September 11, 1960 Green Bay 28 Dallas Cowboys 23 Finally, the Met got a football team when the American Football League announced Minneapolis- St. Paul as one of its charter cities for the 1960 AFL season. However, the NFL persuaded the team's owners to pull out of the AFL in January 1960 and join the NFL as an expansion team in 1961; the NFL team was named the Minnesota Vikings. As it turned out, the year's delay worked to the Vikings' benefit, as by the Twins had moved in and the Met had been expanded to befit its status as a big-league stadium. (The Chicago Cardin
Damask is a reversible figured fabric of silk, linen, cotton, or synthetic fibres, with a pattern formed by weaving. Damasks are woven with one warp yarn and one weft yarn with the pattern in warp-faced satin weave and the ground in weft-faced or sateen weave. Twill damasks include a twill-woven pattern; the production of damask was one of the five basic weaving techniques—the others being tabby, twill and tapestry—of the Byzantine and Middle Eastern weaving centres of the early Middle Ages. Damasks derive their name from the city of Damascus—in that period a large city active both in trading and in manufacture. Damasks became scarce after the 9th century outside Islamic Spain, but were revived in some places in the 13th century; the word "damask" first appeared in records in a Western European language in the mid-14th century in French. By the 14th century, damasks were being woven on draw looms in Italy. From the 14th to 16th century, most damasks were woven in one colour with a glossy warp-faced satin pattern against a duller ground.
Two-colour damasks had contrasting colour warps and wefts, polychrome damasks added gold and other metallic threads or additional colours as supplemental brocading wefts. Medieval damasks were woven in silk, but weavers produced wool and linen damasks. Modern damasks are woven on computerized Jacquard looms. Damask weaves are produced in monochromatic weaves in silk, linen, or synthetic fibres such as rayon and feature patterns of flowers and other designs; the long floats of satin-woven warp and weft threads cause soft highlights on the fabric which reflect light differently according to the position of the observer. Damask weaves appear most in table linens and furnishing fabrics, but they are used for clothing; the Damask weave is used extensively throughout the fashion industry due to its versatility and high-quality finish. Damask is used for mid-to-high-quality garments, meaning the label tends to have a higher definition and a more “expensive” look. Diapering
Carrère and Hastings
Carrère and Hastings, the firm of John Merven Carrère and Thomas Hastings, was one of the outstanding Beaux-Arts architecture firms in the United States. It was located in New York City; the partnership operated from 1885 until 1911. Thomas Hastings continued on his own, using the same firm name, until his death in 1929. Both men studied at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in France and worked at the firm of McKim and White before they established their firm in the same building; the partnership's first success was the Ponce de León Hotel in St. Augustine, which they designed for Henry Flagler, they went on to establish a successful practice during the 1880s and early 1890s, rose to national prominence by winning the competition for the New York Public Library in 1897. The firm designed commercial buildings, elaborate residences, prominent public buildings in New York, Washington and as far afield as Toronto, Paris and Havana. John Merven Carrère was born in Rio de Janeiro, the son of John Merven Carrère, a Baltimore native and Anna Louisa Maxwell, a Scots/Brazilian native of Rio, the daughter of Joseph Maxwell, a prosperous coffee trader.
The architect's father entered Maxwell's coffee business and developed other business interests of his own in Brazil. As a boy Carrère was sent to Switzerland for his education until 1880, when he entered the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts, where he was in the atelier of Leon Ginian until 1882, he returned to New York where his family had resettled after leaving Brazil and worked as draughtsmen for the architectural firm of McKim and White. He and his Paris acquaintance, Thomas Hastings, worked there together before striking out on their own in 1885. During this period Carrère independently designed several circular panorama buildings in New York and Chicago. After he married Marion Dell in 1886 they lived in Staten Island and had three daughters, one of whom died as an infant. In 1901 they moved to East 65th Street in Manhattan, built a country house in Harrison, New York. Carrère was noted for his unflinching honesty, his organizational skill, artistic judgment, energy were essential to the establishment and success of the Carrère and Hastings firm.
He was most active in the firm's large civic and commercial projects, including the House and Senate office buildings on Capitol Hill, the Manhattan Bridge and its approaches, the New York Public Library. He was interested in civic affairs in New York, with the help of Elihu Root, he was instrumental in establishing the Art Commission of New York City, his public service extended to the national arena. In the 1890s he worked with other leaders of the American Institute of Architects to persuade the US Treasury Department to implement the Tarsney Act, passed by Congress in 1893 to allow the federal government to award architectural commissions for its buildings through open design competitions. During the extended Tarsney controversy, Jeremiah O'Rourke, the Supervising Architect of the Treasury Department, resigned. Carrère was offered the job, an offer he publicly considered but declined, writing, "the system, not the man, should be changed." Carrère was engaged in the development of city planning in the United States.
He lectured at universities and to civic groups on the subject. He collaborated with Daniel H. Burnham and Arnold Brunner on the Group Plan for Cleveland and again with Brunner on a plan for Grand Rapids, Michigan. In 1910, he worked with Brunner and Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. on a plan for a Baltimore civic center. In 1908, Carrère was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member, became a full member in 1910. Carrère and Hastings produced a plan for the City of Hartford, completed in 1911, just prior to his tragic, early death, which occurred when a streetcar collided with the taxi in which he was riding, he never regained consciousness. Thomas S. Hastings was born in New York City on March 11, 1860, his father Thomas S. Hastings, was a noted Presbyterian minister, homiletics professor, dean of the Union Theological Seminary, his grandfather, Thomas Samuel Hastings, was one of America's leading church musicians of the 19th century: he composed hymns, including'Rock of Ages,' and published the first musical treatise by a native-born composer in 1822.
Hastings was educated in private schools in New York, began his architectural apprenticeship at Herter Brothers, the premier New York furnishers and decorators. He attended the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1880–1883 as a student in the atelier of Louis-Jules André. There he met his future partner, both maintained ties to Europe throughout their lives. Upon returning to New York, Hastings entered the office of McKim, Mead & White, the leading American firm of the American Renaissance. Renewing his friendship with Carrère, in the office, he remained there for two years. A referral through his father to Henry Morrison Flagler resulted in the commission first for a library extension to Flagler's Mamaroneck estate and for the Ponce de Leon and Alcazar hotels in St. Augustine, Florida. Further ties to wealthy patrons, who were members of his father's mid-town congregation, propelled the rapid success of the young architects, his brother Frank's ties to E. C. Benedict, a leading financier, introduced him not only to patrons but als
Trinity Church (Manhattan)
Trinity Church is a historic parish church in the Episcopal Diocese of New York located near the intersection of Wall Street and Broadway in the lower Manhattan section of New York City, New York. Known for both its location and endowment, Trinity is a traditional high church, with an active parish centered around the Episcopal Church and the worldwide Anglican Communion in missionary and fellowship; the Trinity Church has been significant to New York City's history for over 300 years. In 1696, Governor Benjamin Fletcher approved the purchase of land in Lower Manhattan by the Church of England community for construction of a new church; the parish received its charter from King William III on May 6, 1697. Its land grant specified an annual rent of 60 bushels of wheat; the first rector was William Vesey, a protege of Increase Mather, who served for 49 years until his death in 1746. The first Trinity Church building, a modest rectangular structure with a gambrel roof and small porch, was constructed in 1698, on Wall Street, facing the Hudson River.
The land on which it was built was a formal garden and a burial ground. It was built because in 1696, members of the Church of England protested to obtain a "charter granting the church legal status" in New York City. According to historical records, Captain William Kidd lent the runner and tackle from his ship for hoisting the stones. Anne, Queen of Great Britain, increased the parish's land holdings to 215 acres in 1705. In 1709, William Huddleston founded Trinity School as the Charity School of the church, classes were held in the steeple of the church. In 1754, King's College was chartered by King George II of Great Britain, instruction began with eight students in a school building near the church. During the American Revolutionary War the city became the British military and political base of operations in North America, following the departure of General George Washington and the Continental Army shortly after Battle of Long Island and subsequent local defeats. Under British occupation clergy were required to be Loyalists, while the parishioners included some members of the revolutionary New York Provincial Congress, as well as the First and Second Continental Congresses.
The church was destroyed in the Great New York City Fire of 1776, which started in the Fighting Cocks Tavern, destroying nearly 400 to 500 buildings and houses, leaving thousands of New Yorkers homeless. Six days most of the city's volunteer firemen followed General Washington north. Rev. Charles Inglis served throughout the war and to Nova Scotia on evacuation with the whole congregation of Trinity Church; the Rev. Samuel Provoost was appointed Rector of Trinity in 1784, the New York State Legislature ratified the charter of Trinity Church, deleting the provision that asserted its loyalty to the King of England. Whig patriots were appointed as vestrymen. In 1787, Provoost was consecrated as the first Bishop of the newly formed Diocese of New York. Following his 1789 inauguration at Federal Hall, George Washington attended Thanksgiving service, presided over by Bishop Provoost, at St. Paul's Chapel, a chapel of the Parish of Trinity Church, he continued to attend services there until the second Trinity Church was finished in 1790.
St. Paul's Chapel is part of the Parish of Trinity Church and is the oldest public building in continuous use in New York City. Construction on the second Trinity Church building began in 1788. St. Paul's Chapel was used; the second Trinity Church was built facing Wall Street. Building a bigger church was beneficial because the population of New York City was expanding; the church was torn down after being weakened by severe snows during the winter of 1838–39. The second Trinity Church was politically significant because President Washington and members of his government worshiped there. Additional notable parishioners included Alexander Hamilton; the third and current Trinity Church began construction in 1839 and was finished in 1846. When the Episcopal Bishop of New York consecrated Trinity Church on Ascension Day 1846, its soaring Gothic Revival spire, surmounted by a gilded cross, dominated the skyline of lower Manhattan. Trinity was a welcoming beacon for ships sailing into New York Harbor.
In 1843, Trinity Church's expanding parish was divided due to the burgeoning cityscape and to better serve the needs of its parishioners. The newly formed parish would build Grace Church, to the north on Broadway at 10th street, while the original parish would re-build Trinity Church, the structure that stands today. Both Grace and Trinity Churches were completed and consecrated in 1846. Trinity Church held the title of tallest building in the United States until 1869, when it was surpassed by St. Michael's Church, Old Town, Chicago. At the time of its completion, Trinity's 281-foot spire and cross comprised the highest point in New York, until it was surpassed in 1883 by the stone tower of the Brooklyn Bridge, in 1890 by the New York World Building. In 1876–1877 a reredos and altar were erected in memory of William Backhouse Astor, Sr. to the designs of architect Frederick Clarke Withers. On July 9, 1976, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visited Trinity Church. Vestrymen presented the Queen with a symbolic "back rent" of 279 peppercorns.
Since 1993, Trinity Church has hosted the graduation ceremonies of the High School of Economics and Finance. The school is located on Trinity Place, a few blocks away from the church. Guided tours of the church are offered daily at 2 p.m
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts is a 16.3-acre complex of buildings in the Lincoln Square neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan in New York City. It hosts many notable performing arts organizations, which are nationally and internationally renowned, including the New York Philharmonic, the Metropolitan Opera, the New York City Ballet and the New York City Opera. A consortium of civic leaders and others led by, under the initiative of, John D. Rockefeller III built Lincoln Center as part of the "Lincoln Square Renewal Project" during Robert Moses' program of urban renewal in the 1950s and 1960s. Respected architects were contracted to design the major buildings on the site, over the next thirty years the diverse working class area around Lincoln Center was replaced with a conglomeration of high culture to please the tastes of the consortium. Rockefeller was Lincoln Center's inaugural president from 1956 and became its chairman in 1961, he is credited with raising more than half of the $184.5 million in private funds needed to build the complex, including drawing on his own funds.
The center's three buildings, David Geffen Hall, David H. Koch Theater and the Metropolitan Opera House were opened in 1962, 1964 and 1966, respectively. While the center may have been named because it was located in the Lincoln Square neighborhood, it is unclear whether the area was named as a tribute to U. S. President Abraham Lincoln; the name was bestowed on the area in 1906 by the New York City Board of Aldermen, but records give no reason for choosing that name. There has long been speculation that the name came from a local landowner, because the square was named Lincoln Square. City records from the time show only the names Johannes van Bruch, Thomas Hall, Stephan de Lancey, James de Lancey, James de Lancey, Jr. and John Somerindyck as area property owners. One speculation is that references to President Lincoln were omitted from the records because the mayor in 1906 was George B. McClellan Jr. son of General George B. McClellan, general-in-chief of the Union Army early in the American Civil War and a bitter rival of Lincoln's.
Architects who designed buildings at the center include: Diller Scofidio + Renfro: Public spaces, Hypar Pavilion and Lincoln Ristorante, The Juilliard School, Alice Tully Hall, School of American Ballet, Josie Robertson Plaza, Revson Fountain, President's Bridge and Infoscape Max Abramovitz: David Geffen Hall, original design of Josie Robertson Plaza Pietro Belluschi: The Juilliard School. Modified by Diller Scofidio + Renfro in association with FXFOWLE Architects Gordon Bunshaft: The New York Public Library for the Performing Arts Wallace Harrison: the center's master plan, the Metropolitan Opera House, original design of Josie Robertson Plaza Lee S Jablin: 3 Lincoln Center, the adjacent condominium built by a private developer Philip Johnson: New York State Theater, now known as the David H. Koch Theater, original design of Josie Robertson Plaza and original Revson Fountain Eero Saarinen: Vivian Beaumont Theater Davis and Associates: The Samuel B. and David Rose Building. Billie Tsien, Tod William: The David Rubenstein Atrium Hugh Hardy/H3 Hardy Collaboration Architecture LLC: The Claire Tow Theater WET Design: Revson Fountain The first structure to be completed and occupied as part of this renewal was the Fordham Law School of Fordham University in 1962.
Located between Columbus and Amsterdam Avenues, from West 60th to 66th Streets in Lincoln Square, on Manhattan's Upper West Side, the complex was the first gathering of major cultural institutions into a centralized location in an American city. The development of the condominium at 3 Lincoln Center, completed in 1991, designed by Lee Jablin of Harman Jablin Architects, made possible the expansion of The Juilliard School and the School of American Ballet; the center's cultural institutions make use of facilities located away from the main campus. In 2004, the center expanded through the addition of Jazz at Lincoln Center's newly built facilities, the Frederick P. Rose Hall, at the new Time Warner Center, located a few blocks to the south. In March 2006, the center launched construction on a major redevelopment plan that modernized and opened up its campus. Redevelopment was completed in 2012 with the completion of the President's Bridge over West 65th Street; when first announced in 1999, Lincoln Center's campuswide redevelopment was to cost $1.5 billion over 10 years and radically transform the campus.
The center management held an architectural competition, won by the British architect Norman Foster in 2005, but did not approve a full scale redesign until 2012, in part because of the need to raise $300 million in construction costs and the New York Philharmonic's fear that it might lose audiences and revenue while it was displaced. Among the architects that have been involved were Frank Gehry. In March 2006, the center launched the 65th Street Project – part of a major redevelopment plan continuing through the fall of 2012 – to create a new pedestrian promenade designed to improve accessibility and the aesthetics of that area of the campus. Additionally, Alice Tully Hall was modernized and reopened to critical and popular acclaim in 2009 and the Film Society of Lincoln Center expanded with the new Elinor Bunin Munroe Film Center. Top
Joseph Urban was an Austrian-American architect and scenic designer. Joseph Urban was born on May 1872 in Vienna. Urban received his first architectural commission at age 19 when he was selected to design the new wing of the Abdin Palace in Cairo, he became known around the world for his innovative use of color, his pointillist technique, his decorative use of line. He designed buildings throughout the world from Esterhazy Castle in Hungary to the Ziegfeld Theatre in New York. Urban studied architecture at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna under Karl von Hasenauer. In 1890, he and his brother-in-law, Heinrich Lefler, were among the founders of the Hagenbund. Urban's early work with illustrated books was inspired by Lefler and, they created what are considered seminal examples of children's book illustration. Urban immigrated to the United States in 1911 to become the art director of the Boston Opera Company, he was an accomplished international architect and theatre set designer with over 50 productions from his home Vienna Royal Opera, the Champs Elysée Opera, Covent Garden.
By applying points of primary colors side by side on the canvas backdrops he was able to create and light theatre sets of vivid color reminiscent of the works by Monet or Seurat. In 1914 he moved to New York City, where he designed productions for the Metropolitan Opera and the Ziegfeld Follies. William Randolph Hearst was supporter, he co-produced with Richard Ordynski Percy MacKaye's "Community Masque" Caliban by the Yellow Sands. Beginning in 1917, he was engaged as stage designer by the Metropolitan Opera of New York City. In all he created set designs for 47 new productions at the house through 1933, his many designs provided the opera company with a cohesive production style throughout the tenure of General Manager Giulio Gatti-Casazza. Many of Urban's settings remained in the company's repertoire into the 1950s. Soon his sets and innovative lighting caught the eye of Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr. who hired him to design the Follies in the 1920s. Urban went to work creating a stunning night-club with glass balconies, a moving stage, rainbow lighting effects.
This Danse de Follies soon became a blend of ideas and talent before serving in the Follies theatre. Urban has success after success in his creating of the Follies’ sets, William Randolph Hearst, a media tycoon, took notice and wanted to hire Urban to work on his films starring Marion Davies, his mistress, previous Follies starlet. Hearst came to an understanding with his friend Ziegfeld that Urban’s work for him would not interfere with any of the Follies production. Urban worked on 25 films over the years, he co-produced with Richard Ordynski Percy MacKaye's "Community Masque" Caliban by the Yellow Sands. Urban died July 10, 1933, of a heart attack at his apartment at the St. Regis Hotel in Manhattan, where he had been convalescing following surgery in May. Urban was one of the originators of the American Art Deco style. Most of his architectural work in the United States has been demolished. Extant buildings include the Mar-a-Lago in Florida; the stage lighting gel Roscolux Urban Blue. This partial list omits unrealized projects.
1900: Wohn- und Bürohaus Wien 8, Buchfeldgasse 6 1902: Villa Goltz, Wien 19, Grinzinger Straße 87 1903: Villa Wiener, Wien 13, Veitingergasse 21 1904: Exhibition space, Austrian Pavilion, Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis, Missouri 1907: Villa Redlich, Wien 19, Kreindlgasse 11 1907: Wohnhaus, Wien 19, Krottenbachstraße 11 1907: Villa Max Landau, Semmering, Südbahnstraße 83 1910: Villa Dr. Mair, Scheiblingkirchen, Kreuzackergasse 43 1920: Sherman Hotel Panther Room, Chicago 1922: Wiener Werkstätte showroom, New York City 1925: C. C. Lightbown House, 4839 Colorado Avenue, NW, Washington, DC, Permit #7278, March 10, 1925, cost $25,000. 1926: Mar-a-Lago, Palm Beach, Florida 1926: Demarest Little Castle, Palm Beach, Florida 1926: Paramount Theatre, Palm Beach, Florida 1927: Anthony Biddle residence, Palm Beach, Florida 1927: Bath and Tennis Club, Palm Beach, Florida 1927: Ziegfeld Theatre, New York City 1926–27: St. Regis Hotel Roof Garden 1928: Hotel Gibson Roof Garden, Ohio 1928: Bossert Hotel, Grill Room, Brooklyn 1928: Bedell Store, New York City 1928–29: William Penn Hotel, Urban Room, Pennsylvania 1929: International Magazine Building, New York City 1929: Central Park Casino 1929: Metropolitan Museum of Art 11th annual exhibition of American Industrial Art 1929: The Gingerbread Castle, New Jersey 1930: The New School for Social Research, New York City 1929–31: Atlantic Beach Club, Long Island, New York 1931: Park Avenue Restaurant, 128 E 58th Street 1932: Congress Hotel, Joseph Urban Room, Illinois 1929: Urban Room, Omni William Penn Hotel, Pennsylvania 1933: Katherine Brush Apartment 1933: Color scheme for the Century of Progress International Exposition 1905: Grimm's Märchen 1907: Kling-Klang Gloria 1911: Andersen Kalender 1914: Marienkind Randolph, Carter.
Joseph Urban: Architecture, Opera, Film. Abbeville Publishing Group. ISBN 0-89659-912-4. Aronson, Arnold. Architect of Dreams: The Theatrical Vision of Joseph Urban. NY NY: Columbia University. ISBN 1-884919-08-1. Goldberger, Paul. "At the Cooper-Hewitt, Designs of Joseph Urban". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-22. "Joseph Urban". Architecture. LXIX: 251–290. May 1934. Curl, Donald W. "Joseph Urban's Palm Beach Architecture"