Metropolitan area

A metropolitan area is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry and housing. A metro area comprises multiple jurisdictions and municipalities: neighborhoods, boroughs, towns, suburbs, districts and nations like the eurodistricts; as social and political institutions have changed, metropolitan areas have become key economic and political regions. Metropolitan areas include satellite cities and intervening rural areas that are socioeconomically tied to the urban core measured by commuting patterns. Most metropolitan areas are anchored by one major city such as Paris metropolitan area and New York metropolitan area. In some cases metropolitan areas have multiple centers of close to equal importance, such as Dallas–Fort Worth metropolitan area and Islamabad–Rawalpindi metropolitan area. In the United States, the concept of the metropolitan statistical area has gained prominence. Metropolitan areas may themselves be part of larger megalopolises.

For urban centres outside metropolitan areas, that generate a similar attraction at smaller scale for their region, the concept of the regiopolis and regiopolitan area or regio was introduced by German professors in 2006. In the United States, the term micropolitan statistical area is used. A metropolitan area combines an urban agglomeration with zones not urban in character, but bound to the center by employment or other commerce; these outlying zones are sometimes known as a commuter belt, may extend well beyond the urban zone, to other political entities. For example, New York on Long Island is considered part of the New York metropolitan area. In practice, the parameters of metropolitan areas, in both official and unofficial usage, are not consistent. Sometimes they are little different from an urban area, in other cases they cover broad regions that have little relation to a single urban settlement. Population figures given for one metro area can vary by millions. There has been no significant change in the basic concept of metropolitan areas since its adoption in 1950, although significant changes in geographic distributions have occurred since and more are expected.

Because of the fluidity of the term "metropolitan statistical area," the term used colloquially is more "metro service area," "metro area," or "MSA" taken to include not only a city, but surrounding suburban and sometimes rural areas, all which it is presumed to influence. A polycentric metropolitan area contains multiple urban agglomerations not connected by continuous development. In defining a metropolitan area, it is sufficient that a city or cities form a nucleus with which other areas have a high degree of integration. See the many lists of metropolitan areas itemized at § Lists of metropolitan areas; the Australian Bureau of Statistics defines Greater Capital City Statistical Areas as the areas of functional extent of the seven state capitals and the Australian Capital Territory. GCCSAs replaced "Statistical Divisions" used until 2011. In Brazil, metropolitan areas are called "metropolitan regions"; each State defines its own legislation for the creation and organization of a metropolitan region.

The creation of a metropolitan region is not intended for any statistical purpose, although the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics uses them in its reports. Their main purpose is to allow for a better management of public policies of common interest to all cities involved, they don't have political, electoral or jurisdictional power whatsoever, so citizens living in a metropolitan region do not elect representatives for them. Statistics Canada defines a census metropolitan area as an area consisting of one or more adjacent municipalities situated around a major urban core. To form a CMA, the metropolitan area must have a population of at least 100,000, at least half within the urban core. To be included in the CMA, adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the core, as measured by commuter flows derived from census data. In Chinese, there used to be no clear distinction between "megalopolis" and "metropolitan area" until National Development and Reform Commission issued Guidelines on the Cultivation and Development of Modern Metropolitan Areas on Feb 19, 2019, in which a metropolitan area was defined as "an urbanized spatial form in a megalopolis dominated by supercity or megacity, or a large metropolis playing a leading part, within the basic range of 1-hour commute area."

The European Union's statistical agency, has created a concept named Larger Urban Zone. The LUZ represents an attempt at a harmonised definition of the metropolitan area, the goal was to have an area from a significant share of the resident commute into the city, a concept known as the "functional urban region". France's national statistics institute, the INSEE, names an urban core and its surrounding area of commuter influence an aire urbaine; this statistical method applies to agglomerations of all sizes, but the INSEE sometimes uses the term aire métropolitaine to refer to France's largest aires urbaines. In German definition, metropolitan areas are eleven most densely populated areas in the Federal Republic of Germany, they comprise the major German cities and their surrounding catchment areas and form the political and cultural centres of the country

Lazy Eye (Silversun Pickups song)

"Lazy Eye" is the third single from Silversun Pickups' debut album Carnavas. The band performed the song on the Late Show with David Letterman, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, Later With Jools Holland, Last Call with Carson Daly; the song is a playable track on Guitar Hero: World Tour. An alternate version of the song, with a length of 7:27, was played on XMU before the shorter version was played on FM and other XM channels; this version was featured on their demo CD. The music video for "Lazy Eye" was produced by Eric Morgan. Former band member, makes a cameo appearance in the video as a bartender and the band's original drummer, Elvira Gonzalez, makes a cameo appearance as a box office/door attendant; the video received extensive airplay on MTV, MTV2, MTVU, VH1, MuchMusic, MTV, International Music Feed and many other international broadcast outlets. The popularity of the video led to the creation of a VH1 "Pop-Up Video" version; the “Lazy Eye” music video was among the MTV2 Subterranean "Viewers Top 20 Music Videos of 2007" list.

Director: Suzie Vlcek Producer: Eric Morgan Cinematographer: Joe Pugliese Editor: Jonathan Alberts Cast: Sara Grace Powell, Hank May, Filippo Almonde Cameos: Kennedy, Elvira Gonzalez The song was featured in the television series The O. C. Criminal Minds, Reaper, the 2008 film Prom Night, a promo for Major League Baseball's 2008 All-Star Game, a video package at the end of FOX's coverage of the 2008 World Series, a video package for CBC's 2009 Stanley Cup playoffs, a 2012 New Zealand New World Supermarket advertising campaign and the video games Rock Band 2, Guitar Hero: World Tour, Forza Horizon. "Lazy Eye" music video on YouTube Website of Director, Suzie Vlcek Silversun Pickups on IMVDb VH1 Pop-Up Video version of "Lazy Eye" Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Rivière des Cèdres (Ha! Ha! River)

The Rivière des Cèdres is a tributary of the Ha! Ha! River, flowing in the municipality of Ferland-et-Boilleau, in the Le Fjord-du-Saguenay Regional County Municipality, in the administrative region of Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean, in the province, in Quebec, in Canada; the valley of the "Rivière des Cèdres" is indirectly served by the route 381 which runs along the course of the Ha! Ha! River and Lake Ha! Ha! for the needs of forestry and recreational tourism. Some secondary forest roads serve this valley. Forestry is the main economic activity in the sector; the surface of the Rivière des Cèdres is frozen from the beginning of December to the end of March, however the safe circulation on the ice is made from mid-December to mid-March. The main watersheds neighboring the Rivière des Cèdres are: north side: Crève-Cheval lake, "La Filée des Trois Petits Lacs", "Lac à la Poche outlet", Thomas lake, Saguenay River. Ha! River, Lake Ha! Ha!, Lac Grand-Père, Huard River, Huard Lake, Charny Lake. Ha! River, rivière à Mars, Bras d'Hamel, Bras Rocheux.

The "Rivière des Cèdres" rises at the mouth of "lac des Cèdres". The mouth of this lake is located at: 17.9 km south-west of the mouth of Huard Lake. Ha! Which is crossed by the Ha! Ha! River. Ha! River. From the dam at the mouth of "lac des Cèdres", the course of the "rivière des Cèdres" descends over 4.1 km according to the following segments: 0.5 km south-west, to a bay west of "Lac à Doré". Note: "Lac à Doré" receives the discharge from a small marsh lake on the north side and the discharge from another lake on the southeast side; the "Rivière des Cèdres" flows into a river curve on the east bank of the Ha! Ha! River; this mouth is located at: 1.1 km upstream of a dike on the Ha! Ha! River. Ha! River And Baie des Ha! Ha!. Ha! River Located at the mouth of Lake Ha! Ha!. From the confluence of the "Rivière des Cèdres", the current follows the course of the Ha! Ha! River on 13.3 km towards the northeast, crosses Baie des Ha! Ha! on 11.0 km northeast follows the course of the Saguenay River on 99.5 km east to Tadoussac where it merges with the Saint Lawrence estuary.

The toponym "Rivière des Cèdres" was formalized on December 5, 1968 by the Commission de toponymie du Québec. Le Fjord-du-Saguenay Regional County Municipality Ferland-et-Boilleau, a municipality Lac des Cèdres Ha! Ha! River Baie des Ha! Ha! Saguenay River List of rivers of Quebec