Meurthe-et-Moselle

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Meurthe-et-Moselle
Prefecture building of the Meurthe-et-Moselle department, in Nancy
Prefecture building of the Meurthe-et-Moselle department, in Nancy
Coat of arms of Meurthe-et-Moselle
Coat of arms
Location of Meurthe-et-Moselle in France
Location of Meurthe-et-Moselle in France
Coordinates: 48°40′N 06°10′E / 48.667°N 6.167°E / 48.667; 6.167Coordinates: 48°40′N 06°10′E / 48.667°N 6.167°E / 48.667; 6.167
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
PrefectureNancy
SubprefecturesBriey
Lunéville
Toul
Government
 • President of the General CouncilMathieu Klein
Area
 • Total5,246 km2 (2,025 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total733,821
 • Rank33rd
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number54
Arrondissements4
Cantons23
Communes591
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2
BlasonLorraine.svg
Part of the series on
Lorraine
Flag of Lorraine.svg
Flag of Lorraine since the 13th century

Meurthe-et-Moselle (French pronunciation: ​[mœʁte mɔzɛl]) is a department in the Grand Est region of France, named after the Meurthe and Moselle rivers.

History[edit]

Meurthe-et-Moselle was created in 1871 at the end of the Franco-Prussian War from the parts of the former departments of Moselle and Meurthe which remained French territory.

The current boundary between Meurthe-et-Moselle and Moselle was the border between France and Germany from 1871 to 1919 and again between 1940 and 1944; the only subsequent change took place in 1997 and involved the incorporation, for administrative reasons, of the little commune of Han-devant-Pierrepont which had previously fallen within the Meuse department.

Geography[edit]

Meurthe-et-Moselle is part of the administrative region of Grand Est and the traditional region of Lorraine and is surrounded by the departments of Meuse, Vosges, Bas-Rhin, and Moselle; and by the nations of Luxembourg and Belgium. Parts of Meurthe-et-Moselle belong to the Lorraine Regional Natural Park.

The department extends for 130 km from north to south and is between 7 and 103 km wide.

Its chief rivers are:

Most Populous Meurthe-et-Moselle communes[1]
Rank Commune Canton Arrondissement Population
1 Nancy Nancy-1
Nancy-2
Nancy-3
Nancy 104,072
2 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy Nancy 29,836
3 Lunéville Lunéville-1
Lunéville-2
Lunéville 19,516
4 Toul Toul Toul 16,128
5 Pont-à-Mousson Pont-à-Mousson Nancy 14,792
6 Laxou Laxou Nancy 14,681
7 Villers-lès-Nancy Laxou Nancy 14,133
8 Longwy Longwy Briey 14,092
9 Dombasle-sur-Meurthe Lunéville-1 Nancy 9,953
10 Maxéville Val de Lorraine Sud Nancy 9,796

Economy[edit]

The economy was highly dependent on mining until the 1960s. There are iron, salt, and lime extraction sites; the urban area around Nancy has a very dynamic economy based largely on services, research, and higher education.

Demographics[edit]

The inhabitants of the department are known as Meurthe-et-Mosellans; the area around Nancy has become highly urbanized, whereas the Saintois in the south is quite rural.

Politics[edit]

Current National Assembly Representatives[edit]

Constituency Member[2] Party
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 1st constituency Carole Grandjean La République En Marche!
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 2nd constituency Laurent Garcia MoDem
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 3rd constituency Xavier Paluszkiewicz La République En Marche!
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 4th constituency Thibault Bazin The Republicans
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 5th constituency Dominique Potier Socialist Party
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 6th constituency Caroline Fiat La France Insoumise

Tourism[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Insee - Populations légales 2013". Insee. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  2. ^ http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/

External links[edit]