Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu (Turkish pronunciation: [mevˌlyt ˈtʃavuʃˌoːɫu]; born 5 February 1968) is a Turkish politician who has been Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey since 24 November 2015; previously he was Minister of Foreign Affairs from August 2014 to August 2015. He is also a member of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, where he represents Antalya Province. First elected to Parliament in the 2002 general election, he is a founding member of the Justice and Development Party (AKP). He was the president of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe from 2010 to 2012.
Early life and education
Born at Alanya, Çavuşoğlu graduated from Ankara University in 1988 where he studied international relations. He then received a masters in economics from Long Island University in New York, and studied for his doctorate at Bilkent University and was a research fellow at London School of Economics, where he was for a time president of the Turkish Society.
While serving in parliament, he has chaired the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Population. In November 2009, he met the foreign minister of Russia, Sergey Lavrov, in the context of a report that the Assembly is preparing on the Soviet famine of 1932–1933.
Council of Europe
Çavuşoğlu joined the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe in 2003 and soon after was named the head of the Turkish delegation and a vice-president of the Assembly. During the January 2010 session of the Assembly, he was nominated and elected on 25 January 2010 to replace outgoing President Lluís Maria De Puig of Spain. In the October reshuffle, this was the reason given for why he did not receive extra responsibilities in Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's government. His candidacy for this post was supported by all of Turkey's main parties. He became president just months before Turkey took up the chairmanship of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe (November 2010) and at the same time that there was a Turkish president of the Congress of the Council of Europe. In 2012, he was succeeded by France's Jean-Claude Mignon.
2014 Turkish local elections
Çavuşoğlu was criticized by Hurriyet because of his intervention in the municipality election in Antalya that took place on 30 March 2014. When the opposing party candidate Mustafa Akaydin was ahead of the ruling party candidate, he visited the courthouse with his supporters and interrupted the counting process. After his interruption, counting of votes was stopped. It was claimed that the votes not already counted were from suburbs where the opposing party had more supporters.
2017 Rotterdam landing ban
On 11 March 2017, Çavuşoğlu was banned from landing in Rotterdam over remarks he had made about the way the Netherlands was treating Turkish emigres, after the Dutch government had threatened to deny landing rights. Çavuşoğlu had planned to organize a large gathering to talk about the 2017 Turkish constitutional referendum, in which many Dutch-based emigres can vote. However, his presence was claimed by the Dutch authorities to be a threat to public safety, and Çavuşoğlu was turned away, despite being the Foreign Minister. Meanwhile, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan called the Netherlands, "Nazi remnants" and "fascists," which Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte called "a crazy remark." Çavuşoğlu followed by defending the Erdoğan's remark and by saying that the Netherlands was the "capital of fascism".
He is married with one child.
- "Turkish PM Davutoğlu forms 64th government of Turkey". Hürriyet Daily News. 24 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
- "Davutoğlu announces new Turkish interim government dominated by AK Party loyalists". Today's Zaman. 28 August 2015. Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "Who is Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu?". Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu. 2009. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
- "PACE Head Presses For Political Reforms in Armenia". RFE/RL. 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- "Russia to cooperate with PACE on famine report". The Voice of Russia. 25 November 2009. Archived from the original on 29 January 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
- Sariişik, Dönduü (25 January 2010). "Turkish parliamentarian elected president of PACE". Hürriyet. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
- "AK Party to revive its reformist spirit". Today's Zaman. 9 October 2009. Retrieved 10 January 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "Mr Mevlüt ÇAVUŞOĞLU". Council of Europe. 2009. Archived from the original on 27 May 2009. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
- "Prime Minister Erdogan's Speech at the AK Congress". AK Party. 3 October 2009. Archived from the original on 3 May 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
- "Newspot no.99 (October 2009)" (PDF). Prime Minister's Office. 1 October 2009. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
- "Antalya'da kavga cikti". Hurriyet. 30 March 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
- "0 Mart yerel seçimleri: AKP'nin sandık sandık, hile, baskı ve usulsüzlükleri". sendika.org. 30 March 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
- Escritt, Thomas; Gumrukcu, Tuvan (11 March 2017). "Dutch PM bars Turkish foreign minister in escalation of rally row". Reuters. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
- "Le président turc Erdogan qualifie les Pays-Bas de «vestiges du nazisme»". Le Figaro. 11 March 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
- Roberts, Elizabeth (13 March 2017). "Turkish minister tells Dutch: 'I am not a terrorist'". CNN. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
- (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Turkey's Cavusoglu: Netherlands is 'capital of fascism' - News - DW.COM - 12.03.2017".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu.|
| Minister of European Union Affairs
| Minister of Foreign Affairs
| Minister of Foreign Affairs