click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Mexican tetra

The Mexican tetra known as the blind cave fish, blind cave characin, blind cave tetra, is a freshwater fish of the family Characidae of the order Characiformes. The type species of its genus, it is native to the Nearctic ecozone, originating in the lower Rio Grande and the Neueces and Pecos Rivers in Texas, as well as the central and eastern parts of Mexico. Growing to a maximum total length of 12 cm, the Mexican tetra is of typical characin shape, with unremarkable, drab coloration, its blind cave form, however, is notable for having pigment. This fish the blind variant, is reasonably popular among aquarists. A. Mexicanus is a peaceful species that spends most of its time in midlevel water above the rocky and sandy bottoms of pools and backwaters of creeks and rivers of its native environment. Coming from a subtropical climate, it prefers water with 6.5–8 pH, a hardness of up to 30 dGH, a temperature range of 20 to 25 °C. In the winter, some populations migrate to warmer waters, its natural diet consists of crustaceans and annelids, although in captivity it is omnivorous.

The Mexican tetra has been treated as a subspecies of A. fasciatus, but this is not accepted. Additionally, the blind cave form is sometimes recognized as a separate species, A. jordani, but this directly contradicts phylogenetic evidence. A. mexicanus is famous for its blind cave form, known by such names as blind cave tetra, blind tetra, blind cave characin and blind cavefish. Depending on the exact population, cave forms can have degenerated sight or have total loss of sight and their eyes; the fish in the Pachón caves have lost their eyes whilst the fish from the Micos cave only have limited sight. Cave fish and surface fish are able to produce fertile offspring; these fish can still, find their way around by means of their lateral lines, which are sensitive to fluctuating water pressure. About 30 cave populations are known, dispersed over three geographically distinct areas in a karst region of San Luis Potosí and far southern Tamaulipas, northeastern Mexico. Among the various cave population are at least three with only full cave forms, at least eleven with cave, "normal" and intermediate forms, at least one with both cave and "normal" forms but no intermediates.

Studies suggest at least two distinct genetic lineages occur among the blind populations, the current distribution of populations arose by at least five independent invasions. The eyed and eyeless forms of A. mexicanus, being members of the same species, are related and can interbreed making this species an excellent model organism for examining convergent and parallel evolution, regressive evolution in cave animals, the genetic basis of regressive traits. This, combined with the ease of maintaining the species in captivity, has made it the most studied cavefish and also the most studied cave organism overall; the blind and colorless cave form of A. mexicanus is sometimes recognized as a separate species, A. jordani, but this leaves the remaining A. mexicanus as a paraphyletic species and A. jordani as polyphyletic. The Cueva Chica Cave in the southern part of the Sierra del Abra system is the type locality for A. jordani. Other blind populations were also recognized as separate species, including antrobius described in 1946 from the Pachón Cave and hubbsi described in 1947 from the Los Sabinos Cave.

The most divergent cave population is the one in Los Sabinos. Another cave-adapted population of Astyanax, varying from blind and depigmented to individuals showing intermediate features, is known from the Granadas Cave, part of the Balsas River drainage in Guerrero, southern Mexico, but it is a part of A. aeneus. The surface and cave forms of the Mexican tetra have proven powerful subjects for scientists studying evolution; when the surface-dwelling ancestors of current cave populations entered the subterranean environment, the change in ecological conditions rendered their phenotype—which included many biological functions dependent on the presence of light—subject to natural selection and genetic drift. One of the most striking changes to evolve was the loss of eyes; this is referred to as a "regressive trait" because the surface fish that colonized caves possessed eyes. In addition to regressive traits, cave forms evolved "constructive traits". In contrast to regressive traits, the purpose or benefit of constructive traits is accepted.

Active research focuses on the mechanisms driving the evolution of regressive traits, such as the loss of eyes, in A. mexicanus. Recent studies have produced evidence that the mechanism may be direct selection, or indirect selection through antagonistic pleiotropy, rather than genetic drift and neutral mutation, the traditionally favored hypothesis for regressive evolution; the blind form of the Mexican tetra is different from the surface-dwelling form in a number of ways, including having unpigmented skin, having a better olfactory sense by having taste buds all over its head, by being able to store four times more energy as fat, allowing it to deal with irregular food supplies more effectively. Darwin said of sightless fish:By the time that an animal had reached, after numberless generations, the deepest recesses, disuse will on this view have more or less obliterated its eyes, natural selection will have effected other changes, such as an increase in the length of antennae or palpi, as compensation for blindness.

Modern genetics has made clear that

August Heinrich Bruinier

August Heinrich Bruinier was a German violinist and violin teacher. He was born into a musical family of Dutch provenance. August Heinrich Bruinier was born in Zweibrücken, close to the French frontier, his father, Jan Berend Hendrik Bruinier had been born in Amsterdam, but lived in Germany where he worked as the chief executive officer of a manufacturing company in the heavy industrial sector. His mother, born Sophie Christiane Henriette Wagner, came from a German family; the family was an unusually musical one: of the parents' six recorded children, three grew up to become professional musicians. Between 1904 and 1907 he attended the "Realgymnasium" in Biebrich, near Wiesbaden before moving to the expanding Berlin conurbation where from 1907 till 1913 he attended an "Oberrealschule" in Steglitz. Bruinier started his formal musical training as a pupil of the violinist Adalbert Gülzow between 1912 and 1914, he studied at the Berlin Music Academy from 1914 till 1917, was able to get away from the war playing as a member of the Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra between 1917 and 1918.

Between 1918 and 1920 he progressed his studies at the Berlin Music Academy, now studying with Karl Klingler. He continued to take lessons in 1920/1921 with Willy Hess and Gabriele Wietrowetz, he was Concert Master with the Berlin Academic Orchestra from 1923 till 1925, was at this stage giving violin lessons. In the "Society for Modern Musical presentation in Berlin", which Othmar Steinbauer and Max Deutsch had created, Bruinier was the leader of the "House quartet", he was a member, with Bruno Henze, of the "Old German Chamber Quartet". Between 1928 and 1937 Bruinier worked as concert master for the Tobis Film company: from 1937 he was employed in the same position at Berlin's Nollendorf Square Theatre. Between 1943 and 1963 he taught the violin at the Braunschweig District Music Academy. Along with this, between 1951 and 1961 he held summer chamber music courses in the hills south of Würzburg, for JMI at Schloss Weikersheim. Brothers Bruiner: August Heinrich Bruinier performed as a duo together with his brother, pianist Franz Servatius Bruinier.

Bruinier-Trio: August Heinrich Bruinier performing a piano trio together with his brothers Franz und Julius Ansco Bruinier at the Vox broadcasting house at Potsdamer Strasse in Berlin. Bruinier-Quartett: in 1922 Bruinier formed the Bruinier-Quartett. Members were, apart from him playing Marg. Schmidt-Laipa and Fritz Wehmeyer, from 1927 to 1937 Karla Höcker, followed by Karl Reitz and Hans Chemin-Petit, Paul Blumenfeld and Karl Dechert. Due to World War II and Reitz' sudden death in 1943 the quartett was dissolved in 1944

Ruby Hall Clinic

Ruby Hall Clinic is a prominent hospital in Pune, India. It is a 750-bed hospital facility with a staff of 300 consultants, 650 panel doctors and 1500 paramedical staff and was accredited by National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers in November 2009, it is a recognised Post Graduate Teaching Hospital for the Students of Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, National Board of Examinations and College of Physicians & Surgeons of Mumbai. Ruby Hall Clinic was established in 1959 by Dr. K B Grant. In 1966, Ruby Hall Clinic was converted from a Private Institution owned by Dr. Grant to a public charitable trust, Poona Medical Foundation, it was converted to the Grant Medical Foundation in 2000, of which Dr. Grant was the chairman and managing trustee; the Clinic in collaboration with Kalyani Group announced to launch a special Institute for Research for Prostate Cancer. Ruby Hall has been awarded a Best Healthcare Brand 2016 by the ET; the CEO of Ruby Hall has been awarded among the top 25 Living Legends of Healthcare in India.

Having branches at Sassoon Road,Hinjewadi and Wanowrie, Ruby Hall is one of the most renowned Hospitals of Maharashtra. It is a preferred destination for overseas patients with it being awarded numerous times by the Times Group for being a Hospital par Excellence in Medical Tourism. Ruby Hall Clinic has state of the art facilities in Cardiology, Cardiac Surgery, Nuclear Science Center, Diagnostic Center, Intensive Care Units, a Blood Bank and Cancer Unit. In 1999, The Hospital ranked First in India for having the Most Number of ICU Beds i.e. 76, leaving behind other Renowned Hospitals like Bombay Hospital, Jaslok Hospital, Hinduja Hospital, etc. The number of ICU beds available now has increased to 130. Times Of India in its Pune Mirror Section, named the IVF centre of Ruby Hall Clinic as the best in West India and among the Top 10 of India; the IVF centre has seen tremendous growth over the past decade and has become the most favoured destination for the patients from Pune and surrounding areas.

Ruby Hall Clinic, apart from being a Multi-speciality Tertiary Care Hospital with State of Art Facilities, is a preferred Destination for Medical Students as a student friendly Academic Institute. Huge workload in various Specialties & Super Specialties, Experienced Consultants, excellent Teaching aids & Infrastructure, Unique study models like Journal clubs, Clinical Meetings, etc. ensure students achieve Technical & Professional Excellence. The hospital runs various DNB and Fellowship courses with MUHS, NBE & CPS Mumbai. Regular Seminars and Theory classes add to its Student Friendly appeal, it has been the institution of choice for students opting for specialities like Radio-diagnosis, Dermatology and Orthopaedic Surgery. Despite being a leading hospital in Pune, Ruby Hall Clinic has received many complaints and has had several accusations of medical negligence. Aman Galande, a 19 year old, admitted for pneumonia died in Ruby Hall Clinic's ICU in Aug 2013 due to alleged negligence in treating him.

Following this incident, an angry mob vandalized the hospital. Dr. Lamkhede, admitted in ICU for deteriorated health following his first chemotherapy round administered in Ruby Hall Clinic, died of cardiac arrest caused by endotracheal suctioning, his family too, accuse the staff for his mistreatment on multiple occasions and his death on 28 June 2014. Urmila Santosh Jagdale lost her eye sight due to an inappropriate amount of anaesthesia administered during a surgery at Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune on 22 December 2008. Pune District Consumer Grievance Redressal Forum found Ruby Hall Clinic negligent and asked to pay INR 1,150,000 to her family in compensation. A criminal case was filed on 31 August 2016 against Ruby Hall Clinic for causing death of Nandakumar Hiwarkar in 2015, his brother claims cheating by the hospital by serving them a staggering INR 35,00,000 bill. Ruby Hall Clinic is contesting. Advocate Ashutosh Srivastava filed a police complaint under offence of murder with the Koregaon police station, alleging negligence and cruelty, leading to the death of his 54-year-old mother.

Ashok N. Kulkarni died on 21st Sept, 2015, his daughter Anjali Kulkarni claims severe delay in responding to her father deteriorating medical condition and improper medications while hospitalized as the primary cause of his death Suman D. Mane et al. filed a consumer complaint of medical negligence with Maharashtra State Consumer Disputes Redressal and alleged that Late Dattajirao Balwantrao Mane's death on 11 November 2009. Dattajirao Mane had a bypass surgery and his kin alleged that incompetence and negligence post-surgery led to his demise; this case was dismissed. Official site

WVOK (AM)

WVOK is a radio station broadcasting Westwood One's Good Time Oldies satellite music format. Licensed to Oxford, United States, the station serves the Anniston–Oxford metropolitan area; the station is owned by Woodard Broadcasting Company, Inc. The Confederate Broadcasting Company, owned by W. K. Johnson, James Hemphill and Ned Butler, put WJHB on the air from Talladega, Alabama on April 15, 1956. Talladega's second radio station operated during the daytime only with 1,000 watts; the Tallabama Broadcasting Company, which owned WGSV in Guntersville and WGAD in Gadsden, acquired WJHB in 1961, with the sale closing in 1962. New WEYY call; the station was the victim of 1966 vandalism when someone disconnected the fuse blocks from the station's transmitter, causing a delay of more than two hours in signing it on for the day. WEYY's owners started a sister station, WANL, in Lineville in 1967. After having been the general manager since 1962, General manager Woodard became the owner when he acquired the station from former congressman Albert Rains in 1973.

Features on WEYY in 1975 included Auburn Tigers football, ABC Contemporary newscasts, a daily Swap Shop, a Gospel Music Showcase program at midday. In 1973, Woodard opened WHTB. 13 years he sought to reduce overlap between the AM and FM stations. On April 1, 1985, WHTB became WEYY-FM; the station broadcast an easy listening format, hoping to capture an audience that had listened to WHMA before that station flipped to country. 1580's move made it the first locally based radio station in Oxford, Woodard gave it a second when Woodard settled with three competing applicants for a new FM station in the town in 1989—the first new FM for Calhoun County in 41 years—which signed on the air as adult contemporary WKFN "K-98" on February 19, 1990. The FM move enabled Woodard to remain competitive. By 2000, WOXR was airing a classic country format; the station changed its call letters to WVOK in 2002, matching the FM station which had adopted them in 1992. The station adopted its present oldies format after changing call letters.

Query the FCC's AM station database for WVOK Radio-Locator Information on WVOK Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WVOK

Cent. Force

Cent. Force Co. Ltd is a Japanese talent agency headquartered in Ebisu, Tokyo, it focuses on talent management for newscasters and tarento. The primary talents the agency holds are free announcers and reporters; the company holds Sprout Co.. Ltd, which focuses on talent management for students at a college level. Sprout was a part of cent. Force until 2012, when the agency split to become a subsidiary. In 2016, the company extended operations to the Kansai region with a new branch for management of Kansai talents. Elina Arai Maki Okazoe Aiko Kaitou Hiromi Kawata Mitsuyo Kusano Reiko Shiota Aya Shibata Mika Sugisaki Junko Yaginuma Marie Yanaka Kei Igarashi Takashi Usami Tatsuya Masushima Mana Iwabuchi Ayane Kurihara cent. Force website

Eddy Vega

Eddy Geovani Vega Acosta is a Honduran footballer who plays for Honduran second division side Honduras Progreso. Nicknamed el Animal due to his hot temper, Vega started his professional career at Platense and played for Hispano before moving abroad to join Guatemalans Coatepeque, he returned to Platense after a year but left them for Real España in summer 2010. In 2011, he signed for Zacapa in Guatemala. In April 2013, when playing for Honduras Progreso, he was mistakenly reported by various media to be found killed near San Pedro Sula, he did claim to have survived a car accident in March 2010. Vega was a non-playing squad member at the 2005 CONCACAF Gold Cup and made his debut for Honduras in a September 2005 friendly match against Japan, which proved to be his sole international game. Eddy Vega at National-Football-Teams.com