Miami Beach is a coastal resort city in Miami-Dade County, United States. It was incorporated on March 26, 1915; the municipality is located on natural and man-made barrier islands between the Atlantic Ocean and Biscayne Bay, the latter of which separates the Beach from the mainland city of Miami. The neighborhood of South Beach, comprising the southernmost 2.5 square miles of Miami Beach, along with downtown Miami and the Port of Miami, collectively form the commercial center of South Florida. Miami Beach's estimated population is 92,307 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Miami Beach is the 26th largest city in Florida based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau, it has been one of America's pre-eminent beach resorts since the early 20th century. In 1979, Miami Beach's Art Deco Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the Art Deco District is the largest collection of Art Deco architecture in the world and comprises hundreds of hotels and other structures erected between 1923 and 1943.
Mediterranean, Streamline Moderne and Art Deco are all represented in the District. The Historic District is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the East, Lenox Court on the West, 6th Street on the South and Dade Boulevard along the Collins Canal to the North; the movement to preserve the Art Deco District's architectural heritage was led by former interior designer Barbara Baer Capitman, who now has a street in the District named in her honor. Miami Beach is governed by six commissioners. Although the mayor runs commission meetings, the mayor and all commissioners have equal voting power and are elected by popular election; the mayor serves for terms of two years with a term limit of three terms and commissioners serve for terms of four years and are limited to two terms. Commissioners are voted for citywide and every two years three commission seats are voted upon. A city manager is responsible for administering governmental operations. An appointed city manager is responsible for administration of the city.
The City Clerk and the City Attorney are appointed officials. In 1870, father and son Henry and Charles Lum purchased land on Miami Beach for 75 cents an acre; the first structure to be built on this uninhabited oceanfront was the Biscayne House of Refuge, constructed in 1876 by the United States Life-Saving Service through an executive order issued by President Ulysses S. Grant, at 72nd Street, its purpose was to provide food, a return to civilization for people who were shipwrecked. The structure, which had fallen into disuse by the time the Life-Saving Service became the U. S. Coast Guard in 1915, was never rebuilt; the next step in the development of the future Miami Beach was the planting of a coconut plantation along the shore in the 1880s by New Jersey entrepreneurs Ezra Osborn and Elnathan T. Field, but this was a failed venture. One of the investors in the project was agriculturist John S. Collins, who achieved success by buying out other partners and planting different crops, notably avocados, on the land that would become Miami Beach.
Meanwhile, across Biscayne Bay, the City of Miami was established in 1896 with the arrival of the railroad and developed further as a port when the shipping channel of Government Cut was created in 1905, cutting off Fisher Island from the south end of the Miami Beach peninsula. Collins' family members saw the potential in developing the beach as a resort; this effort got underway in the early years of the 20th century by the Collins/Pancoast family, the Lummus brothers, Indianapolis entrepreneur Carl G. Fisher; until the beach here was only the destination for day-trips by ferry from Miami, across the bay. By 1912, Collins and Pancoast were working together to clear the land, plant crops, supervise the construction of canals to get their avocado crop to market, set up the Miami Beach Improvement Company. There were bathhouses and food stands, but no hotel until Brown's Hotel was built in 1915. Much of the interior landmass at that time was a tangled jungle of mangroves. Clearing it, deepening the channels and water bodies, eliminating native growth everywhere in favor of landfill for development, was expensive.
Once a 1600-acre, jungle-matted sand bar three miles out in the Atlantic, it grew to 2,800 acres when dredging and filling operations were completed. With loans from the Lummus brothers, Collins had begun work on a 2½-mile-long wooden bridge, the world's longest wooden bridge at the time, to connect the island to the mainland; when funds ran dry and construction work stalled, Indianapolis millionaire and recent Miami transplant Fisher intervened, providing the financing needed to complete the bridge the following year in return for a land swap deal. That transaction kicked off the island's first real estate boom. Fisher helped by organizing an annual speed boat regatta, by promoting Miami Beach as an Atlantic City-style playground and winter retreat for the wealthy. By 1915, Collins and Fisher were all living in mansions on the island, three hotels and two bathhouses had been erected, an aquarium built, an 18-hole golf course landscaped; the Town of Miami Beach was chartered on March 26, 1915.
After the town was incorporated in 1915 under the name of Miami Beach, many visitors thought of the beach strip as Alton Beach, indicating just how well Fisher had advertised his interests there. The Lummus property was called Ocean Beach, with only the Collins interests referred to as Miami Beach. Carl Fisher was the main promoter of Miami Beach's development in the 1920s as the site for wealthy industria
St Ceinwen's Church, Cerrigceinwen, is a former parish church in the countryside of central Anglesey, north Wales. The present building dates from 1860, although the site has been used for worship since at least the 7th century; the doorway reuses some old carved gravestones, one from the 9th to 11th centuries, another from the 12th century. The church grounds contain a well, once thought to have healing properties; the church and the well are both named after an early Celtic female saint. The church is closed and no longer used for worship by the Church in Wales and, as of July 2012, was for sale, it is a Grade II listed building, a national designation given to "buildings of special interest, which warrant every effort being made to preserve them", in particular because it is a "simple rural church" from the 19th century that reuses older carved stonework. St Ceinwen's Church is in a rural location in the middle of Anglesey, north Wales, it is set in a hollow at the side of the road near the village of Cerrigceinwen, about 2 miles to the south-west of Llangefni, the county town of Anglesey.
The date of establishment of the first church on this site is uncertain. According to a 2006 guide to the churches of Anglesey, worship began here in the 7th century; the 19th-century writer Samuel Lewis, stated that it was supposed that a church was founded at the site in 450. Some repair work was carried out to a medieval church on this site in 1839 and the current structure was erected in 1860; the architects were Frederick Rogers. The dedication is to St Ceinwen, known elsewhere in Wales and in Cornwall as Keyne, she was the daughter of King Brychan Brycheiniog. A spring in the south of the churchyard is known as "St Ceinwen's Well"; some of the surrounding land is included in the sale, but the graveyards to the front and rear of the church are not. The church, built in the Decorated style, has a nave at the west end and a chancel at the east end, it is built from rubble masonry dressed with freestone. There is a porch at the west end of the south wall of the nave and a vestry at the west end of the north wall of the chancel, abutting the nave.
The nave measures 39 feet 8 inches by 20 feet 8 inches and the chancel is shorter and narrower at 18 feet by 14 feet 1 inch. The total floor space of the church is 1,076 square feet. There is a large bellcote at the west end of the nave; the arched doorway in the porch reuses two old carved gravestones. One from the 12th century is cut at its head with a circle containing a rough cross of petals and has a decorated key design on the shaft, it is used as the lintel of the doorway. Part of another gravestone, dating from the 9th to the 11th centuries and with a cross in a circle, is set to the right of the door. Inside, three steps lead up from the nave to the chancel through a decorated chancel arch. A further two steps lead up from the chancel to the sanctuary; the internal woodwork of the roof is exposed. The window in the east wall of the chancel is a pointed arch and has three lights topped with trefoils; the nave windows are pointed arches and variously have one, two or three lights topped with trefoils.
The windows contain coloured leaded glass rather than stained glass pictures. The circular stone font is set on a modern base, it has five panels, four of which are decorated with interlacing carvings of crosses and knots while the fifth is blank. The other fittings of the church date from the 19th century and include an octagonal pulpit with decorated panels; the west wall of the nave has a stone memorial to a Reverend William Griffith who died in 1752, the south wall has a war memorial to the dead of the First World War, the north wall has an inscribed stone commemorating a Morris Lloyd, a Royalist, killed by Cromwell's troops in 1647. A survey of church plate within the Bangor diocese in 1906 recorded a chalice and a paten dating from 1823, it recorded that a pewter flagon, known from church records to have been owned by the church from 1739 to 1834, was lost. The churchyard contains a Commonwealth War Grave of a Royal Army Medical Corps sergeant of World War II; the church has national recognition and statutory protection from unauthorised alteration as it has been designated as a Grade II listed building, the lowest of the three grades of listing, designating "buildings of special interest, which warrant every effort being made to preserve them".
It was given this status on 30 January 1968 and has been listed as "a simple rural church of the 19th century". Cadw, the Welsh Government body responsible for the built heritage of Wales and the inclusion of Welsh buildings on the statutory lists comments that the church is "particularly notable for retention of early carved stonework in the fabric."Two writers in the 19th century described the old church. The antiquarian Angharad Llwyd described it as "a neat small edifice, and
The Fountain is a graphic novel illustrated by Kent Williams published in 2005 by Vertigo Comics, based on the original script of Darren Aronofsky's film The Fountain. The graphic novel was a way to salvage something from the film project, whose first production was cancelled; as Aronofsky said, "I knew it was a hard film to make and I said at least if Hollywood fucks me over at least I'll make a comic book out of it." The film project was resurrected by Warner Bros. An army of Spanish soldiers is searching for the Tree of Life. Father Avila feels that their long journey is about to serve its purpose when he notices that a symbol on a blade he is carrying matches a symbol drawn in the sky, as well as on the ground, he presumes. The soldiers accompanying him are reluctant and feel that his theories will only add to the loss of soldiers they have had; the soldiers begin their assault on the temple only to be met by the Mayan warriors who are protecting the temple. Father Avila advances up the temple and is met by a Mayan priest who emerges from the temple.
Dr. Thomas Creo is fatigued, he is about to perform surgery on a monkey. His colleagues tell him the surgery is canceled and they are going to euthanize the animal. Thomas brings up an ethnobotanical compound from Guatemala that he insists be injected into the animal, he opens his text and points to a tree. Against his colleagues' objections, the monkey is injected with the sap; the story cuts to the woman from the tree and the seed she carries. She walks in the snow to the grave of "Izzi Creo." She buries the seed in the snow next to her grave. 16th centuryCaptain Tomas Verde Father Avila Ariel Mayan Priest - Lord of Xibalba Queen Isabel Silecio the Inquisitor The Franciscan Captain RiveraPresentDr. Tommy Creo Izzi Antonio Dr. Lillian Guzetti Dr. Lipper Betty Donovan Tom Woman Writing for IGN, Hilary Goldstein called the comic a "must-have", concluding, "Aronofsky has succeeded, at least in one medium, of providing an incredible journey of love and loss across the centuries." List of comics based on films The Fountain at the Comic Book DB Official website
Joe Strummer: The Future Is Unwritten is a 2007 documentary film directed by Julien Temple about Joe Strummer, the lead singer of the British punk rock band The Clash, that went on to win the British Independent Film Awards as Best British Documentary 2007. The film premiered 20 January 2007 at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival, it was shown at the Dublin Film Festival on 24 February 2007. It was released in the United Kingdom on 18 May 2007 and in Australia on 31 August 2007; the film opened in limited release in the United States on 2 November 2007. Brigitte Bardot – Herself Michael Balzary – Himself Bono – Himself Steve Buscemi – Himself Terry Chimes – Himself John Cooper Clarke – Himself John Cusack – Himself Peter Cushing – Winston Smith Johnny Depp – Himself Matt Dillon – Himself Tymon Dogg – Himself Joe Ely – Himself Antony Genn – Himself Bobby Gillespie – Himself Alasdair Gillies – Himself Iain Gillies – Himself Bob Gruen – Himself Topper Headon – Himself Damien Hirst – Himself Mick Jagger – Himself Jim Jarmusch – Himself Mick Jones – Himself Steve Jones – Himself Anthony Kiedis – Himself Don Letts – Himself Keith Levene – Himself Courtney Love – Herself Bernie Rhodes – Himself David Lee Roth – Himself Martin Scorsese – Himself Joe Strummer – HimselfSpecial Thanks: Terence Dackombe The film was well received by critics.
As of 18 October 2009 on the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, 89% of critics gave the film positive reviews, based on 61 reviews. On Metacritic, the film had an average score of 79 based on 19 reviews. Marc Savlov of The Austin Chronicle named it the 8th best film of 2007. Stephanie Zacharek of Salon named it the 9th best film of 2007; as of 31 January 2008 box office takings totalled $US 1,108,740. Nominated Grand Jury Prize in the World Cinema – Documentary category at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival Winner of Best British Documentary at the 2007 British Independent Film Awards Nominated Best Single Documentary at the 2008 Irish Film and Television Awards The official soundtrack was produced by Ian Neil, Julien Temple, Alan Moloney, it is a mix of spoken word clips from interviews with Strummer and others, tracks from his various bands, eclectic selections from other musicians that Strummer played on his BBC World radio show London Calling from 1999-2002. Joe Strummer: The Future Is Unwritten on IMDb Joe Strummer: The Future Is Unwritten at Rotten Tomatoes Joe Strummer: The Future Is Unwritten at Metacritic Joe Strummer: The Future Is Unwritten at Box Office Mojo Joe Strummer: The Future Is Unwritten at AllMovie
Bartolomé Saraví Melo was an Argentine army officer and politician, hero of the Argentine War of Independence. He served as General Minister of La Rioja Province, Argentina in 1847, he was born in Buenos Aires and baptizedon October 3, 1797 in the Iglesia de la Inmaculada Concepción, being his parents Ramón Saraví and Margarita Melo, members of a traditional family in the city. His father was killed while defending the city against the English during the first British invasions of the River Plate. Bartolomé Saravi did his elementary studies in Colegio Nacional de Monserrat, completed his tertiary studies at the University of Córdoba. Besides serving heroically during the war of Independence, he took part of the Argentine civil war. In 1840, he was deposed of the position of Judge of the Fortin de Carmen de Areco by Hilario Lagos, loyal to the cause of Argentine Confederation. In 1847, the Governor of La Rioja, Vicente Mota appointed him to occupy the post of Minister General of the Province. Bartolomé Saraví was a resident of the town of Carmen de Areco, where he was married to Simona Blanco Biaus, daughter of Ramón Blanco and Basilia Biaus, belonging to a family of landowners.
He and his wife were parents of distinguished local politicians, including Fermín Saravi, a Captain of the Argentine army, married Faustina Canavery, daughter of Joaquín Canaverys and María Ana Bayá, belonging to a family of Irish and Creole roots. Mariano Saraví who served in the municipal committee of Pilar, was married to Juana Hardy, daughter of Pilar Sosa and Tomás Hardy, an English immigrant. Federico Saraví Blanco, married to Luisa Walker Serrano, daughter of an Irish immigrant, sister of Abraham Walker, a colonel of the Argentine army
The House on 56, Allée de la Robertsau is an Art Nouveau building in the Neustadt district of Strasbourg, France. It is classified as a Monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1975; the house was built from 1902 until 1903 by the architects Franz Lütke and Heinrich Backes for the master baker Georges Cromer. It is considered as one of the most representative buildings of the Strasbourg brand of Art Nouveau architecture, influenced both by German and by French stylistic tendencies. Lütke and Backes were professional partners from 1898 until 1907. A prolific duo, they built a number of other Art Nouveau houses in Strasbourg, of which several are classified as Monuments historiques as well. Villa Schutzenberger, in the same street