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Miami Gardens, Florida

Miami Gardens is a city located in north-central Miami-Dade County, United States. Its boundaries stretch from I-95 and NE 2nd Avenue on the east, to NW 47th and NW 57th Avenues on the west, from the Broward County line on the north, to 151st Street on the south; the city name comes from one of the major roadways through Miami Gardens Drive. According to the 2017 estimate from the US Census Bureau, the city had a population of 113,750, it is the largest city in Florida that has a majority African American population, it is a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, home to an estimated 6,012,331 people in 2015. In the wake of the construction of I-95 in the late 1960s, many middle- and upper-income African American and West Indian American families migrated from Miami neighborhoods like Liberty City to what became Miami Gardens as race-based covenants were outlawed with the Fair Housing Act, lower income blacks moved into the Liberty City and Little Haiti neighborhoods surrounding Liberty Square and Edison Courts.

Miami Gardens was incorporated on May 13, 2003. The city's neighborhoods of Andover, Bunche Park, Carol City, Lake Lucerne, Opa-locka North, Scott Lake were unincorporated areas within Miami-Dade County. In 2007, Mayor Shirley Gibson said that the city would no longer allow any low-income housing developments. Around that time, the city's tax revenues dropped to the third-lowest in Miami-Dade County. In 2012, Oliver Gilbert, only the second mayor the city has had, proposed forming a community redevelopment agency. CRAs are formed to remove "slum and blight", to improve the physical environment of the city and to combat the social and economic problems typical of slum areas. CRAs are funded with property tax increases, which funds are used, in part, to stimulate private investment in the rehabilitation of the community. Police misconduct against Earl Sampson, questioned, jailed, and/or arrested for trespassing at his own workplace, against the wishes of his boss, occurred from 2008 until 2013.

The city was incorporated in 2003, but various parts of the city appear as census designated places in the 2000 census and previous censuses. They now make up the neighborhoods of Andover, Bunche Park, Carol City, Lake Lucerne, Opa-locka North, Scott Lake; the United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Miami Gardens was 112,514 on July 1, 2016, a 6.5% increase since the 2010 census. In 2010, there were 34,284 housing units; as of 2016, the age distribution was 5.6% under the age of 5, 6.7% from 5 to 9, 6.5% from 10 to 14, 15.5% from 15 to 24, 14.6% from 25 to 34, 12.7% 35 to 44, 13.1% 45 to 54, 12.6% 55 to 64, 12.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The population is 53.1 % female. Families made up 72 % of households; the average household size was 3.52 members, the city covered 20 square miles. As of 2000, the Bunche Park neighborhood of Miami Gardens had the ninth highest percentage of African-American and black residents in the US, with 96.5% of the populace. It was the most Bahamian place in the United States, as well as having the highest percentage of British West Indians in the US, at 1.8% It was home to the fifty-third highest percentage of Haitians in the US, at 2.8% of all residents As of 2000, the Carol City section of Miami Gardens had the twenty-seventh highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, with 18.75% of the populace.

It had the nineteenth highest percentage of Jamaican residents in the US, at 5.80% and the thirty-ninth highest percentage of Dominican residents in the US, at 3% of its population. It had the fifty-sixth most Haitians in the US, at 2.50% while it had the twentieth highest percentage of Nicaraguans, at 2.20% of all residents. The Carol City neighborhood of Miami Gardens is home to the seventieth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 2.15% of the population. As of 2000, before being annexed to Miami Gardens, the Andover neighborhood had English as a first language accounted for 74.96% of all residents, while Spanish accounted for 17.91%, French Creole accounted for 4.61%, French made up 1.58%, West African Niger-Congo languages were at 0.52%, Yiddish was the mother tongue for 0.39% of the population. As of 2000, before being annexed to Miami Gardens, the Bunche Park neighborhood had English as a first language accounted for 95.97% of all residents, while Spanish was at 3.07%, French Creole as a mother tongue made up 0.94% of the population.

As of 2000, before being annexed to Miami Gardens, the Carol City neighborhood had English as a first language accounted for 53.73% of all residents, while Spanish accounted for 43.16%, French Creole as a mother tongue made up 2.15% of the population. As of 2000, before being annexed to Miami Gardens, the Lake Lucerne neighborhood had English as a first language accounted for 82.27% of all residents, while Spanish accounted for 14.16%, French Creole was at 2.55%, French as a mother tongue made up 1.00% of the population. As of 2000, before being annexed to Miami Gardens, the Norland neighborhood had English as a first language accounted for 74.87% of all residents, while French Creole accounted for 12.92%, Spanish was at 10.19%, French as a mother tongue made up 1.02% of the population. As of 2000, before being annexed to Miami Gardens, the Opa-Lock

Charlie Jones (footballer, born 1899)

Charles "Charlie" Jones was a Welsh international footballer. Born in Troedyrhiw, Merthyr Tydfil, Jones started his career at Cardiff City, but was released in the summer of 1921 after just one appearance, a 1–0 defeat to Stoke City, he joined Stockport County, in his first season at the club won a Third Division North medal and promotion to the Second Division. He moved in March 1923 to First Division Oldham Athletic, but the club were relegated to the Second Division soon after he joined. Jones made a name for himself as a talented left winger with Forest, making over 100 appearances for them in three years, it was while there that he picked up the first of his eight caps for Wales, excelling in a 3–1 victory over England at Selhurst Park on 1 March 1926. In addition, he went on to captain his country several times. Jones was signed by Herbert Chapman for Arsenal in May 1928, played as one of the forwards as Chapman introduced the WM formation, he missed only three league games in 1929–30, although for him he was not selected for the Gunners' 1930 FA Cup-winning side.

However, Jones proved his versatility by moving to right half, became known as a tenacious ballwinner and committed tackler in the Arsenal midfield. With Arsenal he won three First Division winners' medals, played in the 1931–32 FA Cup final. Towards the end of his career his age was starting to catch up with him, competition for midfield places was fierce; however his knowledge of the game and tactical sense were still appreciated by Arsenal managers Herbert Chapman and Joe Shaw. In all he played 195 games for scoring 8 goals. Jones was manager of Notts County from May 1934 to December 1935. Harris, Jeff. Hogg, Tony. Arsenal Who's Who. Independent UK Sports. ISBN 1-899429-03-4

Nancy-Université

Nancy-Université federated the three principal institutes of higher education of Nancy, in Lorraine, France before their merger into the University of Lorraine: Henri Poincaré University: natural sciences, wrapping several faculties and engineering schools École Supérieure des Sciences et Technologies de l'Ingénieur de Nancy: general engineering École Supérieure d'Informatique et Applications de Lorraine: Computer Science engineering Nancy 2 University: social sciences Institut national polytechnique de Lorraine: engineering schools, notably: ENSEM: electrical and mechanical engineering Mines de Nancy: general engineering ENSIC: chemistry ENSAIA: agricultural engineeringWith over 50 000 students, Nancy has the fifth largest student population in France. Nancy-Université has several academic libraries; the academic library of Nancy 2 University, opened by French president Albert Lebrun, contains around 500 000 documents, among which at least 250 000 are books, in 35 locations. The original University of Nancy was founded in 1572 in the nearby city of Pont-à-Mousson by Charles III, duke of Lorraine, Charles, Cardinal of Lorraine, transferred to Nancy in 1768.

It was closed by the revolutionaries in 1793, reopened in 1864. François Gény, French professor and jurist who introduced notion of "free scientific research" in positive law. List of early modern universities in Europe List of public universities in France by academy Nancy-Université official website University of Nancy 1 University of Nancy 2 INPL