The Miami Heat are an American professional basketball team based in Miami. The Heat compete in the National Basketball Association as a member of the league's Eastern Conference Southeast Division; the Heat play their home games at American Airlines Arena, have won three NBA championships. The franchise began play in the 1988–89 NBA season as an expansion team. After a period of mediocrity, the Heat would gain relevance during the 1990s following the appointment of former head coach Pat Riley in the role of team president. Riley would construct the high-profile trades of Alonzo Mourning in 1995, of Tim Hardaway in 1996, which propelled the team into playoff contention. Mourning and Hardaway would lead the Heat to four division titles, prior to their departures in 2001 and 2002, respectively; as a result, the team struggled, entered into a rebuild in time for the 2002–03 season. Led by Dwyane Wade, following a trade for former NBA Most Valuable Player Shaquille O'Neal, Miami advanced to play in the NBA Finals in 2006, where they clinched their first championship, led by Riley as head coach.
After the departure of O'Neal two years the team entered into another period of decline for the remainder of the 2000s. This saw the resignation of Riley as head coach, who returned to his position as team president, was replaced by Erik Spoelstra. In 2010, after creating significant cap space, the Heat partnered Wade with former league MVP LeBron James, perennial NBA All-Star Chris Bosh, creating the "Big Three". During their four-year spell together, under the guise of Spoelstra, James and Bosh, they would lead the Heat to the NBA Finals in every season, won two back-to-back championships in 2012 and 2013; the trio would all depart by 2016, the team entered another period of rebuilding. Wade was reacquired in 2018, albeit to retire with the franchise; the Heat hold the record for the NBA's third-longest winning streak, 27 straight games, set during the 2012–13 season. Four Hall of Famers have played for Miami, while James has won the NBA MVP Award while playing for the team. In 1987 the NBA granted one of its four new expansion teams to Miami and the team, known as the Heat began play in November 1988.
The Miami Heat began their early years with much mediocrity, only making the playoffs two times in their first eight years and falling in the first round both times. Upon the purchasing of the franchise by Carnival Cruise Lines chairman Micky Arison in 1995, Pat Riley was brought in as the team president and head coach. Riley acquired center Alonzo Mourning and point guard Tim Hardaway to serve as the centerpieces for the team, transforming Miami into a championship contender throughout the late 1990s. With them they brought in a new team trainer, Cody Posselt, to work on shooting; the Heat underwent a dramatic turnaround in the 1996–97 season, improving to a 61–21 record – a franchise record at the time, second-best in team history. That same year, Miami earned the moniker of "Road Warriors" for its remarkable 32–9 record on the road. On the backs of Hardaway and Mourning, the Heat achieved their first two series victories in the playoffs, making it to the Conference Finals against the Michael Jordan-led Chicago Bulls before losing in five games.
Their biggest rivals of the time were the New York Knicks, Riley's former team, who would eliminate the Heat in the playoffs from 1998 through 2000. A period of mediocrity followed after, highlighted by missing the playoffs in 2002 and 2003. In the 2003 NBA draft, with the fifth overall pick, Miami selected shooting guard Dwyane Wade out of Marquette. Free-agent swing-man Lamar Odom was signed from the Los Angeles Clippers. Just prior to the start of the 2003–04 season, Riley stepped down as head coach to focus on rebuilding the Heat, promoting Stan Van Gundy to the position of head coach. Behind Van Gundy's leadership, Wade's stellar rookie year and Odom's break out season, the Heat made the 2004 NBA Playoffs, beating the New Orleans Hornets 4–3 in the 1st round and losing to the Indiana Pacers 4–2 in the 2nd round. In the off-season, Riley engineered a summer blockbuster trade for Shaquille O'Neal from the Los Angeles Lakers. Alonzo Mourning returned to the Heat in the same season. Returning as championship contenders, Miami finished with a 59–23 record garnering the first overall seed in the Eastern Conference.
Sweeping through the first round and the semifinals, Miami went back to the Conference Finals for the first time in eight years, where it met the defending champion Detroit Pistons. Despite taking a 3–2 lead, Miami lost Wade to injury for Game 6; the Heat would go on to lose Game 7 at home despite Wade's return. In the summer of 2005, Riley brought in veteran free agent Gary Payton from the Boston Celtics, brought in James Posey, Jason Williams and Antoine Walker via trades. After a disappointing 11–10 start to the 2005–06 season, Riley relieved Van Gundy of his duties and took back the head coaching job; the Heat made it to the Conference Finals in 2006 and in a re-match, defeated the Pistons, winning the series 4–2. Making its first NBA Finals appearance, they played the Dallas Mavericks, who won the first two games in Dallas in routs; the Heat won the next four games, capturing its first championship. Wade won the Finals MVP award; the Heat experienced four-years of post-title struggles from 2007 through 2010, including a 4–0 sweep by the Chicago Bulls in the 1st round of the 2007 NBA Playoffs.
In the 2007–08 season, Wade was plagued by injuries and the Heat had a league worst 15–67 record. O'Neal was traded to Phoenix midway through the season. Riley resigned as head coach following
The 25th government of Turkey was a government in the history of Turkey. It is called the Second Gürsel government. In 1961 the constituent assembly of Turkey was formed. Cemal Gürsel the prime minister of the previous government resigned to form a new government to serve together with the constituent assembly. In the list below, the cabinet members who served only a part of the cabinet's lifespan are shown in the column "Notes"; the general elections were held on 15 October 1961, Cemal Gürsel was elected as the new president of Turkey on 26 October 1961. According to the constitution, he resigned as prime minister. After a brief period in which Fahri Özdilek became the acting prime minister, a new civilian government led by İsmet İnönü was formed
These are the mammals known to occur in the Desengano State Park in the state of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. When the exact species present is unknown, only the genus is given. Family: Vespertilionidae Genus: Lasiurus Desert red bat, Lasiurus blossevillii Southern yellow bat, Lasiurus ega Genus: Myotis Black myotis, Myotis nigricans Family: Phyllostomidae Genus: Anoura Tailed tailless bat, Anoura caudifer Geoffroy's tailless bat, Anoura geoffroyi Genus: Artibeus Fringed fruit-eating bat, Artibeus fimbriatus Great fruit-eating bat, Artibeus lituratus Genus: Carollia Seba's short-tailed bat, Carollia perspicillata Genus: Chrotopterus Big-eared woolly bat, Chrotopterus auritus Genus: Desmodus Common vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus Genus: Platyrrhinus White-lined broad-nosed bat, Platyrrhinus lineatus Recife broad-nosed bat, Platyrrhinus recifinus Genus: Sturnira Little yellow-shouldered bat, Sturnira lilium Family: Pitheciidae Genus: Callicebus Atlantic titi, Callicebus personatus Family: Atelidae Genus: Alouatta Genus: Brachyteles Southern muriqui, Brachyteles arachnoides Family: Sciuridae Genus: Sciurus Ingram's squirrel, Sciurus ingrami Family: Cricetidae Genus: Akodon Serra do Mar grass mouse, Akodon serrensis Genus: Cerradomys Terraced rice rat, Cerradomys subflavus Genus: Delomys Striped Atlantic Forest rat, Delomys dorsalis Pallid Atlantic Forest rat, Delomys sublineatus Genus: Euryoryzomys Russet rice rat, Euryoryzomys russatus Genus: Hylaeamys Azara's broad-headed oryzomys, Hylaeamys megacephalus Genus: Nectomys Scaly-footed water rat, Nectomys squamipes Genus: Oligoryzomys Black-footed pygmy rice rat, Oligoryzomys nigripes Genus: Oxymycterus Atlantic Forest hocicudo, Oxymycterus dasytrichus Genus: Rhipidomys Genus: Thaptomys Blackish grass mouse, Thaptomys nigrita Family: Caviidae Genus: Cavia Family: Cuniculidae Genus: Cuniculus Lowland paca, Cuniculus paca Family: Dasyproctidae Genus: Dasyprocta Azara's agouti, Dasyprocta azarae Family: Erethizontidae Genus: Sphiggurus Family: Echimyidae Genus: Euryzygomatomys Fischer's guiara, Euryzygomatomys spinosus' Genus: Trinomys Soft-spined Atlantic spiny rat, Trinomys dimidiatus Family: Bradypodidae Genus: Bradypus Brown-throated sloth, Bradypus variegatus Family: Dasypodidae Genus: Cabassous Greater naked-tailed armadillo, Cabassous tatouay Genus: Dasypus Nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus Seven-banded armadillo, Dasypus septemcinctus Family: Felidae Genus: Leopardus Ocelot, Leopardus pardalis Oncilla, Leopardus tigrinus Margay, Leopardus wiedii Family: Procyonidae Genus: Nasua South American coati, Nasua nasua Genus: Procyon Crab-eating raccoon, Procyon cancrivorus Family: Mustelidae Genus: Eira Tayra, Eira barbara Genus: Lontra Neotropical river otter, Lontra longicaudis Family: Tayassuidae Genus: Tayassu White-lipped peccary, Tayassu pecari Family: Didelphidae Genus: Gracilinanus Brazilian gracile opossum, Gracilinanus microtarsus Genus: Metachirus Brown four-eyed opossum, Metachirus nudicaudatus Genus: Marmosops Brazilian slender opossum, Marmosops paulensis Genus: Monodelphis Northern three-striped opossum, Monodelphis americana Genus: Didelphis Big-eared opossum, Didelphis aurita Genus: Philander Southeastern four-eyed opossum, Philander frenatus Mamíferos do Parque Estadual do Desengano, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil