Miami University

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Coordinates: 39°30′43″N 84°44′05″W / 39.511905°N 84.734674°W / 39.511905; -84.734674

Miami University
Seal of Miami University.png
Latin: Universitas Miamiensis
MottoProdesse Quam Conspici
Motto in English
To accomplish without being conspicuous[1]
TypePublic
Established1809
Parent institution
University System of Ohio
Endowment$447 million (2016)[2]
PresidentGregory Crawford[3]
ProvostPhyllis Callahan
Administrative staff
1,400 system-wide
Students24,505 system-wide
Undergraduates22,119 system-wide; 16,981 Oxford
Postgraduates2,386 system-wide
LocationOxford, Ohio (main campus)
CampusRural, 2,138 acres (8 km2)
ColorsRed and White[4]
         
NicknameRedHawks
Sporting affiliations
NCAA Division I FBS
Mid-American Conference
National Collegiate Hockey Conference
MascotSwoop the RedHawk
Websitewww.miamioh.edu
Miami University logo.svg

Miami University (also referred to as Miami of Ohio or simply Miami) is a public research university on a 2,138-acre campus in Oxford, Ohio, 35 miles north of Cincinnati. The university was founded in 1809, although classes were not held until 1824. Miami University is the second-oldest university in Ohio, and the 10th oldest public (32nd overall) university in the United States.[5][6][7] Miami also has regional campuses in Hamilton, Middletown and West Chester, as well as the Dolibois European Center in Differdange, Luxembourg. The Carnegie Foundation classifies Miami University as a research university with a high research activity.[8][9] It is affiliated with the University System of Ohio.

Miami University is well known for its liberal arts education; it offers more than 120 undergraduate degree programs and over 60 graduate degree programs within its 8 schools and colleges in architecture, business, engineering, humanities and the sciences. In its 2017 edition, U.S. News & World Report ranked the university 79th among national universities and the 30th top public university in the United States.[10][11] Additionally, Miami University is ranked 2nd best national university (1st among public institutions) for undergraduate teaching.[12] Miami University is one of the original eight Public Ivy schools.[13][14]

Miami University has a long tradition of Greek life; five social Greek-letter organizations were founded at the university earning Miami the nickname "Mother of Fraternities". Today, Miami University hosts over 50 fraternity and sorority chapters, and approximately one-third of the undergraduate student population are members of the Greek community.[15] Miami is renowned for its campus' beauty, having been called "The most beautiful campus that ever there was" by Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Robert Frost. Additionally, Forbes ranked the city of Oxford first on its 2016 list of the best college towns in the United States.[16][17]

Miami's athletic teams compete in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and are collectively known as the Miami RedHawks. They compete in the Mid-American Conference (MAC) in all varsity sports except ice hockey, which competes in the National Collegiate Hockey Conference.

History[edit]

1800s[edit]

The foundations for Miami University were first laid by an Act of Congress signed by President George Washington, stating an academy should be Northwest of the Ohio River in the Miami Valley.[18] The land was within the Symmes Purchase; Judge John Cleves Symmes, the land's owner, purchased it from the government with the stipulation that he set aside land for an academy.[19] Congress granted one township to be in the District of Cincinnati to the Ohio General Assembly for the purposes of building a college, two days after Ohio was granted statehood in 1803; if no suitable location could be provided in the Symmes Purchase, Congress pledged to give federal lands to the legislature after a five-year period. The Ohio Legislature appointed three surveyors in August of the same year to search for a suitable township, and they selected a township off of Four Mile Creek.[19] The Legislature passed "An Act to Establish the Miami University" on February 2, 1809, and the state created a board of trustees; this is cited as the founding of Miami University.[19] The township originally granted to the university was known as the "College Township," and was renamed Oxford, Ohio, in 1810.[citation needed]

The University temporarily halted construction due to the War of 1812.[19] Cincinnati tried—and failed—to move Miami to the city in 1822 and to divert its income to a Cincinnati college.[19] Miami created a grammar school in 1818 to teach frontier youth, but it was disbanded after five years.[19] Robert Hamilton Bishop, a Presbyterian minister and professor of history, was appointed to be the first President of Miami University in 1824. The first day of classes at Miami was on November 1, 1824.[19] At its opening, there were 20 students and two faculty members in addition to Bishop.[19] The curriculum included Greek, Latin, Algebra, Geography, and Roman history; the University offered only a Bachelor of Arts. An "English Scientific Department" was started in 1825, which studied modern languages, applied mathematics, and political economy as training for more practical professions. It offered a certificate upon completion of coursework, not a diploma.[19]

Miami students purchased a printing press, and in 1827 published their first periodical, The Literary Focus. It promptly failed, but it laid the foundation for the weekly Literary Register. The Miami Student, founded in 1867, traces its foundation back to the Literary Register and claims to be the oldest college newspaper in the United States.[19] A theological department and a farmer's college were formed in 1829; the farmer's college was not an agricultural school, but a three-year education program for farm boys. William Holmes McGuffey joined the faculty in 1826, and began his work on the McGuffey Readers while in Oxford.[19] By 1834 the faculty had grown to seven professors and enrollment was at 234 students.[19] Eleven students were expelled in 1835, including one for firing a pistol at another student. McGuffey resigned and became the President of the Cincinnati College, where he urged parents not to send their children to Miami.[19]

Alumni Hall in winter
The "Beta Bells" of Miami University were built with funds donated by the Beta Theta Pi fraternity on its Centennial in 1939.

Alpha Delta Phi opened its chapter at Miami in 1833, making it the first fraternity chapter West of the Allegheny Mountains. In 1839, Beta Theta Pi was created; it was the first fraternity formed at Miami.[19]

In 1839 Old Miami reached its enrollment peak, with 250 students from 13 states; only Harvard, Yale, and Dartmouth were larger.[19] President Bishop resigned in 1840 due to escalating problems in the University, although he remained as a professor through 1844. He was replaced as President by George Junkin, former President of Lafayette College; Junkin resigned in 1844, having proved to be unpopular with students.[19] By 1847, enrollment had fallen to 137 students.

Students in 1848 participated in the "Snowball Rebellion". Defying the faculty's stance against fraternities, students packed Old Main, one of Miami's main classrooms and administrative buildings, with snow and reinforced the snow with chairs, benches and desks from the classroom.[19] Those who had participated in the rebellion were expelled from the school and Miami's student population was more than halved. By 1873, enrollment fell further to 87 students. The board of trustees closed the school in 1873, and leased the campus for a grammar school.[19] The period before its closing is referred to as "Old Miami."[19]

Satirical map of Miami University campus

The university reopened in 1885, having paid all of its debts and repaired many of its buildings; there were 40 students in its first year. Enrollment remained under 100 students throughout the 1800s. Miami focused on aspects outside of the classics, including botany, physics, and geology departments.[19] In 1888, Miami began inter-collegiate football play in a game against the University of Cincinnati.[19] By the early 1900s, the state of Ohio pledged regular financial support for Miami University. Enrollment reached 207 students in 1902. The Ohio General Assembly passed the Sesse Bill in 1902, which mandated coeducation for all Ohio public schools. Miami lacked the rooms to fit all of the students expected the next year, and Miami made an arrangement with Oxford College, a women's college in the town, to rent rooms. Miami's first African-American student, Nelly Craig, graduated in 1905.[18] Hepburn Hall, built in 1905, was the first women's dorm at the college. By 1907, the enrollment at the University passed 700 students and women made up about a third of the student body.[19] Andrew Carnegie pledged $40,000 to help build a new library for the University.[19]

1900s[edit]

Enrollment in 1923 was at 1,500 students. The Oxford College for Women merged with Miami University in 1928.[19] By the early 1930s, enrollment had reached 2,200 students. The conservative environment found on campus called for little change during the problems of the Great Depression, and only about 10 percent of students in the 1930s were on government subsidies.[19] During World War II, Miami changed its curriculum to include "war emergency courses" and a Navy Training School took up residence on campus. During wartime in 1943, the population of the University became majority women.[19] Due to the G.I. Bill, tuition for veterans decreased; the enrollment at Miami jumped from 2,200 to 4,100 students. Temporary lodges were constructed to accommodate the number of students. By 1952, the student body had grown to 5,000.[19]

Miami University in 1909

In 1954, Miami created a common curriculum for all students to complete to have a base for their other subjects. By 1964, enrollment reached nearly 15,000.[19] To accommodate the growing number of students, Miami University started a regional branch of the University at Middletown, Ohio, in 1966 and Hamilton, Ohio, in 1968.[19] Miami founded a Luxembourg branch, today called the Miami University Dolibois European Center, in 1968; students live with Luxembourgian families, and study under Miami professors.[19] Miami experimented with a trimester plan in 1965, but it ultimately failed and the university reverted to a quarter system. In 1974, The Western College for Women in Oxford, was sold to Miami; and President Shriver oversaw the creation of the well-respected and innovative Interdisciplinary Studies Program known as the Western College Program.[19] The program was merged into the College of Arts & Science in 2007.[20] The newest regional campus, the Miami University Voice of America Learning Center opened in 2009.

Campus[edit]

MacCracken Hall is the university's most recognizable symbol

Miami University's main campus is in Oxford, Ohio; the city is in the Miami Valley in Southwestern Ohio. Development of the campus began in 1818 with a multipurpose building called Franklin Hall; Elliott Hall, built in 1825, is Miami's oldest residence hall.[19][21] Miami is renowned for its campus beauty, having been called "The most beautiful campus that ever there was" by Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Robert Frost, a friend of then Miami artist-in-residence Percy McKaye, a poet. Miami has added campus buildings, such as the Farmer School of Business Building, in the style characteristic of Georgian Revival architecture, with all buildings built three stories or less, or "to human scale". Today, the area of Miami's Oxford campus consists of 2,138 acres (8 km2).[21][22]

Oxford, Ohio is a college town, with over 70.0% of the residents attending college or graduate school.[23] Forbes ranked the city of Oxford first on its 2016 list of the best college towns in the United States.[16] All first and second year students are required to live on-campus and all dorms are three stories or less.[24] Miami University’s dining options includes about 30 dining destinations on campus, including Maple Street Station and Garden Commons, each with multiple dining options. Miami’s dining services have won 52 awards since 2004.[25] Miami University also has a Recreational Sports Center. The center has three basketball courts, an Olympic-sized pool and diving well, outdoor pursuit center, rock-climbing center, fitness room, large exercise classrooms and a weight room.[26]

The Hefner Museum of Natural History, in Upham Hall, features displays of many hoofed animals and other animal mounts, shells, corals and sponges, skeletons and fossils.[27]

Historic landmarks[edit]

King Library[edit]

King Library was originally known as the King Undergraduate Library when the south section was completed in 1966. When the north section was completed in 1972, the word "undergraduate" was dropped from its name. Before King Library was built, Alumni Library was the main university library. When King Library was completed in 1972, Alumni Library was changed to Alumni Hall.

Academics[edit]

Rankings[edit]

University rankings
National
Forbes[29] 155
U.S. News & World Report[30] 96
Washington Monthly[31] 133[28]
Global
ARWU[32] Does not appear.
QS[33] 701.
Times[34] 601-800
Harrison Hall at sunset

U.S. News & World Report in its 2017 rankings ranked the university's undergraduate program 79th among national universities, and 30th among public universities. U.S. News also ranked the university fifth for best undergraduate teaching at national public universities.[35] Kiplinger’s Personal Finance magazine listed Miami as one the "100 Best Values in Public Colleges" for 2015 ranking Miami 55th nationally. Miami has appeared on the list since it was first published in 1998. Forbes ranked Miami 155th in the United States among all colleges and universities and listed it as one of "America's Best College Buys".[36] In March 2014, BusinessWeek ranked the undergraduate business program for the Farmer School of Business at 23rd among all U.S. undergraduate business schools and was ranked 8th among public schools.[37] Entrepreneur ranked Miami's Institute for Entrepreneurship in its top ten undergraduate programs in the nation.[38] The Wall Street Journal ranked Miami 22nd among state schools for bringing students directly from undergraduate studies into top graduate programs.[39] The Journal also ranked Miami's accelerated MBA program ninth globally.[40] Miami's accountancy program received high marks from the Public Accounting Report's rankings of accountancy programs; its undergraduate and graduate programs ranked 17th and 20th respectively.[41] In 1985, Richard Moll wrote a book about America's premier public universities where he describes Miami as one of America's original eight "Public Ivies", along with the University of California, University of Michigan, University of Virginia, College of William and Mary, University of Texas, University of Vermont, and the University of North Carolina.[42]

Miami also receives high marks for its beautiful campus. Newsweek rated Miami No. 19, in its 2012 list of Most Beautiful Schools and poet Robert Frost described it as "The most beautiful campus that ever there was."[43]

Undergraduates[edit]

Miami is a large, primarily residential teaching university with a focus on undergraduate studies.[44] The university offers more than 100 majors,[45] 48 minors,[46] and 11 co-majors.

Miami University has seven academic divisions:

  1. College of Arts and Science
  2. Farmer School of Business
  3. College of Creative Arts
  4. College of Education, Health, and Society
  5. College of Engineering and Computing
  6. Graduate School
  7. College of Liberal Arts and Applied Science (Miami Regionals)

The College of Arts and Science (or CAS) is the oldest and largest college at Miami, with over 75% of the undergraduate student body enrollment. The CAS offers more than 60 majors covering a broad range of areas of study. The curriculum emphasizes creativity, research, and global perspectives.[47] Ten of the 14 doctoral degrees offered by Miami are provided through the College of Arts & Science.[48]

The Farmer School of Business was ranked 40th in the country for undergraduate business schools by Bloomberg.[49]

Miami's Farmer School of Business is a nationally recognized school of business that offers eight majors. The school also offers graduate MBA, accountancy, and economics degrees. The Farmer School of Business (or FSB) is housed in a 210,000-square-foot (20,000 m2) state-of-the-art, LEED-certified building.[50] The FSB building, opened for classes in 2009, was designed by leading revivalist architect Robert A.M. Stern.

The College of Engineering and Computing (formerly School of Engineering & Computing (formerly Applied Science)) offers 10 accredited majors at the Oxford campus,[51] and moved into a new $22 million engineering building in 2007.[52] The school also offers four master's degrees in Computer Science, Chemical Engineering, Computational Electrical and Computer Engineering and Mechanical Engineering.[53]

The School of Education, Health & Society (formerly Education and Allied Professions) offers 26 undergraduate degrees[54] spanning from areas of teacher education, kinesiology, and health to educational psychology, family studies, and social work.[55] As of fall 2009, nearly 3,500 full-time and part-time undergraduates were enrolled in the school.[54]

Miami's School of Creative Arts (formerly Fine Arts) has four departments: architecture and interior design, music, theatre, and art. Each department has its own admission requirements, either a portfolio or audition, which are separate from the standard admissions requirements for the University. Art majors choose a concentration in areas such as ceramics, metals, photography, printmaking, sculpture, graphic design, and interior design. Music majors specify either music performance or music education, and choose their focus, whether instrumental or vocal.[56][57]

Graduate students[edit]

The first issue of The Miami Student

Miami offers master's degrees in more than 50 areas of study and doctoral degrees in 14, the largest of which are doctoral degrees in psychology. To enroll in graduate courses, students must first be accepted into the Graduate School, and then into the department through which the degree is offered.[58] Although tuition for the Graduate School is roughly the same as for an undergraduate degree, most of the graduate programs offer graduate assistantships as well as tuition waivers.

Organizations and clubs[edit]

Aside from the university's student newspaper (see below), the university's oldest and longest-running student organization is the Miami University Men's Glee Club, founded in 1907.[59] In 2018, Miami's mock trial program won its second national American Mock Trial Association championship title, beating Yale in the final round, leading them to be ranked first out of over 700 university teams across the country for the upcoming 2018-19 season.[60][61]

Media[edit]

Miami has a variety of media outlets. The student-run newspaper, The Miami Student, claims to have been founded in 1826, which would make it the oldest university newspaper in the United States. However, the first issue is dated May 1867, and the paper refers to itself as "the oldest college newspaper west of the Alleghenies."[62] The undergraduate literature and art magazine, Inklings, is available in print and online.[63] RedHawk Radio (WMSR) is Miami's only student radio station.[64] Miami University Television (MUTV) is available on cable in Oxford, Ohio.[65] UP Magazine is Miami's student-run fashion magazine that publishes an issue each semester and also maintains a blog.[66]

Student life[edit]

Student body[edit]

Demographics of student body – Fall 2017[67]
Undergraduate Graduate U.S. Census[68]
Non-Hispanic White 73% 75% 60.7%
Black 4% 5% 13.4%
Asian 2% 3% 5.8%
Hispanic (of any race) 4% 5% 18.1%
Other races/ethnicities 4% 3% 2%
International 13% 9% (N/A)

As of 2017, Miami University has a total enrollment of 24,424 admitted students. The Oxford campus encompasses 19,452 students, of which 17,147 are at the undergraduate and 2,305 at the graduates and professional.[69][70][71] Although 40.5% of students come from Ohio, offers of first-year admission for Fall 2017 included students from all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia and abroad. Miami University encompasses 3,056 international students from 85 countries. Of the regularly enrolled international students, the most represented countries/regions are China, India, Vietnam and South Korea, in that order.[72] With a gender distribution of 49% male students and 51% female students, Miami University's gender disparity between men and women is far below the national average, making it one of the most equally balanced undergraduate institutions in the United States.[73] Ethnic diversity at Miami University is low among public universities in the United States.[74] The student body at Miami University remains predominantly white, despite efforts to recruit more minority students. Miami University ranked 95th out of 100 national universities for academics by diversity and as of Fall 2016, it had the lowest percentage of domestic students of color among all five major public universities in Ohio.[75]

Student-run organizations[edit]

For the 2017-18 academic year, Miami had over 600 registered student organizations. These clubs and organizations run the gamut from varsity sports clubs to professional fraternities, from political and religious groups to fashion, theatre and LGBTQ+ organizations. The university recognizes the Associated Student Government (ASG) that represents student interests to faculty, administrators, and the Ohio Legislature. It is the official student government of Miami University.[76] It has an executive branch run by a student president and 14 members of the executive cabinet who work with administrators in all areas of student life as well as academics, a legislative branch made up of 50 senators who voice student concerns, write and vote on legislation on a weekly basis and the judicial branch, made up of 17 undergraduate students who compose the student court that hears cases involving violations of the student code, and ensures that students are aware of their legal rights.[77]

Miami University Men's Glee Club[edit]

The Miami University Men's Glee Club performing at its Fall Concert in Hall Auditorium

Aside from the university's student newspaper, the university's oldest and longest-running academic student organization is the Miami University Men's Glee Club.[59] Founded in 1907 by professor Robert H. Burke, composer of Miami's fight song and alma mater, the glee club is among the oldest and largest groups of its kind in the nation.[78] It is composed of over 100 singers selected by audition from all academic disciplines. The group's repertoire ranges from Gregorian Chant and Renaissance motets to folksongs, popular music, and spirituals. The Glee Club performs three concerts, in fall, winter, and spring each year at Miami's Hall Auditorium, constructed in 1907-8. The fall semester concerts are paired with Miami's large mixed choir, Collegiate Chorale. In addition to these, the Glee Club will often perform at Miami University events, local churches, and high schools in the greater Ohio area.

The Glee Club has also performed with major symphony orchestras at a regional and national level; most frequently with the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra. Throughout its history, the Glee Club has worked with renowned composers, conductors and singers singers such as Morten Lauridsen, Martina Arroyo, Max Rudolf, Thomas Schippers, Paul Salamunovich and more recently A.R. Rahman.[78][79] In 2014, the Glee Club performed a Memorial Day service at the Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial, as part of its biannual international tour, and later won the First European Prize with Great Distinction at the Concours Europeen de Chant Choral 2014 (European Choir Competition).[80]

The Glee Club also hosts one men’s a cappella singing group, The Cheezies. This group consists of approximately 15 members auditioned from the Glee Club.

Residential life[edit]

Built in 1835, Stoddard Hall is one of the oldest remaining buildings on campus

Residential life is a primary characteristic of the undergraduate education at Miami University and is embedded in the University's Mission Statement. Miami University requires first and second year students to live on campus.[81] Elliott and Stoddard Halls are two of the oldest remaining buildings on campus today. Built in 1828 and 1835 respectively, they continue to be used as dormitories and are considered two of the most prestigious dorms to live in.[82] They are also listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[83] The campus has a total of 46 residence halls, the newest of which opened in 2018.[84][85] The residence halls are organized into 8 quads throughout campus:[86]

  • Academic Quad: Bishop Hall, Elliott Hall, Ogden Hall, Stoddard Hall, Wells Hall.
  • Central Quad: Hamilton Hall, MacCracken Hall, Maplestreet Station, Minnich Hall, Richard Hall, Scott Hall.
  • East Quad: Collins Hall, Dennison Hall, Dorsey Hall, McBride Hall, Miami Inn, Symmes Hall, Wilson Hall.
  • Heritage Commons: Blanchard House, Fisher Hall, Logan Lodge, Pines Lodge, Reid Hall, Tallawanda Hall.
  • North Quad: Brandon Hall, Flower Hall, Hahne Hall, Hepburn Hall, McFarland Hall, Presidents Hall (opened in 2018), Swing Hall (demolished in 2018), Withrow Hall (opened in 2018).
  • South Quad: Anderson Hall, Dodds Hall, Emerson Hall, Etheridge Hall, Morris Hall, Porter Hall, Stanton Hall, Tappan Hall.
  • Western Campus: Beechwoods Hall, Clawson Hall, Havighurst Hall, Hillcrest Hall, Mary Lyon Hall (demolished in 2016), McKee Hall, Peabody Hall, Stonebridge Hall, Thomson Hall.

Within its existing residential life programs, Miami offers students the option of choosing from 35 theme-based living learning communities (LLCs). All first-year residential halls on campus participate in the LLC program to create bonds among students based on their field of study and shared interests.[87][88] In an LLC, students are co-enrolled into one or more classes, which further support student's transition into the university's liberal arts education. Smaller groups of students may also create their second year LLC to further their learning together.

Each residence hall has various residence assistants (RAs) who are full-time enrolled students that assist the Office of Residence Life to promote community engagement, enforce hall and university policies, submit residence hall reports, and promote academic success. Residence halls also have representatives that participate collectively in the Residence Hall Association and the student senate.[89]

Greek life[edit]

Phi Delta Theta was founded at Miami University in 1848

Miami has 21 active sorority and 30 active fraternity chapters. Miami is nicknamed the Mother of Fraternities for the number of fraternities that started on its campus: Beta Theta Pi (1839), Phi Delta Theta (1848), Sigma Chi (1855), and Phi Kappa Tau (1906). However, Alpha Delta Phi (1832) was the first fraternity on campus.[90] Delta Zeta, founded in 1902, is the only sorority alpha chapter on campus.[90] The Miami Triad refers to the first three fraternities founded at Miami: Beta Theta Pi, Phi Delta Theta, and Sigma Chi. The Triad is sometimes celebrated with parties at other universities such as the University of Kansas.[91] As of Fall 2017, there are 2,556 sorority members and 1,544 fraternity members.[92] Miami University's office of Greek affairs was endowed with a $1 million gift from Cliff Alexander, a Miami University alumnus and a member of Sigma Nu; Miami believes this gift will support the Greek program well into the next century.[93] Miami hosts about 50 different fraternities and sororities governed by three different student governing councils. Miami's fraternities and sororities hold many philanthropy events and community fundraisers.[94] In the 2017 Fall Semester, the Greek Community recorded 11,847 service hours and raised $96,839 for philanthropic causes.[95]

A spate of sorority sanctions in the 2009–10 school year reached national news for the actions that were involved. Sorority members of Miami's Alpha Xi Delta chapter and their dates at a formal held at the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center urinated throughout the venue, swore at staff, and attempted to steal drinks from the bar; one other incident involving the Pi Beta Phi chapter at Miami involved similar behavior.[96][97] Former University President David Hodge called the behavior "deeply troubling" and "embarrassing", and vowed "we are determined to live up to our values" in response to the incidents.[98]

More recently, Miami's Greek system has come under fire for numerous hazing and alcohol violations. Multiple Greek organizations have been suspended in recent years including: Alpha Xi Delta, Beta Theta Pi (Alpha Chapter), Kappa Sigma, Phi Kappa Psi, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Phi Kappa Tau (Alpha Chapter), Pi Kappa Phi, Pi Beta Phi, Sigma Nu, and Zeta Beta Tau. In late 2015 three fraternities (Sigma Nu, Phi Kappa Psi and Kappa Sigma) were evicted from Miami University. Among the violations was encouraging pledges to drink 100 beers and pose for inappropriate social media pictures. In other instances, pledges were subjected to hours long, early morning workouts and forbidden to shower or shave.[99]

Athletics[edit]

Miami's National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I sports teams are called the RedHawks; the program offers 18 varsity sports for men and women. They compete in the Mid-American Conference (MAC) in all varsity sports except ice hockey, which competes in the National Collegiate Hockey Conference.

Miami's athletic teams were called The Miami Boys, The Big Reds, The Reds, or The Red and Whites until 1928 when Miami Publicity Director R.J. McGinnis is credited with coining the term Redskins. The athletic teams were known as the Redskins up through 1997 when the Oklahoma-based Miami tribe withdrew its support for the nickname; the board of trustees voted to change the nickname to the RedHawks.[100] Miami is nicknamed the "Cradle of Coaches" for the coaches that have trained through its football program and in early 2012 Miami trademarked the phrase.[101] The athletic director is David Sayler, who was hired to the position in December 2012.[102]

Football[edit]

A football game at Yager Stadium

Miami is known as the Cradle of Coaches for its quality football coaches that leave its program; Ben Roethlisberger, a quarterback from Miami, has gone on to be a two-time Super Bowl winning quarterback for the Pittsburgh Steelers. John Harbaugh, a defensive back from Miami, coached the Baltimore Ravens to a victory in Super Bowl XLVII.

Miami's football team plays in Yager Stadium, a 24,286-seat football stadium on campus; they formerly played in the now demolished Miami Field. The coach is Chuck Martin, who was named head coach December 3, 2013. Previously, Martin was the offensive coordinator at The University of Notre Dame. The RedHawks compete each year against the Cincinnati Bearcats for the Victory Bell, a tradition that dates back to 1888.

Basketball[edit]

The Miami men's basketball team has appeared in 16 NCAA basketball championship tournaments, reaching the Sweet Sixteen four times, most recently in 1999. Notable former student-athletes have included Randy Ayers, Ron Harper, Wally Szczerbiak, and Wayne Embry.

The team competes in Millett Hall and was coached by Charlie Coles, a 1965 graduate of Miami, for 16 seasons until he retired on March 5, 2012. His replacement is John Cooper.

Men's Ice hockey[edit]

Miami fans gather before a hockey game against the Omaha Mavericks.

Miami's men's varsity ice hockey team started in 1978 coached by Steve Cady.[103] The RedHawks made the NCAA national title game in 2009, but lost in overtime to Boston University after leading much of the game.[104] The head coach is Enrico Blasi, who has a total record of 262-169-46 after 12 seasons.[105] Since the Mid-American Conference does not include Division I men's ice hockey, Miami competed in the Central Collegiate Hockey Association (CCHA) through the 2012-2013 season. It was one of three schools from the MAC in the CCHA along with Bowling Green State University and Western Michigan University. However, starting with the 2013-2014 season, Miami began competing in the National Collegiate Hockey Conference, which will also include Colorado College, University of Denver, University of North Dakota, University of Minnesota Duluth, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Western Michigan University, and St. Cloud State University.

The men's ice hockey team plays at the Goggin Ice Center. The center has two rinks: a practice rink and Steve Cady Arena, which is used by the hockey team. The arena has a seating capacity of 3,200, and it replaced the Goggin Ice Arena in 2006.

Synchronized skating[edit]

Miami's synchronized skating team began in August 1977 as a "Precision Skating Club" at Goggin Ice Center.[106] The program achieved varsity status by 1996.[107] The Miami University senior synchronized skating team are the 1999, 2006, and 2009 U.S. national champions.[107][108][109] Miami won a silver medal at the 2007 World Championships, the first medal ever won by Team USA for synchronized skating.[110] The collegiate-level team has won 18 national titles; Miami created a junior-varsity level team beneath the senior level.[107] Vicki Korn, after serving as the coach of Miami's program for 25 years, announced her retirement in May 2009.[107] The head coach is Carla DeGirolamo. A 2003 graduate of Miami, Carla skated with the program all four of her undergraduate years and then spent seven seasons as an assistant coach.

Alumni[edit]

Miami alumni are active through various organizations and events such as Alumni Weekend.[111] The Alumni Association has active chapters in over 50 cities.[112] A number of Miami alumni have made significant contributions in the fields of government, law, science, academia, business, arts, journalism, and athletics, among others.

Miami University is one of four schools, along with the United States Naval Academy, the University of Michigan, and Stanford University, that have graduated both a U.S. President and a Super Bowl winning quarterback.[113] Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd President of the United States, graduated from Miami in 1852.[114] Charles Anderson, the 27th Governor of Ohio, graduated from Miami in 1833.[115] Chung Un-chan, the previous Prime Minister of South Korea, received his master's degree from Miami in economics in 1972.[116] Other politicians include U.S. Senator Maria Cantwell of Washington, U.S. House of Representatives Speaker Paul Ryan of Wisconsin, and U.S. Representative Susan Brooks of Indiana.[117][118] Rita Dove, a Pulitzer Prize winner and the first African-American United States Poet Laureate, graduated summa cum laude from Miami.[119] Other prominent alumni in business include: Marne Levine, COO of Instagram, C. Michael Armstrong, former chairman & CEO of AT&T, former chairman/CEO of Hughes Aircraft Co. and former chairman of the President's Export Council, and Richard T. Farmer, founder and CEO emeritus of Cintas. Chris Rose is a studio host with the MLB Network and NFL Network. John Harbaugh is the head coach of the Baltimore Ravens. Paul Brown, the partial founder of both the Cleveland Browns and the Cincinnati Bengals and a head coach for both teams graduated from the class of 1930.[120] Bo Schembechler was a Miami graduate and coached at Miami before moving to coach the Michigan Wolverines for twenty years.[120] Miami alumni that play in professional sports leagues include Dan Boyle of the NHL, Andy Greene of the NHL, Ryan Jones of the NHL, Alec Martinez of the NHL, Reilly Smith of the NHL, Jeff Zatkoff of the NHL, John Ely of the MLB, Adam Eaton of the MLB, golfer Brad Adamonis, Milt Stegall (Cincinnati Bengals and Winnipeg Blue Bombers), 2002 NBA All-Star Wally Szczerbiak,[121] and NFL players Brandon Brooks, Quinten Rollins, Zac Dysert, and two-time Super Bowl-winning quarterback Ben Roethlisberger.[122]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Further reading

External links[edit]