Laurence John Fishburne III is an American actor, producer and film director. He is known for playing Morpheus in The Matrix trilogy, Jason "Furious" Styles in the 1991 drama film Boyz n the Hood and Tyrone "Mr. Clean" Miller in the 1979 war film Apocalypse Now. For his portrayal of Ike Turner in What's Love Got to Do With It, Fishburne was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor, he won a Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play for his performance in Two Trains Running, an Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series for his performance in TriBeCa. Fishburne became the first African American to portray Othello in a motion picture by a major studio when he appeared in Oliver Parker's 1995 film adaptation of the Shakespeare play. Fishburne starred including Deep Cover and King of New York. From 2008 to 2011, he starred as Dr. Raymond Langston on the CBS crime drama CSI: Crime Scene Investigation and from 2013 to 2015 starred as Special Agent Jack Crawford in the NBC thriller series Hannibal.
In 2013, he portrayed Perry White in the Zack Snyder-directed Superman reboot Man of Steel and in 2016 reprised his role in Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice as part of the DC Extended Universe. Fishburne played Bill Foster in the film Ant-Man and the Wasp, released in 2018 as part of the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Fishburne was born in Augusta, the son of Hattie Bell, a junior high school mathematics and science teacher, Laurence John Fishburne, Jr. a juvenile corrections officer. After his parents divorced during his childhood, he moved with his mother to Brooklyn, New York, where he was raised, his father saw him once a month. Fishburne is a graduate of Lincoln Square Academy in New York. For most of his early career, he was credited as Larry Fishburne. In 1973, Fishburne had his first acting role portraying Joshua Hall on the ABC soap opera One Life to Live, his most memorable childhood role was in Cornbread, Earl and Me, in which he played a young boy who witnessed the police shooting of a popular high school basketball star.
He earned a supporting role in Apocalypse Now, in which he played Tyrone Miller, a cocky 17-year-old Gunner's Mate 3rd Class from the Bronx, nicknamed Mr. Clean; when production began in March 1976, he was just 14 years old, having lied about his age to get the part. Filming took so long that he was 17 years old upon its completion. Fishburne periodically on stage. In the early 1980s, he worked as a bouncer at punk rock clubs, he appeared in the early 1980s movies Band of the Hand, Death Wish 2 and The Cotton Club, had a minor role in the critically acclaimed Steven Spielberg film The Color Purple. Fishburne had a recurring role as Cowboy Curtis on Paul Reubens' CBS children's television show Pee-wee's Playhouse, he appeared in the M*A*S*H episode, "The Tooth Shall Set You Free". In Spenser: For Hire, he was a guest star for the second-season episode "Personal Demons", he appeared alongside Kevin Bacon in Quicksilver. His stage work during the 1980s included Short Eyes, Loose Ends, both produced at Second Stage Theatre in New York City.
In 1987 he played a part in the third A Nightmare On Elm Street film as a hospital orderly. Fishburne featured in Red Heat beside James Belushi. Fishburne starred as "Dap" in Spike Lee's School Daze. Fishburne's character was a depiction of an African American, culturally inclined college student at a black college. In 1990, Fishburne played Jimmy Jump in the controversial King of New York, in 1991, starred in Boyz n the Hood; the following year, in 1992, he won a Tony Award for his stage performance in the August Wilson play Two Trains Running and an Emmy Award for his performance in the opening episode, "The Box," of the short-lived anthology series television drama TriBeCa. He starred in Deep Cover alongside Jeff Goldblum. In 1993, he received his first Oscar nomination for his portrayal of Ike Turner in What's Love Got to Do With It. Fishburne won an Image Award for "Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture" for his performance as West Indian Professor Maurice Phipps in the 1995 American drama ensemble film, Higher Learning.
He played the title role in Othello, the second African-American actor, after Paul Robeson, to perform the role. In 1997, Fishburne starred in the science fiction horror Event Horizon alongside Sam Neill. Fishburne is best known for his role as Morpheus, the hacker-mentor of Neo, played by Keanu Reeves, in the 1999 blockbuster science fiction film The Matrix. Fishburne provided the voice of Thrax in Osmosis Jones in 2001, he reprised his role as Morpheus in the Matrix sequels The Matrix Reloaded, The Matrix Revolutions in 2003. He featured as a stretcher-bearer in one version of the video for The Spooks' song "Things I've Seen" and appeared with Tom Cruise as Theodore Brassell, IMF superior of Cruise's character in Mission: Impossible III. Fishburne has worked with actress Angela Bassett on four projects, he said. I haven't experienced it with anyone else. A freedom happens when we work together." In 2006, they appeared onstage in a Pasadena Playhouse production of August Wilson's Fences. He played terrorist leader, Ahmat, revealed to be CIA in the 2006 film Five Fingers.
He provided the voice of the narrator in the 2007 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles film, TMNT. The same year, he provided the voice of the Silver Surfer in 2007 film Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer. On February 24, 2007, Fishburne was honored with the Harvard Foundation's Artist of the Year award at t
Coal Miner's Daughter (film)
Coal Miner's Daughter is a 1980 American biographical and musical film directed by Michael Apted from a screenplay written by Tom Rickman. It follows the fictional story of country music singer Loretta Lynn from her birth in a poor family and getting married at 15 to her rise as one of the most successful country musicians. Based on Lynn's 1976 biography of the same name by George Vecsey, the film stars Sissy Spacek as Lynn. Tommy Lee Jones, Beverly D'Angelo and Levon Helm are featured in supporting roles. Ernest Tubb, Roy Acuff, Minnie Pearl make cameo appearances as themselves. A film on Lynn's life was intended to be made since the release of the biography. Production for the film began on March 1979, Lynn herself chose Spacek to portray her on screen after seeing a photograph of her despite being unfamiliar with her films; the film's soundtrack featured all Lynn's hit singles which were all sung by Spacek as well as Patsy Cline's "Sweet Dreams" sung by D'Angelo. The soundtrack reached the top 40 in the U.
S. on the Billboard 200 and sold over 500,000 copies, thus being certified gold by the RIAA. Coal Miner's Daughter was released theatrically on March 7, 1980 and grossed $67.18 million in North America against a budget of $15 million, becoming the seventh highest-grossing film of 1980. It garnered critical acclaim and received seven nominations at the 53rd Academy Awards including for the Best Picture and winning Best Actress. At the 38th Golden Globe Awards, the film received four nominations and won two: Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and Best Actress – Musical or Comedy. In 1945, 13-year-old Loretta Webb is one of eight children of Ted Webb, a Van Lear coal miner raising a family with his wife in the midst of grinding poverty in Butcher Hollow, Kentucky. In 1948, at the age of 15, Loretta marries 22-year-old Oliver "Mooney" Lynn, becoming a mother of four by the time she is 19; the family moves to northern Washington State, where Doo works in the forest industry and Loretta sings at local honky-tonks on weekends.
After some time, Loretta makes an occasional appearance on local radio. By the time Loretta turns 25, Norm Burley, the owner of Zero Records, a small Canadian record label, hears Loretta sing during one of her early radio appearances. Burley gives the couple the money needed to travel to Los Angeles to cut a demo tape from which her first single, "I'm a Honky Tonk Girl," is made. After returning home from the sessions, Doo suggests he and Loretta go on a promotional tour to push the record. Doo shoots his own publicity photo for Loretta, spends many late nights writing letters to show promoters and to radio disc jockeys all over the South. After Loretta receives an emergency phone call from her mother telling her that her father had died and Doo hit the road with records and their children; the two embark on an extensive promotional tour of radio stations across the South. En route, unbeknownst to the couple, Loretta's first single, "I'm a Honky Tonk Girl," hits the charts based on radio and jukebox plays, earns her a spot on the Grand Ole Opry.
In the summer of 1961, after 17 straight weekly performances on the Opry, she is invited to sing at Ernest Tubb Record Shop's Midnite Jamboree after her performance that night. Country superstar Patsy Cline, one of Loretta's idols, hospitalized from a near-fatal car wreck, inspires Loretta to dedicate Patsy's newest hit "I Fall to Pieces" to the singer herself as a musical get-well card. Cline listens to the broadcast that night from her hospital room and sends her husband Charlie Dick to Ernest Tubb Record Shop to fetch Loretta so the two can meet. A close friendship with Cline follows, which abruptly was ended by Cline's death in a plane crash on March 5, 1963; the next few years are a whirlwind. The stress of extensive touring, keeping up her image and trying to keep her marriage and family together cause Loretta a nervous breakdown, which she suffers onstage at the beginning of a concert. After a year off at her ranch in Hurricane Mills, Loretta goes back on the road, returning to establish herself as the "First Lady of Country Music."
The film closes with Loretta recounting the story of her life through her 1970 hit song "Coal Miner's Daughter" to a sold-out audience. Sissy Spacek as Loretta Lynn Tommy Lee Jones as Doolittle Lynn Beverly D'Angelo as Patsy Cline Levon Helm as Ted Webb Phyllis Boyens as Clara Ramey Webb, Loretta's mother Bob Hannah as Charlie Dick William Sanderson as Lee Dollarhide Ernest Tubb as himself Roy Acuff as himself Minnie Pearl as herself Lynn chose Spacek to portray her, making the decision based on a photograph of the actress despite being unfamiliar with her films, a story Spacek recounts in a DVD audio commentary for the collector's edition of the film. Spacek was reluctant to participate, asked to do her own singing in the film in hopes of scaring the studio from pursuing her for the role. At the time that Lynn prematurely announced on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson that "Sissy Spacek is going to play me," the actress was torn between friends who advised her to do Lynn's film and those who advised her to choose instead a Nicolas Roeg project due to start filming at the same time.
Talking it over with her mother-in-law that evening, Spacek was advised to pray for a sign, which she did. She and her husband subsequently went for a drive in his mother's car, where the radio was tuned to a classical music station that changed formats at sunset every evening; as the couple pulled out of the parking garage, the title line of the song "Coal Miner's Daughter" came from the radio. The film's soundtrack featured Spacek's singing all of Lynn's hits sung in the movie, includi
Downing College, Cambridge
Downing College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge and has around 650 students. Founded in 1800, it was the only college to be added to Cambridge University between 1596 and 1869, is described as the oldest of the new colleges and the newest of the old. Downing College was formed "for the encouragement of the study of Law and Medicine and of the cognate subjects of Moral and Natural Science", has developed a reputation amongst Cambridge colleges for Law and Medicine. Downing has been named one of the two most eco-friendly Cambridge colleges. Upon the death of Sir George Downing, 3rd Baronet in 1749, the wealth left by his grandfather, Sir George Downing, 1st Baronet, who served both Cromwell and Charles II and built 10 Downing Street, was applied by his will. Under this will, as he had no direct issue, the family fortune was left to his cousin, Sir Jacob Downing, 4th Baronet, if he died without heir, to three cousins in succession. If they all died without issue, the estates were to be used to found a college at Cambridge called Downing.
Sir Jacob died in 1764, as the other named heirs had died, the college should have come into existence but Sir Jacob's widow, refused to give up the estates and the various relatives who were Sir George's legal heirs had to take costly and prolonged action in the Court of Chancery to compel her to do so. She died in 1778 but her second husband and the son of her sister continued to resist the heirs-at-law's action until 1800 when the Court decided in favour of Sir George's will and George III granted Downing a Royal Charter, marking the official foundation of the college; the architect William Wilkins was commissioned by the trustees of the Downing estate, who included the Master of Clare College and St John's College and the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, to design the plan for the college. Wilkins, a disciple of the neo-classical architectural style, designed the first wholly campus-based college plan in the world based on a magnificent entrance on Downing Street reaching back to form the largest court in Cambridge, extending to Lensfield Road.
But this was not to be. The estate was much reduced by the suit in Chancery, the grand plans failed. Much of the north side of what was the Pembroke Leys was sold to the University and is now home to scientific buildings. In fact, only limited East and West ranges were built, with the plans for a library and chapel on the south face of the college shelved; the third side of the square was only completed in 1951 with the building of the college chapel. Where the fourth side would have been is now a large paddock, with many trees. Though not enclosed, the court formed before the Downing College is largest in Cambridge or Oxford. An urban legend amongst Cambridge students claims that Trinity pays an undisclosed sum to the college annually with the condition that it will never build the fourth side of the square, so that Trinity may maintain the distinction of having the largest enclosed court of all colleges of Cambridge; the most recent building additions are the Howard Lodge accommodation, the Howard Building, most recent of all the Howard Theatre which opened in 2010.
These were sponsored by the Howard family and are located behind the main court around their own small garden. These facilities are used for conference and businesses gatherings outside the student term; the Heong Gallery, opened in February 2016, is a modern and contemporary art gallery at Downing, named by Alwyn Heong, an alumnus of the college, a supporter of the visual arts. The conversion of a stables building by Caruso St John won a RIBA regional award. Downing students remain prominent in the University world, it is a politically active college, with politically active members and alumni occupying different parts of the British political spectrum, from the far left to the extreme right. In this sense, it is quite different from other colleges, as the student body of many of the politically active colleges tend to incline toward one party or another. Downing has a particular reputation for law; the Griffin has been the undergraduate student magazine for over 100 years. The college fields teams in a range of sports including, men's football, men's and women's rugby and Ultimate Frisbee.
Downing College Boat Club is successful too, with the Women's first boat gaining Lents Headship of the river in the 1994 Lent Bumps, more the Mays Headship in the 2014 and 2015 May Bumps. The men's first boat has held the headship several times in the 1980s and 1990s while gaining the Mays headship in 1996 and the Lents Headship in 2014, on each occasion recognising the tradition of "burning the boat", while the rowers of the winning boat jump the flames, they both hold positions at or near the top in both University bumps races. The college is renowned for its strong legal tradition, being built up by Clive Parry, his pupil and successor John Hopkins and Graham Virgo. Legal notables who have been honorary fellows of the college include the late Sir John Smith, the pre-eminent criminal lawyer of his generation. Downing College website Downing JCR (J
Harold Pinter was a British playwright, screenwriter and actor. A Nobel Prizewinner, Pinter was one of the most influential modern British dramatists with a writing career that spanned more than 50 years, his best-known plays include The Birthday Party, The Homecoming, Betrayal, each of which he adapted for the screen. His screenplay adaptations of others' works include The Servant, The Go-Between, The French Lieutenant's Woman, The Trial, Sleuth, he directed or acted in radio, stage and film productions of his own and others' works. Pinter was born and raised in Hackney, east London, educated at Hackney Downs School, he was a keen cricket player, acting in school plays and writing poetry. He did not complete the course, he was fined for refusing national service as a conscientious objector. Subsequently, he continued training at the Central School of Speech and Drama and worked in repertory theatre in Ireland and England. In 1956 he married actress Vivien Merchant and had a son, born in 1958, he left Merchant in 1975 and married author Lady Antonia Fraser in 1980.
Pinter's career as a playwright began with a production of The Room in 1957. His second play, The Birthday Party, closed after eight performances, but was enthusiastically reviewed by critic Harold Hobson, his early works were described by critics as "comedy of menace". Plays such as No Man's Land and Betrayal became known as "memory plays", he appeared as an actor in productions of his own work on film. He undertook a number of roles in works by other writers, he directed nearly 50 productions for stage and screen. Pinter received over 50 awards and other honours, including the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2005 and the French Légion d'honneur in 2007. Despite frail health after being diagnosed with oesophageal cancer in December 2001, Pinter continued to act on stage and screen, last performing the title role of Samuel Beckett's one-act monologue Krapp's Last Tape, for the 50th anniversary season of the Royal Court Theatre, in October 2006, he died from liver cancer on 24 December 2008. Pinter was born on 10 October 1930, in Hackney, east London, the only child of British parents of Jewish Eastern European descent: his father, Hyman "Jack" Pinter was a ladies' tailor.
Pinter believed an aunt's erroneous view that the family was Sephardic and had fled the Spanish Inquisition. Research by Lady Antonia Fraser, Pinter's second wife, revealed the legend to be apocryphal. Pinter's family home in London is described by his official biographer Michael Billington as "a solid, red-brick, three-storey villa just off the noisy, traffic-ridden thoroughfare of the Lower Clapton Road". In 1940 and 1941, after the Blitz, Pinter was evacuated from their house in London to Cornwall and Reading. Billington states that the "life-and-death intensity of daily experience" before and during the Blitz left Pinter with profound memories "of loneliness, bewilderment and loss: themes that are in all his works."Pinter discovered his social potential as a student at Hackney Downs School, a London grammar school, between 1944 and 1948. "Partly through the school and through the social life of Hackney Boys' Club... he formed an sacerdotal belief in the power of male friendship. The friends he made in those days—most Henry Woolf, Michael Goldstein and Morris Wernick—have always been a vital part of the emotional texture of his life."
A major influence on Pinter was his inspirational English teacher Joseph Brearley, who directed him in school plays and with whom he took long walks, talking about literature. According to Billington, under Brearley's instruction, "Pinter shone at English, wrote for the school magazine and discovered a gift for acting." In 1947 and 1948, he played Macbeth in productions directed by Brearley. At the age of 12, Pinter began writing poetry, in spring 1947, his poetry was first published in the Hackney Downs School Magazine. In 1950 his poetry was first published outside the school magazine, in Poetry London, some of it under the pseudonym "Harold Pinta". Pinter was an atheist. Pinter broke the Hackney Downs School sprinting record, he was a cricket enthusiast. In 1971, he told Mel Gussow: "one of my main obsessions in life is the game of cricket—I play and watch and read about it all the time." He was chairman of the Gaieties Cricket Club, a supporter of Yorkshire Cricket Club, devoted a section of his official website to the sport.
One wall of his study was dominated by a portrait of himself as a young man playing cricket, described by Sarah Lyall, writing in The New York Times: "The painted Mr. Pinter, poised to swing his bat, has a wicked glint in his eye. Pinter approved of the "urban and exacting idea of cricket as a bold theatre of aggression." After his death, several of his school contemporaries recalled his achievements in sports cricket and running. The BBC Radio 4 memorial tribute included an essay on cricket. Other interests that Pinter mentioned to interviewers are family and sex, drinking and reading. According to Billington, "If the notion of male loyalty, competitive rivalry and fear of betrayal forms a constant thr
Sir Alan Arthur Bates, was an English actor who came to prominence in the 1960s, when he appeared in films ranging from the popular children's story Whistle Down the Wind to the "kitchen sink" drama A Kind of Loving. He is known for his performance with Anthony Quinn in Zorba the Greek, as well as his roles in King of Hearts, Georgy Girl, Far From the Madding Crowd and The Fixer, for which he received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor. In 1969, he starred in the Ken Russell film Women in Love with Glenda Jackson. Bates went on to star in The Go-Between, An Unmarried Woman, Nijinsky and in The Rose with Bette Midler, as well as many television dramas, including The Mayor of Casterbridge, Harold Pinter's The Collection, A Voyage Round My Father, An Englishman Abroad and Pack of Lies, he appeared on the stage, notably in the plays of Simon Gray, such as Butley and Otherwise Engaged. Bates was born at the Queen Mary Nursing Home, Darley Abbey, England, on 17 February 1934, the eldest of three sons of Florence Mary, a housewife and a pianist, Harold Arthur Bates, an insurance broker and a cellist.
They lived in Allestree, Derby, at the time of Bates' birth, but moved to Mickleover before returning to Allestree. Both parents were amateur musicians. However, by the age of 11, having decided to become an actor, he studied drama instead, he further developed his vocation by attending productions at Derby's Little Theatre. Bates was educated at the Herbert Strutt Grammar School, Derby Road, Belper and gained a scholarship to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, where he studied with Albert Finney and Peter O'Toole, before leaving to join the RAF for National Service at RAF Newton. Bates's stage debut was in You and Your Wife, in Coventry. In 1956 he made his West End debut as Cliff in Look Back in Anger, a role he had originated at the Royal Court and which made him a star, he played the role on television and on Broadway. In the late 1950s Bates appeared in several plays for television in Britain and in 1960 appeared as Giorgio in the final episode of The Four Just Men entitled Treviso Dam.
In 1960 he appeared in The Entertainer opposite Laurence Olivier, his first film role. Bates worked for the Padded Wagon Moving Company in the early 1960s while acting at the Circle in the Square Theatre in New York City. Throughout the 1960s he starred in several major films including Whistle Down the Wind, A Kind of Loving, Zorba the Greek, Philippe de Broca's King of Hearts, Georgy Girl, Far From the Madding Crowd and the Bernard Malamud film The Fixer, which earned him an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor. In 1969 he starred in Women in Love. Film critics cited the 1963 film noir, The Running Man, as being one of Alan Bates' finest performances; the film starred Laurence Harvey, Lee Remick and Bates in the supporting role of Stephen Maddox, an insurance company investigator who encounters Harvey and Remick in Spain after Harvey faked his death in an airplane crash to cash in on a life insurance policy, leaving wife Lee Remick a small fortune. Fans of film noir turns The Running Man offered.
The film offered movie fans a depth of character study worthy of a memorable film noir. Bates' character worked well with Harvey and Remick, helping director Carol Reed craft an ever-guessing, suspenseful story of cat and mouse detective work that moved seamlessly from beginning to end. While many movies in film noir have predictable plots, The Running Man featured a plot, unpredictable, its best asset; the film's finale saw Lee Remick standing wearily on a dock, looking at a departing boat with the Rock of Gibraltar looming in the background. Bates was handpicked by director John Schlesinger to play the starring role of Dr. Daniel Hirsh in the film Sunday Bloody Sunday. Bates was held up filming The Go-Between for director Joseph Losey, had become a father around that time, so he had to refuse the role. Around this time he appeared as Col. Vershinin in the National Theatre's film of Three Sisters, directed by and co-starring Laurence Olivier, he worked with Olivier for television in the Laurence Olivier Presents version of Harold Pinter's The Collection and A Voyage Round My Father.
Bates starred in such international films as An Unmarried Woman and Nijinsky, played Bette Midler's ruthless business manager in the film The Rose. On television, his parts included Michael Henchard, the ultimately-disgraced lead in The Mayor of Casterbridge – which he described as his favourite role – in the serial adaptation by Dennis Potter, he played two diametrically-opposed roles in An Englishman Abroad, as Guy Burgess, a member of the Cambridge spy ring exiled in Moscow, in Pack of Lies, as a British Secret Service agent tracking several Soviet spies. He continued working in film and television in the 1990s, including the role of Claudius in Mel Gibson's version of Hamlet, though most of his roles in this era were more low-key. In 2001 Bates joined an all-star cast in Robert Altman's critically acclaimed period drama Gosford Park, in which he played the butler Jennings, he played Antonius Agrippa in the 2004 TV film Spartacus
Amazing Grace (2006 film)
Amazing Grace is a 2006 British-American biographical drama film directed by Michael Apted, about the campaign against the slave trade in the British Empire, led by William Wilberforce, responsible for steering anti-slave trade legislation through the British parliament. The title is a reference to the hymn "Amazing Grace"; the film recounts the experiences of John Newton as a crewman on a slave ship and subsequent religious conversion, which inspired his writing of the poem used in the hymn. Newton is portrayed as a major influence on the abolition movement; the film premiered on 16 September 2006 at the Toronto International Film Festival, followed by showings at the Heartland Film Festival, the Santa Barbara International Film Festival, the European Film Market, before opening in wide US release on 23 February 2007, which coincided with the 200th anniversary of the date the British parliament voted to ban the slave trade. In 1797, William Wilberforce is ill and taking a recuperative holiday in Bath, with his cousin, Henry Thornton.
It is here that William is introduced to Barbara Spooner. Although he resists any romantic overtures, she convinces him to relate the story of his career; the story flashes back 15 years to 1782, William recounts the events that led him to where he is now. Beginning as a young and popular Member of Parliament, he experiences a religious enlightenment and aligns himself with the evangelical wing of the Church of England. William contemplates leaving politics to study theology, but is persuaded by his friends William Pitt, Thomas Clarkson, Hannah More, Olaudah Equiano that he will be more effective doing the work of God by taking on the unpopular and dangerous issue of the abolition of the British slave trade, his conviction in the cause deepens following a meeting with his former mentor John Newton, said to live "in the company of 20,000 ghosts... slaves". As a former slave ship captain turned Christian, he regrets his past life and the effects on his fellow man. Newton urges William to take up the cause.
Pitt becomes Prime William becomes a key supporter and confidant. Pitt gives William the opportunity to present a bill before the house outlawing the slave trade. William's passionate campaigning leads him to become unpopular in the House of Commons, he is opposed by a coalition of MPs representing vested interests of the slave trade in London, Bristol and Liverpool led by Banastre Tarleton and the Duke of Clarence. Despite popular support and the assistance of an unlikely ally in the form of Charles James Fox, William's bill to abolish the slave trade goes down to defeat. Afterward, the film portrays Pitt as one of his few friends and allies remaining in Parliament, however their relationship becomes strained. Pitt, now facing the stresses of leading a shaky coalition during the French Revolutionary Wars, tells William that his cause must now wait for a more stable political climate. William keeps up the fight but after years of failure he is left exhausted and frustrated that he was unable to change anything in the government.
Believing his life's work has been in vain, he becomes physically ill, which brings the story back up to 1797. Having given up hope, William considers leaving politics forever. Barbara convinces him to keep fighting because there is no other person, willing or able to do so. A few days afterward and Barbara marry. Several years pass with no further success. William's wife and new children provide him with the support and strength needed to carry on the fight. With a renewed hope for success William devises a backdoor method of weakening the slave trade through innocuous legislation. Aided by Thornton and new ally James Stephen and cheered on by the now terminally ill Pitt, he reintroduces his bill to abolish the slave trade. In time, after the 20-year campaign and many attempts to bring legislation forward, he is responsible for a bill being passed through Parliament in 1807, which abolishes the slave trade in the British Empire forever. Ioan Gruffudd as William Wilberforce Romola Garai as Barbara Spooner Benedict Cumberbatch as William Pitt the Younger Albert Finney as John Newton Michael Gambon as Charles James Fox Rufus Sewell as Thomas Clarkson Youssou N'Dour as Olaudah Equiano Ciarán Hinds as Banastre Tarleton Toby Jones as William, Duke of Clarence Nicholas Farrell as Henry Thornton Sylvestra Le Touzel as Marianne Thornton Jeremy Swift as Richard the Butler Stephen Campbell Moore as James Stephen Bill Paterson as Henry Dundas Nicholas Day as Sir William Dolben Georgie Glen as Hannah More The film was shot in Hull, Yorkshire.
Baker's Quay, which forms part of the Parliament Docks on the Gloucester and Sharpness Canal, was used as a backdrop against which to recreate the atmosphere of the East India Docks in London circa 1780. Shooting took place during October 2005 and involved the tall ships, Earl of Pembroke, Johanna Lucretia and Phoenix. During January 2006, the scenes from The Houses of Parliament were shot at the 1743 Church within Chatham Historic Dockyard; the wedding scene was filmed at Garsington Church. A number of outside scenes were shot at the former Greenwich Hospital, now part of the University of Greenwich and around Salisbury, Wiltshire. Executive Producer is Jeanney Kim, with Mark Cooper as co-producer. Producers on the film are Terrence Malick and Ed Pressman under their Sunflower Productions banner, Patricia Heaton and David Hunt for FourBoys F
Robert Oliver Reed was an English actor known for his upper-middle class, macho image, hellraiser lifestyle, "tough guy" roles. Notable films include The Trap, playing Bill Sikes in the Best Picture Oscar winner Oliver!, Women in Love, Hannibal Brooks, The Devils, portraying Athos in The Three Musketeers, Lion of the Desert, The Adventures of Baron Munchausen and Funny Bones. For playing Antonius Proximo, the old, gruff gladiator trainer in Ridley Scott's Gladiator in what was his final film, Reed was posthumously nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role. At the peak of his career, in 1971, British exhibitors voted Reed 5th most popular star at the box office. An alcoholic, Reed's issues with drink were well publicised, from appearances on chat shows to a high-profile friendship with drinking partner, The Who drummer Keith Moon, with the two meeting while working on Tommy. Reed was born at Wimbledon, to Peter Reed, a sports journalist and Marcia, he was the nephew of film director Sir Carol Reed, grandson of the actor-manager Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree and his mistress, May Pinney Reed.
His other grandmother was Beatrice Reed, "the only person who understood, listened to, encouraged and kissed Oliver". Reed claimed to have been a descendant of Tsar of Russia. Reed attended 14 schools, including Ewell Castle School in Surrey. Oliver's brother Simon Reed, a sports journalist, works for British Eurosport.""My father thought I was just lazy," Reed said. "He thought I was a dunce."Reed worked as a boxer, a bouncer, a cabdriver and a hospital porter. He did his compulsory army service in the Royal Army Medical Corps. "The army helped," he said later. "I recognized. I was in the peacetime army and they were all telling us youngsters about the war." When he got out of the army Reed commenced his acting career as an extra in films. He appeared uncredited in The Square Peg. Uncredited television appearances included episodes of The Invisible Man, The Four Just Men and The Third Man, he appeared in the documentary Hello London. Reed's first break was playing Richard of Gloucester in a 6-part BBC TV series The Golden Spur.
It did not seem to help his career immediately: he was uncredited in the films The Captain's Table and Downstairs, directed by Ralph Thomas, Life Is a Circus, The Angry Silence, The League of Gentlemen and Beat Girl. He played a bouncer in The Two Faces of Dr. Jekyll for Hammer Films with whom he would become associated. Reed was in another Wisdom film, The Bulldog Breed, playing the leader of a gang of Teddy Boys roughing up Wisdom in a cinema Reed got his first significant role in Hammer Films' Sword of Sherwood Forest, again directed by Fisher, he went back to small roles for His and Hers, a Terry Thomas comedy, No Love for Johnnie for Thomas, The Rebel with Tony Hancock. Reed's first starring role came when Hammer cast him as the central character in Terence Fisher’s The Curse of the Werewolf. Hammer liked Reed and gave him good supporting roles in the swashbuckler The Pirates of Blood River, directed by John Gilling. During this time he appeared in some ITV Playhouse productions, "Murder in Shorthand" and "The Second Chef ", guest starred on episodes of The Saint.
He had the lead in a non-Hammer horror, The Party's Over, directed by Guy Hamilton. In 1964 he starred in the first of six films directed by The System; the following year he had his first collaboration with Ken Russell, The Debussy Film, a TV biopic of Claude Debussy. Reed, who played the title role, said this was crucial to his career because " "That was the first time I met Ken Russell and it was the first part I had after I'd had my face cut in a fight and no one would employ me. Everybody thought I was a cripple." He narrated Russell's TV movie Always on Sunday. Reed returned to Hammer for The Brigand of Kandahar, playing a villainous Indian in an imperial action film for Gilling, he guest starred on episodes of It's Cold Outside and Court Martial, the latter directed by Seth Holt. He had a regular role on the TV series R3. Reed was the lead in The Trap, co-starring with Rita Tushingham. Reed's career stepped up another level when he starred in the popular comedy film The Jokers, his second film with Winner, alongside Michael Crawford.
After playing a villain in a horror movie, The Shuttered Room he did a third with Winner, I'll Never Forget What's'isname, co-starring with Orson Welles. Reed was reunited with Russell for another TV movie, Dante's Inferno, playing Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Reed became a star playing Bill Sikes in Oliver!, alongside Ron Moody, Shani Wallis, Mark Lester, Jack Wild and Harry Secombe, in his uncle Carol Reed's screen version of the successful stage musical. It was Reed's performance much acclaimed, he was in the black comedy The Assassination Bureau with Diana Rigg and Telly Savalas, directed by Basil Dearden.