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Michael Bublé

Michael Steven Bublé is a Canadian singer, songwriter and record producer. His first album reached the top ten in Canada and the UK, he found a worldwide audience with his 2005 album It's Time as well as his 2007 album Call Me Irresponsible – which reached number one on the Canadian Albums Chart, the UK Albums Chart, the US Billboard 200, the Australian ARIA Albums Chart and several European charts. Bublé's 2009 album Crazy Love debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 after three days of sales, remained there for two weeks, it was his fourth number one album on Billboard's Top Jazz Albums chart. His 2011 holiday album, was in first place on the Billboard 200 for the final four weeks of 2011 and the first week of 2012, totalling five weeks atop the chart, it made the top 5 in the United Kingdom. With this, Christmas became his third-consecutive number-one album on the chart. To Be Loved was released in April 2013. Bublé has sold over 75 million records worldwide, won numerous awards, including four Grammy Awards and multiple Juno Awards.

Bublé is a dual citizen of both Italy. Michael Steven Bublé was born in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada on September 9, 1975 to Lewis Bublé, a fisherman from the island of Lussino of Italian, or more Venetian origins, Amber, he has two younger sisters, Brandee, a children's book author, Crystal, an actress. He and his siblings were raised Roman Catholic, he attended Cariboo Hill Secondary School. According to an Oprah Winfrey interview on October 9, 2009, Bublé had dreamed of becoming a famous singer since he was two; when he was a teenager, he prayed to become a singer. His interest in jazz began at around age five when his family played Bing Crosby's White Christmas album; the first time his family noticed his singing talent was during the Christmas holidays, when Bublé was 13 years old, they heard him powerfully sing the phrase "May your days be merry and bright" when the family was singing to the song "White Christmas" on a car ride. Bublé has a strong passion for ice hockey and had wanted to become a professional hockey player for the Vancouver Canucks growing up, but he believed he was not good enough.

"I wanted so bad to be a hockey player... If I was any good at hockey, I wouldn't be singing right now." He played hockey in his youth, watched Vancouver Canucks games with his father, said that he "went to every single home game as a kid... I remember I wanted to be Gary Lupul, I wanted to be Ivan Hlinka. I used to think that being named Michael Bublé was pretty cool because I was close to being called Jiri Bubla." Bublé shared his hockey interest with his grandfather. From the age of 14, Bublé spent six years working during the summer as a commercial fisherman with his father and crewmates, he called the experience "the most deadly physical work I'll know in my lifetime. We'd be gone for two, sometimes three months at a time and the experience of living and working among guys over twice my age taught me a lot about responsibility and what it means to be a man."His first singing engagements were in nightclubs at age 16 and were facilitated by his Italian grandfather Demetrio Santagà, a plumber from Preganziol, who offered his plumbing services in exchange for stage time for his grandson.

Bublé's grandfather paid for his singing lessons. Both his voice teacher, Sandi Siemens, his maternal grandfather never stopped believing that he would become a star. Bublé's maternal grandmother, was Italian, from Carrufo, L'Aquila; as a child entertainer he used the name "Mickey Bubbles". Bublé grew up listening to his grandfather's collection of jazz records and credits his grandfather in encouraging his love for jazz music. "My grandfather was my best friend growing up. He was the one who opened me up to a whole world of music that seemed to have been passed over by my generation. Although I like rock and roll and modern music, the first time my granddad played me the Mills Brothers, something magical happened; the lyrics were so romantic, so real. It was like seeing my future flash before me. I wanted to be a singer and I knew that this was the music that I wanted to sing."Bublé never stopped believing he would become a star but admitted he was the only one who believed in his dream, stating that his maternal grandfather thought Bublé was going to be "an opening act for somebody in Las Vegas".

He stated he never learned to read and write music, using only emotion to drive his songwriting ability. At age 18, Bublé entered a local talent contest and won, but was disqualified by organizer Bev Delich for being underage. Delich entered him in the Canadian Youth Talent Search. After Bublé won that contest, he asked Delich to be his manager. Delich represented him for the next seven years, during which Bublé worked diligently at any job that came along: clubs, cruise ships, hotel lounges, shopping malls, talent shows. In 1996, Bublé appeared in TV's Death Game as a Drome Groupie. In 1996, he appeared in two episodes of The X-Files as a member of a submarine crew, his first national TV performance was on a 1997 award-winning Bravo! Documentary titled Big Band Boom!, directed by Mark Glover Masterson. Beginning in 1997, he became a frequent guest on Vicki Gabereau's national talk show on the CTV network. During its first season, the Vancouver-based programme aired live, which worked in Bublé's favour.

When a scheduled guest was forced to cancel, the show's music producer asked Bublé to fill in at the last minute. The Gabereau appearances provided Bu

Carola Kinasha

Carola Daniel Amri Kinasha is a Tanzanian musician. She is a pioneer of traditional fusion in Tanzania. An accomplished performer, Kinasha is an activist fighting for the basic rights of musicians in her country, she has worked extensively on campaigns to bring music education back into the schools of Tanzania. In 2002, Kinasha was recognised by the MA Africa Awards in South Africa, her music crosses cultural boundaries, from Tanzania to the Congo, a unique blend of the traditional with the present. Carola Kinasha was born into a family of eight children, in Longido village, close to the Kenyan border. Kinasha's father played the accordion, her brothers played the piano and guitar, her mother still sings in the village choir. While away at school or travelling, Kinasha's older siblings would bring home music from other areas, her late brother Esto brought home country music and calypso. At the same time, Kinasha would attend every traditional ceremony within walking distance of her home, where she could hear Maasai warriors and girls singing and dancing.

Kinasha is now recognized as one of the pioneers of traditional fusion music in Tanzania. "We need to be innovative and devise means to come up with our own Tanzanian musical identity", said Kinasha. "We cannot rely on aping while we have a treasure of traditional sounds that can be a source of a strong Tanzanian musical identity."Kinasha's band Shada began in the late 1980s with the aim of creating an authentic Tanzanian sound. Kinasha sang in 1987 for sTanzanian musician Watafiti under the name of a cooperation project Umoja, which been recorded on the disc. Maono, meaning visions or revelation in Swahili, is their second album; the music crosses cultural boundaries, from Tanzania to the Congo. Throughout her career as international performer, Kinasha has guided and mentored young talents and acted as an educator on stage, she is a Project Manager in Music Mayday. Kinasha is an activist fighting for the basic rights of musicians in her country, she graduated from the University of Dar es Salaam with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in International Relations, implementing her activism through music since 1988.

She has worked extensively on campaigns to bring music education back into the schools of Tanzania. In 2002 Kinasha was recognised by the MA Africa Awards in South Africa, her music crosses cultural boundaries, from Tanzania to the Congo, a unique blend of the traditional with the present

Right at Your Door

Right at Your Door is a 2006 American thriller film about a couple and follows the events surrounding them when multiple dirty bombs detonate in Los Angeles. Chris Gorak both directed the film in his writing and directorial debuts, it was first screened at the Sundance Film Festival in January 2006, where it won the award for Excellence in Cinematography. The film opens with Brad, an out-of-work musician, making coffee for his wife, still in bed, she leaves for work and Brad is left home alone. Over the radio, he hears, he sees large amounts of smoke rising from the city. Brad gets into his car and drives to the city to find Lexi. Brad only receives a busy signal, he soon finds. An ash-covered car is stopped by the police. One officer notices Brad watching from inside his car and goes over to him to tell him to go back home; the police officers aim their weapons at the driver as he gets out and demand that he get back into his car. He is shot down by the police. Brad decides to leave and go back home when he encounters a small boy named Timmy, watching the rising smoke from the city.

Brad tells him to run home, continues to his house. Once home, Brad sees Alvaro, in the house. Alvaro asks Brad if he can stay with him as there is no one at the neighbor's house where he was working. Over the radio, they hear that survivors of the blasts are being quarantined due to the bombs' deadly toxins, that the authorities advise people to seal up their homes before the toxins reach them. Brad and Alvaro proceed to seal up the house with duct tape and plastic; as it becomes obvious that Lexi might not come home, he takes some of Lexi's clothes and leaves them outside the back door with some food and water. Radio newscasts claim that the bombs contained an unknown viral strain. Lexi is still alive, she walks home, still covered in the dust. Brad, who sees her, realizes she could infect both Alvaro so he does not let her in. Lexi becomes desperate after being locked out, she throws her cell phone at one of the door panes, breaking it. Brad and Alvaro both rush to seal it off. Together, they manage to calm Lexi down.

Brad seals off the main bedroom from the rest of the house so that Lexi can get into it. Lexi receives a call from her mother, who realizes that she was near the explosion and is infected, her pleas for Lexi to go to a hospital fall on deaf ears as Lexi tells her that the rest of the country is seeing news that doesn't all reflect the truth of the situation. A car alarm goes off nearby, Timmy is seen next to it. Lexi calls him over and Brad seals off another part of the house in order for Lexi and Timmy to clean off the ash in the bathroom. Alvaro decides saying he needs to be with his wife. Brad tries to convince him to stay, but Alvaro leaves anyway and is seen walking away through a downpour of toxic ash. Lexi hears a noise from the back and alerts Brad. A masked man appears, he tells Lexi that there is a ship on the coast, helping people. Lexi and Timmy leave for help and Brad hears newscasts on the radio that elaborate on the unknown viral strain, saying it is hybrid and attacks the respiratory system.

That same night Brad is visited by his men. He asks Brad several questions, such as how well his house has been sealed, who else is or been there, if there has been any contact between him and anyone on the outside. Brad mentions the phone that Lexi threw the door window and the Corporal demands a sample of the dust off the phone, he tells Brad that he will soon be back with the results and that his wife under no circumstances should be let into the house. As he leaves, he is heard reciting the home's address, saying, "red tag." Lexi sees the red tag placed outside the house. Lexi tells Brad that Timmy was treated with other children and that she saw police assault and arrest five people. Lexi calls her brother, Jason, so that she can have someone to talk to due to her mother being frantic with worry; the next couple of hours are spent with Brad and Lexi on their respective sides of the door, who talk about what they will do assuming they survive. Brad imagines that after this they will both end up on one of those morning talk shows where everyone goes to reveal their woes.

Soldiers appear and grab Lexi, prevent Brad from coming outside. One soldier manages to calm Brad down and explains to him that because he did such a good job sealing up the house, there is no new air to circulate through, but explains that when Lexi broke the door window, the virus was brought inside and has now multiplied to lethal levels, making the air inside dangerous. Brad insists that they bring his wife back. A large heavy piece of plywood is put over the back door covering it. A hole is drilled through the wood and a pipe appears through which a gas starts to be pumped in. More boards seal the windows and doors but Brad manages to break down the plywood covering his front door, only to discover that a fumigation tent has been erected over the whole house, he tries to tear through the tent and is knocked unconscious by a soldier, as Lexi screams Brad's name. The camera cuts to Brad

Silver halide

A silver halide is one of the chemical compounds that can form between the element silver and one of the halogens. In particular, chlorine and fluorine may each combine with silver to produce silver bromide, silver chloride, silver iodide, three forms of silver fluoride, respectively; as a group, they are referred to as the silver halides, are given the pseudo-chemical notation AgX. Although most silver halides involve silver atoms with oxidation states of +1, silver halides in which the silver atoms have oxidation states of +2 are known, of which silver fluoride is the only known stable one. Silver halides are light-sensitive chemicals, are used in photographic film and paper. Silver halides are used in photographic film and photographic paper, including graphic art film and paper, where silver halide crystals in gelatin are coated on to a film base, glass or paper substrate; the gelatin is a vital part of the emulsion as the protective colloid of appropriate physical and chemical properties.

The gelatin may contain trace elements which increase the light sensitivity of the emulsion, although modern practice uses gelatin without such components. When absorbed by an AgX crystal, photons cause electrons to be promoted to a conduction band which can be attracted by a sensitivity speck, a shallow electron trap, which may be a crystalline defect or a cluster of silver sulfide, other trace elements, or combination thereof, combined with an interstitial silver ion to form a silver metal speck; when a silver halide crystal is exposed to light, a sensitivity speck on the surface of the crystal is turned into a small speck of metallic silver. If the speck of silver contains four or more atoms, it is rendered developable - meaning that it can undergo development which turns the entire crystal into metallic silver. Areas of the emulsion receiving larger amounts of light undergo the greatest development and therefore results in the highest optical density. Silver bromide and silver chloride may be used separately or combined, depending on the sensitivity and tonal qualities desired in the product.

Silver iodide is always combined with silver bromide or silver chloride, except in the case of some historical processes such as the collodion wet plate and daguerreotype, in which the iodide is sometimes used alone. Silver fluoride is not used in photography. Silver halides are used to make corrective lenses darken when exposed to ultraviolet light. Silver halides, except for silver fluoride, are insoluble in water. Silver nitrate can be used to precipitate halides; the three main silver halide compounds have distinctive colours that can be used to identify halide ions in a solution. The silver chloride compound forms a white precipitate, silver bromide a creamy coloured precipitate and silver iodide a yellow coloured precipitate. However, close attention is necessary for other compounds in the test solution; some compounds can increase or decrease the solubility of AgX. Examples of compounds that increase the solubility include: cyanide, thiosulfate, amines, sulfite, crown ether. Examples of compounds that reduces the solubility include many organic thiols and nitrogen compounds that do not possess solubilizing group other than mercapto group or the nitrogen site, such as mercaptooxazoles, mercaptotetrazoles 1-phenyl-5-mercaptotetrazole, benzimidazoles 2-mercaptobenzimidazole and these compounds further substituted by hydrophobic groups.

Compounds such as thiocyanate and thiosulfate enhance solubility when they are present in a sufficiently large quantity, due to formation of soluble complex ions, but they significantly depress solubility when present in a small quantity, due to formation of sparingly soluble complex ions. Scientists from Tel Aviv University are experimenting with silver halide optical fibers for transmitting mid-infrared light from carbon dioxide lasers; the fibers allow laser welding of human tissue, as an alternative to traditional sutures

Shipconstructors' and Shipwrights' Association

The Shipconstructors' and Shipwrights' Association was a trade union representing shipbuilders in the United Kingdom. The union was founded in 1882 as the Associated Society of Shipwrights, by eleven local unions in Scotland and North East England. Seven further unions in Scotland and North West England joined the new association; the union changed its name to the Associated Shipwrights' Society, other unions around the UK affiliated. In 1908, the union merged with the Ship Constructive Association and the Amalgamated Society of Drillers and Hole Cutters, renamed itself as the Ship Constructive and Shipwrights' Association changing this to the "Shipconstructors' and Shipwrights' Association". At the beginning of 1963, it merged with the United Society of Boilermakers and Structural Workers; the union sponsored Labour Party candidates in several Parliamentary elections. 1882: Alexander Wilkie 1928: Frank Purdy 1929: William Westwood 1945: John Willcocks 1948: Sydney Ombler 1958: Arthur Williams Dougan, David The shipwrights: a history of the Shipconstructors' and Shipwrights' Association, 1882–1963.

Newcastle upon Tyne: Graham, 1975. ISBN 0859830438. Catalogue of the Association archives, held at the Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick


Hommell is a French Automobile manufacturer, started in 1990 by Michel Hommell, a former racing driver and the owner of Échappement, a French car magazine. The company is based near Rennes, Brittany. A prototype of the kind of sports car he would like to be produced was shown at the 1990 Paris Salon, where it was well received, encouraging him to go ahead with a production version; this was shown at the 1994 Geneva Motor Show. The 2 seat sports coupe is powered by a mid-mounted 2.0lt Peugeot engine and 6 speed gearbox in a tubular steel chassis with all-round independent suspension. In 1998, the Barquette, an open-top version was announced, at the same time the Berlinette RS, as the original model was now called, had a more powerful Citroën engine fitted; the brand has produced three models under the direction of Gilles Dupré: In 1994 Berlinette ÉchappementEngine: 1998 cc in-line 4-cylinder DOHC 16-valve Power: 155 bhp @ 6500 rpm Torque: 137 lb⋅ft @ 3500 rpm Weight: 980 kg Top Speed: 138 mph BarquetteEngine: 1998 cc in-line 4-cylinder DOHC 16-valve Power: 155 bhp @ 6500 rpm Torque: 145 lb⋅ft @ 5500 rpm Weight: 940 kg Top Speed: 130 mph In 1999 Berlinette RS coupéEngine: 1998 cc in-line 4-cylinder DOHC 16-valve Power: 167 bhp @ 6500 rpm Torque: 147 lb⋅ft @ 5500 rpm Weight: 950 kg Top Speed: 143 mph In 2001 Berlinette RS2Engine: 1998 cc in-line 4-cylinder DOHC 16-valve Power: 195 bhp @ 6750 rpm Torque: 159 lb⋅ft @ 5500 rpm Weight: 950 kg Top Speed: 143 mph In December 2003, the production was stopped for financial reasons.

In 2005, Chinese investors wanted to buy the plans for the Berlinetta Hommell to be produced near Shanghai for the local market, but no agreement was reached. Michel Hommell's Manoir de l'Automobile