Michael Joseph Connelly is an American author of detective novels and other crime fiction, notably those featuring LAPD Detective Hieronymus "Harry" Bosch and criminal defense attorney Mickey Haller. Connelly is the bestselling author of one work of non-fiction. With over 60 million copies of his books translated into 40 foreign languages, his first novel, The Black Echo, won the Mystery Writers of America Edgar Award for Best First Novel in 1992. In 2002, Clint Eastwood directed and starred in the movie adaptation of Connelly's 1998 novel, Blood Work. In March 2011, the movie adaptation of novel, The Lincoln Lawyer, starred Matthew McConaughey as Mickey Haller. Connelly was the President of the Mystery Writers of America from 2003 to 2004. Connelly was born in Philadelphia, the second oldest child of W. Michael Connelly, a property developer, Mary Connelly, a homemaker. According to Connelly, his father was a frustrated artist who encouraged his children to want to succeed in life and was a risk taker who alternated between success and failure in his pursuit of a career.
Connelly's mother introduced her son to the world of mystery novels. At age 12, Connelly moved with his family from Philadelphia to Fort Lauderdale, where he attended St. Thomas Aquinas High School. At age 16, Connelly's interest in crime and mystery escalated when, on his way home from his work as a hotel dishwasher, he witnessed a man throw an object into a hedge. Connelly found that the object was a gun wrapped in a lumberjack shirt. After putting the gun back, he followed the man to a bar and left to go home to tell his father; that night, Connelly brought the police down to the bar, but the man was gone. This event introduced Connelly to the world of police officers and their lives, impressing him with the way they worked. Connelly had planned on following his father's early choice of career in building construction and started out at the University of Florida in Gainesville, at the Rinker School of Building Construction, studying construction management. After earning grades that were lower than expected, Connelly went to see Robert Altman's film The Long Goodbye.
The film, based on Raymond Chandler's eponymous 1953 novel, inspired Connelly to want to become a mystery writer. Connelly went home and read all of Chandler's works featuring Philip Marlowe, decided to transfer to the University of Florida College of Journalism and Communications, major in journalism, minor in creative writing. After graduating from the University of Florida in 1980, Connelly got a job as a crime beat writer at the Daytona Beach News Journal, where he worked for two years until he went to the Fort Lauderdale News and Sun-Sentinel in 1981. There, he covered, he stayed with the paper for a few years and in 1986, he and two other reporters spent several months interviewing survivors of the 1985 Delta Flight 191 plane crash, which story earned Connelly a place as a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize. The honor brought Connelly a job as a crime reporter at the Los Angeles Times, he moved to California in 1987 with his wife Linda McCaleb, whom he met while in college and married in April 1984.
After moving to Los Angeles, Connelly went to see the High Tower Apartments where Raymond Chandler's character Philip Marlowe had lived, Robert Altman had used for his film The Long Goodbye. Connelly got the manager of the building to promise to phone him if the apartment became available. Ten years the manager tracked Connelly down, Connelly decided to rent the place; this apartment served as a place to write for several years. After three years at the Los Angeles Times, Connelly wrote his first published novel, The Black Echo, after writing two unfinished novels that he had not attempted to get published, he sold The Black Echo to Little, Brown to be published in 1992 and won the Mystery Writers of America's Edgar Award for best first novel. The book is based on a true crime and is the first one featuring Connelly's primary recurring character, Los Angeles Police Department Detective Hieronymus "Harry" Bosch, a man who, according to Connelly, shares few similarities with the author himself.
Connelly named Bosch after the Dutch painter Hieronymus Bosch, known for his paintings full of sin and redemption, such as the painting Hell, a copy of which hangs on the office wall behind Connelly's computer. Connelly describes his own work as a big canvas with all the characters of his books floating across it as currents on a painting. Sometimes they are bound creating cross currents; this is something that Connelly creates by bringing back characters from previous books and letting them play a part in books written five or six years after first being introduced. Connelly went on to write three more novels about Detective Bosch — The Black Ice, The Concrete Blonde, The Last Coyote — before quitting his job as a reporter to write full-time. Harry Bosch and Connelly received a good deal of publicity in 1994, when President Bill Clinton came out of a bookstore carrying a copy of The Concrete Blonde in front of the waiting cameras. A meeting was set up between the two at the Los Angeles Airport.
In 1996, Connelly wrote The Poet. The book was a success. In 1997, Connelly returned to Bosch in Trunk Music before writing another book, Blood Work, about a different character, FBI agent Terry McCaleb. Blood Work was made into a film in 2002, directed by Clint Eastwood, who played McCaleb, an agent with a transplanted heart, in pursuit of
The Dunhong mountain, according to the Shanhaijing, is a mountain of the Tian Shan range. This mountain has been proposed to be the homeland of the Yuezhi. According to archaeologist Lin Meicun, this is the Dunhuang mentioned in the Shiji by Sima Qian, which states that: The Yuezhi lived in the area between the Qilian Shan and Dunhuang, but after they were defeated by the Xiongnu they moved far away to the west, beyond Dayuan, where they attacked and conquered the people of Daxia... Lin Meicun argued that the present Dunhuang, a Gansu oasis town, was founded around 111 BC, than the report of Zhang Qian on the Yuezhi. Therefore, the Dunhuan referred to in the Shiji cannot be the city bearing that name, is most an oasis near Turpan. Place names such Dunhong and Qilian may have had Indo-European etymologies, from at two possible sources. For example: Lin Meicun suggested that Dunhuan is the Chinese spelling of and. According to a Tang Dynasty commentator on the Shiji, qilian was a Xiongnu word for "sky" – although Xiongnu may have borrowed the word from an Indo-European language.
K. Enoki, G. A. Koshelenko and Z. Haidary, "The Yueh-chih and their migrations" in "History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume II - The development of sedentary and nomadic civilizations: 700 B. C. to A. D. 250" eds. Janos Harmatta, B. N. Puri, G. F. Etemadi, UNESCO Publishing, p. 171f. Lin Meicun, "The Western Region of the Han-Tang Dynasties and the Chinese Civilization", pp. 64–67, Xinru, “Migration and Settlement of the Yuezhi-Kushan: Interaction and Interdependence of Nomadic and Sedentary Societies,” Journal of World History 12, no. 2, p. 268 Barber, "The Mummies of Urumchi", pp. 122 – 123, p. 220, Victor Mair, "Reflections on the Origins of the Modern Standard Name'Dunhuang,'" in Li Zheng et al. eds. Ji Xianlin Jiaoshou Huadan Jinian Wenji, vol. 2, p. 933
Breslauer SC was a German association football club from the city of Breslau, Lower Silesia. The club enjoyed its greatest successes in the late 1920s; the team was established in 1908 and soon became part of the top flight regional Südostdeutscher Fußballverband. SC first moved on to the national playoffs, they beat VfB Leipzig 2–1 in a round of 16 match before going out in the quarter-finals 1–4 to eventual German champions 1. FC Nürnberg. Breslau claimed its first Südostdeutsche championship in 1926 by defeating Viktoria Forst 3–1 in the league final; the club advanced to the national quarter-finals where they were once more put out by the side that would claim the national crown when they were beaten 0–4 by SpVgg Fürth. A second Südostdeutsche championship two seasons in 1928 was followed by an early exit from national level play after a 2–3 round of 16 loss to VfB Königsberg. SC enjoyed its best run on the national stage in 1929, they avenged themselves on Königsberg before beating Bayern Munich 4–3 to move on to a semi-final confrontation with SpVgg Fürth.
For a third time the Breslauer side was put out of contention for the German title by the club that would emerge as national champions when they lost to Fürth by a score of 1–6. Breslau continued to field competitive sides into the early 1930s but made only one more national level appearance in 1932 that had the side go out early to Holstein Kiel. In 1933, the club merged with Vereinigte Breslauer Sportfreunde to form Breslauer SpVg 02 which went on to play in the newly established first division Gauliga Schlesien through to the end of the 1943–44 season. South Eastern German champions: 1926, 1928 Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv historical German domestic league tables
The Hansa Carrier was a container ship. On 27 May 1990, en route from Korea to the United States, the ship encountered a storm which caused the loss of 21 40-foot cargo containers south of the Alaska Peninsula, near 48°N 161°W. Five of these cargo containers contained 61,000 Nike shoes, each of which carried a unique serial number which made it possible to identify them as part of the spilled cargo; the "Great Shoe Spill of 1990" was one of the several occasions when shipping accidents have contributed to the knowledge of ocean currents and aided scientists and amateur researchers in their endeavours. After hearing of the accident, oceanic scientist Curtis Ebbesmeyer seized the opportunity: He established links with beachcombers and formed a network of people reporting the landfall of the contents of this and other spills. Using OSCURS, a computer simulator developed by oceanographer Jim Ingraham, Ebbesmeyer tracked the oceanic movement of the Hansa Carrier spill and other flotsam, including 34,000 ice hockey gloves washed off the Hyundai Seattle in 1994.
In the case of the Hansa Carrier spill, reports from beachcombers revealed that the first 200 shoes started arriving at the northern Washington coast around Thanksgiving 1990, about 6 months after the spill. Beachcomber finds in January–February 1991 off Vancouver Island and in March 1991 in Queen Charlotte Sound showed that the aggregate mass of shoes next floated northward with the winter Davidson Current; the normal spring wind transition from southerly winds of winter to northerly winds of summer off the Pacific northwest coast must have occurred at the end of March 1991, because the next batch of recoveries was reported to the south off Oregon in April and May, indicating that a sharp reversal of currents had moved the flotilla to the south. The North Pacific Gyre is the part of the Pacific Ocean where the spill took place Ebbesmeyer, Curtis C. and Ingraham, W. James, Jr.. How Nikes and hockey gear help ocean science If the Shoe Fits – Alaska Science Forum Beachcombers' Alert
Bobby Frank Cherry was an American white supremacist and Klansman, convicted of murder in 2002 for his role in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing in 1963. The bombing injured more than 20 other people. Bobby Frank Cherry was born on June 20, 1930, in Mineral Springs, a neighborhood of Clanton, Alabama, he was born on the same day as Thomas Edwin Blanton Jr. He joined the United States Marine Corps as a youth, where he gained expertise in demolitions and working with explosives. After his time with the Marines, Cherry worked a series of low-paying jobs, including a long stint as a truck driver. Cherry had Virginia, at the time of the bombing, he and Virginia Cherry had seven children together. Their marriage was tumultuous and, at times, violent. Bobby Cherry expected deference from his wife and children. Virginia Cherry died of cancer in 1968. After her death, Bobby Cherry placed the children in the Gateway Mercy Home Orphanage and with relatives, he remarried four times, including to third wife Willadean Brogdon.
Cherry moved to the suburbs of Dallas, Texas. He owned a carpet cleaner business in Grand Prairie. In 1988, Cherry suffered a heart attack and moved again, this time to small-town Henderson County, Texas with fifth wife Myrtle. During his trial, the prosecution presented evidence that Cherry, a white man, had assaulted black minister Fred Shuttlesworth in 1957 using a set of brass knuckles; the minister had been working to integrate a school in Alabama. The prosecution discussed an incident in which Cherry had pistol-whipped a black man in a restaurant after the man insulted Cherry. On the morning of the bombing, Cherry was with his son Tom at the Modern Sign Company a few blocks away from the church; the two were silkscreening Confederate rebel flags. Tom Cherry said that he could hear the sound of an explosion happening nearby and knew that something bad had happened. Cherry was supposed to be tried at the same time as fellow defendant Thomas Edwin Blanton Jr. Cherry was able to delay his trial by claiming that vascular dementia had impaired his mind and that his health would prevent him from assisting in his own defense.
Blanton was convicted and Cherry was found mentally competent to stand trial. At his trial he denied his involvement in the bombing as well as his affiliation with the Ku Klux Klan, but he was found guilty. Cherry's son, Thomas Frank Cherry, testified that Bobby Cherry was a member of the United Klans of America, a Ku Klux Klan group, relatives and friends testified that he "bragged" about having played a role in the bombing. Ex-wife Willadean Brogdon testified, "He said he lit the fuse." Michael Wayne Goings, a house painter who worked with Cherry in Dallas in 1982, said he heard him boast about the crime saying "You know, I bombed that church."A third man, Mitchell Burns, had been an associate of Thomas Edwin Blanton Jr. and Bobby Cherry at the time of the bombing and was recruited by Federal Bureau of Investigation investigators to act as an informant. Burns testified on the stand at Cherry's trial that Burns' involvement with the Ku Klux Klan was more than politically based, something, plausible during the era of the crime, that the agents approached him and asked for his help.
He declined, but was shown postmortem photos of the young girls killed by the bomb. Disturbed by what he had seen, he vomited, he agreed to work with the FBI. Burns testified that he was a friend of Blanton, but that Blanton was a good friend of Cherry, so Cherry would sometimes join them when they went out. Burns' assistance came in the form of going to numerous honky tonks with the two men with a large reel-to-reel tape recorder in the car trunk recording the group's conversations. Burns took thorough notes after these meetings, additionally when the three met and spoke outside of his car; the tapes were collected by the FBI during its immediate investigation. They were subsequently misplaced or archived and were rediscovered in 1997; the recordings contained racist sentiment. Most one recording from the car raised the subject of the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing. In the recording, the men spoke of it with approval. Blanton began to say something that sounded as if he were about to implicate himself and Cherry by bragging, but Cherry, less acquainted with the informant cut him off by saying, "Now, this good ol' boy doesn't need to know about that!" and laughed.
Burns reported unrecorded references made by Blanton and Cherry to their involvement in the bombing. Presented at Bobby Cherry's trial were videos showing explosives in the same quantity as had been used in the bombing being used to destroy a car in a field; the violent force of the explosion evident in the video was designed to counter the defense's suggestion that, though they claimed that Cherry was not involved, the purpose of the bomb may have been to scare the church congregants, not to kill or injure them. Prosecutors "showed the jury a videotape of a white mob beating local civil rights leader Fred Shuttlesworth when he showed up to register his children at the all white Phillips High School." At one point, the prosecutors "froze the film as a grinning, slender white man with a bulbous
Howard & Bullough was a firm of textile machine manufacturers in Accrington, Lancashire. The company was the world's major manufacturer of power; the firm of Howard and Bleakley was founded in 1851 with four workers. John Bullough had perfected a self-acting temple on his handloom, with William Kenworthy at Brookhouse Mills had been responsible for the Lancashire Loom. By 1856 they employed 150 workers, they concentrated on looms, but expanded to manufacture the complete range of machinery used in a cotton mill. John Bullough, died in 1891. By Bulloughs was the world's largest manufacturer of ring spinning frames, John, the owner of the Isle of Rùm, was the first cotton machine manufacturing millionaire. Three of the company's executives and Samuel Tweedale and Joseph Smalley left to set up business in Castleton, Rochdale; the firm was Smalley. The company's first spindles equipped the Newhey Spinning Mill in February 1893. Bulloughs was one of the country's largest manufacturers. At its peak the Globe Works dominated the town, employing 6,000 workers and covering 52 acres.
Seventy-five percent of the company's production was exported. Following the refusal of Howard & Bullough's management to meet the demands of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers for trade union recognition and a minimum wage, up to 600 engineers at the works went on strike on 2 July. Six days the management locked-out the whole workforce of nearly 5,000 men and boys. Although members of the A. S. E. received £1/week lock-out pay while on strike and 1100 members of the Gasworkers and General Labourers Union received 10s /week, some 2,000 non-union workers were left without any income. At this time, the defensive Battle of Mons was being fought and the War Office was seeking to recruit men. A Pals battalion had been raised in Manchester, the Mayor of Accrington undertook to raise a battalion of Accrington Men. During the Second World War they turned to manufacture of armaments such as bayonets, gun carriages, mine sinkers and aircraft components. In the recession of the 1930s, Platt Brothers and Bullough, Brooks and Doxey, Asa Lees and Barlow, Joseph Hibbert, John Hetherington and Tweedales and Smalley merged to become Textile Machinery Makers Ltd. but the individual units continued to trade under their own names until the 1970s, when they were rationalised into one company called Platt UK Ltd.
In 1991 the company changed its name to Platt Saco Lowell. The Globe Works closed in 1993. James Bullough improved his loom by inventing various components, including the "self-acting temple", which kept the woven cloth at its correct width, the weft fork and a loose reed that allowed the lathe to back away on encountering a shuttle trapped in the warp. Bullough invented a simple but effective warning device which rang a bell every time the warp thread broke on his loom, he worked with William Kenworthy at Brookhouse Mills, with whom he applied his inventions to develop an improved power loom that became known as the Lancashire Loom. John Bullough, with James Whittaker and John Walmsley, developed a machine, patented in 1852, that sized two warps and wound them on two beams simultaneously. In accordance with the traditions of the times, Bulloughs attempted to improve the lives of its workers with acts of philanthropy, it gave James Bullough Park to the town of Accrington in 1913, the Globe Tennis club grounds in 1926.