Noises Off is a 1982 play by the English playwright Michael Frayn. The idea for it came in 1970, when Frayn was watching from the wings a performance of The Two of Us and he said, It was funnier from behind than in front, and I thought that one day I must write a farce from behind. The prototype, a short-lived one-act play called Exits, was written, at the request of his associate, Michael Codron, Frayn expanded this into what would become Noises Off. It takes its title from the stage direction indicating sounds coming from offstage. Lloyd Dallas, The director of a play-within-the-play, Nothing On, involved with both Brooke and Poppy. Dotty Otley, A middle-aged television star who is not only the top-billed star, garry Lejeune, The plays leading man, a solid actor who is completely incapable of finishing a sentence unless it is dialogue. Constantly stutters and ends sentences with you know, dating Dotty and prone to jealousy. Brooke Ashton, A young, inexperienced actress from London and she pays no attention to others, either in performance or backstage, and persists in her role as scripted regardless of any interruption or mayhem.
She is always losing her contact lenses, which she is blind without, part of the Lloyd–Poppy–Brooke love triangle. Frederick Fellowes, Has a serious fear of violence and blood, well-meaning, but lacks confidence and is rather dim-witted. Belinda Blair and sensible, an actress and the companys defacto peacemaker. Something of a gossip, and a bit two-faced, has a rather protective attitude towards Freddie. Selsdon Mowbray, An elderly, half-deaf pro with a long, storied career, if he is not in sight while rehearsing, the stage crew must find him before he finds anything alcoholic. Poppy Norton-Taylor, Assistant Stage Manager and understudy to the female roles, part of the Lloyd-Poppy-Brooke love triangle and, by act two, pregnant with Lloyds baby. Tim Allgood, The over-worked and easily flustered Stage Manager, who must understudy, fix the set, mrs. Clackett, The cockney housekeeper for the Brents home. A hospitable, though slow-witted and slow-moving, Roger Tramplemain, An estate agent looking to let Flavias and Philips house.
Vicki, A girl Roger is attempting to seduce, philip Brent, Lives out of the country with his wife Flavia to avoid paying taxes and is on a secret visit. She is dependable, though not one for household duties, burglar, An old man in his seventies, breaking into the Brents house
Surrey is a county in the south east of England. It shares borders with Kent to the east, East Sussex to the south-east, West Sussex to the south, Hampshire to the west and south-west, Surrey County Council sits extraterritorially at Kingston upon Thames, administered as part of Greater London since 1965. With a resident population of 1.1 million, Surrey is the most densely populated and third most populated county in the South East region, after Kent, the London boroughs of Lambeth, Southwark and parts of Lewisham and Bromley were in Surrey until 1889. The boroughs of Croydon, Kingston upon Thames, Merton and Richmond upon Thames south of the River Thames were part of Surrey until 1965, when they too were absorbed into Greater London. In the same year, the county was extended north of the Thames by the addition of Spelthorne, due to this expansion, modern Surrey borders on the London boroughs of Hounslow and Hillingdon. It has the highest GDP per capita of any English county, Surrey is divided in two by the chalk ridge of the North Downs, running east-west.
To the north of the Downs the land is mostly flat, the geology of this area is dominated by London Clay in the east, Bagshot Sands in the west and alluvial deposits along the rivers. Much of Surrey is in the Metropolitan Green Belt and it contains a good deal of mature woodland. Among its many notable beauty spots are Box Hill, Leith Hill, Frensham Ponds, Newlands Corner and Puttenham & Crooksbury Commons. Surrey is the most wooded county in England, with 22. 4% coverage compared to an average of 11. 8%. Box Hill has the oldest untouched area of woodland in the UK. Surrey contains Englands principal concentration of lowland heath, on soils in the west of the county. Agriculture not being intensive, there are many commons and access lands, together with a network of footpaths and bridleways including the North Downs Way. Accordingly, Surrey provides much in the way of leisure activities. The highest elevation in Surrey is Leith Hill near Dorking and it is either 293,294 or 295 metres above sea level and is the second highest point in southeastern England after Walbury Hill 297 metres in West Berkshire.
Surrey has a population of approximately 1.1 million people and its largest town is Guildford, with a population of 66,773, Woking comes a close second with 62,796. They are followed by Ewell with 39,994 people and Camberley with 30,155, towns of between 25,000 and 30,000 inhabitants are Ashford, Farnham and Redhill. Guildford is the county town, although the county administration was moved to Newington in 1791
A novelist is an author or writer of novels, though often novelists write in other genres of both fiction and non-fiction. Some novelists are professional novelists, thus make a living writing novels and other fiction, Novelists come from a variety of backgrounds and social classes, and frequently this shapes the content of their works. Similarly, some novelists have creative identities derived from their focus on different genres of fiction, such as crime, while many novelists compose fiction to satisfy personal desires and commentators often ascribe a particular social responsibility or role to novel writers. Many authors use such moral imperatives to justify different approaches to writing, including activism or different approaches to representing reality truthfully. Novelist is a derivative from the term novel describing the writer of novels. However, the OED attributes the primary meaning of a writer of novels as first appearing in the 1633 book East-India Colation by C. The difference between professional and amateur novelists often is the ability to publish.
Many people take up writing as a hobby, but the difficulties of completing large scale fictional works of quality prevent the completion of novels. Once authors have completed a novel, they often try to get it published. The publishing industry requires novels to have accessible profitable markets, thus many novelists will self-publish to circumvent the editorial control of publishers, self-publishing has long been an option for writers, with vanity presses printing bound books for a fee paid by the writer. The rise of the Internet and electronic books has made self publishing far less expensive, Novelists apply a number of different methods to writing their novels, relying on a variety of approaches to inspire creativity. Some communities actively encourage amateurs to practice writing novels to develop these unique practices, for example, the internet-based group, National Novel Writing Month, encourages people to write 50, 000-word novels in the month of November, to give novelists practice completing such works.
In the 2010 event, over 200,000 people took part – writing a total of over 2.8 billion words, Novelists dont usually publish their first novels until in life. However, many novelists begin writing at a young age, for example, Iain Banks began writing at eleven, and at sixteen completed his first novel, The Hungarian Lift-Jet, about international arms dealers, in pencil in a larger-than-foolscap log book. However, he was thirty before he published his first novel, the success of this novel enabled Banks to become a full-time novelist. Occasionally, novelists publish as early as their teens, for example, Patrick OBrian published his first novel, The Life Story of a Panda-Leopard, at the age of 15, which brought him considerable critical attention. Occasionally, these works will achieve popular success as well, for example, though Christopher Paolinis Eragon, was not a great critical success, but its popularity among readers placed it on the New York Times Childrens Books Best Seller list for 121 weeks.
First-time novelists of any age often find themselves unable to get published, because of a number of reasons reflecting the inexperience of the author
Emmanuel College, Cambridge
Emmanuel College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. The college was founded in 1584 by Sir Walter Mildmay, Chancellor of the Exchequer to Elizabeth I, in every year since 1998 Emmanuel has been among the top five colleges in the Tompkins Table, which ranks colleges according to end-of-year examination results. Emmanuel has topped the five times since and placed second six times. Emmanuel is one of the colleges at Cambridge with a financial endowment of approximately £105 million. The college was founded in 1584 by Sir Walter Mildmay, Chancellor of the Exchequer to Elizabeth I, the site had been occupied by a Dominican friary until the Dissolution of the Monasteries, some 45 years earlier. Mildmays foundation made use of the existing buildings, Mildmay, a Puritan, intended Emmanuel to be a college of training for Protestant preachers. Like all of the older Cambridge Colleges, Emmanuel originally took only male students and it first admitted female students in 1979. Under Mildmays instruction, the chapel of the original Dominican Friary had been converted to be the Colleges dining hall, in the late 17th century, the College commissioned a new chapel, one of three buildings in Cambridge to be designed by Christopher Wren.
After Wrens construction, the chapel became the College library until it outgrew the space. There is a fish pond in the grounds, part of the legacy of the friary. The pond is home of a colony of ducks, the Fellows Garden contains a swimming pool, which was originally the friars bathing pool, making it one of the oldest bathing pools in Europe. It includes an Oriental plane tree, in the Fellows Garden, the Emmanuel College Students Union is the society of all undergraduate students at Emmanuel College. It provides a shop, a bar, a common room, eCSUs Executive Committee is elected on a yearly basis at the end of Michaelmas Term. The Emmanuel College Middle Combination Room is the society of all students at Emmanuel College. The Room itself is a comfortable and well equipped space in the Queens Building, the MCR committee organises regular social events for graduate students, including well-attended formal dinners in hall every few weeks. A large number of student societies and sports clubs exist at Emmanuel College, sports clubs include Emmanuel Boat Club, badminton, squash, football and netball.
Funding for societies and new, come from applications to the Emmanuel College Student union, Emmanuel graduates had a large involvement in the settling of North America. Of the first 100 university graduates in New England, one-third were graduates of Emmanuel College, Harvard University, the first college in the United States, was organised on the model of Emmanuel, as it was run
Headlong (Frayn novel)
Headlong is a novel by Michael Frayn, published in 1999. The plot centres on the discovery of a long-lost painting from Pieter Bruegels series The Months, the story is essentially a farce, but contains a large amount of scholarship about the painter. The novel was shortlisted for the 1999 Booker Prize, the main character, is supposed to be writing a book. He finds himself invited to dinner at the house of a repellent and warring couple, on whom the land, martin happens on a painting which he takes to be by Brueghel. Painstaking research leads him to identify the picture as the missing sixth picture of Brueghels famous book of hours. Meantime his wife, and their live in a cottage and he fears his wife eyes him with increasing disdain as, instead of working on his book. Once he gets it, his troubles have only begun, finally, as he is about to succeed in taking it to a safe place and secure his fortune, he crashes the old Landrover and the picture goes up in smoke. We never do find out if it was a Breughel or not
Ewell is a suburban area in the borough of Epsom and Ewell in Surrey with a largely commercial village centre. Apart from this it has named neighbourhoods, West Ewell, Ewell Court, East Ewell, Ewell Grove, one rural locality on the slopes of the North Downs is a neighbourhood, North Looe. Remaining a large parish, Ewell occupies approximately the half of the borough minus Stoneleigh. It borders a south-west boundary of Greater London at Cheam and is within the commuter belt. Ewell has the main spring, with a pond, at the head of the Hogsmill river. A majority – 73% – of the population of Ewell is in the ABC1 social class The name Ewell derives from Old English æwell, the Roman road Stane Street from Chichester deviates from straight slightly at Ewell to pass by the central spring. Its successor, the A24 runs from Merton to Ewell along the course of the Roman road, Ewell lay within the Copthorne hundred. Ewell appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Etwelle and it was held by William the Conqueror.
Its assets were, 13½ hides,2 mills worth 10s,16 ploughs,14 acres of meadow and herbage worth 111 hogs. It rendered £25 per year to its feudal system overlords, £1 from the church in Leatherhead, in the 13th century Ewells current spelling appears, in the Testa de Nevill. King Henry VIII established here in 1538 Nonsuch Palace on the borders of Cheam, in 1618 Henry Lloyd, lord of the manor, was granted licence to hold a market in Ewell. Tunnels dating from the English Civil War exist underneath Ewell but are poorly documented, one such secret passage is reported to emerge under the shop on the corner of West Street and High Street. The market died away in the early 19th century, samuel Pepys visited Ewell on numerous occasions in the 17th century and the area is mentioned several times between 1663 and 1665 in his diary, at which time it was known as Yowell. The enclosure of its fields of 707 acres in the east. In 1811 a National School was established sponsored by Mr. White, thomas Calverley built the large architecturally listed home Ewell Castle in 1814 in an imitation castellated style and gave the school financial benefaction, which became available in 1860.
In 1879 Ewell Court House, latterly a library was built with a grotto that survives and this radical transformation is documented in the photography collected in the book Archive Photos – Epsom and Ewell. The suburban residential development across that area is mainly 1930s/40s semi-detached houses, although some Edwardian, the Hogsmill Open Space gives an indication of Ewells rural pre-war history. Ewells largest landmark is the architecturally impressive Bourne Hall in the centre of the town, there is a pond at one end with ducks and swans and a fountain
Democracy is a play by Michael Frayn which premiered in London at the Royal National Theatre on September 9,2003. Directed by Michael Blakemore, and starring Roger Allam as Willy Brandt and Conleth Hill as Günter Guillaume, it won the Evening Standard, democracy premiered on Broadway at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre on November 18,2004, and ran for 173 performances. It was nominated for the Tony Award and Drama Desk Award as Best Play and it has been staged in Copenhagen, Stockholm, Vancouver and Moscow. A revival of the play, directed by Paul Miller at Sheffields Crucible Theatre, transferred to Londons Old Vic Theatre in 2012. com summary of critics
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper, known from 1821 until 1959 as the Manchester Guardian. Along with its sister papers The Observer and The Guardian Weekly, The Guardian is part of the Guardian Media Group, the Scott Trust became a limited company in 2008, with a constitution to maintain the same protections for The Guardian. Profits are reinvested in journalism rather than to the benefit of an owner or shareholders, the Guardian is edited by Katharine Viner, who succeeded Alan Rusbridger in 2015. In 2016, The Guardians print edition had a daily circulation of roughly 162,000 copies in the country, behind The Daily Telegraph. The newspaper has an online UK edition as well as two international websites, Guardian Australia and Guardian US, the newspapers online edition was the fifth most widely read in the world in October 2014, with over 42.6 million readers. Its combined print and online editions reach nearly 9 million British readers, notable scoops include the 2011 News International phone hacking scandal, in particular the hacking of murdered English teenager Milly Dowlers phone.
The investigation led to the closure of the UKs biggest selling Sunday newspaper, and one of the highest circulation newspapers in the world, in 2016, it led the investigation into the Panama Papers, exposing the British Prime Minister David Camerons links to offshore bank accounts. The Guardian has been named Newspaper of the Year four times at the annual British Press Awards, the paper is still occasionally referred to by its nickname of The Grauniad, given originally for the purported frequency of its typographical errors. The Manchester Guardian was founded in Manchester in 1821 by cotton merchant John Edward Taylor with backing from the Little Circle and they launched their paper after the police closure of the more radical Manchester Observer, a paper that had championed the cause of the Peterloo Massacre protesters. They do not toil, neither do they spin, but they better than those that do. When the government closed down the Manchester Observer, the champions had the upper hand. The influential journalist Jeremiah Garnett joined Taylor during the establishment of the paper, the prospectus announcing the new publication proclaimed that it would zealously enforce the principles of civil and religious Liberty.
Warmly advocate the cause of Reform, endeavour to assist in the diffusion of just principles of Political Economy and. Support, without reference to the party from which they emanate, in 1825 the paper merged with the British Volunteer and was known as The Manchester Guardian and British Volunteer until 1828. The working-class Manchester and Salford Advertiser called the Manchester Guardian the foul prostitute, the Manchester Guardian was generally hostile to labours claims. The Manchester Guardian dismissed strikes as the work of outside agitators –, if an accommodation can be effected, the occupation of the agents of the Union is gone. CP Scott made the newspaper nationally recognised and he was editor for 57 years from 1872, and became its owner when he bought the paper from the estate of Taylors son in 1907. Under Scott, the moderate editorial line became more radical, supporting William Gladstone when the Liberals split in 1886
Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, values, reason and language. The term was coined by Pythagoras. Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument and systematic presentation, classic philosophical questions include, Is it possible to know anything and to prove it. However, philosophers might pose more practical and concrete questions such as, is it better to be just or unjust. Historically, philosophy encompassed any body of knowledge, from the time of Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle to the 19th century, natural philosophy encompassed astronomy and physics. For example, Newtons 1687 Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy became classified as a book of physics, in the 19th century, the growth of modern research universities led academic philosophy and other disciplines to professionalize and specialize. In the modern era, some investigations that were part of philosophy became separate academic disciplines, including psychology, sociology.
Other investigations closely related to art, politics, or other pursuits remained part of philosophy, for example, is beauty objective or subjective. Are there many scientific methods or just one, is political utopia a hopeful dream or hopeless fantasy. Major sub-fields of academic philosophy include metaphysics, ethics, political philosophy, philosophy of science, since the 20th century, professional philosophers contribute to society primarily as professors and writers. Traditionally, the term referred to any body of knowledge. In this sense, philosophy is related to religion, natural science, education. This division is not obsolete but has changed, Natural philosophy has split into the various natural sciences, especially astronomy, chemistry and cosmology. Moral philosophy has birthed the social sciences, but still includes value theory, metaphysical philosophy has birthed formal sciences such as logic and philosophy of science, but still includes epistemology and others. Many philosophical debates that began in ancient times are still debated today, colin McGinn and others claim that no philosophical progress has occurred during that interval.
Chalmers and others, by contrast, see progress in philosophy similar to that in science, in one general sense, philosophy is associated with wisdom, intellectual culture and a search for knowledge. In that sense, all cultures and literate societies ask philosophical questions such as how are we to live, a broad and impartial conception of philosophy then, finds a reasoned inquiry into such matters as reality and life in all world civilizations. Socrates was an influential philosopher, who insisted that he possessed no wisdom but was a pursuer of wisdom
Mill Hill is a suburb in the London Borough of Barnet, England. It is an area situated nine miles north west of Charing Cross, Mill Hill was in the historic county of Middlesex until it was absorbed by London. Mill Hill consists of distinct parts, the original Mill Hill Village, the later-developed but now main hub of the area at Mill Hill Broadway. A further area at the edge of the suburb, The Hale, is on the borders of Mill Hill and Edgware. The areas name was first recorded as Myllehill in 1547 and appears to mean hill with a windmill, the workings of the original Mill are in the building adjacent to The Mill Field. Mill Hill Village is the oldest known inhabited part of the district and it is thought that the name Mill Hill may be derived from a mill on The Ridgeway, built on an area of open ground known as The Mill Field. The village is bounded on the north and the south by Green Belt land, the areas proximity to the city made it popular as a country retreat from the 17th century onwards, and large houses and quaint cottages survive.
William Wilberforce and Sir Stamford Raffles both briefly resided here, the former being the patron of Mill Hill’s first church, Saint Paul’s. As of February 2011, the places in Mill Hill Village where money can be spent are The Three Hammers and Adam & Eve pubs. Inglis Barracks at Mill Hill East was home to the Middlesex Regiment between 1905 and 1966, the 1941 reopening of the railway station, under war-time conditions, was to allow easy access to the barracks. Situated along Partingdale Lane is Seafield House, now a private home, it was originally designed and operated as a nuclear bunker to house and protect the London North Group emergency regional government between about 1951 and 1985. Mill Hill was part of the ancient civil parish of Hendon within the county boundaries of Middlesex. Mill Hill as part of Municipal Borough of Hendon was merged into the London Borough of Barnet in Greater London in 1965, Mill Hill is one of 21 electoral wards in the borough. This ward has 3 out of the 63 seats on the Barnet Council, Mill Hill was in the parliamentary constituency of Hendon which was created in 1918.
This lasted until 1945 when the constituency was split in two, Mill Hill in Hendon North, in 1997, the Hendon constituency was recreated. From then, until he lost his seat to the Conservative candidate, Matthew Offord, in the 2010 General Election, Hendon was represented in the House of Commons by the Labour MP, Mill Hills postal address is London NW7. The village is a development along The Ridgeway. It has green belt either side and Burtonhole form a distinct valley north of The Ridgeway