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Michael Graves

Michael Graves was a noted American architect and designer of consumer products. As well as principal of Michael Graves and Associates and Michael Graves Design Group, he was of a member of The New York Five and the Memphis Group — and professor of architecture at Princeton University for nearly forty years. Following his own partial paralysis in 2003, Graves became an internationally recognized advocate of health care design. Graves' global portfolio of architectural work ranged from the Ministry of Culture in The Hague, a post office for Celebration, Florida, a prominent expansion of the Denver Public Library to numerous commissions for Disney — as well as the scaffolding design for the 2000 Washington Monument restoration, he was recognized as a major influence on architectural movements including New Urbanism, New Classical Architecture and Postmodernism — the latter including the noted Portland Building in Oregon and the Humana Building in Kentucky. For his architectural work, Graves received a fellowship of the American Institute of Architects as well as its highest award, the AIA Gold Medal.

He was trustee of the American Academy in Rome and was the president of its Society of Fellows from 1980 to 1984. He received the American Prize for Architecture, the National Medal of Arts and the Driehaus Architecture Prize. Nonetheless, Graves became popularly well known through his high end as well as mass consumer product designs for companies ranging from Alessi in Italy — to Target and J. C. Penney in the United States; the New York Times described Graves as "one of the most prominent and prolific American architects of the latter 20th century, who designed more than 350 buildings around the world but was best known for teakettle and pepper mill." Graves was born on July 9, 1934, in Indianapolis, Indiana, to Erma and Thomas B. Graves, he grew up in the city's suburbs and credited his mother for suggestion that he become and engineer or an architect. Graves graduated from Indianapolis's Broad Ripple High School in 1952 and earned a bachelor's degree in architecture in 1958 from the University of Cincinnati.

During college he became a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity. Graves earned a master's degree in architecture from Harvard University in 1959. After graduation from college, Graves spent a year working in George Nelson's office. Nelson, a furniture designer and the creative director for Herman Miller, exposed Graves to the work of fellow designers Charles and Ray Eames and Alexander Girard. In 1960 Graves won the American Academy in Rome's Prix de Rome and spent the next two years at the Academy in Italy. Graves describes himself as "transformed" by his experience in Rome: "I discovered new ways of seeing and analyzing both architecture and landscape."Little is known of Graves' married life. His marriage to Gail Devine in 1955 ended in divorce. Graves was the father of two sons and a daughter. Graves began his career in 1962 as a professor of architecture at Princeton University, where he taught for nearly four decades, established his own architectural firm in 1964 at Princeton, New Jersey. Graves worked as an architect in public practice designing a variety of buildings that included private residences, university buildings, hotel resorts, hospitals and commercial office buildings, civic buildings, monuments.

During a career that spanned nearly fifty years and his firm designed more than 350 buildings around the world, in addition to an estimated 2,000 household products. In 1962, after two years of studies in Rome, Graves returned to the United States and moved to Princeton, New Jersey, where he had accepted a professorship at the Princeton University School of Architecture. Graves taught at Princeton for thirty-nine years while practicing architecture, he retired as the Robert Schirmer Professor of Architecture, Emeritus, in 2001. Although Graves was a longtime faculty member at Princeton and trained many of its architecture students, the university did not allow its faculty to practice their profession on its campus; as a result, Graves was never commissioned to design a building for the university. In his early years as an architect, Graves did designs for home renovation projects in Princeton. In 1964 he founded the architectural firm of Michael Graves & Associate in Princeton and remained in public practice there until the end of his life.

His firm maintained offices in Princeton, New Jersey, in New York City, but his residence in Princeton served as his design studio, home office and library, a place to display the many objects he collected during his world travels. Nicknamed "The Warehouse", it displayed many of the household items he designed. After Graves's death, Kean University acquired his former home and studio in Princeton, along with two adjacent buildings. Graves spent much of early 1970s designing modern residences. Notable examples include the Snyderman House in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Graves became one of the New York Five, along with Peter Eisenman, Charles Gwathmey, John Hejduk and Richard Meier; this informal group of Princeton and New York City architects known as the Whites due to the predominant color of their architectural work, espoused a pure form of modernism, characterized by clean lines and minimal ornamentation. The New York Five became the "standard-bearers of a movement to elevate modernist architectural form into a serious theoretical pursuit."

Five Architects describes some of their early work. In the late 1970s, Graves shifted away from modernism to pursue Postmodernism and New Urbanis

Storming of Lankaran

The Storming of Lankaran took place on 1 January 1813 as part of the Russo-Persian War. It was noted for its cruelty. After a siege of five days, which included the shelling of the place, the Russians managed to storm the citadel, despite a Persian numerical superiority. Though suffering heavy losses in the siege during which most of the officers and non-commissioned officers were killed, the Russians, by taking the Persian fortress, had thereby taken Lankaran. After having taken the fortress, all survivors were murdered by the Russians and none were taken captive. General Kotlyarevsky himself became injured during the siege after which he couldn't participate anymore, while Sadiq Khan, the Persian commander, was killed during the storming of the fortress. Of the besieging Russian 17th Jaeger regiment consisting of 296 people only 74 of them survived the battle. In the course of the ongoing Russo-Persian War, the British managed to build a strong fortress in Lankaran. According to eyewitnesses "she made a strong impression by high stone walls and rows of sharp teeth".

Furthermore, the citadel was surrounded by deep trenches. It had a shape of an irregular quadrilateral, with the left bank of the river Lankaranki, situated not far from the Caspian Sea, in the marshes nearby the citadel. Most of the southwest side stretched up for up to 130 meters long; the length of the northeast side, built in the shape of an irregular polygon, stretched up to 80 meters. The south-east side and from the northwest (from the front to the villages of Gamushevani were 100 meters long each. Besides that, on each corner were bastions located; the most imposing of them were the ones from the northeastern side. The ditch in front of the citadel was 4 meters deep and 10 meters in width. After several years of stale combat in various regions of Transcaucasia, with neither parties making significant territorial gains, the Russians had gained the upper hand and by now had reached territories close to Persia's heartlands. On December 18, 1812 the marching military detachment of general Kotlyarevsky had crossed the Aras river and had passed the 80 miles straight without water and roads through the Mughan plains through salt flats and swamps.

After crossing swamps and marshes, the soldiers were transferred to a weather of terrible snow and blizzard. By that time, his army had undergone a heavy need for resupplies drinking water and food. On December 20, Russian detachment came across Shahsevan which were made to flee and captured; the Russians confiscated their cattle. By December 21, Kotlyarevsky's squad had reached the Talysh Khanate where they encountered 500 Persian horsemen, commanded by Abusalema; the horsemen and Abusalema retreated to Arkivan. Subsequently, the Russian avant-garde met the cavalry sardar Pir-Quli-Khan and a detachment of 1000 Persian soldiers. After a brief exchange of fire, the retreating Persians were pursued by Cossacks. On December 22, Kotlyarevsky left Karayazı to cover the rear of the rear guard under the command of Major Dyachkova and the 200 infantrymen, 170 Cossacks, several horses from Karabakh, one field gun, went to Arkivan. With the rearguard remained the freed Karabakh families and the Shahsevan prisoners taken captive several days earlier.

The garrison of Arkivan under the command of Bala Khan and Asghar Khan left the town's its fortress, leaving behind two field guns, with all the artillery reserve provisions and forage. For the pursuit of the Persians, Kotlyarevsky sent 400 Jaegers and 300 Cossacks under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Ushakov, who subsequently followed the Persians for 15 miles. In the course of the pursuit, 50 of the 400 Russian deserters surrendered and up to 300 Persians were killed; the Russians subsequently seized a considerable baggage. The damage to the pursuing party amounted up to 5 wounded. To protect Arkivani 100 Jaegers were left stationed, who were in greatest need of the rest. Mir Mustafa Khan, having learned about the movement of the Russian troops after the defeat of the Persian army at Aslanduz went to Gamushevan, in which in advance he rebuilt warm barracks and barn for the horses and cattle, filled it with all the other necessary provisions. Having entered area administered by the Khan of the Talysh Khanate, Kotlyarevsky announced to its residents: Talysh people.

The troops of the great and all-powerful, the troops of the Emperor of Russia, has come here to free you from the hands of the Persians - your destroyers. Stay in your houses and be sure that your property is inviolable; the Persians and the robbers will not: they will rob you. I demand from you, everyone who's able to carry a gun, turn it against your oppressors, the Persians, who will be punished soon by the troops of my gracious Emperor, I demand that you finish off the remnants of fanatics when they cross the road to escape when they will be reached by our victorious arms. I will promise pardon and forgiveness for you that will deceit and for those who are involved to make the Persians surrender voluntarily; those persons should come to me or to your rightful Khan, without fear of getting punished, because the Russian word is not the word of a Persian. Russian has no need of deceit; this statement by Kotlyarevsky influenced a part of the Talysh, who subsequently began to cut the forest where the Persian fugitives were hiding.

Sadiq Khan was garrisoned in Lankaran's fortress with an army comprising 4000 men. Abbas Mirza, the Persian crown prince

John Forssman

Magnus John Karl August Forssman was a Swedish pathologist and bacteriologist born in Kalmar. He received his education at the University of Lund, where he served as a professor of general pathology and public health science. From 1927 to 1930 he was director of the university hospital, he is known for discovery of the "Forssman antigen", defined as a glycolipid heterophile antigen found on tissue cells of many animal species. It was first described for ovine red cells, it is not present in human, rabbit, porcine or bovine cells. His name is associated with the following two terms: "Forssman antibody" and "Forssman reaction" referred to as a "Forssman antigen-antibody reaction". Über die Ursachen, welche die Wachsthumsrichtung der peripheren Nervenfasern bei der Regeneration bestimmen, 1898 - On the causes, of which the growth direction of peripheral nerve fibers are determined in regeneration. Studien über die Antitoxinbildung bei aktiver Immunisierung gegen Botulismus - Studies on antitoxin formation for active immunization against botulism.

Untersuchungen über die lysinbildung - Studies on lysine production. Om therapeutisk vaccinbehandling, 1916 - On therapeutic vaccine treatment. Pathogena bakteriers, infektioners och vissa epidemiers beroende av främmande bakterier, 1918 - Bacterial pathogens, etc

Hohenlohe (district)

The Hohenlohe is a Landkreis in the north of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Neckar-Odenwald, Schwäbisch Hall and Heilbronn. Künzelsau is the administration centre of the district; the Hohenlohekreis is host to many internationally active companies in the screws and ventilation industries. Würth Stahl The district was created in 1973 by merging the previous districts Öhringen and Künzelsau, it was named after the family of Hohenlohe, who once had ruled most of the area, until 1806 when they lost their independence as this area became part of the kingdom of Württemberg. The two main rivers of the districts are the Kocher and Jagst, both affluents to the Neckar; the highest elevation of the district with 523 m is the Mühlberg near Waldenburg. Since 1990 the district has a partnership with the County Limerick in the Republic of Ireland. In the same year it started a friendship with the district Großenhain in the Free State of Saxony, helping to build the administration according to West German standards.

The dialect spoken locally is an East Franconian dialect. Official website Hohenlohe images Map of Hohenlohe areas in the 1780s

The Crusader (album)

The Crusader is the debut studio album by New Zealand rapper Scribe. Scribe recorded his debut album in 2003. Dirty Records released the album, with distribution through Festival Mushroom Records. Andrew Hughes of NZ Musician called The Crusader "undoubtedly the best NZ hip-hop album to date, consistent the whole way through"; the Crusader won Album of the Year, Best Urban/Hip-hop Album and Best Male Solo Artist at the New Zealand Music Awards in 2004. The Crusader debuted at number one on the New Zealand Albums Chart, slipping to number two the next week, it spent a total of thirty weeks on the chart being certified five times platinum after having over 75,000 copies shipped. The week that the album entered the chart, "Stand Up"/"Not Many", the first single off the album, was number one on the New Zealand Singles Chart; this was the first time in the charts' histories that a New Zealand artist topped the singles and albums chart. In Australia, the album debuted on the Australian Albums Chart at number forty-four.

Ten months it peaked at number twelve. It was certified platinum. All of the singles from the album were double A-sides; the first, "Stand Up/"Not Many", spent twelve weeks at number one on the New Zealand Singles Chart. It was certified double platinum; the second single was "Not Many – The Remix"/"Stand Up". It included a remix of "Not Many", "Stand Up", went to number two on the New Zealand Singles Chart, it appeared on the Australian Singles Chart, peaking at number twenty-one. It went gold in Australia. "Dreaming"/"So Nice" was the third single, topped the New Zealand Singles Chart. It peaked at number twenty-three on the Australian Singles Chart. "Not Many" – 3:43 "Been This Way" – 3:37 "Dreaming" – 4:17 "My Lady" – 3:56 "The Crusader" – 2:32 "Scribe UnLTD" – 3:46 "Too Late" – 3:34 "Stronger" – 3:41 "Stand Up" – 4:13 "Not Many – The Remix!" – 3:45 "So Nice" – 4:45 "My Lady" – 3:41 List of number-one albums in 2003 Scribe home page Festival Mushroom Records page

Rhinogobius giurinus

Rhinogobius giurinus is a species of goby native to eastern Asia where it inhabits marine and fresh waters of rivers and estuaries. This species can reach a length of 8 centimetres TL, it is of importance to local peoples as a food fish. The fish's native range includes the Yellow River, Yangtze River, Qiantang River, Pearl River, Fujian and Hainan regions, Hong Kong, the Korean Peninsula, from Tone River to Iriomote in Ibaraki Prefecture, Kawahara Lake in Nagasaki Prefecture in Japan, Bonin Islands, Ryukyu Islands and North Vietnam; the species is introduced into Singapore, Tibetan Plateau and Yunnan. Its habitats include rivers, reservoirs and estuaries. Though it is a migratory fish, it can survive and reproduce in a closed drainage system; the fish feeds on aquatic insects, small fish, zooplankton and plant detritus. Hong Kong Biodiversity Online - Barcheek goby