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Michael Keaton

Michael John Douglas, known professionally as Michael Keaton, is an American actor and director. He first rose to fame for his roles on the CBS sitcoms All's Fair and The Mary Tyler Moore Hour and his comedic film roles in Night Shift, Mr. Mom, Johnny Dangerously, Beetlejuice, he earned further acclaim for his dramatic portrayal of the title character in Tim Burton's Batman and Batman Returns. Since he has appeared in a variety of films ranging from dramas and romantic comedies to thriller and action films, such as Clean and Sober, The Dream Team, Pacific Heights, Much Ado About Nothing, My Life, The Paper, Jackie Brown, Herbie: Fully Loaded, The Other Guys, Need for Speed, The Founder, Spider-Man: Homecoming, has provided voices for characters in animated films such as Cars, Toy Story 3, Minions. Keaton's lead performance in Birdman or earned him a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a Musical or Comedy, the Critics' Choice Award for Best Actor and Best Actor in a Comedy, nominations for the Screen Actors Guild Award, British Academy Film Award, Academy Award for Best Actor.

He received a Golden Globe Award nomination for his performance in Live from Baghdad and a Screen Actors Guild Award nomination for The Company. Keaton was awarded a Career Achievement Award from the Hollywood Film Festival. On January 18, 2016, he was named Officer of Order of Letters in France, he is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Mellon University. Michael John Douglas, the youngest of seven children, was born at Ohio Valley Hospital in Kennedy Township, Pennsylvania, on September 5, 1951, he was raised between Pennsylvania. His father, George A. Douglas, worked as a civil engineer and surveyor, his mother, Leona Elizabeth, a homemaker, came from McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania. Keaton was raised in a Catholic family, is of half Irish descent through his mother, his father was of English, German and Scotch-Irish ancestry, was from a Protestant family. Keaton attended Montour High School in Robinson Township and studied speech for two years at Kent State University, where he appeared in plays, returned to Pennsylvania to pursue his career.

Keaton first appeared on TV in the Pittsburgh public television programs Where the Heart Is and Mister Rogers' Neighborhood. For Mister Rogers he played one of the "Flying Zookeeni Brothers" and served as a full-time production assistant. Keaton worked as an actor in Pittsburgh theatre, he performed stand-up comedy during his early years in order to supplement his income. Keaton moved to Los Angeles to begin auditioning for various TV parts, he popped up in various popular TV shows including The Mary Tyler Moore Hour. He decided to use a stage name to satisfy SAG rules, as there was an actor and daytime host with the same or similar names. In response to questions as to whether he selected his new surname due to an attraction to actress Diane Keaton, or in homage to silent film actor Buster Keaton, he has responded by saying "it had nothing to do with that". Keaton has said in several interviews that he searched a phone book under "K", saw "Keaton" and decided to stop looking. Keaton's film debut came in a small non-speaking role in the Joan Rivers film Rabbit Test.

His next big break was working alongside Jim Belushi in the short-lived comedy series Working Stiffs, which showcased his comedic talent and led to a co-starring role in the comedy Night Shift directed by Ron Howard. This was his breakout role as the fast-talking schemer Bill "Blaze" Blazejowski earned Keaton some critical acclaim. Night Shift led to Keaton becoming a leading man in the landmark comedy hit Mr. Mom, met with universal acclaim. Keaton was pigeonholed as a comic lead during this time with films like Johnny Dangerously, Gung Ho, The Squeeze, The Dream Team, though Keaton tried to transition to dramatic leads as early as 1984, playing a hockey player in Touch and Go, shelved until 1986. Woody Allen cast Keaton as the lead in The Purple Rose of Cairo the following year, but after filming began Allen felt Keaton was "too modern" and reshot his scenes with Jeff Daniels in the final film, further delaying his transition to drama in the public eye; when Touch and Go was released in 1986 the studio was still unsure of how to market the film, making the poster similar to Mr. Mom, which resulted in failure at the box office.

1988 was the seminal year in Keaton's career where landed two major unconventional roles, forever changing his image to audiences. He played the title character in Tim Burton's horror-comedy Beetlejuice, earning Keaton widespread acclaim and boosting him to Hollywood's A list, he turned down the role reconsidered like most of the cast. He now considers Beetlejuice his favorite of his own films; that same year, he gave an acclaimed dramatic performance as a drug-addicted realtor in Glenn Gordon Caron's Clean and Sober. Keaton's career was given another major boost when he was again cast by Tim Burton, this time as the title comic book superhero of 1989's Batman. Warner Bros. received thousands of letters of complaint by fans who believed Keaton was the wrong choice to portray Batman. Howe

Assmanshausen Winery

Assmanshausen Winery is a heritage-listed former winery at Serisier Road, Southern Downs Region, Australia. It was built from c. 1870 to c. 1881. It is known as Toolburra Vineyards, it was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 6 January 1999. Assmanshausen Vineyard at Sandy Creek, near Warwick was established in the 1860s by German immigrants Jacob and Elisabetha Kircher, who were among the first in the district to establish commercial wine production on a substantial scale. In the late 19th century, Assmanshausen's award-winning wines were known throughout southern Queensland, the winery was a popular attraction for visitors to the Warwick district. Jacob and Elisabetha Kircher were early settlers on the southern Darling Downs, arriving at Moreton Bay in March 1855. Jacob gained employment as a gardener at Canning Downs Homestead near Warwick, when the principal stations on the southern Downs had extensive orchards and gardens. About 1857 the Kirchers left Canning Downs, Jacob working as a bushman on Rosenthal station and at various other activities, before taking up farming in the early 1860s.

In December 1861 Kircher purchased adjoining portions 238 and 239, near Sandy Creek, about 7 miles northwest of Warwick, for £81. The Kirchers were among the earliest farmers in the district, they fenced and cleared their land and experimented firstly with wheat, but after successive failures turned to vine growing, the first 1,000 vines being planted c. 1864. By 1870 they had established Assmanshausen Winery - named after a celebrated Assmannshausen wine-producing district on the Rhine. Viticulture and wine production in the Warwick district was pioneered in the mid-19th century by principally German immigrants. By 1861, Germans formed 9.75% of the population of the towns of Warwick, Allora and the rural portion of the Warwick police district. Like the Kirchers, most were farmers sponsored in the 1850s by southern Darling Downs squatters. Most of those who pioneered the wine industry on the southern Downs took up selections on the Warwick Reserve or Warwick Agricultural Reserve in the 1860s.

By the mid- 1870s a number of vineyards had been established along Sandy Creek, at Swan and Deuchar's Creek, at the Jew's Retreat on Glengallan land. Only one vigneron relied on the vineyard as a source of income. All made wine on the premises, all had constructed cellars in which the wine was both made and stored. By 1876 Assmanshausen was the principal vineyard and winery in the Warwick district, with 10 acres under vines. Older plantings included both white and red grapes, but more recent plantings were reds only: Mataro and Hermitage. Most of the vines were trellised, the newer ones planted about 6 by 6 feet apart, Kircher had invented a horse-drawn cultivator which could weed and turn the soil close to the vines while the horse walked at a sufficient distance to prevent vine damage from the traces. Kircher was producing unfortified wines, had won prizes at the Warwick and Brisbane exhibitions. At this period the Assmanshausen winery comprised a dressed stone building of 3 flats: an underground cellar.

The attic was ventilated by 12 air shafts fitted with shutters on the inside, ensuring that the temperature in the attic was cooler than that of the ground floor. There were 6 air shafts in the cellar; these shafts sloped through the stone walls to the surface of the ground. Kircher had devised his own system of wine production: the press was located in the ground floor workroom. In the 1870s, grape growing and wine production in the Warwick district emerged as an important economic activity. Warwick vignerons had reached a stage whereby they could hold much of their produce until it had mellowed and ripened with age, the reputation of Assmanshausen wines in particular was growing. By 1881, Kircher had installed modern screw presses at Assmanshausen and his winery was described as one of the best in Queensland. At this period the presses were located in the attic, the must gravity-fed down pipes to the ground floor where it was fermented in vats, before being piped to the underground stone cellar to mature.

A timber, ground- level extension to the cellar may have been constructed by this time. Kircher had 11 acres under vines around his house, a 5-acre vineyard about 0.5 miles distant. He was farming his land, with a 10-acre paddock under oats and 500 merino sheep; the Kirchers' residence was impressive - described by one reporter in 1881 as "the neatest, best finished, most comfortable dwelling I have seen among Queensland farmers or selectors...", in an 1887 report as "one of the most perfect in the colonies". Assmanshausen figured prominently in the 1889 report on viticulture and wine-making in the southern districts of Queensland, prepared by the Under Secretary for Agriculture, Peter McLean, who visited the Warwick district in late 1888 or early 1889. Assmanshausen was one of the oldest vineyards in the district, Kircher, with wine exports to Scotl

North Caldwell, New Jersey

North Caldwell is a borough in northwestern Essex County, New Jersey, United States, a suburb of New York City. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 6,183, reflecting a decline of 1,192 from the 7,375 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 669 from the 6,706 counted in the 1990 Census. North Caldwell was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 31, 1898, from portions of Caldwell Township. In 1982, the borough was one of four Essex County municipalities to pass a referendum to become a township, joining 11 municipalities that had made the change. More than a dozen Essex County municipalities reclassified themselves as townships in order take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis. Effective January 1, 1992, it again became a borough; the borough derives its name from Presbyterian minister James Caldwell. New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked North Caldwell as its 10th best place to live in its 2010 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey, as well as the 3rd best place to live in its 2013 ranking.

In 2017, a Bloomberg analysis ranked North Caldwell the 34th richest town in the United States. North Caldwell was part of the Horseneck Tract, an area that consisted of what are now the municipalities of Caldwell, West Caldwell, North Caldwell, Verona, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells and portions of Livingston and West Orange. In 1702, settlers purchased the 14,000 acres from the Lenape Native Americans for goods equal to $325; the explanation for the name "Horse Neck" lies in the language of its first Dutch settlers and not because of its irregular shape. This purchase encompassed much of western Essex County, from the First Mountain to the Passaic River; the borough housed the Essex County Penitentiary, constructed in 1872 and used as the Essex County Jail Annex until 2004. It was sold to K. Hovnanian Companies in 2002, which redeveloped the site into a residential community. In 1994, the "Unabomber", Theodore Kaczynski, sent a mail bomb that killed Thomas J. Mosser, an advertising executive who lived here.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 3.016 square miles, including 3.011 square miles of land and 0.005 square miles of water. The highest point in Essex County is located in the Hilltop of North Caldwell at 691 feet; the borough is bordered by the municipalities of Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield Township and West Caldwell in Essex County. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,183 people, 2,092 households, 1,820.040 families living in the borough. The population density was 2,053.2 per square mile. There were 2,134 housing units at an average density of 708.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 91.69% White, 0.73% Black or African American, 0.03% Native American, 5.73% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.21% of the population. There were 2,092 households out of which 41.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.1% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 13.0% were non-families.

10.7% of all households were made up of individuals, 5.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.19. In the borough, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 19.6% from 25 to 44, 33.9% from 45 to 64, 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.8 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 97.0 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $151,953 and the median family income was $178,750. Males had a median income of $140,729 versus $74,750 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $71,798. About none of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 7,375 people, 2,070 households, 1,834 families residing in the borough.

The population density was 2,464.6 people per square mile. There were 2,108 housing units at an average density of 704.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 79.63% White, 14.51% African American, 0.03% Native American, 4.71% Asian, 0.26% from other races, 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.16% of the population. There were 2,070 households out of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 80.5% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 11.4% were non-families. 9.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.23. In the borough the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 118.5 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 124.2 males