Walerian Borowczyk was an internationally known Polish film director described by film critics as a'genius who happened to be a pornographer'. He directed 40 films between 1946 and 1988. Borowczyk settled in Paris in 1959; as a film director he worked in France. Born in Kwilcz near Poznań, Borowczyk studied painting at the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków devoted himself to painting and lithography, including the creation of posters for the cinema, which earned him a national prize in 1953, his early films were surreal animations, some only a few seconds long, including several comic abecedaria. His most acclaimed early films were Był sobie Dom. In 1959, Borowczyk settled in Paris, he worked with Chris Marker for Les Astronautes. Major works of this period include the stop motion film Renaissance, which uses reverse motion to depict various destroyed objects re-assembling themselves, only to be destroyed again when the last object is complete, the nightmarish Jeux des anges, selected by Terry Gilliam as one of the ten best animated films of all time.
In 1967, he directed his first animated feature film, Théâtre de Monsieur & Madame Kabal: un film dessiné pour les adultes. Borowczyk moved into live-action feature film with Goto, l'île d'amour and Blanche, both tales of illicit love thwarted by jealous husbands, both starring his own wife, Ligia Branice. One of his most appreciated films of this period, Dzieje grzechu, nominated for Palme d'or, is an adaptation of a Polish literary classic by Stefan Żeromski. Like his 1966 short film Rosalie, Dzieje grzechu had rendered the themes of seduction and infanticide. Contes immoraux and his work, including Interno di un convento and Cérémonie d'amour have been controversial, lauded by some for their unique surrealist vision and derided by others as contentless pornography. La Bête was seen by many as a decline in the director's career after Dzieje grzechu, except in France, where it was hailed by prominent critics such as Ado Kyrou, his 1980 film Lulu was based on the eponymous character created by Frank Wedekind.
In 1981, he made Docteur Jekyll et les femmes, a version of the Jekyll and Hyde story starring Udo Kier and Patrick Magee and depicting Jekyll's transformation as a violent rebellion against the Victorian morality. In his 1988 book Nightmare Movies, Kim Newman described the film as "dark and interestingly offensive", he made a brief return to animation with his 1984 short film Scherzo infernal. In 1987, he directed Emmanuelle 5, an installment of the Emmanuelle series, released in a hardcore video-only version, he was unhappy with the project due to a dispute concerning the casting of lead actress Monique Gabrielle. In 1988 and 1990, he directed four episodes for the series Série rose: Les Chefs d’œuvre de la littérature érotique on M6. Many of Borowczyk's films use historical settings, including Ars Amandi: l'arte di amare, set in the time of Ovid. A number of his films were based on stories by André Pieyre de Mandiargues. A less usual product of this cooperation was Une collection particulière of 1973, a representation of Borowczyk's collection of pornographic items, with Mandiargues having written the narration.
Borowczyk was the author of two books. He died of heart failure in Paris in 2006, aged 82. Film Nominated: BAFTA Award for Best Animated Film — Dom Won: Special Jury Award for Best Short Film — Le concert de M. et Mme. Kabal Won: Special Mention Award for Best Short Film — Rosalie Won: Silver Berlin Bear for Best Short Film — Rosalie Won: Special Jury Prize — Rosalie Won: Interfilm Award — Théâtre de Monsieur & Madame Kabal Won: Interfilm Grand Prix — Blanche Nominated: Palme d'Or — Dzieje grzechu Won: Maria Award for Best Director — Docteur Jekyll et les femmes Boro, L'Île d'Amour, edited by Kamila Kuc, Kuba Mikurda, Michał Oleszczyk. ISBN 978-1-78238-701-5 Immoral Tales: European Sex & Horror Movies 1956-1984 by Cathal Tohill and Pete Tombs. ISBN 0-312-13519-X Nightmare Movies by Kim Newman. ISBN 0-517-57366-0 Unquiet Dreams: The Bestiary of Walerian Borowczyk, by Simon Strong, ISBN 0-9923021-6-1 Walerian Borowczyk: Cinema of Erotic Dreams, by Jeremy Mark Robinson, Crescent Moon Publisher 2008, ISBN 1-86171-230-8 Matthew Coniam.
"Angel Games: The Early Films of Walerian Borowczyk" in Andy Black, Necronomicon: The Journal of Horror and Erotic Cinema: Book Two, London: Creation Books, 1998, pp. 79–87. Walerian Borowczyk on IMDb Walerian Borowczyk and filmography a
Victory March (film)
Marcia trionfale is a 1976 Italian drama film written and directed by Marco Bellocchio. It was coproduced by West Germany. For this film Michele Placido was awarded with a Nastro d'Argento for best actor and with a special David di Donatello, it was shot in a disused barracks in Reggio Emilia. Franco Nero: Captain Asciutto Michele Placido: Paolo Passeri Miou-Miou: Rosanna Patrick Dewaere: Lt. Baio Nino Bignamini: Guancia Alessandro Haber: Belluomo Peter Berling Ekkehardt Belle Gisela Hahn List of Italian films of 1976 Victory March on IMDb
Il caso Pisciotta
Il caso Pisciotta is a 1972 Italian historical drama film written and directed by Eriprando Visconti. It is based on actual events involving Gaspare Pisciotta, lieutenant of the bandit Salvatore Giuliano, his death by poisoning in jail in 1954. Tony Musante: Francesco Scauri Carla Gravina: Gemma Salvo Randone: Don Ferdinando Cusimano Saro Urzì: Don Vincenzo Coluzzi Arturo Dominici: Michele Scauri Mico Cundari: D'Eusebio Michele Placido: Amerigo Lo Jacono Corrado Gaipa: direttore del carcere Duilio Del Prete: Agent Sciurti Nino Terzo: Rocco Minotti Renato Pinciroli: Salvatore Pisciotta Paolo Modugno: Gaspare Pisciotta Vittorio Mezzogiorno: Agent Beretta Antonio Casagrande: maresciallo Simonetta Stefanelli: Anna Il caso Pisciotta on IMDb
Italy the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 and has a temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe. Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has been home to a myriad of peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most famous of which being the Indo-European Italics who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era and Carthaginians founded colonies in insular Italy and Genoa, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively; the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People.
The Roman Republic conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, in some cases through the establishment of federations, the Republic expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's technology, economy and literature flourished. Italy remained the metropole of the Roman Empire; the legacy of the Roman Empire endured its fall and can be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments and the Latin script. During the Early Middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great prosperity through shipping and banking, laying the groundwork for modern capitalism.
These independent statelets served as Europe's main trading hubs with Asia and the Near East enjoying a greater degree of democracy than the larger feudal monarchies that were consolidating throughout Europe. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Machiavelli. During the Middle Ages, Italian explorers such as Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, John Cabot and Giovanni da Verrazzano discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Italy's commercial and political power waned with the opening of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, it was subsequently conquered and further divided by European powers such as France and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign control led to a period of revolutionary political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was entirely unified in 1871, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, Italy industrialised, namely in the north, acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite being one of the main victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. Following the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, reinstated democracy, enjoyed a prolonged economic boom and, despite periods of sociopolitical turmoil became a developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world's most culturally and economically advanced countries, with the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth. Its advanced economy ranks eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy owns the third-largest central bank gold reserve, it has a high level of human development, it stands among the top countries for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and a member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen Area and many more; as a reflection
Simonetta Stefanelli is an Italian actress and fashion designer. Internationally, she is best known for her performance as Apollonia Vitelli-Corleone in the 1972 film The Godfather, directed by Francis Ford Coppola, her other roles include appearances in Scandal in the Family and Three Brothers. In 1992, Stefanelli made her last film appearance in the drama Le amiche del cuore directed by her husband Michele Placido. Stefanelli was married to the actor/director Michele Placido, with whom she appeared in a number of films, including the 1975 erotic drama Peccati in famiglia, they had three children together, including actress Violante Placido, they divorced in 1994. Following their divorce and her children lived in London. A hoax stating that Stefanelli had died appeared on the Internet in 2006, again in 2008. Before appearing in The Godfather in 1972, Stefanelli had small supporting roles in numerous Italian films directed by renowned Italian directors — La moglie giapponese by Gian Luigi Polidoro, Non commettere atti impuri by Giulio Petroni, Homo Eroticus by Marco Vicario and In nome del popolo italiano by Dino Risi.
In 1972, she appeared in the German television film Die Sonne angreifen by Peter Lilienthal. The same year, she landed her breakout role in The Godfather as the innocent Apollonia Vitelli-Corleone, the beautiful but doomed first wife of Michael Corleone in the American crime film The Godfather, directed by Francis Ford Coppola, she was shown topless, although 17 when the film came out. Her character was featured in the 1977 miniseries The Godfather: A Novel for Television. In 1973, she posed nude in the Italian edition of Playboy, but refused a career in Hollywood, in order to avoid being typecast and required to do nudity, she explained during an interview in 1997 about the offers of Hollywood filmmakers: "They wanted nothing more than to expose my body... I refused so much work." She continued her career in Italy. In 1973, she filmed one picture in El mejor alcalde, el rey, directed by Rafael Gil; the following year, Stefanelli appeared in the miniseries Moses the Lawgiver, starring Burt Lancaster, Anthony Quayle and Ingrid Thulin.
She would have roles in numerous Italian films, including Peccati in famiglia, an erotic drama she starred opposite her husband Michele Placido. Eriprando Visconti, Walerian Borowczyk, Franco Castellano, Giuseppe Moccia and Mario Caiano are some of the directors she worked with. Stefanelli took a break from acting in the mid-1970s following her marriage and the birth of her daughter, Violante Placido, in 1976, she returned in the early 1980s to appear in Francesco Rosi's Tre fratelli. After appearing in Michele Placido's film Le amiche del cuore, Stefanelli ended her acting career in 1992, just one year before her daughter began her own acting career. After a hoax about her death surfaced online in 2007, Stefanelli stated that if a film project came along, she might take it. "But after my death, I don't know," she joked. Having quit her acting career in 1992, Stefanelli now owns and operates a fashion store in Rome called Simo Bloom, where she designs purses and shoes. Simonetta Stefanelli on IMDb
Big Business (1988 film)
Big Business is a 1988 American comedy film starring Bette Midler and Lily Tomlin. The movie revolves around two sets of identical female twins mismatched at birth, with one of each pair ending in a wealthy urban family and the other in a poor rural family, it was produced by Touchstone Pictures, with the plot loosely based on The Comedy of Errors by William Shakespeare. The film co-stars Fred Ward, Edward Herrmann, Joe Grifasi, Seth Green, as well as siblings Michael Gross and Mary Gross. Directed by Jim Abrahams, critical reaction to the film as a whole was lukewarm. Midler received an American Comedy Award in the category Funniest Actress in a Motion Picture for her performance, in 1989. In 1948, wealthy businessman Hunt Shelton and his pregnant wife are lost in rural West Virginia when Mrs. Shelton goes into labor near the town of Jupiter Hollow. At the local hospital, they are turned away, because it is for employees of Hollowmade, the local furniture maker. Mr. Shelton purchases the company on the spot, Mrs. Shelton is admitted.
The Ratliffs, an impoverished couple, arrive moments with Mrs. Ratliff in labor. Both women give birth to twin girls, the elderly nurse attending the doctor confuses and mixes up the sets of twins. Mr. Ratliff overhears the Sheltons deciding to name their daughters Rose and Sadie, suggests the same names to his wife. Forty years the Shelton sisters are now co-chairwomen of Moramax in New York City, a conglomerate, the successor to their father's business interests. Sadie Shelton is focused on her career to the detriment of her family, while Rose Shelton wishes for a simpler life in the country; as part of her business plan, Sadie plans to sell Hollowmade, but must get stockholders' approval to proceed. In Jupiter Hollow, Rose Ratliff has risen to the position of forewoman at the Hollowmade Factory, is very career-driven. Meanwhile, Sadie Ratliff has always felt misplaced in rural life, wishes for a more sophisticated life in a big city. Rose discovers Moramax's plans to sell Hollowmade, makes plans to travel to New York City to stop the sale.
Wanting to see the city, Sadie agrees to join her sister. While Sadie Shelton makes plans for the shareholders' meeting, she learns from her employee Graham Sherbourne that "R. Ratliff" plans to come to New York with his sister to stop the sale. Sadie orders Sherbourne to locate "R. Ratliff". A series of mixups at JFK Airport leaves the Shelton sisters stranded while the prospective buyer of Hollowmade, Mr. Fabio Alberici, takes their limousine back to the Plaza Hotel with the Ratliff sisters; the Ratliffs are checked into the Sheltons' suite, the Sheltons take the suite next door, leading to a series of near-misses between the four sisters, the men who are pursuing them romantically. In the meantime and his assistant/boyfriend assume that a visitor from Jupiter Hollow, Rose Ratliff's beau Roone Dimmick, is "R. Ratliff." All sisters discover their mixup in the lobby bathroom. After Sadie Shelton acts like she will call off the Hollowmade sale, Rose Ratliff calls her out on the strip mining plans.
Rose Shelton realizes that Sadie has been lying to her, helps the Ratliffs trap her in the broom closet. Rose Ratliff sits outside the broom closet to keep Sadie Shelton trapped, while Rose Shelton and Sadie Ratliff attend the shareholders' meeting and stop the sale of Hollowmade. Both sets of twins leave the Plaza hotel with their newfound loves; the movie was written for Barbra Streisand and Goldie Hawn. The plot is a coincidental and playful combination of three recognizable stories: Aesop's The Town Mouse and the Country Mouse, Mark Twain's The Prince and the Pauper, Shakespeare's Comedy of Errors; the production company could not get the rights to film at the actual Plaza Hotel in New York City, so it had the hotel recreated on sound stages. To recoup construction costs, Disney built. Jim Abrahams said he staged one of the boardroom scenes based on an experience he had when a large agency used many employees to get him to sign with them. Critical reaction to the film as a whole was lukewarm.
The review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reports that 40% of critics gave the film a positive rating, based on 15 reviews, with an average score of 4.88/10. Sheila Benson from The Los Angeles Times called Big Business a "bright whirligig of a movie" and added: "As you watch its buoyant hilarity, the intricacies flow smoothly as honey off a spoon Like a sensational party the night before, "Big Business" may not bear the closest scrutiny in the cold light of day, but it gives an irresistible glow at the time, and when it gets on a roll, it's a movie with more wit to its lines and a more pungent array of them than much of the mishmash that has passed as Bette Midler's Greatest Movie Hits." Philadelphia Daily News writer Ben Yagoda felt. Lily Tomlin and Bette Midler are a double dose of hilarity. Call out the National Guard — Big Business is a laugh riot". In his review for The New York Times, Vincent Canby remarked that Big Business, "though it never quite delivers the boffo payoff, is a most cheerful breezy summer farce, played to the hilt by two splendidly comic performers Sometimes do have trouble in characterizing the two sets of twins, allowing them to blend in such a way that the comic edge becomes blurred.
Yet the film moves at such a clip, with such uncommon zest, that it's good fun when the invention wears thin." Roger Ebert, writing for the Chicago Sun-Times, gave the film two out of four stars. He
Giuseppe Patroni Griffi
Giuseppe Patroni Griffi was an Italian playwright, screenwriter and author. He was born in Naples in an aristocratic family and moved to Rome after the end of World War II and spent his professional life there. Patroni Griffi is considered one of the most prominent contributors to Italian theater and film in post-war Italy. Roberto Rossellini made a movie from his play Anima nera, his first listed film writing credit was on the 1952 musical Canzoni di mezzo secolo. Patroni Griffi would direct Charlotte Rampling, Elizabeth Taylor, Marcello Mastroianni, Laura Antonelli, Florinda Bolkan, Terence Stamp, Fabio Testi. Patroni Griffi was involved with numerous television productions of lyric opera, including Verdi's La Traviata, his many theatrical productions include works by Pirandello, Eduardo De Filippo, Jean Cocteau and Tennessee Williams. As a writer, he published a first collection of stories in Ragazzo di Trastevere, he contributed to the body of Italian gay literature with Scende giù per Toledo and La morte della bellezza, both set in Naples.
He died in Rome. As a director, he is most noted for: Il Mare Metti una sera a cena Addio, fratello crudele Identikit with Elizabeth Taylor The Divine Nymph La gabbia La romana Tosca La traviata Films of Giuseppe Patroni Griffi Giuseppe Patroni Griffi on IMDb