The Mickey Mouse universe is a fictional shared universe, the setting for stories involving Disney cartoon characters Mickey and Minnie Mouse, Pluto and many other characters. The universe originated from the Mickey Mouse animated short films produced by Disney starting in 1928, but its first consistent version was created by Floyd Gottfredson in the Mickey Mouse newspaper comic strip. Real-world versions exist in Disneyland and Tokyo Disneyland, called Mickey's Toontown. Since 1990, the city in which Mickey lives is called Mouseton in American comics. In modern continuity, Mouseton is depicted as being located in the fictional U. S. state of Calisota, analogous to Northern California. This fictional state was invented by comics writer Carl Barks in 1952 as the location for Donald Duck's home city, Duckburg; the most consistent aspect of the Mickey Mouse universe is the characters. The most well-known include Mickey's girlfriend Minnie, pet dog Pluto, friends Goofy, Horace Horsecollar, Clarabelle Cow, nemesis Pete.
Some Disney productions incorporate characters from Disney's animated feature films, such as Bath Day, Mickey's Christmas Carol, – most extensively – Disney's House of Mouse. The term "Mickey Mouse universe" is not used by the Walt Disney Company, but it has been used by Disney comics author and animation historian David Gerstein; the Walt Disney Company uses terms such as Mickey & Friends or Mickey & the Gang to refer to the character franchise. The Mickey Mouse universe originated with the debut of Mickey himself in Plane Crazy. Although Mickey's stories included the character Pete, created in 1925, the world in which Mickey lives holds a continuity independent from earlier films. An exception to this was the reintroduction of Oswald the Lucky Rabbit in 2010 with the release of Epic Mickey. In 1930, Disney began a Mickey Mouse comic strip which expanded Mickey's world; the stories became a work of collaborative fiction with different writers working in different mediums. This sometimes caused continuity discrepancies.
For example, while Mickey and his friends live in the same contemporary setting, they sometimes appear in exotic settings including period pieces and fantasy films. One way the comics writers explained this discrepancy was to present the characters as "real" cartoon characters who are employed by Disney as actors. Walter J. Ong in his cultural research of Mickey Mouse and Americanism agreed with this opinion. In short, characters are less animal features in their characteristics; this understanding of the characters leading separate lives was welcomed by Walt Disney who when asked whether or not Mickey and Minnie were married, replied that the mice were indeed married in their "private lives", but that they sometimes appear as boyfriend and girlfriend for "screen purposes." In the World War II propaganda film The New Spirit, Donald Duck fills out his income tax and lists his occupation as "actor", the film The Three Musketeers includes a DVD bonus feature of the characters reminiscing on their experience filming the movie.
Animation historian David Gerstein has noted that although the characters will appear in different settings and sometimes change their names, the characters are still themselves and behave in a way consistent with their natures. Mickey Mouse series movies are for entertainment purpose. Differing from traditional stories like Aesop's Fables, Disney animation do not avoid adult or mature scenes. In Hawaiian Holiday, Goofy was in a scene of being in a grave. Disney arranged a laugh scene after that, its choice of scene creation can be seen as a signature of the attention to entertainment effort. In Plane Crazy, the first produced Mickey Mouse story, Mickey is seen at a farm. In all of his early films Mickey is in a rural setting, but most at a farm; this setting was succinctly presented in the first sentences of one of Mickey's first storybooks: "This story is about Mickey Mouse who lives in a cozy nest under the floor of the old barn. And it is about his friend Minnie Mouse whose home is safely hidden and warm, somewhere in the chicken house."
In the Mickey Mouse newspaper strip, Mickey's farm was most located in the midwestern United States, as indicated by characters' comments to have arrived "out west" to Death Valley and to go "back east" to conduct business, etc. This rural setting reflected Walt Disney's own childhood in Missouri and like Disney, Mickey moved to the city, although he never forgets his roots. Mickey sometimes makes references to his life "back on the farm." Mickey appeared in an urban setting as early as 1931 in the short film Traffic Troubles where he works as a taxi driver. Mickey's city was unnamed until 1932, when the comic story The Great Orphanage Robbery identified it as Silo Center; some Floyd Gottfredson stories called the city Hometown while other Gottfredson stories used the name Mouseville. But the first consistent name for Mickey's city came in 1950s Italy. In 1990, Disney Comics launched the new American comic Mickey Mouse Adventures and planned to use the name Mouseville there, but due to then-current Mighty Mouse cartoons' use of a city called Mouseville, the new name Mouseton was created for Mickey's town instead.
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Claude Silvestre, Count Colaud was a French Napoleonic general and senator. Colaud was born at Briançon on 12 December 1754. In 1801, for his military services, he was made a senator of the French Consulate by the First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte, he was made a Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour. He died in Paris on 4 December 1819, his name is inscribed on column five northern pillar of the Arc de Triomphe. Jensen, Nathan D. General Claude-Sylvestre Colaud, arcdetriomphe.info, retrieved March 2013 Six, Dictionnaire Biographique des Généraux & Amiraux Français de la Révolution et de l'Empire, Paris: Gaston Saffroy Thomas, Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology, 1, Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, p. 634
International Missing Children's Day is celebrated on May 25, the same day as the United States' National Missing Children's Day designated by Ronald Reagan in 1983. Launched in 1998 as a joint venture of the International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children and the US's National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, the Global Missing Children's Network is a network of countries that connect, share best practices, disseminate information and images of missing children to improve the effectiveness of missing children investigations; the Network has 29 member countries: Albania, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Costa Rica, Germany, Guatemala, Italy, Lithuania, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, Serbia, South Korea, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, the United States. Every year on May 25, GMCN members pay respects to International Missing Children's Day, honoring missing and abducted children while celebrating those who have been recovered. Following the 1979 disappearance of 6-year-old Etan Patz in New York City, May 25 was established as Missing Children's Day in the US by President Ronald Reagan in 1983.
In 2001, the tribute spread worldwide. ICMEC coordinates the Help Bring Them Home Campaign in 29 countries, in conjunction with International Missing Children's Day, to spotlight the issue of child abduction around the world, to suggest to parents some steps they can take to protect their children. International child abduction International child abduction in Mexico International child abduction in Japan The Government of Canada Highlights International Missing Children's Day and the Success of "Our Missing Children" Program Global effort launched to help bring missing children home International Missing Children's Day