A micronation is a political entity whose members claim that they belong to an independent nation or sovereign state lacking legal recognition by world governments or major international organizations. Most are geographically small, but range in size from a single square foot to millions of square miles, they are the outgrowth of a single individual. A micronation expresses a formal and persistent if unrecognized claim of sovereignty over some physical territory. Micronations are distinct from true secessionist movements. Several micronations have issued coins, postage stamps, passports and other state-related items as a source of revenue; some of what might now be considered micronations began in the 20th century. The advent of the Internet provided the means for people to create many new micronations, whose members are scattered all over the world and interact by electronic means calling their nations "nomadic countries"; the differences between such "Internet micronations", other kinds of social networking groups and role-playing games are difficult to define.
The term "micronation" to describe those entities dates at least to the 1970s. The term micropatriology is sometimes used to describe the study of both micronations and microstates by micronationalists, some of whom refer to sovereign nation-states as "macronations". Micronations contrast with microstates, which are small but recognized sovereign states such as Andorra, Luxembourg, San Marino and Vatican City, they are distinct from imaginary countries and from other kinds of social groups. Micronations have a number of common features, although these may vary widely, they may have a structure similar to established sovereign states, including territorial claims, government institutions, official symbols and citizens, albeit on a much smaller scale. Micronations are quite small, in both their claimed territory and claimed populations—although there are some exceptions to this rule, with different micronations having different methods of citizenship. Micronations may issue formal instruments such as postage stamps, coins and passports, bestow honours and titles of nobility.
The Montevideo Convention was one attempt to create a legal definition distinguishing between states and non-states. Some micronations meet this definition, while some do not, others reject the convention; some micronations like Sealand or Hutt River reject the term micronation and consider themselves as sovereign states. There are many different types of micronations. A list of the notable micronations is located at List of micronations. Operation Atlantis, an early 1970s New York–based libertarian group, built a concrete-hulled ship called Freedom, which they sailed to the Caribbean, intending to permanently anchor it as their "territory"; the ship sank in a hurricane and the project was abandoned. Republic of Minerva, another libertarian project that succeeded in building a small man-made island on the Minerva Reefs south of Fiji in 1972 before being invaded by troops from Tonga, who annexed it before destroying the island. Principality of Freedonia, a libertarian project that supported the Awdal Road Company's attempts to lease land from the Sultan of Awdal in Somaliland in 2001.
If the Awdal Road Company is able to build a road the Sultan of Awdal will give land to allow the ARC to create an economic free zone, some of that territory will be handed over to the Principality of Freedonia. After the men from Awdal Roads Company were deported following false allegations about the lease, resulting public dissatisfaction led to rioting, the reported death of a Somali. Republic of Rose Island, an artificial island constructed in 1968 by Italian architect Giorgio Rosa in the Adriatic Sea; the structure was built as a tourist attraction, but soon after it was finished, Rosa declared sovereignty. The Italian navy dynamited the structure the following year. Global Country of World Peace, "a country without borders for peace-loving people everywhere", was declared by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi in 2000, it made several attempts to lease land for a sovereign territory. It is now governed by Maharaja Tony Nader, its currency is the Raam and its capitals include Maharishi Vedic City and Vlodrop.
Asgardia, founded on October 12, 2016 by Igor Ashurbeyli, is a proposed nation based in outer space. Plans are for the country to be pacifist, have no official language, to hold a competition to design its flag and national anthem, to become part of the United Nations; as of 25 March 2017 over 169,327 people have signed up and become recognised members of the country. The Free Republic of Liberland, founded in 2015, claims a small parcel of land between Croatia and Serbia called Siga, it has its eastern border on the Danube. Because of the Croatia-Serbia border dispute some land is claimed by both countries and other parcels are claimed by neither, it has established formal relations with Somaliland. A small number of micronations are founded based on legal anomalies; these types of micronations are located on small territorial enclaves, generate limited economic activity founded on tourism and philatelic and numismatic sales, are tolerated or ignored by the nations from w
Reginald Alonzo Givens is a former American football linebacker in both the Canadian Football League and National Football League for the Baltimore Stallions, Toronto Argonauts, San Francisco 49ers and Washington Redskins. He played college football at Penn State University. Givens attended Sussex Central High School, where he was an All-American and Virginia's high school defensive player of the year in 1988, after registering over 100 tackles, he was a standout in basketball and track. He accepted a scholarship from Penn State University and became a starter at outside linebacker as a true freshman for the last 5 games of the season, a difficult achievement in a Joe Paterno coached team. What he lacked in size, he compensated with his speed and instincts, finishing with 38 tackles, 2 sacks, 2 passes defensed and 2 fumble recoveries; as a sophomore, he started nine games at sam linebacker, recording 47 tackles, 3 tackles for loss, 5 passes defensed, 2 sacks and one interception. As a junior, he started every game for a team that finished ranked third in the nation, posting 41 tackles, 2 sacks and 2 interceptions.
As a senior co-captain he posted 59 tackles, 7 tackles for loss, 7 passes defensed, 2 sacks and 2 forced fumbles. His best moment came when he was named the defensive MVP of the 1992 Fiesta Bowl in a 47-17 win against the University of Tennessee, after causing two crucial turnovers, including a fumble return for a 23-yard touchdown. After his career was over, Paterno told NFL scouts that Givens "was my best linebacker here since Jack Ham". Givens was selected by the Dallas Cowboys in the eighth round of the 1993 NFL Draft, after dropping because he was considered undersized for the linebacker position; because of his speed, he was tried both at linebacker and strong safety, before being waived on August 30. In 1994, he was signed by the Chicago Bears, before being released on August 18. In 1994, he signed with the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, he was released the next year. On August 9, 1995, he was signed by the Baltimore Stallions of the Canadian Football League, he was the backup of middle linebacker O. J. Brigance and was a part of the team that won the Grey Cup that season.
In 1996 he signed with the Toronto Argonauts, where he played at rush end. He won two straight Grey Cups with the team, his 182 fumble recovery yards in 1997, was a CFL single season record. In 1998 he signed with the San Francisco 49ers, where he was voted as a special teams captain in the two seasons he played with the club. Givens signed as a free agent with the Washington Redskins on April 13, 2000, he was cut on November 9. On July 29, 2002, he signed with the Toronto Argonauts, he was released the next year. The Ottawa Renegades convinced Givens to come out of retirement to play for them in 2004, he was released on March 30, 2005. Givens is a fitness and wellness coach with his own company Blitz Mobile Fitness, he is a real estate broker
Tokyo Lullaby is a 1997 Japanese film directed by Jun Ichikawa. Kyōzō Nagatsuka as Koichi Hamanaka Kaori Momoi as Tami Ohsawa Mitsuko Baisho as Hisako Hamanaka Satoko Abe as Tomomi Ito Kyoko Asagiri as Tami's step mother Tokue Hanazawa as Asakura's father Koba Hayashi as Hamanaka's father Takaya Kamikawa as Sadaji Asakawa Reiko Nanao as Hamanaka's mother Akira Oizumi as Tomomi's father 22nd Hochi Film Award Won: Best Supporting Actress - Mitsuko Baisho40th Blue Ribbon Awards Won: Best Actress - Kaori Momoi Won: Best Supporting Actress - Mitsuko BaishoKinema Junpo Awards Won: Best Actress - Kaori Momoi Won: Best Supporting Actress - Mitsuko BaishoMainichi Film Awards Won: Best Actress - Kaori Momoi Won: Best Supporting Actress - Mitsuko Baisho Tokyo Lullaby on IMDb
Sangamner is a city and a municipal council located in the Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra state in India. Situated on the Pravara River, it got its name because it is on the site of the sangam of three rivers in the area: Pravara and Adhala. Industries include a cloth market, educational facilities, a sugar factory and tobacco products known as Gaichap Jarda. Sangamner is located at 19.57°N 74.22°E / 19.57. It has an average elevation of 549 metres from mean sea level. Sangamner is the biggest settlement on NH 50 between Nashik, it is about 230 km from financial capital of Mumbai. On 15 August 2014, newly constructed bypass has been opened for traffic. In recent years the city outskirts has been developed tremendously. Kalsubai, the highest peak in Maharashtra is 68 km from Sangamner, it is largest market place in district after Ahemadnagar city. As of 2001 India census, Sangamner had a population of 51,806. Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. Sangamner has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, female literacy is 71%.
In Sangamner, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. The population of the town of Sangamner alone is 65,804 according to the 2011 Census of India, with class II status. Sangamner City Sangamner Sports Sangamner municipal Council
Jadhavwadi is a village of 2500 people in the Khanapur taluka of the Sangli district of Maharashtra, India. Khanpur- Bhud Road Gorewadi, Ainwadi Dhorale Khanapur Vita Bhood Lengare Devikhindi Jadhavwadi Village Information Village: Jadhavwadi, Taluka: Khanapur, District: Sangli, State: Maharashtra • Jadhavwadi is a village in Khanapur taluka of Sangli district of Maharashtra state. • District of Sangli is about 60 km away from Jadhavwadi village. • Location of Taluka from Jadhavwadi village is about 20 km. At the distance. • The area of Jadhavwadi village is about 1049.24 hectares. According to 2011 census, the total population of Jadhavwadi village is 1521. • As per the 2011 Census, 378 families live in Jadhavwadi village. According to 2011 census, 378 villages have a population of 719 and the number of females is 802. • All post offices in Jadhavwadi village. • Facility of ST bus for communication is in Jadhavwadi village. • There are no cooperative banks in Jadhavwadi village. • There are various executive societies in Jadhavwadi village.
There are no agricultural marketing societies in Jadhavwadi village. • There are savings groups in Jadhavwadi village. • There is no market place in Jadhavwadi village. There is no public library in Jadhavwadi village. • Receive newspapers in Jadhavwadi village
SS James Bennett Moore was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War II. She was named after James Bennett Moore, lost at sea while he was the 2nd assistant engineer on the freighter SS Massmar, after the convoy she was travelling in strayed into an Allied minefield 5 July 1942, off Greenland. James Bennett Moore was laid down on 15 December 1944, under a Maritime Commission contract, MC hull 2397, by J. A. Jones Construction, Georgia, she was allocated to the A. L. Burbank & Co. Ltd. on 31 January 1945. On 6 May 1948, she was laid up in the Hudson River Group. On 10 October 1949, she was withdrawn from the fleet to be loaded with grain, she returned loaded on 19 October 1949. On 17 August 1950, she was withdrawn to be unload and refilled, she returned on 1 September 1950, reloaded. On 14 March 1951, she withdrew again to be unloaded but it is unclear when she returned, her status card refers to her being sent for repairs on 29 March 1951, her being transferred to the Mobile Reserve Fleet on 2 June 1952.
On 12 March 1971, she was sold for scrapping. She was removed from the fleet on 14 June 1971