Monaco City is the southcentral ward in the Principality of Monaco. Located on a headland that extends into the Mediterranean Sea, it is nicknamed The Rock; the name "Monaco City" is misleading: it is not itself a city, but a historical and statistical district. Monaco City is one of the four traditional quarters of Monaco. Monaco-Ville is located at 43°44′15″N 7°24′55″E and has an estimated population of 975. Monaco City was called in greek Monoikos, after the temple of Hercules Monoikos, located in a Phocaean colony of the 6th century BCE. During its history, Monoikos changed hands numerous times, it became Monaco in the Middle Ages. Some of the city walls and original structures still remain. In 1297, the Rock was seized by a member of the House of Grimaldi; the Grimaldis made the old fortress their residence. The fortress evolved into the Palais Princier, the official residence of Albert II, Prince of Monaco. Despite being located in the middle of the City of Monaco, the world's most densely populated urban center, Monaco City remains a medieval village at heart, made up entirely of quiet pedestrian streets and marked by virtual silence after sundown.
Though innumerable people visit Monaco City and the palace square, only local vehicles are allowed up to the Rock, gasoline-powered motorcycles are prohibited after 10 pm. Prince's Palace of Monaco; the colorful changing of the guard occurs every day outside the Palais at 11:55 am. Cathedral of Our Lady Immaculate, a Romanesque-Byzantine Catholic church that contains the remains of many members of Monaco's ruling family; the Oceanographic Museum, established by Albert I, Prince of Monaco in 1910. Chapel of Mercy, built in one of the oldest buildings in the principality, it is famous for being the starting point of a torchlit religious procession by local residents that takes place on the eve of Good Friday each year. St Martin Gardens, a small park of rocky paths that cling to the rock. Museum of the Chapel of Visitation, a 17th-century Roman Catholic chapel and art museum. Fort Antoine Theatre, an amphitheater at the bottom of the rock. Geography of Monaco with suburbs and features Media related to Monaco-Ville at Wikimedia Commons
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Europe and Africa. Asia covers an area of 44,579,000 square kilometres, about 30% of Earth's total land area and 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area. The continent, which has long been home to the majority of the human population, was the site of many of the first civilizations. Asia is notable for not only its overall large size and population, but dense and large settlements, as well as vast populated regions, its 4.5 billion people constitute 60% of the world's population. In general terms, Asia is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean, on the north by the Arctic Ocean; the border of Asia with Europe is a historical and cultural construct, as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. It has moved since its first conception in classical antiquity.
The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East–West cultural and ethnic differences, some of which vary on a spectrum rather than with a sharp dividing line. The most accepted boundaries place Asia to the east of the Suez Canal separating it from Africa. China and India alternated in being the largest economies in the world from 1 to 1800 CE. China was a major economic power and attracted many to the east, for many the legendary wealth and prosperity of the ancient culture of India personified Asia, attracting European commerce and colonialism; the accidental discovery of a trans-Atlantic route from Europe to America by Columbus while in search for a route to India demonstrates this deep fascination. The Silk Road became the main east–west trading route in the Asian hinterlands while the Straits of Malacca stood as a major sea route. Asia has exhibited economic dynamism as well as robust population growth during the 20th century, but overall population growth has since fallen. Asia was the birthplace of most of the world's mainstream religions including Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Sikhism, as well as many other religions.
Given its size and diversity, the concept of Asia—a name dating back to classical antiquity—may have more to do with human geography than physical geography. Asia varies across and within its regions with regard to ethnic groups, environments, historical ties and government systems, it has a mix of many different climates ranging from the equatorial south via the hot desert in the Middle East, temperate areas in the east and the continental centre to vast subarctic and polar areas in Siberia. The boundary between Asia and Africa is the Red Sea, the Gulf of Suez, the Suez Canal; this makes Egypt a transcontinental country, with the Sinai peninsula in Asia and the remainder of the country in Africa. The border between Asia and Europe was defined by European academics; the Don River became unsatisfactory to northern Europeans when Peter the Great, king of the Tsardom of Russia, defeating rival claims of Sweden and the Ottoman Empire to the eastern lands, armed resistance by the tribes of Siberia, synthesized a new Russian Empire extending to the Ural Mountains and beyond, founded in 1721.
The major geographical theorist of the empire was a former Swedish prisoner-of-war, taken at the Battle of Poltava in 1709 and assigned to Tobolsk, where he associated with Peter's Siberian official, Vasily Tatishchev, was allowed freedom to conduct geographical and anthropological studies in preparation for a future book. In Sweden, five years after Peter's death, in 1730 Philip Johan von Strahlenberg published a new atlas proposing the Urals as the border of Asia. Tatishchev announced; the latter had suggested the Emba River as the lower boundary. Over the next century various proposals were made until the Ural River prevailed in the mid-19th century; the border had been moved perforce from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea into which the Ural River projects. The border between the Black Sea and the Caspian is placed along the crest of the Caucasus Mountains, although it is sometimes placed further north; the border between Asia and the region of Oceania is placed somewhere in the Malay Archipelago.
The Maluku Islands in Indonesia are considered to lie on the border of southeast Asia, with New Guinea, to the east of the islands, being wholly part of Oceania. The terms Southeast Asia and Oceania, devised in the 19th century, have had several vastly different geographic meanings since their inception; the chief factor in determining which islands of the Malay Archipelago are Asian has been the location of the colonial possessions of the various empires there. Lewis and Wigen assert, "The narrowing of'Southeast Asia' to its present boundaries was thus a gradual process." Geographical Asia is a cultural artifact of European conceptions of the world, beginning with the Ancient Greeks, being imposed onto other cultures, an imprecise concept causing endemic contention about what it means. Asia does not correspond to the cultural borders of its various types of constituents. From the time of Herodotus a minority of geographers have rejected the three-continent system on the grounds that there is no substantial physical separation between
Niue is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean, 2,400 kilometres northeast of New Zealand, east of Tonga, south of Samoa, west of the Cook Islands. Niue's land area is about 261 square kilometres and its population, predominantly Polynesian, was about 1,600 in 2016; the island is referred to as "The Rock", which comes from the traditional name "Rock of Polynesia". Niue is one of the world's largest coral islands; the terrain of the island has two noticeable levels. The higher level is made up of a limestone cliff running along the coast, with a plateau in the centre of the island reaching 60 metres high above sea level; the lower level is a coastal terrace 0.5 km wide and about 25–27 metres high, which slopes down and meets the sea in small cliffs. A coral reef surrounds the island, with the only major break in the reef being in the central western coast, close to the capital, Alofi. A notable feature are the many limestone caves near the coast. Niue is a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand.
Niueans are citizens of New Zealand, Queen Elizabeth II is head of state in her capacity as Queen of New Zealand. Between 90% and 95% of Niuean people live in New Zealand, along with about 70% of the speakers of the Niuean language. Niue is a bilingual country, with 30% of the population speaking both Niuean and English, though the percentage of monolingual English-speaking people is only 11%, while 46% are monolingual Niuean speakers. Niue is not a member of the United Nations, but UN organisations have accepted its status as a freely-associated state as equivalent to independence for the purposes of international law; as such, Niue is a member of some UN specialised agencies, is invited, alongside the other non-UN member state, the Cook Islands, to attend United Nations conferences open to "all states". Niue has been a member of the Pacific Community since 1980. Niue is subdivided into 14 villages; each village has a village council. The villages are at the same time electoral districts. A small and democratic nation, Niueans hold legislative elections every 3 years.
The Niue Integrated Strategic Plan, adopted in 2003, is the national development plan, setting national priorities for development in areas such as financial sustainability. Since the late 20th century Niue has become a leader in green growth. In January 2004, Niue was hit by Cyclone Heta, which caused extensive damage to the island, including wiping out most of South Alofi; the disaster set the island back about two years from its planned timeline to implement the NISP, since national efforts concentrated on recovery. Polynesians from Samoa settled Niue around 900 AD. Further settlers arrived from Tonga in the 16th century; until the beginning of the 18th century, Niue appears to have had no national government or national leader. Around 1700 the concept and practice of kingship appears to have originated through contact with the Tongans who settled around the 1600s. A succession of patu-iki ruled. Tui-toga, who reigned from 1875 to 1887, was the first Christian king; the first Europeans to sight Niue sailed under Captain James Cook in 1774.
Cook made three attempts to land. He named the island "Savage Island" because, as legend has it, the natives who "greeted" him were painted in what appeared to be blood; the substance on their teeth was a native red fe'i banana. For the next couple of centuries, Niue was known as Savage Island until its original name, Niuē, which translates as "behold the coconut", regained use; the next notable European visitors represented the London Missionary Society. After many years of trying to land a European missionary, a Niuean named Nukai Peniamina went with his friend, Niumaga, to Samoa and trained as a pastor at the Malua Theological College. Peniamina returned in 1846 on the John Williams as a missionary with the help of Toimata Fakafitifonua, he was allowed to land in Uluvehi Mutalau after a number of attempts in other villages had failed. The chiefs of Mutalau village allowed him to land and assigned over 60 warriors to protect him day and night at the fort in Fupiu. In July 1849 Captain John Erskine visited the island in HMS Havannah.
Christianity was first taught to the Mutalau people. Other major villages opposed the introduction of Christianity and had sought to kill Peniamina; the people from the village of Hakupu, although the last village to receive Christianity and asked for a "word of God". In 1889 the chiefs and rulers of Niue, in a letter to Queen Victoria, asked her "to stretch out towards us your mighty hand, that Niue may hide herself in it and be safe". After expressing anxiety lest some other nation should take possession of the island, the letter continued: "We leave it with you to do as seems best to you. If you send the flag of Britain, well; the British did not take up the offer. In 1900 a petition by the Cook Islanders asking for annexation included Niue "if possible". In a document dated 19 October 1901, the "King" and Chiefs of Niue consented to "Queen Victoria taking
San Marino the Republic of San Marino known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino, is an enclaved microstate surrounded by Italy, situated on the Italian Peninsula on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains. Its size is just over 61 km2, with a population of 33,562, its capital is the City of San Marino and its largest settlement is Dogana in the municipality of Serravalle. San Marino has the smallest population of all the members of the Council of Europe. With Italian being the official language, along with strong financial and ethno-cultural connections, San Marino maintains close ties to its much larger neighbour; the country derives its name from Saint Marinus, a stonemason originating from the Roman colony on the island of Rab, in modern-day Croatia. In AD 257, according to legend, participated in the reconstruction of Rimini's city walls after their destruction by Liburnian pirates. Marinus went on to found an independent monastic community on Monte Titano in AD 301. San Marino is governed by the Constitution of San Marino, a series of six books written in Latin in the late 16th century, that dictate the country's political system, among other matters.
The country is considered to have the earliest written governing documents, or constitution, still in effect. The country's economy relies on finance, industry and tourism, it is among one of the wealthiest countries in the world in terms of GDP, with a figure comparable to the most developed European regions. San Marino is considered to have a stable economy, with one of the lowest unemployment rates in Europe, no national debt and a budget surplus, has the world's highest rate of car ownership, being the only country with more vehicles than people. San Marino is one of the only three countries in the world to be surrounded by a single other country, it is the third smallest country in Europe, with only Vatican Monaco being smaller. It is the fifth smallest country in the world. Saint Marinus left the island of Rab in present-day Croatia with his lifelong friend Leo, went to the city of Rimini as a stonemason. After the Diocletianic Persecution following his Christian sermons, he escaped to the nearby Monte Titano, where he built a small church and thus founded what is now the city and state of San Marino, sometimes still called the "Titanic Republic".
The official date of the founding of what is now known as the Republic is 3 September 301. In 1320 the community of Chiesanuova chose to join the country. In 1463 San Marino was extended with the communities of Faetano, Fiorentino and Serravalle, after which the country's border have remained unchanged. In 1631, its independence was recognized by the Papacy; the advance of Napoleon's army in 1797 presented a brief threat to the independence of San Marino, but the country was saved from losing its liberty thanks to one of its Regents, Antonio Onofri, who managed to gain the respect and friendship of Napoleon. Thanks to his intervention, Napoleon, in a letter delivered to Gaspard Monge and commissary of the French Government for Science and Art, promised to guarantee and protect the independence of the Republic offering to extend its territory according to its needs; the offer was declined by the Regents. During the phase of the Italian unification process in the 19th century, San Marino served as a refuge for many people persecuted because of their support for unification.
In recognition of this support, Giuseppe Garibaldi accepted the wish of San Marino not to be incorporated into the new Italian state. The government of San Marino made United States President Abraham Lincoln an honorary citizen, he wrote in reply, saying that the republic proved that "government founded on republican principles is capable of being so administered as to be secure and enduring."During World War I, when Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary on 23 May 1915, San Marino remained neutral and Italy adopted a hostile view of Sammarinese neutrality, suspecting that San Marino could harbour Austrian spies who could be given access to its new radiotelegraph station. Italy tried to forcibly establish a detachment of Carabinieri in the republic and cut the republic's telephone lines when it did not comply. Two groups of ten volunteers joined Italian forces in the fighting on the Italian front, the first as combatants and the second as a medical corps operating a Red Cross field hospital.
The existence of this hospital caused Austria-Hungary to suspend diplomatic relations with San Marino. Following the conclusion of World War I, San Marino suffered from high rates of unemployment and inflation, leading to increased tensions between the lower and middle classes; the latter, fearing that the moderate government of San Marino would make concessions to the lower class majority, began to show support for the Sammarinese Fascist Party, founded in 1922 and styled off their Italian counterpart. PFS rule lasted from 1923 to 1943, during this time, they sought support from Benito Mussolini's fascist government in Italy. During World War II, San Marino remained neutral, although it was wrongly reported in an article from The New York Times that it had declared war on the United Kingdom on 17 September 19
Basseterre is the capital and largest city of Saint Kitts and Nevis with an estimated population of 14,000 in 2018. Geographically, the Basseterre port is located at 17°18′N 62°44′W, on the south western coast of Saint Kitts Island, it is one of the chief commercial depots of the Leeward Islands; the city lies within Saint George Basseterre Parish. Basseterre is one of the oldest towns in the Eastern Caribbean. Basseterre was founded in 1627 under Sieur Pierre Belain d'Esnambuc, it served as the capital of the French colony of Saint-Christophe, which consisted of the northern and southern extremities of the island of St. Kitts; when Phillippe de Longvilliers de Poincy was made the French governor of St. Kitts in 1639, the town turned into a large, successful port, commanding Eastern Caribbean trade and colonisation. De Poincy quickly made Basseterre capital of the entire French West Indies colony, which included the islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique, remained so until his death in 1660; the city was made capital of the entire island of St. Kitts in 1727, following French expulsion from the island and full British control.
The city of Basseterre has one of the most tragic histories of any Caribbean capital, destroyed many times by colonial wars, earthquakes, floods and hurricanes. Despite all of this, a considerable number of well-restored buildings still exist in downtown Basseterre. Most of the city structures were built after the great fire of 1867; the Circus was modelled after Piccadilly Circus, the fountain in the center was built in 1883, dedicated to The Honourable Thomas Berkeley Hardtman Berkeley, the father of Henry Spencer Berkeley. The city of Basseterre skirts a 2-mile bay on the southwestern shore of Basseterre Bay; the city lies within the large Basseterre Valley completely surrounded by lush green hills and mountains. It is low-lying, one explanation for the name which the French gave unto it, as Basseterre translates to "low land" in English. However, the name Basseterre is due to the fact that the island is on the lee of winds of the island, is thus a safe anchorage; the name Capesterre, given to the region to the North, was dubbed.
Basseterre is surrounded by the Olivees Mountains to the north and the Conaree-Morne peaks to the east. The city is drained by the College River and the Westbourne River, which are locally known as "ghauts" and are dry most of the year, they form streets in downtown Basseterre. This engineering folly has proven quite disastrous though, as College River has been the scene of many disastrous floods in Basseterre history. Port Zante, located in the centre of the bay, lies on 15 acres of land reclaimed from the sea in 1995. Under the Köppen climate classification, Basseterre features a tropical rainforest climate; as is the characteristic of cities with this climate, temperatures remain constant throughout the course of the year, with temperatures averaging 27 °C year-round. Basseterre has no dry season. On average, 1700 mm of rain falls on the city annually. Basseterre is a small town, laid out in a grid pattern, it has four main streets running west to east, they are listed here in sequence from south to north: Bay Road, Liverpool Row, Central Street, Cayon Street.
The main street running north to south is Fort Street/Bank Street, home to the bulk of the island's main shops and banks. The city has 2 centres, at The Circus, geared towards tourism, the Independence Square, which contains the cathedral and most of the older buildings. Basseterre is the main industrial centre of St. Kitts, it is the country's main port of entry for both sea and air travel, as well as the road and rail transport hub. It houses the administration buildings for the federal government, it houses the headquarters of the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank, as well as the headquarters for many other regional financial institutions. Despite its small size, Basseterre played host to Carifesta VII in 2000, outbidding rivals many times its size; the city was able to outbid the United States of America to host matches for the 2007 World Cricket Cup. The Warner Park Sporting Complex was the site of the allocated first round matches of the tournament; this made St. Kitts and Nevis the smallest country in the world to host a World Cup event.
Basseterre is home to two private, for-profit medical institutions founded by Robert Ross: Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine and the International University of Nursing. The city has four secondary schools, two of which are government-owned, two are private schools. Independence Square The Circus St. George's Anglican Church Basseterre Co-Cathedral of Immaculate Conception The Cenotaph St. Kitts Heritage Society National Museum of Saint Kitts Amina Craft Market Public Market St. Kitts Sugar Factory Museum Warner Park Sporting Complex Pelican Shopping Mall Queen Victoria Statue Roundabout Basseterre National Park Fort Thomas Springfield Cemetery and Chapel There are a large number of Christian churches in the city for its size. Most are Protestant, due to British colonization; the Anglican called the "Church of England" has the largest number of members, followed by the Methodist. Other Protestant denominations include Moravian, Church of God, Seventh-day Adventist, Jehovah's Witness, Rivers of Living
Majuro is the capital and largest city of the Marshall Islands. It is a large coral atoll of 64 islands in the Pacific Ocean, it forms a legislative district of the Ratak Chain of the Marshall Islands. The atoll encloses a lagoon of 295 square kilometres; as with other atolls in the Marshall Islands, Majuro consists of narrow land masses. The main population center, Delap-Uliga-Djarrit, is made up of three contiguous motus and has a population of 20,301 people as of 2012. Majuro has a port, shopping district, an international airport. At the western end of the atoll, about 50 kilometres from D–U–D by road, is the island community of Laura, an expanding residential area with a popular beach. Laura has the highest elevation point on the atoll, estimated at less than 3 metres above sea level. Djarrit is residential. Being north of the Equator, Majuro has a tropical rainforest climate but not an equatorial climate because trade winds are prevailing throughout the year though they are interrupted during the summer months by the movement of the Intertropical Convergence Zone across the area.
Typhoons are rare. Temperatures are consistent throughout the course of the year with average temperatures around 27 °C. Does the temperature fall below 21 °C. Majuro sees 3,200 millimetres of precipitation annually. Humans have inhabited the atoll for at least 2,000 years. Majuro Atoll was claimed by the German Empire with the rest of the Marshall Islands in 1884, the Germans established a trading post; as with the rest of the Marshalls, Majuro was captured by the Imperial Japanese Navy in 1914 during World War I and mandated to the Empire of Japan by the League of Nations in 1920. The island became a part of the Japanese mandated territory of Nanyo. On January 30, 1944, United States troops invaded, but found that Japanese forces had evacuated their fortifications to Kwajalein and Enewetak about a year earlier. A single Japanese warrant officer had been left as a caretaker. With his capture, the islands were secured; this gave the U. S. Navy use of one of the largest anchorages in the Central Pacific.
The lagoon became a large forward naval base of operations and was the largest and most active port in the world until the war moved westward when it was supplanted by Ulithi. Following World War II, Majuro came under the control of the United States as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, it supplanted Jaluit Atoll as the administrative center of the Marshall Islands, a status that it retains after the independence of the Marshall Islands in 1986. The major population centers are the D–U–D communities: the islets of Delap–Uliga–Djarrit; as of 2011, Majuro had a population of 27,797. Most of the population is Christian; the majority follows the United Church of Christ. The Cathedral of the Assumption of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of the Marshall Islands is located in Majuro. Islamic influence has been increasing. There is a sizable number of Ahmadi Muslims; the first mosque opened in Majuro in September 2012. There are LDS churches, Baptist churches, Seventh-Day Adventist churches, the Salvation Army.
Majuro's economy is driven by the service sector. On September 15, 2007, Witon Barry, of the Tobolar Copra processing plant in the Marshall Islands' capital of Majuro, said power authorities, private companies and entrepreneurs had been experimenting with coconut oil as an alternative to diesel fuel for vehicles, power generators and ships. Coconut trees abound in the Pacific's tropical islands. Copra from 6 to 10 coconuts makes 1 litre of oil. Air Marshall Islands has its headquarters in Majuro; the College of the Marshall Islands is located in Uliga. The University of South Pacific has a presence on Majuro. Marshall Islands Public School System operates public schools. High schools: The Marshall Islands High School is near the north end of Majuro. Laura High School Life Skills AcademyPrimary schools: Ajeltake Elementary School Delap Elementary School DUD Kindergarten Ejit Elementary School Laura Elementary School Long Island Elementary School Majuro Middle School Rairok Elementary School Rita Elementary School Uliga Elementary School Woja Maj.
Elementary SchoolIn the 1994-1995 school year Majuro had 10 private elementary schools and six private high schools. There is a Seventh Day Adventist High School and Elementary School in Delap, where English is taught to all students. There is a Seventh Day Adventist Elementary school in Laura. Majuro Hospital has 81 beds, it is the main hospital for Majuro, as well as many of the outer islands. The Majuro Water and Sewer Company obtains water from a catchment basin on the International Airport runway, it supplies 14 US gallons per person per day. This compares with New York City's 118 US gallons per person per day. Water is supplied 12 hours daily; the threat of drought is commonplace. Marshall Islands International Airport, offering domestic and international services, is on Majuro Atoll, it is served by four passenger airlines: United Airlines, Nauru Airlines, Air Marshall Islands, Asia Pacific Airlines. Air Marshall Islands flies to most of the Marshalls' inhabited atolls once a week, it offers daily service between Majuro and Kwajalein except Thur
City of San Marino
The City of San Marino is the capital city of the Republic of San Marino, Southern Europe. The city has a population of 4,044, it is on the western slopes of Monte Titano. Although not the capital, most of the businesses are in Borgo Maggiore, it is the third largest city in the country, after Borgo Maggiore. It borders the San Marino municipalities Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore and Chiesanuova and the Italian municipality San Leo. Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj San Marino is centered here. Due to its being the capital and the only city in San Marino, the history of this city is the same as the History of San Marino. For more information on that topic, see that article; the city was founded by Saint Marinus and several Christian refugees in the year 301. From on the city became a center of Christian refugees who fled from Roman persecution; the urban heart of the city was protected by three towers: the first, constructed in the 11th century, was famous for being impenetrable, which to a great extent discouraged attacks on the city.
Due to the Crusades, it was felt necessary to construct Cesta. But the Sanmarinense defensive system was not completed until the construction of a third tower, the Montale - the smallest of all and constructed on the last of the summits of Monte Titano. With the population of the city increasing, the territory of the country was extended by a few square kilometers. Since the Sanmarinese policy was not to invade or to use war to obtain new territories, it was by means of purchases and treaties that San Marino obtained the other eight castelli which make up San Marino; the City of San Marino has the following 7 parishes or wards: Cà Berlone, Casole, Montalbo, Santa Mustiola The economy of the city of San Marino has always been bound to that of the country. Until the main economic activities of the locality were stone extraction and carving. Today, there is a more varied economy, including tourism, sale of postage stamps, a small agricultural industry, although the latter is in decline; the city is visited by more than three million people per year, has developed progressively as a tourist centre.
Of the tourists, 85% are Italian. There are more than a thousand retail outlets, where one can find a great variety of products. Basilica di San Marino Palazzo dei Capitani Palazzo Pubblico The Three Towers of San Marino Piazza del Titano Piazza Garibaldi Monastery of Santa Clara Grand Hotel San Marino The town is known for its long, winding cobblestoned streets, as its altitude and steep approach put it beyond the reach of the San Marino Superhighway. San Marino is notable in that cars are prohibited in much of the town center. Before the Second World War, a railway was built from San Marino to Rimini under the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini, its tunnels, the railway station'Piazzale Lo Stradone', still exist. Proposals for the reopening of this railway have been presented to the government on several occasions, but thus far without action. There is a regular bus service to Rimini, a 1.5 kilometres cable car line connects the capital with Borgo Maggiore. A series of lifts connects the upper part of town with the lower.
The city of San Marino has two football teams: the S. S. Murata and the S. P. Tre Penne; the city had the Olympic Flame pass through San Marino during the run-up to the 2006 Winter Olympics. City of San Marino is twinned with: San Leo, Italy Rab, Croatia Rønne, Denmark Scranton, United States Media related to San Marino at Wikimedia Commons San Marino's page on giuntedicastello.sm