Millbrook, New York
Millbrook is a village in Dutchess County, New York, United States. Millbrook is located in the Hudson Valley, on the east side of the Hudson River, 90 miles north of New York City. Millbrook is near the center of the Town of Washington; as of the 2010 Census, Millbrook's population was 1,452. It is referred to as a low-key version of the Hamptons and is one of the most affluent villages in New York. Millbrook is part of the Poughkeepsie–Newburgh–Middletown Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the larger New York–Newark–Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.901 square miles, of which 1.9 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,429 people, 678 households, 361 families residing in the village; the population density was 764.3 people per square mile. There were 744 housing units at an average density of 397.90 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 95.90% White, 2.70% African American, 0.20% Asian, 0.30% from other races, 1.00% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.00% of the population. There were 678 households out of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 46.8% were non-families. 40.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.88. In the village, the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, 21.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males. The median income for a household in the village was $68,552, the median income for a family was $96,473. Males had a median income of $67,917 versus $57,400 for females; the per capita income for the village was $49,114. About 1.0% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 1.9% of those age 65 or over.
Millbrook is the site of the Hitchcock Estate, which Timothy Leary made a nexus of the psychedelic movement in the 1960s and where he conducted research and wrote "The Psychedelic Experience". Dutchess Day School Millbrook Central School District Millbrook High School, New York Millbrook School Saint Joseph's Catholic School Upton Lake Christian Academy Cardinal Hayes School Millbrook Community Preschool at Grace ChurchMillbrook was the location of the campus of the former Bennett College, which closed in 1978. Mary Flagler Cary Arboretum Innisfree Garden Nine Partners Meeting House Rocky Reef Trebuchet Wing Castle Millbrook is served by Dutchess County Public Transit's route "D" bus. Oakleigh Thorne, July 31, 1866 − May 23, 1948), was an American businessperson, a publisher of tax guides, a banker, a philanthropist. Died after a fall on his property in Millbrook called Thornedale. Former President of the Village of Millbrook Oakleigh Thorne, president and CEO of Gogo an inflight internet company, CEO of Thorndale Farm LLC, great-grandson of Oakleigh Thorne Liam Neeson, actor James Gorman, CEO Morgan Stanley John Wesley Hanes II, investment banker and corporate turnaround specialist who served as Under Secretary of the United States Treasury and was President of the New York Racing Association and a Thoroughbred racehorse owner and breeder named an Exemplar of Racing Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr.
Congressman Chauncey Devereux Stillman, grandson of James Stillman, president of what became Citigroup Richard Migliore, 2005 Jockey of the Year. He was arrested here by G. Gordon Liddy an Assistant District Attorney for Dutchess County New York. Charles F. Dieterich, German-born acetylene gas mogul and a founder of Union Carbide. William Mellon "Billy" Hitchcock, Tommy Hitchcock III, Margaret Mellon "Peggy" Hitchcock and heirs to the Mellon fortune owned an estate in Millbrook. Walter C. Teagle, Standard Oil President Courtney King Dye, represented the U. S. in the 2007 World Cup in Las Vegas, the 2008 World Cup in The Netherlands, the 2008 Beijing Olympics Mary Tyler Moore, actress Mindy Grossman, CEO of Weight Watchers Millbrook information city-data.com entry Millbrook Free Library Millbrook Fire Department The Millbrook Independent
Putnam County, New York
Putnam County is a county located in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 99,710; the county seat is Carmel. Putnam County formed in 1812 from Dutchess County and is named for Israel Putnam, a hero in the French and Indian War and a general in the American Revolutionary War. Putnam County is included in the New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is located in the lower Hudson River Valley. Midtown Manhattan is around a one-hour drive, Grand Central Terminal is 1 hour, 20 minute train ride from the county, it is one of the most affluent counties in America, ranked 7th by median household income, 43rd by per-capita income, according to the 2012 American Community Survey and 2009-2013 American Community Survey, respectively. In 1609, a Native American people called the Wappinger inhabited the east bank of the Hudson River, they farmed and fished throughout their range encountering Dutch fur traders. They obtained metal goods such as alcohol and firearms in exchange for furs.
The colonial Province of New York and the Connecticut Colony negotiated an agreement on November 28, 1683, establishing their border as 20 miles east of the Hudson River, north to Massachusetts. Dutchess county was organized as one of New York's twelve counties, it included two towns in the present Columbia county. Until 1713, Dutchess was administered by Ulster county. In 1691, a group of Dutch traders purchased a tract of land from the Wappingers that spanned from the Hudson River to the Connecticut border. Six years they sold it to wealthy Dutch-American merchant Adolphus Philipse, who obtained a Royal sanction for a "Highland Patent" that encompassed most of today's Putnam County. Unknown at that time was a veer in the river's path to the northwest at the Hudson Highlands; this generated a dispute over a 2-mile-wide section of border between northern Westchester County and then-Dutchess counties and the Connecticut Colony. In 1737, the New York Colonial Assembly designated the Philipse Patent as the South Precinct of Dutchess County.
The Philipses began leasing farms to migrants from Massachusetts, Long Island, lower Westchester. After Adolph Philipse's death, the Patent was divided in 1754 into nine lots granted to three heirs: Mary Philipse, Philip Philipse, Susannah Philipse Robinson. During the French and Indian War, many of the Wappinger went to Massachusetts. Compared to other parts of the Hudson Valley, Putnam County had slow settlement, it was owned and settlement was limited to tenant farmers willing to pay the Philipse family for leases. Secondly, it was hilly and rocky, making it unappealing to men looking for tillable cropland, its use was limited to dairy farming and wood cutting. The first non-tenant settlers in the county were along its eastern edge; the ambiguous border with Connecticut attracted farmers from New England. They assumed. Among early settlers were the Hayt family, which built a farm called The Elm in 1720. Jacob Haviland settled in the Oblong in 1731 in; the first village in the county was Fredericksburg, now the hamlet of Patterson.
During the Revolution, the Philipses stayed loyal to the Crown. As a consequence, their lands were confiscated by the New York government, it sold the Philipse Patent along with the rest of their holdings. The dispute over The Oblong was resolved in the aftermath of the war, with the settled tract being incorporated as the first of two versions of the Town of Southeast. Resolved were two "Gores", the Beekman Gore and the Rombout Gore, which being geographically similar to the Livingston and Beekman patents they abutted, were ceded by the Philipses to Dutchess County in 1758 and 1771 respectively. Due to the increasing population of the Southern Precinct of Dutchess County and the great distance of these communities from the county seat, Putnam was split from Dutchess in 1812, it was organized as an independent county. It encompassed all of the Philipse Patent and the Oblong abutting it, less a triangular area in the farthest northwest reach of the Patent. There, a lowland near Fishkill Creek isolated from the rest of Putnam County and its adjacent upland drainage leading into the Hudson Highlands to the south, were ceded to Dutchess.
Putnam travelers used boats and ships along the Hudson River. Boats transporting goods traveled up the Hudson to ports at Peekskill, New York, they were transported by road into Putnam County, or goods were unloaded in Putnam County at Cold Spring, New York. Such transport suffered in winter. At that time, little food or goods could be shipped to the county; the Philipstown Turnpike was created in 1815 as a toll road from Cold Spring to Connecticut. The wagons that traveled the road would transport produce from eastern Putnam County and iron ore from the mines; the route of the turnpike can be traced today: Rt 301 from Cold Spring to Farmers Mills Road, to White Pond Road to Pecksville Holmes Rd to Patterson Quaker Hill Rd to Connecticut. Transportation improved with the advent of the railroad, namely the Harlem Line, built in the 1840s, connecting Putnam by rail to New York City. There were four stations on the Harlem line in Putnam County: Brewster, Dykemans and Patterson. Today only the Patterson stops remain.
Putnam County played an important role in the Civil War. One third of the county's men between the ages of 15 and 55 served in the military during the wa
A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing. It provides physical or digital access to material, may be a physical building or room, or a virtual space, or both. A library's collection can include books, newspapers, films, prints, microform, CDs, videotapes, DVDs, Blu-ray Discs, e-books, audiobooks and other formats. Libraries range in size from a few shelves of books to several million items. In Latin and Greek, the idea of a bookcase is represented by Bibliotheca and Bibliothēkē: derivatives of these mean library in many modern languages, e.g. French bibliothèque; the first libraries consisted of archives of the earliest form of writing—the clay tablets in cuneiform script discovered in Sumer, some dating back to 2600 BC. Private or personal libraries made up of written books appeared in classical Greece in the 5th century BC. In the 6th century, at the close of the Classical period, the great libraries of the Mediterranean world remained those of Constantinople and Alexandria.
A library is organized for use and maintained by a public body, an institution, a corporation, or a private individual. Public and institutional collections and services may be intended for use by people who choose not to—or cannot afford to—purchase an extensive collection themselves, who need material no individual can reasonably be expected to have, or who require professional assistance with their research. In addition to providing materials, libraries provide the services of librarians who are experts at finding and organizing information and at interpreting information needs. Libraries provide quiet areas for studying, they often offer common areas to facilitate group study and collaboration. Libraries provide public facilities for access to their electronic resources and the Internet. Modern libraries are being redefined as places to get unrestricted access to information in many formats and from many sources, they are extending services beyond the physical walls of a building, by providing material accessible by electronic means, by providing the assistance of librarians in navigating and analyzing large amounts of information with a variety of digital resources.
Libraries are becoming community hubs where programs are delivered and people engage in lifelong learning. As community centers, libraries are becoming important in helping communities mobilize and organize for their rights; the relationship between librarianship and human rights works to ensure that the rights of cultural minorities, the homeless, the disabled, LGBTQ community, as well as other marginalized groups are not infringed upon as protected in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The first libraries consisted of archives of the earliest form of writing—the clay tablets in cuneiform script discovered in temple rooms in Sumer, some dating back to 2600 BC; these archives, which consisted of the records of commercial transactions or inventories, mark the end of prehistory and the start of history. Things were much the same in the temple records on papyrus of Ancient Egypt; the earliest discovered. There is evidence of libraries at Nippur about 1900 BC and those at Nineveh about 700 BC showing a library classification system.
Over 30,000 clay tablets from the Library of Ashurbanipal have been discovered at Nineveh, providing modern scholars with an amazing wealth of Mesopotamian literary and administrative work. Among the findings were the Enuma Elish known as the Epic of Creation, which depicts a traditional Babylonian view of creation; the tablets were stored in a variety of containers such as wooden boxes, woven baskets of reeds, or clay shelves. The "libraries" were cataloged using colophons, which are a publisher's imprint on the spine of a book, or in this case a tablet; the colophons stated the series name, the title of the tablet, any extra information the scribe needed to indicate. The clay tablets were organized by subject and size. Due to limited to bookshelf space, once more tablets were added to the library, older ones were removed, why some tablets are missing from the excavated cities in Mesopotamia. According to legend, mythical philosopher Laozi was keeper of books in the earliest library in China, which belonged to the Imperial Zhou dynasty.
Evidence of catalogues found in some destroyed ancient libraries illustrates the presence of librarians. Persia at the time of the Achaemenid Empire was home to some outstanding libraries; those libraries within the kingdom had two major functions: the first came from the need to keep the records of administrative documents including transactions, governmental orders, budget allocation within and between the Satrapies and the central ruling State. The second function was to collect precious resources on different subjects of science and set of principles e.g. medical science, histor
East Fishkill, New York
East Fishkill is a town on the southern border of Dutchess County, New York, United States. The population was 29,029 at the 2010 census; the town was once the eastern portion of the town of Fishkill. Hudson Valley Research Park is located in the town, housed 27 divisions and 4,700 regular employees for IBM Microelectronics, which GlobalFoundries bought. While IBM produced microchips they owned the advanced, automated processor fabrication facility where IBM's "Cell" processor was co-developed. One early settler arrived around 1759; the town of East Fishkill was established in 1849 from the eastern part of the town of Fishkill. Its name comes from Fishkill Creek, known as the Vis Kill to the Dutch settlers in the area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 57.4 square miles, of which 56.5 square miles is land and 0.89 square miles, or 1.54%, is water. East Fishkill is bordered on the west by Fishkill and Wappinger, on the north by La Grange, on the east by Beekman and Pawling.
The south town line borders Kent, both of which are part of Putnam County. Interstate 84 and the Appalachian Trail pass across the town; the Taconic State Parkway runs north-south as well. As of the census of 2000, there were 25,589 people, 8,233 households, 7,006 families residing in the town; the population density was 449.7 people per square mile. There were 8,495 housing units at an average density of 149.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 92.54% White, 2.29% African American, 0.15% Native American, 2.80% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.04% of the population. There were 8,233 households out of which 45.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.7% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 14.9% were non-families. Of all households 11.9% were made up of individuals and 3.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 3.10 and the average family size was 3.38. In the town, the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, 8.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males. The mean income for a household in the town was $116,059, the mean income for a family was $129,660. Males had a median income of $59,735 versus $35,014 for females; the per capita income for the town was $28,553. About 1.5% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over. Arthursburg – A hamlet by the north town line, named for Chester A. Arthur, twenty-first president of the United States. East Fishkill – A hamlet. Fishkill Plains – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town. Gayhead – A location south of East Fishkill hamlet.
Green Haven Correctional Facility – A maximum security prison, located in the town of Beekman Hillside Lake – A location northeast of Fishkill Plains. Hopewell Junction – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town. Hortontown – A hamlet in the eastern part. Leetown - An area on top of Stormville Mountain, named after early settlers; the Ville - The Ville is a name derived from Stormville, the hamlet where The Ville is located in. It is known for its secluded forests, Kiyiwana Farm. Johnsville – A hamlet near the west border. Lomala – A hamlet south of Hopewell Junction. Pecksville – A hamlet in the southeast corner of the town. Shenandoah Corners – A hamlet in the south part of the town. Stormville – A hamlet in the eastern part of the town named after early settlers, brothers Jacob and Rupert Storm. Wiccopee – A hamlet near the west town line. Hudson Valley portal Town of East Fishkill official website East Fishkill Historical Society "Historic Hopewell Junction" video Fishkill Creek Watershed Association East Fishkill Fire District East Fishkill Community Library
Wappingers Falls, New York
Wappingers Falls is a village in Dutchess County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 5,522; the community was named for the cascade in Wappinger Creek. A portion of the village is in the Town of Wappinger, the other part is in the Town of Poughkeepsie, with Wappinger Creek forming the dividing line between the towns. Wappingers Falls' Grinnell Library is the sixth-oldest library in the state; the Wappinger were an Algonquian-speaking confederacy of Native Americans whose territory in the 17th century extended along the eastern bank of the Hudson River. Based in what is now Dutchess County, their territory was bordered by Manhattan Island to the south, the Mahican territory bounded by the Roeliff Jansen Kill to the north, extended east into parts of Connecticut. Wappinger means "easterner" in most Algonquian languages; the area was part of the Rombout Patent. In 1741, two Dutchmen and Adolphus Brewer, purchased 750 acres of land around the falls and built the first stone house in the village near the present Mill Street.
In 1742, the Brewers built a mill on the east side of Wappinger Creek. Nicholas Brewer built the Mesier Homestead, which he sold in 1777 to Matthew VanBenschoten, who, in turn, sold it to Peter Mesier, a merchant from New York City. In May 1777, soldiers and local residents attacked Peter Mesier's house in Wappingers Falls, disputing the price of tea for sale in a small store inside his home. Mesier was a merchant from a Loyalist; the angry mob struck Mesier, beat his slaves, drank wine stored in the cellar. They took the tea and left a small amount of money behind; the local waterfall was important for early industrial development. In 1819 a small cotton mill was built in the hollow created by the creek as it descends from Wappinger Lake to drain into the Hudson River. By 1856 it had become one of the largest printworks in the country. A fire that year destroyed the original buildings but they were rebuilt and continued in operation until 1931; the streets on the hillside opposite the mill are lined with frame houses duplexes, built by the mill for its workers.
The two halves of the village are connected by an 1884 stone arch bridge that replaced earlier wooden structures. The village of Wappingers Falls was incorporated in 1871 and included the adjacent community on the west side of the Wappinger Creek, by called Channingville; the east side was known as Franklindale. In 1885 the Franklindale Cotton Mill, which employed about 130 people, was destroyed by fire. During President Grover Cleveland’s second administration, the Independent Comb Factory on the corner of Fulton and Prospect streets was forced to close; the repeal of the tariff made it impossible for the company to compete with German-made combs. In 1909, the Garner Print Works became the Dutchess Bleachery; the plant, which at times employed as many as 1,150 people, stopped printing calico but continued as a bleachery and dye works. On June 3, 2017 downtown Wappingers Falls had a devastating structure fire that left more than 30 people displaced and six businesses temporarily closed. No one was injured during the fire, which spread through a strip of buildings in the East Main Street corridor on Saturday afternoon.
That portion of the village lying north of the creek was known as "Ednam". It became known as Channingville, which name is derived from the Channing family, who owned the farm on which it lies; the first merchant in this part of the village was a cooper, John Crilley, from Ireland by way of Glenham. In 1842 he built. By 1836, Ednam had about thirty dwellings and a cotton factory with 2,400 spindles and 90 looms, making 500,000 yards of cloth per annum. Patrick Kennedy's North American Hotel and Eagan's Opera House were located here; the village's first post office was established here in 1840. The post office bore the name of the creek; the Bain Commercial Building is located at the corner of West Main streets. The Bain family is believed to have built the building in 1875, shortly after Channingville became part of the village, it was both their place of business. It is a late 19th-century brick building, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984; the Wappingers Falls Historic District includes downtown, several adjacent residential neighborhoods, Mesier Park & Homestead.
Mesier Park has been a public park. 1891, hosts many annual events that focus around the bandstand and tree-lined paths of the park. In 1984 the district was added to the National Register of Historic Places; the Dutchess Company Superintendent's House is located on Market Street in the western corner of the village. It is a large brick residence, built as housing for the manager of the Dutchess Company, a large local printing works, shortly after the plant was built in 1848, it remained in company ownership. In 1984 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places; the Police Station is located at the corner of East Main Street. It was built in 1940 as the village's new post office, a WPA project. President Franklin D. Roosevelt took a personal interest in the project, as he had with other new post offices in Dutchess County, he wanted it to be built of fieldstone in the style of many Dutch colonial houses in the area, chose the Brewer-Mesier House in the village as the model for its design.
The old post office, now village hall, contains two Treasury Section of Fine Arts murals by
Adriance Memorial Library
The Adriance Memorial Library is located on Market Street in Poughkeepsie, New York, United States. It is a stone building in the Classical Revival architectural style erected shortly at the end of the 19th century. In 1982 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, it is the oldest tax-supported library in the state and the third oldest in the United States, dating back to 1839 at various locations prior to the construction of the current building. It is the main public library of the Poughkeepsie Public Library District, serving the city and town of that name, with a branch in the suburb of Arlington, it is a member library of the Mid-Hudson Library System. The building has been through expansions. A large rear wing was built in the 1920s, it was removed in the early 21st century to make way for an larger addition. During that time the main building was closed as well for renovations, it was reopened in 2009 with its layout intact. The library is located on the east side of Market Street between Noxon and Pine streets, just north of where Market forks to its south end at Montgomery Street.
A block and a half to the north is Church Street, Poughkeepsie's major eastbound arterial road and the south end of downtown. The area is extensively developed and urban, along the point where the terrain levels off after rising a half-mile from the Hudson River to the west. Nearby are several other buildings listed on the National Register. To the southwest, across the fork of Market, is the Harlow Row, a group of attached brick rowhouses older than the library. Across Market is the Market Street Row, a group of several houses, including the Mott–Van Kleeck House, the city's oldest. North along the same side of Market is the Romanesque Revival brick Hasbrouck House, now headquarters of the Dutchess County United Way, with the brick Colonial Revival Amrita Club next to it at the corner of Church, opposite the city's former armory. A stone retaining wall, topped by a small decorative guardrail, runs along the street, broken by a set of steps in the center flanked by gas lampposts; the building itself is a one-story, 13-bay structure of Tennessee marble with a parapeted roof, projecting cornice with modillions, plain frieze with "Adriance Memorial Library" carved into it.
Atop is a small green dome. On the west facade the seven bays in the middle are recessed. Within that section the middle three project to form a central pavilion with four round fluted Corinthian columns. A double set of steps leads up to the main entrance; the entrance bay has a round-arched glass transom with radiating muntins, topped with a scroll keystone. It is flanked by two similar blind bays. Above each is a panel with swag decorations. Outside the colonnade, each side has two flanking windows, they have similar decorative treatment as the central bays, but are set with one-over-one double-hung sash above a recessed panel. On the sides, windows are set with two eight-pane casements, opening in the center, above a recessed panel. A stringcourse is at the bottom, paralleled by the building's water table. Below them on the sides are square two-over-two double-hung sash in the basement. A parged brick hyphen, two stories with two bays set with one-over-one double-hung sash between limestone sills and lintels, trimmed with a molded wooden cornice, connects the main block to a rear addition built of smooth dressed stone blocks, rusticated on the first story.
It is four storeys high, with a three-story front section, a projecting rear. The front has modern paired windows with two small panes over one large one. Similar windows alternate on the addition's main block, rise near the east corner of the rear section; the flat roof is trimmed with a cornice similar to that on the hyphen. The interior features intact oak woodwork; the library's annual report described it as a Renaissance Revival building, but today it is more described as Classical Revival. The Adriance Memorial library was given to the city of Poughkeepsie by the Adriance family, who ran a successful farm equipment company in Poughkeepsie. John and Mary Adriance's six children donated $100,000 from the fortune he made developing the buckeye plow to build the library, purchase its books, in their parents' memory, it opened with a huge gala celebration on October 18, 1897. By the early 1920s it was running out of space. A brick addition was built on the rear in 1923, it would serve for the remainder of the century.
On September 30, 2007, the Adriance Memorial Library temporarily closed its main building in order to perform a major renovation project in order to more than double the space within the library. The 1923 addition was removed to make room for a new and larger addition at the back of the building, leaving the historic original structure intact in the front; the building was scheduled to reopen on October 1, 2009. In the interim, the main library was temporarily relocated to a former YWCA building on Bancroft Road. On October 18, 2009, the 112th anniversary of the original opening, the library celebrated its Grand Re-Opening; as of April 2012, the Adriance Memorial Library has been featured as a special building for the Hudson Valley civilization in a mod-pack in the popular strategy game Civilization IV: Beyond the Sword. National Register of Historic Places listings in Poughkeepsie, New York Poughkeepsie Public Library District
Palenville, New York
Palenville is a hamlet and census-designated place in Greene County, New York, United States. The population was 1,037 at the 2010 census. Palenville is in the southwest part of the town of Catskill, located at the junction of Routes 23A and 32A, it lies at the base of the Catskill Mountains. Kaaterskill Creek, exiting the Clove, runs through the town, was spanned by a swinging footbridge, destroyed during Tropical Storm Irene; the creek provides a number of swimming holes in the summer months, the Long Path runs through the town. With many waterfalls and natural vistas nearby, Palenville was an important center of the Hudson River School of painting during the 19th century. Thomas Cole, Frederic Church, other notable painters stayed and worked in Palenville during the height of the movement; the famous painting Kindred Spirits depicts Cole and William Cullen Bryant near Kaaterskill Falls, just uphill from the town. The famous Catskill Mountain House was located just outside Palenville. Palenville was the fictional home of Rip Van Winkle.
Palenville was described as the "First Art Colony in America" Dr. Roland Van Zandt, in The Catskill Mountain House. With the coming of the twentieth century, the large boarding houses of the mountain top started to close, but Palenville and the surroundings were visited by city dwellers. Palenville was one of the Catskills' vacation resorts, hosting nearly two dozen small and medium-sized boarding houses and many hotels at the turn of the century. Palenville, Kaaterskill Creek, Kaaterskill Clove have been subjects for several painters, including those listed above. Late in the 20th century an art gallery opened on Palenville's Main Street, the Pine Orchard Summer Festival was founded. Opening in 1980 and hosting its first national juried show in 1981, the owned and funded Terrance Gallery exhibited more than 1,200 American artists, in a call to revisit the historic gathering place of the 19th-century painters; the Pine Orchard, located on 60 acres along the Manorville Road, through fundraising and grants refurbished a chapel into a theater and hosted opera, musicians and artists.
Shakespeare and the Circus arts were presented there by the Bond Street Theater group. Mary Pickford made several movies in Palenville. Robert Goss of the group "Dripping Goss" had a single that sold well in Europe in the 1990s, some of which were recorded at the Turning Mill Studio in Palenville; the Terrance Gallery and the Pine Orchard festivals have closed, but the Palenville Library and the Woodbine Inn are still open. Other noted artists who frequented Palenville and the Clove included Winslow Homer, Asher B. Durand, Thomas Addison Richards, John Frederick Kensett and Sanford R. Gifford. Landscape painters of the 20th century included Albert Handel, Barry Hopkins, Athena Billias, Michelle Moran and Patti Ferrara. George H. Hall, a genre painter, took up residence in Palenville towards the end of the 19th century, he brought artists from Quebec, including Nicole Lemelin and Remi LaRoche. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,120 people, 433 households, 287 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 337.2 per square mile.
There were 551 housing units at an average density of 165.9/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.16% White, 0.45% African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.07% Asian, 0.27% from other races, 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.23% of the population. There were 433 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.94. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.7 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $40,833, the median income for a family was $51,250. Males had a median income of $32,353 versus $23,542 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $18,848. 7.4% of the population were living below the poverty line, none of which were under eighteens, over 64, or families. Hannah Arendt, political theorist A. A. Bondy and singer/songwriter Carrot Top, comedian The Felice Brothers, folk rock/country rock band Rufus Palen, congressman Rip Van Winkle, fictional resident North–South Lake campground Town of Catskill, New York Catskill Public Library