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Middle Assyrian Empire

The Middle Assyrian Empire is the period in the history of Assyria between the fall of the Old Assyrian Empire in the 14th century BC and the establishment of the Neo-Assyrian Empire in the 10th century BC. By the reign of Eriba-Adad I Mitanni influence over Assyria was on the wane. Eriba-Adad I became involved in a dynastic battle between Tushratta and his brother Artatama II and after this his son Shuttarna III, who called himself king of the Hurri while seeking support from the Assyrians. A pro-Assyria faction appeared at the royal Mitanni court. Eriba-Adad I had thus broken Mitanni influence over Assyria, in turn had now made Assyria an influence over Mitanni affairs. Ashur-uballit I succeeded the throne of Assyria in 1365 BC, proved to be a fierce and powerful ruler. Assyrian pressure from the southeast and Hittite pressure from the north-west, enabled Ashur-uballit I to break Mitanni power, he met and decisively defeated Shuttarna II, the Mitanni king in battle, making Assyria once more an imperial power at the expense of not only the Mitanni themselves, but Kassite Babylonia, the Hurrians and the Hittites.

This marriage led to disastrous results for Babylonia, as the Kassite faction at court murdered the half Assyrian Babylonian king and placed a pretender on the throne. Assur-uballit I promptly invaded Babylonia to avenge his son-in-law, entering Babylon, deposing the king and installing Kurigalzu II of the royal line king there. Ashur-uballit I attacked and defeated Mattiwaza, the Mitanni king, despite attempts by the Hittite king Suppiluliumas, now fearful of growing Assyrian power, to help the Mitanni; the lands of the Mitanni and Hurrians were duly appropriated by Assyria, making it a large and powerful empire. Enlil-nirari succeeded Ashur-uballit I, he described himself as a "Great-King" in letters to the Hittite kings. He was attacked by Kurigalzu II of Babylon, installed by his father, but succeeded in defeating him, repelling Babylonian attempts to invade Assyria and appropriating Babylonian territory in the process, thus further expanding Assyria; the successor of Enlil-nirari, Arik-den-ili, consolidated Assyrian power, campaigned in the Zagros Mountains to the east, subjugating the Lullubi and Gutians.

In Syria, he defeated Semitic tribes of the so-called Ahlamu group, who were predecessors of the Arameans or an Aramean tribe. He was followed by Adad-nirari I who made Kalhu his capital, continued expansion to the northwest at the expense of the Hittites and Hurrians, conquering Hittite territories such as Carchemish and beyond, he moved into north eastern Asia Minor, conquering Shupria. Adad-nirari I made further gains to the south, annexing Babylonian territory and forcing the Kassite rulers of Babylon into accepting a new frontier agreement in Assyria's favor. Adad-nirari's inscriptions are more detailed than any of his predecessors, he declares that the gods of Mesopotamia called him to war, a statement used by most subsequent Assyrian kings. He referred to himself again as Sharru Rabi and conducted extensive building projects in Ashur and the provinces. In 1274 BC, Shalmaneser I ascended the throne, he proved to be a great warrior king. During his reign he conquered the Hurrian kingdom of Urartu that would have encompassed most of Eastern Anatolia and the Caucasus Mountains in the 9th century BC, the fierce Gutians of the Zagros.

He attacked the Mitanni-Hurrians, defeating both King Shattuara and his Hittite and Aramaean allies completely destroying the Hurri-Mitanni kingdom in the process. During the campaign against the Hittites, Shattuara cut off the Assyrian army from their supply of food and water, but the Assyrians broke free in a desperate battle and conquered and annexed what remained of the Mitanni kingdom. Shalmaneser I installed an Assyrian prince, Ilu-ippada as ruler of Mitanni, with Assyrian governors such as Meli-sah, installed to rule individual cities; the Hittites, having failed to save Mitanni, allied with Babylon in an unsuccessful economic war against Assyria for many years. Assyria was now a large and powerful empire, a major threat to Egyptian and Hittite interests in the region, was the reason that these two powers, fearful of Assyrian might, made peace with one another. Like his father, Shalmaneser was a great builder and he further expanded the city of Kalhu at the juncture of the Tigris and Zab Rivers.

Shalmaneser's son and successor, Tukulti-Ninurta I, won a major victory against the Hittites and their king Tudhaliya IV at the Battle of Nihriya and took thousands of prisoners. He conquered Babylonia, taking Kashtiliash IV as a captive and ruled there himself as king for seven years, taking on the old title "King of Sumer and Akkad" first used by Sargon of Akkad. Tukulti-Ninurta I thus became the first Akkadian speaking native Mesopotamian to rule the state of Babylonia, its founders having been foreign Amorites, succeeded by foreign Kassites. Tukulti-Ninurta petitioned the god Shamash before beginning his counter offensive. Kashtiliash IV was captured, single-handed by Tukulti-Ninurta according to his account, who "trod with my feet upon his lordly neck as though it were a footstool" and deported him ignominiously in chains to Assyria; the victorious Assyrians demolished the walls of Babylon, massacred many of the inhabitants and plundered his way across the city to the

Basil Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 4th Marquess of Dufferin and Ava

Basil Sheridan Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 4th Marquess of Dufferin and Ava DL, styled Earl of Ava from 1918 until 1930, was a Conservative politician and soldier. Dufferin was the eldest child, only son, of the 3rd Marquess of Dufferin and Ava and the former Brenda Woodhouse. Following his father's succession to the marquessate in 1918, he was known as the Earl of Ava, his grandfather, a descendant of the 18th-century playwright Richard Brinsley Sheridan, "was the cultured and worldly 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava", who served as the Viceroy and Governor-General of India. He was educated at Lockers Park School and Eton College, at Balliol College, Oxford. At Eton, when aged sixteen, he won the coveted Rosebery Prize, the highest possible distinction for a history pupil. At Oxford, he was friends with among others Frank Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford, he was a contemporary and close friend of the poet John Betjeman. Betjeman wrote of his friend as "the dark, heavy-lidded companion" in his poem Brackenbury Scholar of Balliol.

After university Lord Dufferin pursued a career in politics. He made his maiden speech in the House of Lords in December 1931, aged just 22, during a debate on India. Only a few days he was appointed to the Indian Franchise Committee, to tour the country during its researches. After his return from India he was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary to the 11th Marquess of Lothian, Under-Secretary of State for India, to the 3rd Viscount Halifax, successively President of the Board of Education from 1932 to 1935, Secretary of State for War in 1935, Lord Privy Seal from 1935 to 1937. Lord Dufferin was chairman of the Primrose League from 1932 to 1934, a Lord-in-waiting to King George VI from 1936 to 1937 and was himself appointed Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1937, serving until his resignation in 1940. In 1940, he resigned from the government to join the British Army, refusing a post in the World War II coalition government of Winston Churchill, he received a commission as a captain in the Royal Horse Guards in July 1940 but was released from the Army in 1941 to become Director of the Empire Division of the Ministry of Information.

The following year he undertook a special mission abroad for the ministry, rejoined the Army in 1944. Lord Dufferin was serving with the Indian Field Broadcasting Unit on 25 March 1945 when he was filmed demanding the surrender of Japanese troops who were sheltered in a tunnel. On 3 July 1930, Lord Dufferin and Ava was married to brewery heiress Maureen Constance Guinness, the second daughter of Hon. Arthur Ernest Guinness, himself the second son of Edward Guinness, 1st Earl of Iveagh at St. Margaret's, Westminster, they had three children: Lady Caroline Maureen Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood. Lady Perdita Maureen Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood Sheridan Frederick Terence Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 5th and last Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, who married his fourth cousin Serena Belinda "Lindy" Rosemary Guinness in 1964; because he has no known grave in Burma, Lord Dufferin is commemorated by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, his name listed on Face 1 of the Rangoon Memorial in Taukkyan War Cemetery.

In the family burial ground of Campo Santo at Clandeboye, County Down a Celtic cross stands to mark his loss and the earlier losses of the Dufferin family to war. His friend John Betjeman wrote the poem In Memory of Basil, Marquess of Dufferin and Ava in his memory, his widow married twice after his death, first to Major Harry Alexander Desmond Buchanan MC in 1948 and second in 1955 to Judge John Cyril Maude QC, but against precedent always used the title she acquired from her first marriage. Maureen, Lady Dufferin is buried at Clandeboye. Basil Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 4th Marquess of Dufferin and Ava at Find a Grave Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, Basil Sheridan 4th Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, colonial administrator at The National Archives

Knox-class frigate

Knox-class frigates were United States Navy warships laid down as ocean escorts, but were all redesignated as frigates on 30 June 1975 in the 1975 ship reclassification plan and their hull designation changed from DE to FF. Modifications were made to subsequent ships of the class; the primary differences were different arrangement of the "Officer's Country" staterooms with additional staterooms in the 01 level instead of the open deck between the boat decks. The stateroom on the port side under the bridge was designated as a "flag" stateroom, with additional staterooms for flag staff when serving as a flagship; these ships have been referred to as the Joseph Hewes-sub-class The 46 ships of the Knox class were the largest and most numerous of the US Navy's second-generation Anti-submarine warfare escorts. The lead ship of the class was USS Knox, laid down 5 October 1965 and commissioned on 12 April 1969, at Todd Shipyards in Seattle. Planned as the follow-on to the twin 5-inch gun armed Garcia-class frigates and the Tartar missile-equipped Brooke-class frigates, their initial design incorporated the prior classes' pressure-fired boilers in a similar-sized hull designed around the massive bow-mounted AN/SQS-26 sonar, with increased endurance and reduced crew size.

Anti-submarine armament was to consist of ASROC anti submarine missiles together with the DASH drone helicopter, while defensive armament was to be the RIM-46 Sea Mauler short range anti-aircraft missile backed up by a single 5-inch gun. The design soon ran into problems, with the US Navy deciding to switch to conventional 1,200 psi boilers, requiring a redesign, with the ships becoming longer and heavier in order to accommodate the less compact power plants. In 1965, Sea Mauler was cancelled, leaving the ships to complete without any surface-to-air missile system. Ten ships were authorized in Fiscal Year 1964, sixteen in 1965 and ten each for FYs 1966, 67 and 68. While the FY64 and FY65 ships were ordered from four different shipyards ships were all ordered from Avondale Shipyards in order to cut costs; these ships were built on a production line, with prefabricated modules being assembled upside down, welded together and rotated into an upright position. They were commissioned as destroyer escorts 1052–1097 in 1969–1974, but were redesignated as frigates on 30 June 1975.

The Knox class had been criticized for deck wetness and there were a number of instances of damage to the forward weapons mounts in heavy seas. In 1979, the class began to receive "hurricane bows" beginning with USS Bagley; the modification heightened the bow section, adding bulwarks and spray strakes to prevent burrowing into on-coming seas and better protect the forecastle armament. The Knox class was the Navy's last destroyer-type design with a steam turbine powerplant. Due to their unequal comparison to destroyers in service, they became known to a generation of destroyermen as "McNamara's Folly."These ships were retired from the US Navy at the end of the Cold War due to their high running costs, a declining defense budget, the need for ships with a more advanced antisubmarine capability. None of the ships served more than 23 years in the US Navy, by 1994 all of the class had been retired, although some remain in service with foreign nations such as Egypt, Taiwan and Mexico; the Knox class are 438 feet long overall and 415 feet at the waterline, with a beam of 46 feet 9 inches and a draft of 24 feet 9 inches.

At 4,200 metric tons, with a length of 438 feet and a beam of 47 feet. The steam plant for these ships consists of two Combustion Engineering or Babcock & Wilcox "D" type boilers, each equipped with a high-pressure forced draught air supply system, with a plant working pressure of 1,200 pounds per square inch and 1,000 °F superheat and rated at 35,000 shaft horsepower driving a single screw; this gives them a speed of 27 knots. These ships were designed as antisubmarine warfare platforms; as built, their main anti-submarine sensor was the large bow-mounted AN/SQS-26CX low-frequency scanning sonar, operating as an active sonar at a frequency of about 3.5 kHz and passively at 1.5–4 kHz. The active modes of operation included direct path, to a range of about 20,000 yards, bottom bounce, convergence zone, which could give ranges of up to about 70,000 yards, well outside the capability of ASROC, requiring the use of a helicopter to exploit. Twenty-five ships of the class were refitted with the AN/SQS-35 Independent Variable Depth Sonar, an active sonar operating at about 13 kHz.

The IVDS' sonar transducers were packaged within a 2-ton fiberglass-enclosed "fish" containing the sonar array and a gyro-compass/sensor package launched by the massive 13V Hoist from a stern compartment, located just beneath the main deck, to depths of up to 600 feet. The IVDS could take advantage of water layer temperature conditions in close-range submarine detection and fire-control; the AN/SQS-35 "fish" was modified to tow an AN/SQR-18A TACTASS passive towed array sonar. As built, they were equipped with one 5 in 54 caliber Mark 42 gun forward, an eight-round ASROC launcher abaft the gun and forward of the bridge, with four fixed 12.75 in Mark 32 anti-submarine torpedo tubes. A helicopter deck and hangar for operating the DASH drone helicopter was f

Tyler Danish

Tyler M. Danish is an American professional baseball pitcher, a free agent, he has played in Major League Baseball for the Chicago White Sox. Danish attended Durant High School in Florida; as a senior in 2013, he did not allow. In addition to his 0.00 ERA, he pitched 156 strikeouts, one of the five best high school hurlers in the nation that year. Danish was drafted by the Chicago White Sox in the second round of the 2013 Major League Baseball Draft, he made his professional debut that season with the Bristol White Sox. He finished the season with the Kannapolis Intimidators. In 2013, Baseball America named him "Closest to the Majors". Danish started 2014 back with Kannapolis. After posting a 0.71 earned run average in seven starts, he was promoted to the Winston-Salem Dash. Danish began the 2016 season with the AA Birmingham Barons. On June 9, Danish was promoted out of AA to play for the White Sox for the first time in his career. In his major league debut, Danish pitched two-thirds of an inning against the Kansas City Royals on June 11, where he gave up one earned run on three hits.

Danish pitched in two more games, on consecutive days, finishing 2016 with a 10.80 ERA in 1 2/3 innings pitched. On June 14, he was optioned to the White Sox's AAA affiliate, the International League's Charlotte Knights. In five starts with the Knights, Danish posted a 1-3 record with a 5.83 ERA and 21 strikeouts in 29.1 IP. In 2017, Danish was promoted once again to the White Sox, this time to serve as the 26th man on the roster and start the first game of a double-header against the Detroit Tigers. In his first major league start, he received his first decision, a win, by firing five shutout innings against the Tigers on May 27, en route to a 3-0 Chicago victory. Danish struck out six while allowing just three hits against the AL Central rival. A day he was optioned back to Charlotte. Danish began the 2018 season with Charlotte before he was promoted to the major leagues on July 27, 2018, he elected free agency on October 2, 2018. On December 18, 2018, Danish signed a minor-league contract with the Seattle Mariners.

He was released on May 24, 2019. On June 19, 2019, Danish signed with the New Britain Bees of the independent Atlantic League of Professional Baseball, he became a free agent after the season. Danish's father, serving time in prison for fraud, died of cancer in 2010. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference

Carlin Itonga

Carlin Itonga is a former professional footballer who played as a striker. Itonga was born in the DR Congo, raised in England, he began his career with Arsenal, winning the FA Youth Cup in 2001, but he made just one first-team appearance, as a substitute against Manchester United in the League Cup in November 2001. While at Arsenal, Itonga had a brief loan spell with Sheffield Wednesday. After leaving Arsenal in early 2003, Itonga had a brief spell at Enfield, before playing Cambridge City, Kettering Town and Fisher Athletic

Information model

An information model in software engineering is a representation of concepts and the relationships, constraints and operations to specify data semantics for a chosen domain of discourse. It specifies relations between kinds of things, but may include relations with individual things, it can provide sharable and organized structure of information requirements or knowledge for the domain context. The term information model in general is used for models of individual things, such as facilities, process plants, etc. In those cases the concept is specialised to facility information model, building information model, plant information model, etc; such an information model is an integration of a model of the facility with the data and documents about the facility. Within the field of software engineering and data modeling an information model is an abstract, formal representation of entity types that may include their properties and the operations that can be performed on them; the entity types in the model may be kinds of real-world objects, such as devices in a network, or occurrences, or they may themselves be abstract, such as for the entities used in a billing system.

They are used to model a constrained domain that can be described by a closed set of entity types, properties and operations. An information model provides formalism to the description of a problem domain without constraining how that description is mapped to an actual implementation in software. There may be many mappings of the information model; such mappings are called data models, irrespective of whether they are object models, entity relationship models or XML schemas. In 1976, an entity-relationship graphic notation was introduced by Peter Chen, he stressed that it was a "semantic" modelling technique and independent of any database modelling techniques such as Hierarchical, CODASYL, Relational etc. Since languages for information models have continued to evolve; some examples are the Integrated Definition Language 1 Extended, the EXPRESS language and the Unified Modeling Language. Research by contemporaries of Peter Chen such as J. R. Abrial and G. M Nijssen led to today's Fact Oriented Modeling languages which are based on linguistic propositions rather than on "entities".

FOM tools can be used to generate an ER model which means that the modeler can avoid the time-consuming and error prone practice of manual normalization. Object-Role Modeling language and Fully Communication Oriented Information Modeling are both research results, based upon earlier research. In the 1980s there were several approaches to extend Chen’s Entity Relationship Model. Important in this decade is REMORA by Colette Rolland; the ICAM Definition Language was developed from the U. S. Air Force ICAM Program during the 1976 to 1982 timeframe; the objective of the ICAM Program, according to Lee, was to increase manufacturing productivity through the systematic application of computer technology. IDEF includes three different modeling methods: IDEF0, IDEF1, IDEF2 for producing a functional model, an information model, a dynamic model respectively. IDEF1X is an extended version of IDEF1; the language is in the public domain. It is designed using the ER approach and the relational theory, it is used to represent the “real world” in terms of entities and relationships between entities.

Normalization is enforced by KEY Migration. The language identifies property groupings to form complete entity definitions. EXPRESS was created as ISO 10303-11 for formally specifying information requirements of product data model, it is part of a suite of standards informally known as the STandard for the Exchange of Product model data. It was first introduced in the early 1990s; the language, according to Lee, is a textual representation. In addition, a graphical subset of EXPRESS called. EXPRESS is based on the O-O paradigm. A number of languages have contributed to EXPRESS. In particular, Algol, C, C++, Modula-2, Pascal, PL/1, SQL. EXPRESS consists of language elements that allow an unambiguous object definition and specification of constraints on the objects defined, it uses SCHEMA declaration to provide partitioning and it supports specification of data properties and operations. UML is a modeling language for specifying, visualizing and documenting the artifacts, rather than processes, of software systems.

It was conceived by Grady Booch, James Rumbaugh, Ivar Jacobson. UML was approved by the Object Management Group as a standard in 1997; the language, according to Lee, is available to the public. It is a graphical representation; the language is based on the objected-oriented paradigm. UML contains notations and rules and is designed to represent data requirements in terms of O-O diagrams. UML organizes a model in a number of views; the contents of a view are described in diagrams. A diagram contains model elements that represent common O-O concepts such as classes, objects and relationships among these concepts. IDEF1X, EXPRESS, UML all can be used to create a conceptual model and, according to Lee, each has its own characteristics. Although some may lead to a natural usage, one is not better than another. In practice, it may require more than one language to develop all information models when an application is complex. In fact, the modeling practice is more important than the language chosen. Informat