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Middlebury College

Middlebury College is a private liberal arts college in Middlebury, Vermont. It was founded in 1800 by Congregationalists; the college enrolls 2,526 undergraduates from all 50 states and 74 countries and offers 44 majors in the arts, literature, foreign languages, social sciences, natural sciences. The college is the first American institution of higher education to have granted a bachelor's degree to an African-American, graduating Alexander Twilight in the class of 1823. Middlebury was one of the first all-male liberal arts colleges in New England to become a coeducational institution, following the trustees' decision in 1883 to accept women. In 1886, May Belle Chellis was the first woman to graduate, she was the valedictorian. Middlebury was listed as tied for the fifth-best liberal arts college in the U. S. in the 2019 U. S. News & World Report rankings. Middlebury's 31 varsity teams are known as the Middlebury Panthers and compete in the NCAA Division III's NESCAC conference; the school is known for its graduate programs that focus on literature, political science, entrepreneurship.

Middlebury received its founding charter on November 1, 1800, as an outgrowth of the Addison County Grammar School, founded three years earlier in 1797. The College's first president—Jeremiah Atwater—began classes a few days making Middlebury the first operating college or university in Vermont. One student named Aaron Petty graduated at the first commencement held in August 1802; the College's founding religious affiliation was loosely Congregationalist. Yet the idea for a college was that of town fathers rather than clergymen, Middlebury was "the Town's College" rather than the Church's. Chief among its founders were Seth Storrs and Gamaliel Painter, the former credited with the idea for a college and the latter as its greatest early benefactor. In addition to receiving a diploma upon graduation, Middlebury graduates receive a replica of Gamaliel Painter's cane. Painter bequeathed his original cane to the College and it is carried by the College President at official occasions including first-year convocation and graduation.

Alexander Twilight, class of 1823, was the first black graduate of any college or university in the United States. At its second commencement in 1804, Middlebury granted Lemuel Haynes an honorary master's degree, the first advanced degree bestowed upon an African American. In 1883, the trustees voted to accept women as students in the college, making Middlebury one of the first all-male liberal arts colleges in New England to become a coeducational institution; the first female graduate—May Belle Chellis—received her degree in 1886. As valedictorian of the class of 1899, Mary Annette Anderson became the first African-American woman elected to Phi Beta Kappa; the College's centennial in 1900 began a century of physical expansion beyond the three buildings of Old Stone Row. York and Sawyer designed the Egbert Starr Library, a Beaux-Arts edifice expanded and renamed the Axinn Center, Warner Hall. Growth in enrollment and the endowment led to continued expansion westward. McCullough Hall and Voter Hall featured gymnasium and laboratories adopting Georgian Revival styling while confirming the campus standard of grey Vermont limestone and marble.

The national fraternity Kappa Delta Rho was founded in Painter Hall on May 17, 1905. Middlebury College abolished fraternities in the early 1990s, but the organization continued on campus in the less ritualized form of a social house. Due to a policy at the school against single-sex organizations, the house was forced to coeducate during the same period as well; the German Language School, founded in 1915 under the supervision of then-President John Martin Thomas, began the tradition of the Middlebury College Language Schools. These Schools, which take place on the Middlebury campus during the summer, enroll about 1,350 students in the Arabic, French, Hebrew, Japanese, Portuguese and Spanish Language Schools. Middlebury President Paul Dwight Moody began the American tradition of a National Christmas Tree in 1923 when the College donated a 48-foot balsam fir for use at the White House; the tree was illuminated when Vermont native Calvin Coolidge flipped an electric switch in the first year of his presidency.

The Bread Loaf School of English, Middlebury's graduate school of English, was established at the College's Bread Loaf Mountain campus in 1920. The Bread Loaf Writers' Conference was established in 1926. In 1978, the Bread Loaf School of English expanded to include a campus at Lincoln College, Oxford University. In 1991, the School expanded to include a campus at St. John's College in New Mexico, to the University of North Carolina, Asheville, in 2006; the C. V. Starr-Middlebury Schools Abroad began in 1949 with the school in Paris; the Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies was founded as an educational charity in 1975 by Drs John and Sandy Feneley in Oxford, establishing a facility at St. Michael's Hall in 1978, including the Feneley Library, close links with Keble College, Oxford. S. undergraduates Middlebury Museum Studies in Oxford. In 1965, Middlebury established its Environmental Studies program, crea

Yoshinori Fujikawa

Yoshinori Fujikawa is a Japanese academic and economist. He is an Associate Vice President at Hitotsubashi University, serves as Associate Professor and MBA Program Director at Hitotsubashi University Business School, School of International Corporate Strategy. Fujikawa was born on January 1969 in Kyoto, Japan, he has received BA in Economics and MA in Commerce from Hitotsubashi University in Tokyo, MBA from Harvard Business School and PhD in Marketing from Pennsylvania State University. While attending Harvard Business School, he worked as Research Associate at the Mind of Market Laboratory and the Division of Research, his business experience includes marketing research and strategic consulting work with Olson Zaltman Associates, the inventor of the patented research method ZMET. In 2003, he joined as MBA Director the Faculty of Hitotsubashi ICS, where he conducts Marketing and Service Management courses, he has taught numerous courses including Digital Disruption, Japanese Business & Economy, Service Management, Global Network Project for the MBA Program and Realizing Customer Value and Management Essentials for the EMBA Program.

Fujikawa has taken the lead in the global initiatives Global Network for Advanced Management and BEST Alliance. In April 2018, Fujikawa was appointed as Associate Vice President of International Affairs at Hitotsubashi University. Fujikawa has been proactively involved in professional institutions, his current positions include: Ministry of Economy and industry. He served at Lawson, Inc. Lawson University. Ltd. Management Competence Lab. FUJIKAWA, Yoshinori - Hitotsubashi ICS

Countess Palatine Helena of Simmern

Countess Palatine Helena of Simmern was the daughter of Count Palatine and Duke John II of Simmern and his wife, Margravine Beatrice of Baden. She was Countess of Hanau-Münzenberg by marriage. On 22 November 1551, Helena married Count Philip III of Hanau-Münzenberg, their combined coat of arms can be seen at the main entrance of the Church of St. Mary in Hanau. However, due to environmental factors, the stone is in poor condition. Philip and Helena had five children: Philip Louis I Dorothea Reinhard William he was buried in the choir of the St. Mary's Church in Hanau. John Philip buried in the choir of St. Mary's Church in Hanau Maria, born posthumously, died unmarried. After the early death of her husband, she initiated the proceedings before the Supreme Court to establish the guardianship of her son Philip Louis I, still a minor, she was not appointed as guardian herself. She used Steinau Castle as her widow seat. After her death, her body was transferred to Hanau in a lead coffin, buried in the Church of St. Mary, next to her husband.

Reinhard Dietrich: Die Landesverfassung in dem Hanauischen = Hanauer Geschichtsblätter, issue. 34, Hanau, 1996, ISBN 3-9801933-6-5 Reinhard Suchier: Genealogie des Hanauer Grafenhauses. August 1894, Hanau, 1894 Reinhard Suchier: Die Grabmonumente und Särge der in Hanau bestatteten Personen aus den Häusern Hanau und Hessen, in: Programm des Königlichen Gymnasiums zu Hanau, Hanau, 1879, pp. 1–56 Ernst J. Zimmermann: Hanau Stadt und Land, Hanau, 1919, reprinted in 1978


Thigmotropism Greek compound word θιγμοτροπισμός composed of θιγμός and τροπισμός. Thigmotropism is a directional growth movement which occurs as a mechanosensory response to a touch stimulus. Thigmotropism is found in twining plants and tendrils, however plant biologists have found thigmotropic responses in flowering plants and fungi; this behavior occurs due to unilateral growth inhibition. That is, the growth rate on the side of the stem, being touched is slower than on the side opposite the touch; the resultant growth pattern is to attach and sometimes curl around the object, touching the plant. However, flowering plants have been observed to move or grow their sex organs toward a pollinator that lands on the flower, as in Portulaca grandiflora. Since growth is a complex developmental procedure, there are indeed many requirements that are needed for both touch perception and a thigmotropic response to occur. One of these is calcium. In a series of experiments in 1995 using the tendril Bryonia dioica, touch-sensing calcium channels were blocked using various antagonists.

Responses to touch in treatment plants which received calcium channel inhibitors were diminished compared to control plants, indicating that calcium may be required for thigmotropism. In 2001, a membrane depolarization pathway was proposed in which calcium was involved: when a touch occurs, calcium channels open and calcium flows into the cell, shifting the electrochemical potential across the membrane; this triggers voltage-gated chloride and potassium channels to open and leads to an action potential that signals the perception of touch. The plant growth hormone auxin has been observed to be involved in thigmotropic behavior in plants, but its role is not well understood. Instead of asymmetric auxin distribution influencing other tropisms, it has been shown that a unidirectional thigmotropic response can occur with a symmetric distribution of auxin, it has been proposed that the action potential arising from a touch stimulus leads to an increase of auxin in the cell, which causes the production of an contractile protein on the side of the touch that allows the plant to grip onto an object.

Further, it has been shown that when auxin and a touch stimulus were applied on the same side of a cucumber hypocotyl, the stem will curve towards the touch. Like phototropism, a thigmotropic response in stems requires light. Plant biologist Mark Jaffe performed a simple preliminary experiment using pea plants that led to this conclusion, he found that when he snipped a tendril off of a pea plant and placed it in the light repeatedly touched one side of it, the tendril would begin to curl. However, when performing this same experiment in the dark, the tendril would not curl. Roots rely on touch to navigate their way through the soil. Roots have a negative touch response, meaning when they feel an object, they would grow away from the object; this allows the roots to go through the soil with minimum resistance. Because of this behavior, roots are said to be negatively thigmotropic. Thigmotropism seems to be able to override the strong gravitropic response of primary roots. Charles Darwin performed experiments where he found that in a vertical bean root, a contact stimulus could divert the root away from the vertical.

Mimosa pudica is well known for its rapid plant movement. The leaves droop when touched. However, this is not a nastic movement, a similar phenomenon. Nastic movements are non-directional responses to stimuli, are associated with plants. Thigmotropism in Tendrils


Arcade most refers to: Arcade, a series of adjoining arches Shopping mall, one or more buildings forming a complex of shops sometimes called a shopping arcade Amusement arcade, a place with arcade games Arcade game, a coin-operated game machine Arcade cabinet, housing which holds an arcade game's hardware Arcade system board, a standardized printed circuit board Penny arcade, any type of venue for coin-operated devicesArcade or The Arcade may refer to: Arcades, a town and city-state of ancient Crete, Greece Arcade, Italy, a town and commune in the region of Veneto Arcade Building Arden-Arcade, California Arcade, Yolo County, California Arcade, Georgia, a city in Jackson County Arcade, New York Arcade, New York The Arcade, a historic site in Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts The Arcade, a historic shopping center Arcade, Texas Arcades, a 1634 masque by John Milton Arcade, quarterly magazine about architecture Arcade Publishing, an American publishing company Arcade Comics, an independent comic book company founded by Rob Liefeld and Jimmy Jay Arcade, a supervillain of the Marvel Universe Arcade, an underground comics anthology edited by Bill Griffith and Art Spiegelman Arcade, a 1993 movie starring Peter Billingsley as a teenage virtual reality addict Arcade a short-lived Australian soap opera produced in 1980 Nick Arcade, a game show that aired on the Nickelodeon television channel from 1992 to 1993 The Arcade, a popular joystick Xbox Live Arcade, a video game download distribution line Xbox 360 Arcade, a version of the Xbox 360 home console GameSpy Arcade, online gaming through GameSpy Network, similar to The Arcade, workspace in Melbourne, Australia Arcade, by John Taras 1963 Arcade, a rock band formed by ex-Ratt vocalist Stephen Pearcy The Arcade, a grammy-nominated music production duo from London Arcade Records, a record label Arcade, a 1993 album The Arcade, a 2008 album by the band Hyper Crush Arcade, a 1979 album by jazz guitarist John Abercrombie Arcade, a 2002 album by the band Machinae Supremacy "Arcade", a song by Dutch singer Duncan Laurence that won the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest "Arcades", a song by C2C from Tetra "Arcades", a song by Hell Is for Heroes from Hell Is for Heroes Arterial arcades, small intestinal arteries, in anatomy ARCADE, Absolute Radiometer for Cosmology and Diffuse Emission, a radiometer to explore the cosmos Adult video arcade Exchange Arcade, the commercial section of the Nottingham Council House Shreepati Arcade, one of India's tallest buildings Arcadia All pages with titles beginning with Arcade All pages with titles containing Arcade All pages with titles beginning with The Arcade All pages with titles containing The Arcade

Piazza della Libertà, Rome

Piazza della Libertà is a square in the rione Prati in Rome. The square lies at the end of Ponte Regina Margherita on the right bank of the Tiber; the square consists of two green areas with flowerbeds. It dates back to the urbanization of the quarter, started in 1873 according to the so-called "Viviani Town-Plan"; the monuments of the square include a 20th-century sacred aedicula portraying the Virgin with the Child, a 19th-century monument to the dramatist Pietro Cossa and Casa De' Salvi, an apartment house built in 1930 by architect Pietro Aschieri. The square hosts the seats of the Fondazione Internazionale Irina Alberti and the Fondazione Gabriele Sandri. In this square, on January 9, 1900, a group of nine Roman boys - led by the young Bersaglieri petty officer and road runner Luigi Bigiarelli - made official the Polisportiva Società Sportiva Lazio; the founders, seated on a bench of the square, decided to found the Società Podistica Lazio and chose its name and colors. The square was the meeting point of the boys, after swimming, came up from Tiber through a little staircase.

The nine founders were Luigi Bigiarelli, his brother Giacomo, Alberto Mesones, Alceste Grifoni, Odoacre Aloisi, Galileo Massa, Arturo Balestrieri, Enrico Venier and Giulio Lefevre. On January 9, 2000, centenary of the establishment, a plaque has been uncovered in the square. Pennacchia, Mario. La Gazzetta dello Sport. "All'inizio era una società di podisti". P. 5. Retrieved 2010-01-17. "Piazza della Libertà, Roma". Retrieved 5 August 2012. "Fondazione Internazionale Irina Alberti". Archived from the original on September 22, 2013. Retrieved August 5, 2012