SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Migration Period

The Migration Period was a period that lasted from AD 375 to 568, during which there were widespread invasions of peoples within or into Europe and after the decline of the Western Roman Empire into Roman territory, notably the Germanic tribes and the Huns. This period has been termed in English by the German loanword Völkerwanderung and—from the Roman and Greek perspective—the Barbarian Invasions. Many of the migrations were movements of Germanic, Hunnic and other peoples into the territory of the declining Roman Empire, with or without accompanying invasions or war. Historians give differing dates regarding the duration of this period, but the Migration Period is regarded as beginning with the invasion of Europe by the Huns from Asia in 375 and ending either with the conquest of Italy by the Lombards in 568, or at some point between 700 and 800. Various factors contributed to this phenomenon, the role and significance of each one is still much discussed among experts on the subject. Starting in 382, the Roman Empire and individual tribes made treaties regarding their settlement in its territory.

The Franks, a Germanic tribe that would found Francia—a predecessor of modern France and Germany—settled in the Roman Empire and were given the task of securing the northeastern Gaul border. Western Roman rule was first violated with the Crossing of the Rhine and the following invasions of the Vandals and Suebi. With wars ensuing between various tribes, as well as local populations in the Western Roman Empire and more power was transferred to Germanic and Roman militaries. There are contradicting opinions whether the fall of the Western Roman Empire was a result or a cause of these migrations, or both; the Eastern Roman Empire was less affected by migrations and survived until the Fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans in 1453. In the modern period, the Migration Period was described with a rather negative connotation, seen more as contributing to the fall of the empire. In place of the fallen Western Rome, Barbarian kingdoms arose in the 5th and 6th centuries and decisively shaped the European Early Middle Ages.

The migrants comprised war bands or tribes of 10,000 to 20,000 people, but in the course of 100 years they numbered not more than 750,000 in total, compared to an average 39.9 million population of the Roman Empire at that time. Although immigration was common throughout the time of the Roman Empire, the period in question was, in the 19th century defined as running from about the 5th to 8th centuries AD; the first migrations of peoples were made by Germanic tribes such as the Goths, the Vandals, the Anglo-Saxons, the Lombards, the Suebi, the Frisii, the Jutes, the Burgundians, the Alemanni, the Scirii and the Franks. Invasions—such as the Viking, the Norman, the Varangian, the Hungarian, the Moorish, the Turkic and the Mongol—also had significant effects. Germanic peoples moved out of southern Scandinavia and northern Germany to the adjacent lands between the Elbe and Oder after 1000 BC; the first wave moved westward and southward, moving into southern Germany up to the Roman provinces of Gaul and Cisalpine Gaul by 100 BC, where they were stopped by Gaius Marius and Julius Caesar.

It is this western group, described by the Roman historian Tacitus and Julius Caesar. A wave of Germanic tribes migrated eastward and southward from Scandinavia between 600 and 300 BC to the opposite coast of the Baltic Sea, moving up the Vistula near the Carpathians. During Tacitus' era they included lesser known tribes such as the Tencteri, Cherusci and Chatti; the first phase of invasions, occurring between AD 300 and 500, is documented by Greek and Latin historians but difficult to verify archaeologically. It puts Germanic peoples in control of most areas of what was the Western Roman Empire; the Tervingi entered Roman territory in 376. Some time thereafter in Marcianopolis, the escort to Fritigern was killed while meeting with Lupicinus; the Tervingi rebelled, the Visigoths, a group derived either from the Tervingi or from a fusion of Gothic groups invaded Italy and sacked Rome in 410, before settling in Gaul, 50 years in Iberia, founding a kingdom that lasted for 250 years. They were followed into Roman territory first by a confederation of Herulian and Scirian warriors, under Odoacer, that deposed Romulus Augustulus on 4 September 476, by the Ostrogoths, led by Theodoric the Great, who settled in Italy.

In Gaul, the Franks entered Roman lands during the fifth century, after consolidating power under Childeric and his son Clovis’s decisive victory over Syagrius in 486, established themselves as rulers of northern Roman Gaul. Fending off challenges from the Allemanni and Visigoths, the Frankish kingdom became the nucleus of what would become France and Germany; the initial Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain occurred during the fifth century, when Roman control of Britain had come to an end. The Burgundians settled in northwestern Italy and Eastern France in the fifth ce

Opinion polling for the 2019 United Kingdom general election

Prior to the 2019 United Kingdom general election, various organisations carried out opinion polling to gauge voting intentions. Results of such polls are displayed in this list. Most of the pollsters listed are members of the British Polling Council and abide by its disclosure rules. Opinion polling about attitudes to the leaders of various political parties can be found in a separate article; the date range for these opinion polls is from the previous general election, held on 8 June 2017, to the 2019 general election. The election was held on 12 December 2019. Most opinion polls do not cover Northern Ireland, since its 18 seats were not contested by the political parties standing for election in the rest of the United Kingdom; the chart below depicts opinion polls conducted for the next United Kingdom general election using a 15-poll moving average. As discussed below, most of these polls do not include Northern Ireland; the larger circles at the end represent the actual results of the election.

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order. Most pollsters only include responses from within Great Britain, excluding Northern Ireland. However, such as Survation, do include Northern Ireland; the table below indicates whether a poll is Great Britain - United Kingdom - wide. The campaigning period began on 6 November 2019; the various polls use a variety of methodologies. For example, in Kantar and Ipsos MORI polls, Change UK and the Brexit Party were spontaneous responses and not prompted by the pollster. In YouGov polls before June 2019, only the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats were prompted, the names of other parties being listed when "other" was selected. YouGov polls conducted since June 2019 prompt for both the Greens and the Brexit Party, alongside the earlier list. BMG polls use two-stage questions in which the Conservatives, Liberal Democrats, the Brexit Party, the Greens, SNP, Plaid Cymru are included on the initial prompt and the remaining parties provided after "another party" is selected.

Prior to August 2019, BMG did not prompt the Greens initially. As the parties standing for each seat became known the major pollsters began listing only those standing in a respondent's constituency as options. Most polls are reported in terms of the overall popular vote share, the pollsters do not project how these shares would equate to numbers of seats in the House of Commons. Other organisations including Electoral Calculus make rolling projections based on an aggregate of publicly available polls. A small number of large polls have been carried out in order to run multilevel regression and poststratification models, which output predictions for each constituency. Number Cruncher Politics polled adults living in the 60 English marginal constituencies with a Labour or Conservative majority of less than five per cent. 2017 results are for the same 60 seats. Note that constituency level polling may be susceptible to publication bias. Leadership approval opinion polling for the 2019 United Kingdom general election Opinion polling for the next United Kingdom general election Opinion polling for the next National Assembly for Wales election Opinion polling for the next Scottish Parliament election Opinion polling for the next Northern Ireland Assembly election Opinion polling on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union Opinion polling for the 2019 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom List of United Kingdom by-elections Britain Elects Westminster voting intention archive Britain Elects Scottish Westminster voting intention archive Britain Elects Welsh Westminster voting intention archive Results of the 2017 general election

2017–18 Baltic Basketball League

The 2017–18 Triobet Baltic Basketball League was the 14th and the last season of the Baltic Basketball League and the third under the title sponsorship of Triobet. The season began on 24 October 2017 and concluded on 5 April 2018. Last year's finalist Pieno žvaigždės defeated Jūrmala in the finals to win their first Baltic Basketball League title. In this edition 14 teams took part, they were divided into two groups of seven teams where, after a double-legged round-robin, the best four of each group will qualify to the quarterfinals. Kazakh team Barsy Atyrau and Belarusian Tsmoki-Minsk II played all their matches abroad. Midway through the season Vytautas withdrew from the league due to them forfeiting two different games in this league for different reasons; as a result, they would participate in a series of friendly matches dubbed the Big Baller Brand Challenge Games. In the knockout phase rounds will be played in a home-and-away format, with the overall cumulative score determining the winner of a round.

Thus, the score of one single game can be tied. Game 1 Game 2 Source: BBL Homepage Jahenns Manigat Players qualify to this category by having at least 50% games played. Official website