Mika Waltari

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Mika Waltari
Mika Waltari.jpg
Mika Waltari
Born (1908-09-19)19 September 1908
Helsinki, Grand Duchy of Finland
Died 26 August 1979(1979-08-26) (aged 70)
Helsinki, Finland
Occupation Author, translator, academician
Nationality Finnish
Literary movement Tulenkantajat

Signature

Mika Toimi Waltari (About this sound pronunciation ) (19 September 1908 – 26 August 1979) was a Finnish writer, best known for his best-selling novel The Egyptian (Finnish: Sinuhe egyptiläinen).[1] He was extremely productive, and wrote in addition to novels also poetry, short stories, criminal novels, plays, essays, travel stories, film scripts and rhymed texts for comic strips.

Early life[edit]

Waltari was born in Helsinki and lost his father, a Lutheran pastor, at the age of five, as a boy, he witnessed the Finnish Civil War in Helsinki. Later he enrolled in the University of Helsinki as a theology student, according to his mother's wishes, but soon abandoned theology in favour of philosophy, aesthetics and literature, graduating in 1929. While studying, he contributed to various magazines and wrote poetry and stories, getting his first book published in 1925; in 1927 he went to Paris where he wrote his first major novel Suuri illusioni ('My Grand Illusion'), a story of bohemian life.[1] In terms of style, the novel is considered to be the Finnish equivalent to the works of the American writers of the Lost Generation. (In Waltari's historical novel The Adventurer, taking place in the 16th century, the hero is a Finn who wanders through Europe meeting many important characters of the time and ends up in Constantinopole working for the Ottoman Empire). Waltari also was, for a while, a member of the liberal literary movement Tulenkantajat, though his political and social views later turned conservative, he was married in 1931 and had a daughter, Satu, who also became a writer.

Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Waltari worked as a journalist and critic, writing for a number of newspapers and magazines and travelling widely in Europe, he directed the magazine Suomen Kuvalehti. At the same time, he kept writing books in many genres, moving easily from one literary field to another, he had a very busy schedule and strict work ethic. It has been claimed that he also suffered from insomnia and depression, sometimes to the extent of needing hospital treatment, he participated, and often succeeded, in literary competitions to prove the quality of his work to critics. One of these competitions gave rise to one of his most popular characters, Inspector Palmu, a gruff detective of the Helsinki police department, who starred in three mystery novels, all of which were filmed (a fourth film was made without Waltari involved). Waltari also scripted the popular cartoon Kieku ja Kaiku and wrote Aiotko kirjailijaksi, a guidebook for aspiring writers that influenced many younger writers such as Kalle Päätalo.[1]

World War II and international break-through[edit]

During the Winter War (1939–1940) and the Continuation War (1941–1944), Waltari worked in the government information center, now also placing his literary skills at the service of political propaganda. 1945 saw the publication of Waltari's first and most successful historical novel, The Egyptian. Its theme of the corruption of humanist values in a materialist world seemed curiously topical in the aftermath of World War II, and the book became an international bestseller, serving as the basis of the 1954 Hollywood movie of the same name. Waltari wrote seven more historical novels, placed in various ancient cultures, among others The Dark Angel, set during the Fall of Constantinople in 1453; in these novels, he gave powerful expression to his fundamental pessimism and also, in two novels set in the Roman Empire, to his Christian conviction. After the war, he also wrote several novellas, he became a member of the Finnish Academy in 1957 and received an honorary doctorate at the University of Turku in 1970.[2]

Waltari was one of the most prolific Finnish writers, he wrote at least 29 novels, 15 novellas, 6 collections of stories or fairy-tales, 6 collections of poetry and 26 plays, as well as screen plays, radio plays, non-fiction, translations, and hundreds of reviews and articles. He is also internationally the best-known Finnish writer, and his works have been translated into more than 30 languages.[1]

Later years[edit]

Waltari's last two novels tell about early history of Christianity: Valtakunnan salaisuus (English title: The Secret of the Kingdom 1959), and Ihmiskunnan viholliset (English title: The Roman 1964), as a member of Academy of Science and Letters he guided younger writers. He was also involved in re-publishing and editing his early works, and gave long interviews to Ritva Haavikko which were published as a book.[2][3]

Recognition[edit]

Waltari got the State literature award five times: 1933, 1934, 1936, 1949, and 1953, the Pro Finlandia Medal was given to him in 1952.[4]

The 100th anniversary of Mika Waltari's birth was celebrated by selecting the writer as the main motif for a high value commemorative coin, the €10 Mika Waltari commemorative coin, minted in 2008. The reverse depicts a vigilant Pharaoh watchdog referencing his famous book, the obverse is decorated with Waltari's signature and a stylized pen nib that symbolizes the diversity of the writer’s production.

Waltari's memorial in Töölö by Veikko Hirvimäki was unveiled in 1985.[5]

Two asteroids have been named in honour of Waltari: n:o 4266 Mika Waltari and n:o 4512 Sinuhe.[2]

Works[edit]

Novels[edit]

  • Jumalaa paossa (1925)
  • Suuri illusioni (1928)
  • Appelsiininsiemen (1931)
  • Keisarin tekohampaat (1931, with Armas J. Pulla, AKA Leo Rainio)
  • Punainen Madonna (1932, AKA Leo Rainio)
  • Älkää ampuko pianistia! (1932, AKA Leo Rainio)
  • Helsinki trilogy:
    1. Mies ja haave (1933)
    2. Sielu ja liekki (1934)
    3. Palava nuoruus (1935)
    4. From Father to Son (Isästä poikaan) (1942). Abbreviated reprint of the trilogy
  • Surun ja ilon kaupunki (1936)
  • Ihmeellinen Joosef eli elämä on seikkailua (1938, AKA M. Ritvala)
  • Komisario Palmu series:
    1. Kuka murhasi rouva Skrofin? (1939)
    2. Komisario Palmun erehdys (1940)
    3. Tähdet kertovat, komisario Palmu! (1962)
  • Antero ei enää palaa (1940). Novella
  • Fine van Brooklyn (1941). Novella
  • Kaarina Maununtytär (1942)
  • Ei koskaan huomispäivää!, AKA Kevät uuden maailmansodan varjossa (1942). Novella
  • Rakkaus vainoaikaan (1943)
  • Tanssi yli hautojen (1944)
  • Jokin ihmisessä (1944). Novella
  • Sellaista ei tapahdu, AKA Unohduksen pyörre (1944). Novella
  • The Egyptian (Sinuhe egyptiläinen) (1945). Abridged translation
  • Kultakutri (1948). Novella
  • The Adventurer series:
    1. The Adventurer, AKA Michael The Finn (Mikael Karvajalka) (1948)
    2. The Wanderer, AKA The Sultan's Renegade (Mikael Hakim) (1949)
  • The Dark Angel series:
    1. The Dark Angel (Johannes Angelos) (1952)
    2. Nuori Johannes (1981). Published posthumously. Prequel
  • The Etruscan (Turms, kuolematon) (1955)
  • Feliks onnellinen (1958)

Short story collections[edit]

  • Kuolleen silmät. Kertomuksia tuntemattoman ovilta (1926, AKA Kristian Korppi)
  • Dshinnistanin prinssi (1929)
  • Kiinalainen kissa ja muita satuja (1932)
  • Novelleja, AKA Nainen tuli pimeästä ja muita novelleja (1943). Contains 28 short stories:
    1. I Poikia:
      • "Herääminen"
      • "Pelkuri"
      • "Kiusaus"
      • "Salaseura "Hurjat hosujat"
      • "Oi, nuoruus"
    2. II Päivä paistaa:
      • "Nuori mies rakastaa"
      • "Suomalaista rakkautta"
      • "Kosto"
      • "Ensimmäinen vuosi on pahin"
      • "Mies ja hänen koiransa"
      • "Huviretki"
      • "Vanha mies herää kevääseen"
      • "Helsingin kevät"
    3. III Maa:
      • "Hannu Suolanhakijan tarina"
      • "Rauhaton taival"
      • "Omenapuut"
      • "Ihminen on hyvä"
      • "Huutokaupassa"
      • "Juhlapäivä"
      • "Mies kävelee talvista tietä"
    4. IV Kaupunki:
      • "Pimeä piha"
      • "Oli kerran pieni poika"
      • "Poika palaa kotiin"
      • "Äiti on sairas"
      • "Mies herää unesta"
      • "Hiilet hehkuvat"
      • "Uusi rakennusmaa"
    5. V Tuolta puolen:
      • "Nainen tuli pimeästä"
  • Kuun maisema (1953). Contains 6 short stories:
    • "Jokin ihmisessä" (1944). Novella
    • "Jäinen saari"
    • "Moonscape" ("Kuun maisema"). Novella
    • "Ennen maailmanloppua"
    • "Pariisilaissolmio"
    • "Ihmisen vapaus"
  • Koiranheisipuu ja neljä muuta pienoisromaania (1961). Contains 5 short stories:
    • "The Tree of Dreams" ("Koiranheisipuu")
    • "Ei koskaan huomispäivää!", AKA "Kevät uuden maailmansodan varjossa" (1942). Novella
    • "Kultakutri" (1948). Novella
    • "Fine van Brooklyn" (1941). Novella
    • "Sellaista ei tapahdu", AKA "Unohduksen pyörre" (1944). Novella
  • Pienoisromaanit (1966). Contains 13 short stories:
    • "Multa kukkii" (1930). Novella
    • "Ei koskaan huomispäivää!", AKA "Kevät uuden maailmansodan varjossa" (1942). Novella
    • "Fine van Brooklyn" (1941). Novella
    • "Sellaista ei tapahdu", AKA "Unohduksen pyörre" (1944). Novella
    • "Jokin ihmisessä" (1944). Novella
    • "Nainen tuli pimeästä"
    • "Kultakutri" (1948). Novella
    • "Ennen maailmanloppua"
    • "Moonscape" ("Kuun maisema"). Novella
    • "Jäinen saari"
    • "Pariisilaissolmio"
    • "Ihmisen vapaus"
    • "The Tree of Dreams" ("Koiranheisipuu")
  • Lukittu laatikko ja muita kertomuksia (1978)
  • Joulutarinoita (1985). Contains 57 short stories:
    • "Kapinalliset naiset"
    • "Aili, Bonzo ja suuri saippuapallo"
    • "Eräs joululahja"
    • "Hentomielinen mies"
    • "Hiilet hehkuvat"
    • "Hirveä päivä"
    • "Hyvyys ja rauha"
    • "Hyvästi, Joulupukki..."
    • "Insinööri Jalovaaran uskomaton seikkailu"
    • "Isoäiti"
    • "Joulu"
    • "Joulu on jo ovella : leikkiä ja totta joulusta 1940"
    • "Joulu, ihmeellinen, palaamaton"
    • "Joulu, samettikoira ja minä"
    • "Jouluaatto, vuokra-auto ja onnellinen loppu"
    • "Jouluaattona"
    • "Joululahjasäkeitä"
    • "Joululaulu"
    • "Joululoma ja valokuva"
    • "Jouluna 1940"
    • "Joulutarina 1962"
    • "Jouluyö Atlas-vuorilla"
    • "Juhlapäivä"
    • "Kaikki on hyvin, mutta..."
    • "Kaksi pientä koiraa"
    • "Kamreeri Miettinen kertoo joululomastaan"
    • "Keittiömies Petterin onni"
    • "Kirjailijan joulu"
    • "Koti ja taivas"
    • "Kotiinpaluu"
    • "Maan viisaus"
    • "Merimiehen jouluilta"
    • "Myöhästyneet joululahjat"
    • "Nuoren Anttonin jouluaatto"
    • "Nuori Henrik"
    • "Pienen mustan koiran joulu"
    • "Pieni villipeto"
    • "Pikkujouluna kerromme sadun urhoollisesta Pörristä"
    • "Prinsessan joululahja"
    • "Rangaistuskomppanian joulu"
    • "Ratkaisun edessä"
    • "Rauhaton taival"
    • "Riimikronikka joulukirjoista"
    • "Satu Joulupukin suurimmasta salaisuudesta"
    • "Satu Kimistä ja Kaista, jotka matkustivat kuuhun elefantilla"
    • "Satu Pekasta ja äidin punaisesta huivista ja murheellisesta joulupukista"
    • "Taiteilijan joulu : satu aikuisille"
    • "Triest"
    • "Tuntematon tie"
    • "Tyttö katsoi äitiään"
    • "Täti Hortensian kaunein satu"
    • "Unelmien kude"
    • "Vaatimaton jouluruno"
    • "Vanha tietäjä"
    • "Vanhaisäntä käy kaupungissa"
    • "Yllätys isälle"
    • "Yö sairaalassa"
  • Viisi ässää ja muita kertomuksia (1999)

Short stories[edit]

  • "Satu kuninkaasta jolla ei ollut sydäntä" (1945)

Comics[edit]

  • Kieku ja Kaiku (1979)

Poems[edit]

  • Lauluja saatanalle (1926, AKA Untamo Raakki). Unpublished
  • Sinun ristisi juureen (1927)
  • Valtatiet (1928, with Olavi Lauri)
  • Muukalaislegioona (1929)
  • Sotatalvi (1940, with Yrjö Jylhä, Arvi Kivimaa, Viljo Kajava, Ragnar Ekelund, Lauri Viljanen, Otto Varhia)
  • Runoja 1925-1945 (1945)
  • 22.30 – Pikajuna Viipuriin (1966)
  • Pöytälaatikko (1967)
  • Mikan runoja ja muistiinpanoja 1925–1978 (1979)

Plays[edit]

  • Tieteellinen teoria (1928)
  • Jättiläiset ovat kuolleet (1930)
  • Elämämme parhaat vuodet (1934)
  • Yö yli Euroopan (1937)
  • Akhnaton, auringosta syntynyt (1937)
  • Kuriton sukupolvi (1937)
  • Mies rakasti vaimoaan (1937)
  • Toimittaja rakastaa (1937)
  • Hämeenlinnan kaunotar (1939)
  • Sotilaan paluu (1940)
  • Maa on ikuinen (1941)
  • Tulevaisuuden tiellä (1941)
  • Hankala kosinta (1942)
  • Yövieras (1943)
  • Paracelsus Baselissa (1943)
  • Gabriel, tule takaisin (1945)
  • Rakas lurjus (1946)
  • Elämän rikkaus (1947)
  • Noita palaa elämään (1947)
  • Omena putoaa (1947)
  • Portti pimeään (1947)
  • Huhtikuu tulee (1948)
  • Kutsumaton (vieras) (1948)
  • Myöhästynyt hääyö (1948)
  • Viimeiset ihmiset (1950)
  • Pimeä komero (1951)
  • Miljoonavaillinki (1959)
  • Isänmaan parhaat (1961)
  • Keisari ja senaattori (1961)

Nonfiction[edit]

  • Siellä missä miehiä tehdään (1931). Description of the Finnish army
  • Aiotko kirjailijaksi (1935)
  • Neuvostovakoilun varjossa (1943)
  • Lähdin Istanbuliin (1948). Travels
  • Vallaton Waltari (1957). Artícles
  • Ihmisen ääni (1978)
  • Yksinäisen miehen juna (1978). Travels
  • Kirjailijan muistelmia (1980). Memoirs
  • Mika Waltarin mietteitä (1982)
  • Matkakertomuksia (1989). Travels

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Liukkonen, Petri. "Mika Waltari". Authors Calendar. Finland. 
  2. ^ a b c Envall, Markku. "Waltari, Mika (1908–1979)". Kansallisbiografia. Biografiakeskus, Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  3. ^ Haavikko, Ritva (ed.): Mika Waltari. Ihmisen ääni: Nöyryys ja intohimo. WSOY 1978. ISBN 951-0-08913-3
  4. ^ "Waltari, Mika" (in Finnish). Yle. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "Kuningasajatus / The Leading Thought (The Mika Waltari Memorial)". Helsinki Art Museum. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]