Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17

The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 is a high-subsonic fighter aircraft produced in the USSR from 1952 and operated by numerous air forces in many variants. It is an advanced development of the similar looking MiG-15 of the Korean War; the MiG-17 was license-built in China as the Shenyang J-5 and Poland as the PZL-Mielec Lim-6. MiG-17s first saw combat in 1958 in the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis and proved to be an effective threat against more modern supersonic fighters of the United States in the Vietnam War, it was briefly known as the Type 38 by U. S. Air Force designation prior to the development of NATO codes. While the MiG-15bis introduced swept wings to air combat over Korea, the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau had begun work on its replacement in 1949 in order to fix any problems found with the MiG-15 in combat; the result was one of the most successful transonic fighters introduced before the advent of true supersonic types such as the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 and North American F-100 Super Sabre.

The design would still prove effective into the 1960s when pressed into subsonic dogfights over Vietnam against much faster planes which were not optimized for maneuvering in such slower speed, short-range engagements. While the MiG-15 used a Mach sensor to deploy airbrakes because it could not safely exceed Mach 0.92, the MiG-17 was designed to be controllable at higher Mach numbers. Early versions which retained the original Soviet copy of the Rolls-Royce Nene VK-1 engine were heavier with equal thrust. MiG-17s would be the first Soviet fighter application of an afterburner which offered increased thrust on demand by dumping fuel in the exhaust of the basic engine. Though the MiG-17 still resembles its forebear, it had an new thinner and more swept wing and tailplane for speeds approaching Mach 1. While the F-86 introduced the "all-flying" tailplane which helped controllability near the speed of sound, this would not be adopted on MiGs until the supersonic MiG-19; the wing had a "sickle sweep" compound shape with a 45° angle like the U.

S. F-100 Super Sabre near the fuselage, a 42° angle for the outboard part of the wings; the stiffer wing resisted the tendency to bend its wingtips and lose aerodynamic symmetry unexpectedly at high speeds and wing loads. Other visible differences to its predecessor were the addition of a third wing fence on each wing, the addition of a ventral fin and a longer and less tapered rear fuselage that added about one meter in length; the MiG-17 shared the same Klimov VK-1 engine, much of the rest of its construction such as the forward fuselage, landing gear and gun installation was carried over. The first prototype, designated I-330 "SI" by the construction bureau, was flown on the 14 January 1950, piloted by Ivan Ivashchenko. In the midst of testing, pilot Ivan Ivashchenko was killed when his aircraft developed flutter which tore off his horizontal tail, causing a spin and crash on 17 March 1950. Lack of wing stiffness resulted in aileron reversal, discovered and fixed. Construction and tests of additional prototypes "SI-2" and experimental series aircraft "SI-02" and "SI-01" in 1951, were successful.

On 1 September 1951, the aircraft was accepted for production, formally given its own MiG-17 designation after so many changes from the original MiG-15. It was estimated that with the same engine as the MiG-15's, the MiG-17's maximum speed is higher by 40–50 km/h, the fighter has greater manoeuvrability at high altitude. Serial production started in August 1951, but large quantity production was delayed in favor of producing more MiG-15s so it was never introduced in the Korean War, it did not enter service until October 1952, when the MiG-19 was ready to be flight tested. During production, the aircraft was modified several times; the basic MiG-17 was a general-purpose day fighter, armed with three cannons, one Nudelman N-37 37mm cannon and two 23mm with 80 rounds per gun, 160 rounds total. It could act as a fighter-bomber, but its bombload was considered light relative to other aircraft of the time, it carried additional fuel tanks instead of bombs. Although a canopy which provided clear vision to the rear necessary for dogfighting like the F-86 was designed, production MiG-17Fs got a cheaper rear-view periscope which would still appear on Soviet fighters as late as the MiG-23.

By 1953, pilots got safer ejection seats with protective face curtain and leg restraints like the Martin-Baker seats in the west. The MiG-15 had suffered for its lack of a radar gunsight, but in 1951, Soviet engineers obtained a captured F-86 Sabre from Korea and they copied the optical gunsight and SRD-3 gun ranging radar to produce the ASP-4N gunsight and SRC-3 radar; the combination would prove deadly over the skies of Vietnam against aircraft such as the F-4 Phantom whose pilots lamented that guns and radar gunsights had been omitted as obsolescent. The second prototype variant, "SP-2", was an interceptor equipped with a radar. Soon a number of MiG-17P all-weather fighters were produced with the Izumrud radar and front air intake modifications. In early 1953 the MiG-17F day fighter entered production; the "F" indicated it was fitted with the VK-1F engine with an afterburner by modifying the rear fuselage with a new convergent-divergent nozzle and fuel system. The afterburner doubled the rate of climb and improved vertical maneuvers.

But while the plane was not designed to be supersonic, skilled pilots could just dash to supersonic speed in a shallow dive, although the aircraft would pitch up just short of Mach 1. This became the most popular variant of the MiG-17; the next mass-prod

Grab Hands and Run

Grab Hands and Run is a fictional adaptation of a true story written by Frances Temple. The book is written at a fourth grade level aimed at audiences aged 8 to 13. While growing up, Temple's family sheltered her two children; the story focuses on the 12-year-old Felipe and his younger sister Romy who flee from the difficult political situation in El Salvador because Felipe's father Jacinto has disappeared. The family had developed a contingency plan for such an event which called for them to flee to Canada, which they went through Guatemala and the United States; the book focuses on the children having to learn not to provoke the anger of government officials and other people in power. As their trip progresses they realize how precious an intact family are, they reach Canada but they find out from a religious man that their father was killed. Kirkus Reviews found Grab Hands and Run "Well wrought and compelling." While Publishers Weekly saw that "Temple's characters are wholly credible" and "Temple's novel may well lead the curious to research the country and politics that inspired her fictional account."

Mister, You're a Better Man Than I

"You're a Better Man Than I", alternately listed as "Mr. You're a Better Man Than I" or "Better Man Than I", is a song first recorded by the English rock band the Yardbirds, it was written by brothers Mike and Brian Hugg, became the opening track to the group's second American album, Having a Rave Up with The Yardbirds. Three months in February 1966, it was released in the UK as the B-side to the "Shapes of Things" single. With its politically-conscientious lyrics and catchy melody, "You're a Better Man Than I" has been covered several times; the most successful rendition was recorded by American garage rock band Terry Knight and the Pack, who earned a minor national hit with the tune. With the exception of "Still I'm Sad", the composition, like other tracks on Having a Rave Up with The Yardbirds, was not penned by any of the band members. Nonetheless, "You're a Better Man Than I", along with "Shapes of Things", is the best example of Jeff Beck's experimentation with distorted guitar instrumentals and use of feedback in the Yardbirds' recordings.

Like "Shapes of Things", the composition incorporated elements of psychedelic rock. Lyrically, the song makes a statement directed toward issues concerning the era such as judging others based on race, government intervention, use of violence. Music critic Matthew Greenwald, writing for AllMusic, notes the tune as a successful attempt at producing contemporary folk rock without "compromising the band's dark, threatening lyrics". In February 1966, Terry Knight and the Pack recorded their own version of "You're a Better Man Than I" after hearing the Yardbirds perform the song at a gig in Michigan. Writing on the musical career of Terry Knight, music historian Barry Stroller described the Pack's rendition as a "bona-fide classic", before commending its "surprisingly subtle delivery, basic electric guitar chords supported with organ and rhythm section, Knight brilliantly finds a perfect narrative in which to grow from teeniebopper heartthrob to social voice of conscience"; the song was the first recording by the group to chart nationally, bubbling under the Billboard charts at number 125.

Regionally, "Better Man Than I" reached the Top 10 of several radio charts, overall sold 150,000 copies. Since the Yardbirds' original version, "You're a Better Man Than I" has been interpreted by other groups. Chicago-based garage rock band New Colony Six featured the composition on their debut album Breakthrough in June 1966. In 1969, Manfred Mann Chapter Three, with Mike Hugg on lead vocals, released the song on their self-titled debut album; the song was popular among teen groups in Fort Worth and was covered by the Cynics and Jinx. These interpretations have become more accessible with their inclusion on Fort Worth Teen Scene! Albums