The Mil Mi-24 is a large helicopter gunship, attack helicopter and low-capacity troop transport with room for eight passengers. It is produced by Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant and has been operated since 1972 by the Soviet Air Force and its successors, along with 48 other nations. In NATO circles, the export versions, Mi-25 and Mi-35, are denoted with a letter suffix as "Hind D" and "Hind E". Soviet pilots called the Mi-24 the "flying tank", a term used with the famous World War II Soviet Il-2 Shturmovik armored ground attack aircraft. More common unofficial nicknames were "Galina", "Crocodile", due to the helicopter's camouflage scheme and "Drinking Glass", because of the flat glass plates that surround earlier Mi-24 variants' cockpits. During the early 1960s, it became apparent to Soviet designer Mikhail Mil that the trend towards ever-increasing battlefield mobility would result in the creation of flying infantry fighting vehicles, which could be used to perform both fire support and infantry transport missions.
The first expression of this concept was a mock-up unveiled in 1966 in the experimental shop of the Ministry of Aircraft's factory number 329, where Mil was head designer. The mock-up designated V-24 was based on another project, the V-22 utility helicopter, which never flew; the V-24 had a central infantry compartment that could hold eight troops sitting back to back, a set of small wings positioned to the top rear of the passenger cabin, capable of holding up to six missiles or rockets and a twin-barreled GSh-23L cannon fixed to the landing skid. Mil proposed the design to the heads of the Soviet armed forces. While he had the support of a number of strategists, he was opposed by several more senior members of the armed forces, who believed that conventional weapons were a better use of resources. Despite the opposition, Mil managed to persuade the defence minister's first deputy, Marshal Andrey A. Grechko, to convene an expert panel to look into the matter. While the panel's opinions were mixed, supporters of the project held sway and a request for design proposals for a battlefield support helicopter was issued.
The development and use of gunships and attack helicopters by the US Army during the Vietnam War convinced the Soviets of the advantages of armed helicopter ground support, fostered support for the development of the Mi-24. Mil engineers prepared two basic designs: a 7-ton single-engine design and a 10.5-ton twin-engine design, both based on the 1,700 hp Izotov TV3-177A turboshaft. Three complete mock-ups were produced, along with five cockpit mock-ups to allow the pilot and weapon station operator positions to be fine-tuned; the Kamov design bureau suggested an army version of their Ka-25 ASW helicopter as a low-cost option. This was considered but dropped in favor of the new Mil twin-engine design. A number of changes were made at the insistence of the military, including the replacement of the 23 mm cannon with a rapid-fire heavy machine gun mounted in a chin turret, the use of the 9K114 Shturm anti-tank missile. A directive was issued on 6 May 1968 to proceed with the development of the twin-engine design.
Work proceeded under Mil until his death in 1970. Detailed design work began in August 1968 under the codename Yellow 24. A full-scale mock-up of the design was reviewed and approved in February 1969. Flight tests with a prototype began on 15 September 1969 with a tethered hover, four days the first free flight was conducted. A second prototype was built, followed by a test batch of ten helicopters. Acceptance testing for the design began in June 1970. Changes made in the design addressed structural fatigue problems and vibration levels. A 12-degree anhedral was introduced to the wings to address the aircraft's tendency to Dutch roll at speeds in excess of 200 km/h, the Falanga missile pylons were moved from the fuselage to the wingtips; the tail rotor was moved from the right to the left side of the tail, the rotation direction reversed. The tail rotor now rotated up on the side towards the front of the aircraft, into the downwash of the rotor, which increased the efficiency of the tail rotor.
A number of other design changes were made until the production version Mi-24A entered production in 1970, obtaining its initial operating capability in 1971 and was accepted into the state arsenal in 1972. In 1972, following completion of the Mi-24, development began on a unique attack helicopter with transport capability; the new design had a reduced transport capability and was called the Mi-28, that of the Ka-50 attack helicopter, smaller and more maneuverable and does not have the large cabin for carrying troops. In October 2007, the Russian Air Force announced it would replace its Mi-24 fleet with Mi-28Ns and Ka-52s by 2015; the core of the aircraft was derived from the Mil Mi-8 with two top-mounted turboshaft engines driving a mid-mounted 17.3 m five-blade main rotor and a three-blade tail rotor. The engine configuration gave the aircraft its distinctive double air intake. Original versions have an angular greenhouse-style cockpit. Other airframe components came from the Mi-14 "Haze". Two mid-mounted stub wings provide weapon hardpoints, each offering three stations, in addition to providing lift.
The loadout mix is mission dependent. The Mi-24 fuselage can resist impacts from 12.7 mm rounds from all angles. The t
Parliament House in Edinburgh, Scotland is a complex of several buildings housing the Supreme Courts of Scotland. The original building was home to the pre-Union Parliament of Scotland from 1639 to 1707, it is located in the Old Town, just off the High Street section of the Royal Mile, beside St Giles Cathedral. The oldest part of Parliament House is Parliament Hall, which the Town Council of Edinburgh, at its expense, had built as a permanent home for the Parliament of Scotland, as such is the oldest extant purpose-built parliamentary building in the British Isles, it was completed in 1641 to the design of James Murray. The main interior feature is the elaborate oak trussed flat roof supported on carved stone corbels. Described as a hammerbeam roof, it is a false hammerbeam, necessitated by the flat roof design; the internal ornamentation is provided by downward thrusting radial struts. The roof of the former Tron Kirk further down the High Street is similar in style but, because of the pitch of the roof, is a true hammerbeam.
After the Act of Union 1707, the Parliament of Scotland was adjourned, the building ceased to be used for its original function. The Hall was used for the sitting of courts, but in recent times has been subject to restoration work and now remains open as a meeting place for lawyers. Beneath Parliament Hall lies the Laigh Hall, of similar plan form but less height; the right-hand example of the two smaller fireplaces has carved scenes from The Merchant of Venice. Statues on the north wall include: The 1st Viscount Melville by Sir Francis Chantrey. On the east wall: Duncan Forbes by Roubiliac. On the west wall: Sir Walter Scott by John Greenshields. There are multiple paintings by Sir Henry Raeburn: George Joseph Bell. Paintings by John Watson Gordon include Lord Robertson, Alexander Wood, General Boyle and Erskine Douglas Sandford. Other works include Sir Thomas Hope by George Jameson, Lord Mansfield by David Martin, George Deas, Lord Deas by John Graham Gilbert, Sir Ilay Campbell by John Partridge, John Inglis, Lord Glencorse by George Reid. and Duncan McNeill by John Phillip.
In a corridor beyond the south door of the hall stand figures of "Justice" and "Mercy" by Alexander Mylne which stood over the main entrance on Parliament Square. While the old Parliament was still in existence, parts of the buildings were used for legal cases, afterwards this became the main function of the building; the building is now used to house the College of Justice and other connected functions. In modern times, the building is chiefly used by the Court of Session, which hears civil cases, whilst most of the work of the High Court of Justiciary, which hears criminal cases, takes place in a dedicated building on the other side of the Royal Mile which housed Edinburgh's Sheriff Court; the Advocates' Library was founded in 1682, is located in a William Henry Playfair-designed building to the west of the south end of Parliament Hall. It remains a used legal resource; as well as collecting legal works, it was a deposit library, in 1925 the non-legal books in their collection were given to the new National Library of Scotland, located next to the library, on George IV Bridge.
To the west of the north end of Parliament Hall is The Signet Library. It is a private library, funded by members of The Society of Writers to Her Majesty's Signet, who are practising solicitors. Construction began in 1810 to a design by Robert Reid, it presents a classical front to Parliament Square; this façade wraps around Parliament House as well, replaced the existing Scottish baronial façade. Scots law Courts of Scotland Edinburgh City Chambers Royal Courts of Justice, Belfast Royal Courts of Justice, London
Raziel is the ring name of a Mexican Luchador Enmascarado, or masked professional wrestler, working for the Mexican wrestling promotion Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre. Raziel's real name is not a matter of public record, as is the case with masked wrestlers in Mexico where their private lives are kept a secret from the wrestling fans, he worked as Caligula for many years, forming the team Los Romanos along with Messala. The name "Raziel" is taken from the Archangel Raziel in Jewish mysticism and is sometimes written as "Raciel"; the wrestler, known as Raziel trained under Skayde and José Aarón Alvarado Nieves, better known as Brazo Cibernetico and was considered one of their top pupils at the time. Upon his debut in 1996 he adopted the ring persona "Neo", teaming up with a fellow Skayde/Alvarado graduate who wrestled as "Geo", both enmascarados who wrestled a high-flying style. Early in their careers the duo worked for Asistencia Asesoría y Administración, were part of a group called Los Cadetos del Espacio for a brief period of time.
After their stint in AAA they worked for the short lived Promo Azteca promotion as well as International Wrestling Revolution Group before changing their ring characters. In 2005 he began working for Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre and was teamed up with another recent CMLL signee. CMLL gave Neo a new identity as Caligula, named after the Roman Emperor Caligula, the ring persona was that of a Roman soldier complete with a mask designed to look like a Roman soldier's helmet, his teammate was named Messala and given a similar Roman inspired gimmick and collectively they became known as Los Romanos. The team worked as low ranked Rudos who worked with young wrestlers to give them in-ring experience and to assess their talent. On June 15, 2008, Los Romanos participated in a tournament for the vacant CMLL Arena Coliseo Tag Team Championship but the experienced team lost to the makeshift team of Ángel Azteca, Jr. and Máscara Purpura in the first round. Los Romanos remained placed in the opening or low card position throughout 2008 and into 2009.
On November 18, 2009, CMLL presented a new Rudo group, Los Cancerberos del Infierno a team led by veteran mid-carder Virus and consisted of rookies Pólvora and Euforia as well as two new characters never used before: Raziel and Cancerberos. It was revealed that Raziel and Cancerbero were not two new wrestlers, but the repackaged Los Romanos with Caligula changing his name to Raziel and Messala being turned into Cancerbero. In late 2009 Los Cancerberos participated in a tournament to crown new Mexican National Trios Champion, Virus, Pólvora, Euforia represented the group and defeated Los Ángeles Celestiales in the first round. Following the tournament loss Los Ángeles Celestiales and Los Cancerberos del Infierno have developed a rivalry between the two groups, facing off on various CMLL shows, including their Friday night CMLL Super Viernes show. On the January 15, 2010, Super Viernes Raziel defeated Ángel de Plata in a Lighting match, continuing the building storyline between the two factions.
In May, 2015 Raziel competed in a qualifying match for the 2015 version of En Busca de un Ídolo alongside 15 other wrestlers Raziel competed in a torneo cibernetico, elimination match where the last eight wrestlers would qualify for the tournament. He compete against Akuma, Blue Panther Jr. Cancerbero, Canelo Casas, Disturbio, Flyer, El Gallo, Guerrero Maya Jr. Joker, Sagrado and Boby Zavala. Raziel was the second wrestler eliminated. On December 25, 2015 as part of CMLL's annual Infierno en el Ring show Raziel was one of twelve men risking their mask in the main event steel cage match, he was the tenth man to leave the cage. In January 2017, Raziel made his Japanese debut by taking part in Fantastica Mania 2017, the annual tour co-produced by CMLL and New Japan Pro Wrestling
John Roger Williams is an American car dealer and politician, the U. S. Representative for Texas's 25th congressional district since 2013. A member of the Republican Party, he served under Governor Rick Perry as Secretary of State of Texas from November 2004 to July 1, 2007. With a net worth of $27.7 million, Williams is one of the wealthiest members of Congress. Williams was raised in Fort Worth, he was a star college baseball player for the Texas Christian University Horned Frogs from 1968 to 1971 and was selected in the 25th round of the 1971 MLB Draft by the Atlanta Braves. He played outfield and third base in the Braves' farm system, he reached as high as the Class A Western Carolinas League. He returned to Texas to coach TCU's baseball team before he embarked on a career in business and public affairs. Williams joined his father in a family automobile dealership founded in 1939, he served as Regional Finance Chairman for Governor George W. Bush in his 1998 elections, he became North Texas Chairman for the Bush/Cheney 2000 campaign, North Texas Finance Chairman in 2004, National Grassroots Fundraising Chairman for the 2004 campaign.
Williams was appointed by President George W. Bush in 2001 to be Chairman of the Republican National Finance Committee's Eagles Program, he has served as State Finance Chair for John Cornyn's U. S. Senate campaign and as the National Director of the "Patriots" program for Cornyn. Williams was appointed by Governor Perry to the Texas Motor Vehicle Board, he was nominated by Lieutenant Governor Bill Ratliff to the Special Committee on State Employee Compensation and Benefits. Perry appointed Williams to be his fourth Secretary of State of Texas; as secretary of state, Williams was the Chief Elections Officer for Texas, assisted county election officials and ensured the uniform application and interpretation of election laws through the state. He oversaw the state's efforts to comply with the federal Help America Vote Act. Williams worked to promote economic development and job creation in Texas, he was Perry's chief liaison to Mexico and the Border Region of Texas. In this capacity, he worked with Mexican federal and local officials on common issues.
As the overseer and director of Texas elections, Williams's office was in the spotlight during the 2006 Texas governor's race. Independent candidate Richard Friedman lobbied to have the name "Kinky" placed on the election ballot. Another Independent candidate, Carole K. Strayhorn, sought to have the name "Grandma" placed on the ballot next to her name. Strayhorn's request was denied. Friedman and Strayhorn finished third and fourth in the election, behind Democrat Chris Bell and the winner, incumbent Republican Perry. Williams announced on June 11, 2007, that he would leave the appointed position to "pursue other opportunities". On July 16, 2007, Williams was named chairman of the Texas Republican Victory 2008 Coordinated Campaign, which assists candidates up and down the general election ballot. Republicans again won all statewide office in 2008 and gained a seat in the United States House of Representatives but lost four seats in the Texas House of Representatives and county offices in populous Harris County.
Late in 2008, Williams formed an exploratory committee to consider a run for the United States Senate seat held by fellow Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison of Dallas, who had formed her own committee to consider a 2010 race for governor of Texas. Williams considered a run for Senate in 2012 but decided to run for the U. S. House of Representatives instead. In June 2011, Williams announced that he was dropping his Senate bid to instead run for Texas' 25th congressional district; the district was a newly created seat that twisted and wound from southern Fort Worth through much of the Texas Hill Country to western Austin, included Williams' home in Weatherford. Williams qualified for runoff election. Wes Riddle met Williams in the second round of balloting. In the July 31 election, Williams defeated Riddle 58 to 42 percent. In the November general election, Williams defeated Democratic nominee Elaine Henderson 58%–37%. In the November 4, 2014 general election, Williams defeated Democrat Marco Montoya and Libertarian John Betz, with Williams receiving 107,120 votes over Montoya's 64,463 votes and Betz's 6,300 votes.
Williams unsuccessfully challenged National Republican Congressional Committee Chairman Greg Walden of Oregon in Walden's bid for a second term as chairman after the 2014 elections. Williams won his third term in the House in the general election held on November 8, 2016, when Donald Trump carried the electoral vote majority over Hillary Rodham Clinton. Williams polled 180,988 votes to 117,073 received by Democrat Kathi Thomas. Libertarian Loren Marc Schneiderman held the remaining 12,135 ballots. Williams won his fourth term in the House in the general election held on November 6, 2018. With 162,288 votes, he defeated Democrat Julie Oliver, who polled 135,288. Another 5,124 went to Desarae Lindsey. United States House Committee on Financial Services Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure Subcommittee on Aviation Subcommittee on Highways and Transit Subcommittee on Railroads and Hazardous Materials Republican Study Committee Friends of Wales Caucus Williams supported President Donald Trump's 2017 executive order imposing a ban on entry to the U.
S. to citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries, calling it a "co
Ramón Montesinos Calaf was a Spanish footballer who played as a defensive midfielder. Born in Barcelona, Montesinos joined local and La Liga powerhouse FC Barcelona in the summer of 1963, having played his youth football there. During his three-year spell with the club he was sparingly used, his best output being 19 games in his first year, he was loaned to CA Osasuna in Segunda División whilst under contract. In 1965–66, as Barça won the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, Montesinos appeared more in that competition than in the domestic league. In 1967, he signed for neighbouring CE Sabadell FC where he would remain for the rest of his professional career, his first five seasons being played in the top flight – this included the 1968–69 campaign where he played all the matches and minutes as the team finished in a best-ever fourth position. Montesinos died in the village of Alella on 29 December 2010, at the age of 67. BarcelonaInter-Cities Fairs Cup: 1965–66 Ramón Montesinos at BDFutbol
"Business" is a song by American rapper Eminem from his fourth studio album The Eminem Show. "Business" was released as the final single from The Eminem Show in July 2003 but it was not released as an official single in the United States. "Business" is eleven seconds in length. It sees Eminem comparing himself and Dr. Dre, the song's producer, to fictional crime-fighting duo Batman and Robin, a comparison first explored in the music video for the previous Eminem single "Without Me"; the lyrics are backed by a "cartoonish" beat: one of several Dr. Dre productions on The Eminem Show which, according to CultureDose writer Marty Brown, affords Eminem a "perfect sound-scape" to inspire emotions in the listener, calling the beat "a launchpad effective for humor or anger". Writing for Pitchfork Media, Ethan P. noted the "cartoonish" production to be similar in style to several of Eminem's early singles, claiming it to be fitting to the Batman and Robin theme on "Business", but noted that "this time he's talking about Batman and Robin!!".
DX Magazine editor J-23 called. Kris Ex On "Business": "Em names himself the gatekeeper of hip-hop and obliquely claims to be the best rapper alive:'The flow's too wet/Nobody close to it/Nobody says it, but everybody knows the shit.'" UK CD1UK CD2UK CassetteGerman CD singleAustralian CD singleGerman 3" CD singleThe Singles version