Milano–Torino is a semi classic European single day cycling race, between the northern Italian cities of Milan and Turin over a distance of 199 kilometres. The event was first run in 1876 making it the oldest of the Italian classic races and one of the oldest in the world; the event is owned by the RCS media group which owns the Italian sports daily La Gazzetta dello Sport. RCS organises other top Italian cycling events such as the Giro d'Italia, Milan–San Remo and Tirreno–Adriatico; the race is ranked 1. HC on the UCI continental calendar; the race was not run between the spring of 2007 and the autumn of 2012. The position of the race in the European calendar has changed several times. Prior to 1987 the event was always seven days before Milan–San Remo and was seen as an important preparation race for the Spring Classics, however in 1987 Milano–Torino was switched to a date in October just before the Giro di Lombardia because the race organisers were not happy with the inclement weather conditions characterised by early March in northern Italy.
In October the race became part of the “Trittico di Autunno” along with the Giro del Piemonte and the Giro di Lombardia which were all run in the same week. In 2005 Milan–Torino returned to its traditional date in early March, however the 2008 edition again returned to a date in October exchanging dates with the Monte Paschi Eroica race, now run in March; however the race did not take place in October 2008 and it was not run for the next four years until an agreement was reached in February 2012 between the race owners and the Associazione Ciclistica Arona to organise the race for the next three years. The 2000 edition of the race was not held because of torrential rain which caused catastrophic mud slides in the Piedmont area; the race starts in Novate Milanese, just north west of Milan, crosses the Ticino river at Vigevano after 40 kilometres, leaving the region of Lombardy and entering Piedmont. The first 95 kilometres of the race are run in a south westerly direction on broad flat roads, the climb of Vignale Monferrato is encountered and a series of small undulations take the race to Asti after 130 kilometres.
The race route crosses four railway level crossings at 70, 75, 129 and 133 kilometres and these can be important in helping any breakaways if the peloton is held up by a train. At Asti the race swings north westerly towards Turin climbing before tackling the tough climb of the Superga Hill just 16 kilometres from the finish; the Superga climb is the springboard for a group of riders to escape before the finish. From the top of the Superga it is a fast picturesque descent into Turin down the Strada Panoramica dei Colli through the Parco Naturale della Collina di Superga to finish in the Fausto Coppi velodrome on Corso Casale in Turin. In 2012 edition the finish was moved on the top of Superga. Milano–Torino is one of the fastest of the classics, Walter Martin won the 1961 edition at an average speed of 45.094 kilometres per hour and this stood for a time as the fastest speed in a classic race until beaten by Marinio Vigna in the 1964 edition of the Tre Valli Varesine. Swiss rider Markus Zberg now holds the record average speed for the race when he won in 1999 at a speed of 45.75 kilometres per hour.
The record for the most wins in Milano–Torino stands to the Italian Costante Girardengo who took five victories between 1914 and 1923. Pierino Favalli took a hat trick of wins between 1938 and 1940. Tour de France and Giro d’Italia winner, the late Marco Pantani lost his life in the 1995 edition of Milano–Torino when police allowed a four-wheel drive vehicle onto the course by mistake. Pantani missed the entire 1996 season. In 2012 the winner was Alberto Contador. During the first race in 1876, there were only 10 competitors, there were an estimated 10,000 spectators. Official website
The Dayton Hamvention is an amateur radio convention considered to be the world's largest hamfest. It is held each May in the Ohio area. Since 2017, it has been held at the Greene County Fairgrounds in Ohio near Dayton. Prior to this it was held each May at the Hara Arena in Ohio; the first Hamvention occurred on March 1952 at the Biltmore Hotel in Dayton. Hara Arena had been the home of Dayton Hamvention since 1964; the Hara Arena announced its closure in 2016 with the 2017 Hamvention being forced to move as a result. The Hamvention offers forums, exhibit space and a flea market and claims to have over 20,000 visitors. Many amateur radio enthusiasts go out of their way to attend the Hamvention, travelling from all over the United States, Canada and various parts of the world, including attendees from as far away as Australia and Russia
Christiaen van Vianen was a Dutch silversmith and draughtsman. He was the son of Adam van Vianen and worked in his father's auricular style as a silversmith and designer. In the 1640s he employed the engraver Theodor van Kessel to make a book about his father's designs, called Modelli Artificiosi di Vasi diversi d'argento et altre Opere capriciozi; these plates were reworked in the 1650s into Constige modellen van verscheyden silvere vaten en andere sinnighe werken, gevonden ende geteekend door den vermaarden Adam van Vianen, sijnde meerendeels door hem uyt één stuk silver geslagen, uytgegeven door synen soon Christiaen van Vianen tot Utrecht, ende in cooper geetst door Theodor van Kessel