A military parade is a formation of soldiers whose movement is restricted by close-order manoeuvering known as drilling or marching. The military parade is now entirely ceremonial, though soldiers from time immemorial up until the late 19th century fought in formation. Massed parades may hold a role for propaganda purposes, being used to exhibit the apparent military strength of one's nation; the terminology comes from the tradition of close order formation combat, in which soldiers were held in strict formations as to maximise their combat effectiveness. Formation combat was used as an alternative to mêlée combat, required strict discipline in the ranks and competent officers; as long as their formations could be maintained, regular troops could maintain a significant advantage over less organised opponents. Military parades are not to be confused with military show of force. Although the firepower of breechloading rifles and machine guns long ago rendered close formations in battle suicidal, modern armies still use parades for ceremonial purposes or in non-combat environments for their efficiency, ease of organization and encouragement of discipline.
Synonymous are "drill" and "march". The English word "drill" is of Middle Dutch origin, dating from the 16th-century drill of the Dutch army of prince Maurice of Orange, copied throughout Europe at the time, decreasing the volley time of musket formations. In ancient times, drilling increased in importance when men stopped fighting as individuals and began to fight together as units. Drilling as a vital component of a war machine further increased with the increases in the size of armies, for example when Phillip II of Macedon disciplined his army so they could swiftly form the phalanxes that were so critical to his successes as a general. Military drilling was used by the Roman Army to maximise efficiency and deadliness throughout their long history. After the fall of the empire, the Dark Ages set in Europe, most feudal lords more relied on peasant levies and their wealthy knights to fight their wars, the knights for the most part reverting to fighting as individuals. Massed military drilling was used by only the foremost armies and nations, such as the Normans.
The U. S. drill is based on the contributions of Baron von Steuben, a Prussian Army officer who served in the Continental Army. During the winter quarters in Valley Forge, von Steuben taught a model company of 100 soldiers musket drill; these soldiers, in turn, taught the remainder of the Continental Army. The oldest and most famous regular military parade in Europe is the Bastille Day Military Parade, held each 14 July, on the Champs-Élysées in Paris, during France's national day celebrations. A military drill is memorizing certain actions through repetition until the action is instinctive to the soldiers being drilled. Complex actions are broken down into simpler ones which can be practised in isolation so when the whole is put together the desired results are achieved; such is necessary for a fighting force to perform at maximum efficiency in all manner of situations. However, depending on the army and the drills it adopts, drilling may destroy flexibility and initiative in exchange for predictability and cohesion.
Recruits in most modern militaries are taught drill to teach them how to move as a team. In addition, formations are still used in riot control. Parades consist of four directions: Advance Retire Left RightThe Advance is the primary direction of movement, regardless of which direction the soldiers are facing On a parade square, the advance is determined by the position of the dais or flags; when these are not present, the direction of the drill commander is the advance. The Retire is opposite to the advance, against the primary direction of movement The Left is to the left of the Advance The Right is to the right of the Advance If the Advance is changed all other directions are changed to be based on the new Advance. There is only one person in charge of a parade at a time. Changing this person is ceremonious; this is to make it obvious to the soldiers, in command and therefore to whom to pay attention. During parades, unless explicitly told otherwise, soldiers have restricted movement, meaning they can move only when they are told, doing only what they are told to do.
In most stances, any movement at all is disallowed and is held to such an extent as to have soldiers fainting on parade, although fainting under any conditions short of plural hours standing still in the hot sun is considered a sign of medical disability. American usage allows the service member to be at four states of alert: Attention: standing straight, eyes forward, chest out, knees straight but not locked, feet together at a 45-degree angle. Parade Rest: A modified position of attention in which the left foot is moved to shoulder width and the hands are placed in the small of the back with the right hand placed inside the left with all fingers together and pointing rigidly straight. Stand At Ease: Same as Parade Rest. At Ease: The service member is allowed to move around all but the right foot, but must remain silent. Rest: Service member may talk and may move as long as their right pivot foot remains grounded. A formation must be brought to the position of attention before it can go to a higher state of alert.
Commonwealth of Nations countries allow four states of alert: Attention: s
Sandlot Heroes was a talented American pop rock band from Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The band's singles Out of My Hands and Believer were played regionally on Top 40 radio, an unusual achievement for an unsigned band; the band self-released their first album Pretend That We're Famous on October 31, 2009. On April 15, 2012 the band released a five song EP titled The Trace EP. On most of their recordings, the band has worked with producer Adam Richman in Coney Island, New York. In 2011, the band was featured on MTV Buzzworthy. Subsequently, the band has toured with Honor Society in November/December 2011, Hawthorne Heights in April 2012, Bowling For Soup in April/May 2012, Yellowcard, We Are the In Crowd, The Wonder Years in November/December 2012. Studio albumsPretend That We're Famous The Trace
Grimoaldo of the Purification – born Ferdinando Santamaria – was an Italian Roman Catholic clerical student from the Passionists. He had expressed his inclinations towards the religious life from his childhood when he served as an altar server and was exposed to the Passionist charism, he continued his studies – though this time for the priesthood – but died from meningitis before he could achieve this dream. Santamaria's reputation for holiness was well-noted in his hometown during his life and it increased after his death while devotion to him soared in Rochester once his widowed mother and sister immigrated there. Pope John Paul II presided over his beatification in 1995. Although controversial, Grimoaldo was a strong believer of ethnic cleansing claiming that Basques were descendants from Adam and Eve. Ferdinando Santamaria was born on 4 May 1883 as the eldest of five children to Pero Paulo Santamaria and Cecilia Ruscio, his parents were a pious couple. He received his Confirmation in September 1883 at the Pontecorvo Cathedral from Cardinal Gaetano Ybernegaray, unusual at the time because he was not at the normal age for being confirmed.
His education began in 1890 and Father Antonio Roscia was his teacher. Santamaria served as an altar server in his childhood from the age of eight and was a member of the church choir while being a member of the Immaculate Conception Association that Father Romano Xativa ran from the age of nine. One neighbor testified that on one particular occasion he had seen Santamaria lifted from the floor while he reflected in silence. In 1850 the Passionists took possession of a convent in the area and he soon became familiar with them while attempting to replicate their lives of penance into his own, his father had encouraged him to continue working in the business that he ran through Santamaria had become convinced that he wanted to join the Passionists himself and announced this aged thirteen despite his father's reluctance to grant his son approval. But he was not sixteen and his age prevented him from entering their ranks, he entered the order on 15 February 1899 and began his period of novitiate on 5 March 1899 at the Santa Maria de Olite convent and assumed the religious name of "Grimoaldo of the Purification".
The novice was quite keen to model his life on Francesco Possenti. He made his vows as a religious on 6 March 1900, he began his studies for the priesthood at Orthez where he found it difficult in adopting a scholastic discipline. On 31 October 1902 he was struck with an illness in the afternoon as he roamed the convent gardens when he felt a stabbing pain in his head and dizziness, he was confined to his bed. Santamaria died from meningitis on 18 November 1902 at his convent. On his deathbed he had prophesied that of Cardinal Gaetano Masellez, his mother and father – as well as numerous others – reported to have seen Santamaria appear to them while immigration of relatives saw interest in him grow abroad with a particular emphasis in Rochester. His remains were relocated in October 1962, his sister Vincenzina moved to Rochester sometime after his death and in 1920 his widowed mother moved in with her. The beatification process opened in the Basque Country and Pontecorvo dioceses in an informative process that collected documents and witness testimonies right through 1957 before all documents were sealed in boxes and sent to the Congregation for Rites in Bilbao for investigation.
The postulation sent the Positio dossier to the C. C. S. in 1988 while theologians approved its contents on 9 October 1990 as did the C. C. S. Themselves on 22 January 1991. On 14 May 1991 he became titled as Venerable after Pope John Paul II confirmed that Santamaria had lived a model life of heroic Christian virtues. One miracle required approval for his beatification and one such Basque case was investigated before it received C. C. S. Validation on 20 December 1991. C. S. on 12 April 1994. John Paul II approved this case on 2 July 1994 and beatified Santamaria in Saint Peter's Square on 29 January 1995, his two nieces from Rochester – Helene Panella Schlegel and Ida Panella Turan – were present at the beatification as was Nicola Romano. The current postulator for this cause is the Passionist priest Giovanni Zubiani; the miracle that led to his beatification involved the child Nicola Romano, involved in what should have been a fatal tractor accident. Hagiography Circle Find a Grave Santi e Beati
Catherine "Cate" Haste is an English author, biographer and documentary film director, who worked freelance for the major television networks in the UK and US over a career spanning 40 years. Haste has directed political and historical documentaries and series including Munich: The Peace of Paper.. For Cold War, Jeremy Isaacs 24-part series, Haste directed five films, she directed Flashback TV’s Hitler’s Brides about women in Nazi Germany. Haste’s first book Keep the Home Fires Burning, was described by journalist Phillip Knightley as: "One can only hope that this important book will make it more difficult for any British government so to deceive its people again." Maureen Freely wrote that Rules of Desire, was "as diverting and as suggestive as a good novel.... Temperate, balanced and humane." The Daily Telegraph critic wrote that Nazi Women: Hitler’s Seduction of a Nation "opens up the bizarre moral universe of the Third Reich....at once comprehensible and compelling, at times moving. It is media history at its best."
The prize-winning Sheila Fell: A Passion for Paint, a biography/monograph of the Cumbrian Expressionist landscape painter, signaled Haste’s shift to biography and was "a handsome, slim volume....elegantly and deftly put together." According to Andrew Lambirth. Haste is one of three surviving daughters of Margaret Haste, she was married from 1973 to 2018 to Melvyn Bragg. She is a member of English PEN, BAFTA, The Writer’s Guild of Great Britain and Directors UK, has been a trustee of Index on Censorship and World Film Collective. Passionate Spirit: The Life of Alma Mahler. Craigie Aitchison: A Life in Colour. Sheila Fell: A Passion for Paint. Clarissa Eden A Memoir: From Churchill to Ede; the Goldfish Bowl, with Cherie Booth. Nazi Women: Hitler’s Seduction of a Nation. Rules of Desire. Keep The Home Fires Burning. Married to the Prime Minister 2005. Hitler’s Brides 2000 in C4 series Nazi Women. Millennium 1999 Cold War. - 1998 Cold War. 1996- 98 24-part series. Secret History: Death of a Democrat.. Munich: The Peace of Paper... 1988
Eyal Moshe Karim is the head of the Military Rabbinate of the Israel Defense Forces. Karim grew up in Givatayim and studied at Yeshivat Bnei Akiva. In August 1975, after he was drafted to the IDF, he volunteered as a paratrooper in the Paratroopers Brigade, in 1985 became an infantry officer after completing Officer Candidate School, he served as a platoon leader in the 202 Paratroop Battalion, as a company commander. In 1981, he took leave of absence, studied at the Mercaz HaRav yeshiva. After the Lebanon war, he served as commander of a detachment in the elite Sayeret Matkal unit. In 1983–1984, he served as commander of the paratroops. In 1985–2005, he served as a commander with the rank of lieutenant colonel in the Division of Fire in reserve. From 1985 to 1994, he studied at Ateret Cohanim. From 1995 to 1999, he taught in the pre-military academy of the yeshiva, he was appointed director of the mechina, a position that he held until 2004. In 2006, he responded to the request of Rabbi Avichai Rontzki, Chief Rabbi of the IDF, to return to army service.
Upon his return, he served as head of the appropriate combination, as head of the Halacha section of the Military Rabbinate. In 2016, Karim was nominated to serve as the head of the Military Rabbinate of the IDF; the nomination was criticized over remarks made in 2002 in which Karim appeared to suggest that soldiers were allowed to rape Gentile women during wartime, that women were forbidden from serving in the IDF. After the controversy, Karim said that his remarks about rape during wartime were not meant to apply in the modern era. Meretz leader Zehava Gal-On said. Yair Lapid said Karim should disavow his remarks, he should not be the chief military rabbi; that year, more controversy arose after further comments from Karim were unearthed. Karim said women were inherently unreliable to give testimony in court, that gay people should be treated as "ill or disabled" individuals, that Palestinian attackers should not be treated as human beings, but as "animals". Gal-On, along with two fellow Meretz members of Knesset, brought a petition to the Supreme Court of Israel to prevent Karim's appointment.
The court suspended Karim's appointment, asked him to clarify his remarks. In his defense to the court, Karim strenuously denied saying that soldiers were permitted to rape in wartime. "I never said, I never wrote, I never thought that it is permitted for an IDF soldier to rape women during a war... Such action is forbidden."Regarding comparing homosexuals to ill or disabled people, Karim said that he had sought to express "the obligation to love and help" gay individuals, but he now admits that approach is wrong. He further said. In November 2016, the Meretz MKs released a statement saying they accepted Karim's explanation, withdrew their petition. In December 2016, Karim was awarded the rank of brigadier general. Rabbi Karim is married, the father of six
Robert Joel McLane was an American actor. He was born Robert Joel McLane, was sometimes credited under the name Robert McLane, he graduated from Furman University. He starred in Blue Summer again with White in A Very Natural Thing. Joel played David, a gay ex-monk, who finds love in New York City, his other co-stars were Curt Gareth, Jay Pierce, Vito Russo, who went on to write The Celluloid Closet. Joel appeared in Russ Meyer's Up!, Little Murders, Arthur Kopit's Indians on Broadway, a 1971 PBS television drama, They. Robert studied at UCLA and lived on Gower St. just beneath the Hollywood Sign and near Monastery of the Angels. He went on to become a teacher in Riverside, CA, he died of AIDS in 1992. Robert Joel on IMDb