Millennium Park is a public park located in the Loop community area of Chicago in Illinois operated by the Chicago Department of Cultural Affairs and managed by MB Real Estate. The park was intended to celebrate the third millennium and is a prominent civic center near the city's Lake Michigan shoreline that covers a 24.5-acre section of northwestern Grant Park. The area was occupied by parkland, Illinois Central's rail yards, parking lots; the park, bounded by Michigan Avenue, Randolph Street, Columbus Drive and East Monroe Drive, features a variety of public art. As of 2009, Millennium Park trailed only Navy Pier as a Chicago tourist attraction and by 2017 it had become the number one tourist attraction in the Midwestern United States. In 2015, the park became the location of the city's annual Christmas tree lighting. Planning of the park began in October 1997. Construction began in October 1998, Millennium Park was opened in a ceremony on July 16, 2004, four years behind schedule; the three-day opening celebrations were attended by some 300,000 people and included an inaugural concert by the Grant Park Orchestra and Chorus.
The park has received awards for its green design. Millennium Park has free admission, features the Jay Pritzker Pavilion, Cloud Gate, the Crown Fountain, the Lurie Garden, various other attractions; the park is connected by the BP Pedestrian Bridge and the Nichols Bridgeway to other parts of Grant Park. Because the park sits atop a parking garage and the commuter rail Millennium Station, it is considered the world's largest rooftop garden; some observers consider Millennium Park the city's most important project since the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893. It far exceeded its proposed budget of $150 million; the final cost of $475 million was borne by private donors. The city paid $270 million; the construction delays and cost overruns were attributed to poor planning, many design changes, cronyism. Many critics have praised the completed park. In 2017, Millennium Park was the top tourist destination in Chicago and the Midwest, placed among the top ten in the United States with 25 million annual visitors.
From 1852 until 1997, the Illinois Central Railroad owned a right of way between downtown Chicago and Lake Michigan, in the area that became Grant Park and used it for railroad tracks. In 1871, Union Base-Ball Grounds was built on part of the site. Lake Front Park, the White Stockings' new ball grounds, was built in 1878 with a short right field due to the railroad tracks; the grounds were improved and the seating capacity was doubled in 1883, but the team had to move after the season ended the next year, as the federal government had given the city the land "with the stipulation that no commercial venture could use it". Daniel Burnham planned Grant Park around the Illinois Central Railroad property in his 1909 Plan of Chicago. In 1997, when the city gained airspace rights over the tracks, it decided to build a parking facility over them in the northwestern corner of Grant Park; the city realized that a grand civic amenity might lure private dollars in a way that a municipal improvement would not, thus began the effort to create Millennium Park.
The park was planned under the name Lakefront Millennium Park. The park was conceived as a 16-acre landscape-covered bridge over an underground parking structure to be built on top of the Metra/Illinois Central Railroad tracks in Grant Park; the park was to be designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, but additional architects and artists such as Frank Gehry and Thomas Beeby were incorporated into the plan. Sponsors were sought by invitation only. In February 1999, the city announced it was negotiating with Frank Gehry to design a proscenium arch and orchestra enclosure for a bandshell, as well as a pedestrian bridge crossing Columbus Drive, that it was seeking donors to cover his work. At the time, the Chicago Tribune dubbed Gehry "the hottest architect in the universe" in reference to the acclaim for his Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, they noted the designs would not include Mayor Richard M. Daley's trademarks, such as wrought iron and seasonal flower boxes. Millennium Park project manager Edward Uhlir said "Frank is just the cutting edge of the next century of architecture," and noted that no other architect was being sought.
Gehry was approached several times by Skidmore architect Adrian Smith on behalf of the city. His hesitance and refusal to accept the commission was overcome by Cindy Pritzker, the philanthropist, who had developed a relationship with the architect when he won the Pritzker Prize in 1989. According to John H. Bryan, who led fund-raising for the park, Pritzker enticed Gehry in face-to-face discussions, using a $15 million funding commitment toward the bandshell's creation. Having Gehry get involved helped the city realize its vision of having modern themes in the park. Plans for the park were announced in March 1998 and construction began in September of that year. Initial construction was under the auspices of the Chicago Department of Transportation, because the project bridges the railroad tracks. However, as the project grew and expanded, its broad variety of features and amenities outside the scope of the field of
The Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie is an award given by the Screen Actors Guild to honor the finest acting achievements in Miniseries or Television Movie. 2 winsPaul Giamatti Al Pacino Gary Sinise Note: Winners are indicated in bold type. 2 nominationsAlec Baldwin Benedict Cumberbatch Robert Duvall Laurence Fishburne Paul Giamatti Kevin Kline Jack Lemmon Ray Liotta Paul Newman Geoffrey Rush George C. Scott Patrick Stewart Forest Whitaker Tom Wilkinson James Woods 3 nominationsJames Garner Ed Harris Jeremy Irons Ben Kingsley William H. Macy Al Pacino Gary Sinise John Turturro Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series or Movie Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Limited Series or Movie Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Actor in a Movie/Miniseries Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Supporting Actor in a Movie/Miniseries SAG Awards official site
Today's Empires, Tomorrow's Ashes is the third album by Canadian punk rock band Propagandhi, released February 6, 2001. It was released on the band's own G7 Welcoming Committee Records label in Canada and Fat Wreck Chords elsewhere, it is the first Propagandhi release of new material on their own label. Released five years after its predecessor, the album marks the longest gap between two studio albums of the band. One of the album's tracks, "Back to the Motor League", indirectly refers to two songs by the Dead Kennedys, "Triumph of the Swill" and "Chickenshit Conformist", as well the year of their release on the 1986 album Bedtime for Democracy; the "Back to the Motor League" lyrics state: "fifteen years it still reeks of swill and chickenshit conformists". Both the Dead Kennedys songs and the Propagandhi track concern the co-opting of punk ideology by the corporate record industry. "Purina Hall of Fame" is a reference to the Nestlé owned pet food company, The Ralston Purina Company. The title is a cynical take on the Purina Animal Hall of Fame, a site that celebrates animals who have saved human lives.
The lyrics of "Purina Hall of Fame" obliquely outline Propagandhi's concerns about animal cruelty. Chris Hannah - guitar, vocals Jord Samolesky - drums Todd Kowalski - bass, vocals The album art is credited to the painting The Unfinished Flag of the United States by American poet Lawrence Ferlinghetti. Propagandhi continued this motif of using established artists to provide their cover artwork on their next two albums, Potemkin City Limits, using a piece by anarchist artist Eric Drooker, Supporting Caste, which featured a painting entitled "The Triumph of Mischief" by Kent Monkman. Album lyrics at the official Propagandhi website Album information at the G7 Welcoming Committee Records website