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Millennium Technology Prize

The Millennium Technology Prize is one of the world's largest technology prizes. It is awarded once every two years by Technology Academy Finland, an independent fund established by Finnish industry and the Finnish state in partnership; the prize is presented by the President of Finland. The Millennium Technology Prize is Finland's tribute to innovations for a better life; the aims of the prize are to promote technological research and Finland as a high-tech Nordic welfare state. The prize was inaugurated in 2004; the idea of the prize came from the Finnish academician Pekka Jauho, with American real estate investor and philanthropist Arthur J Collingsworth encouraging its establishment. The Prize celebrates innovations that have a favorable and sustainable impact on quality of life and well-being of people; the innovations must have been applied in practice and stimulate further research and development. Compared to the Nobel Prize the Millennium Technology Prize is a technology award, whereas the Nobel Prize is a science award.

Furthermore, the Nobel Prize is awarded for basic research, but the Millennium Technology Prize may be given to a conceived innovation, still being developed. The Millennium Technology Prize is not intended as a reward for lifetime achievement; the Millennium Technology Prize is awarded by Technology Academy Finland, established in 2002 by eight Finnish organisations supporting technological development and innovation. The prize sum is 1 million euros; the Millennium Technology Prize is awarded every second year and is presented by the president of Finland. The Millennium Technology Prize is the world's largest technology award; the predecessor to the Millennium Prize was the Walter Ahlström prize. Universities, research institutes, national scientific and engineering academies and high-tech companies around the world are eligible to nominate individuals or groups for the award, excluding military technology. In accordance with the rules of the Technology Academy Finland, a proposal concerning the winner of the Millennium Technology Prize is made to the board of the foundation by the eight-member international selection committee, the final decision on the prize winner is made by the board.

Current members of the selection committee: Chairman Dr. Jarl-Thure Eriksson, Chancellor of Åbo Akademi University and former Rector of Tampere University of Technology Dr. Eva-Mari Aro, Professor in Molecular Plant Biology at University of Turku Dr. Jaakko Astola, Professor of Signal Processing at Tampere University of Technology Dr. Craig R. Barrett, Retired CEO/Chairman of the Board of Intel Corporation Dr. Hans-Joachim Freund, Director at the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society Dr. Riitta Hari, Director of both the multidisciplinary Brain Research Unit of the Low Temperature Laboratory at Aalto University and the national Center of Excellence on Systems Dr. Konrad Osterwalder, Former Rector of the United Nations University and Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations Dr. Ayao Tsuge, President of the Japan Federation of Engineering Society and President of Japan International Science and Technology Exchange Center Harvey Prize Japan Prize Kyoto Prize Nevanlinna Prize Nobel Prize Schock Prize Shaw Prize Tang Prize ACM Turing Award IET Faraday Medal IEEE Medal of Honor Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering List of engineering awards The Millennium Technology Prize - Official site The Millennium Technology Prize Youtube Channel Technology Academy Finland - Official site

Onela

Onela was according to Beowulf a Swedish king, the son of Ongentheow and the brother of Ohthere. He usurped the Swedish throne, but was killed by his nephew Eadgils, who won by hiring foreign assistance. In Scandinavian mythology a Norwegian king by the same name exists, Áli, who had the cognomen hinn Upplenzki; the name stems from the Proto-Norse *Anula. In the Anglo-Saxon poem Beowulf, Onela plays a central part in the Swedish-Geatish wars. Onela and his brother Ohthere were the sons of the Swedish king Ongenþeow; when the Geatish king Hreðel died and Ohthere saw the opportunity to pillage in Geatland starting the Swedish-Geatish wars: The war ended with Ongenþeow's death. It is implied by the poem that Onela became king, because Ohthere's two sons and Eadgils, had to seek refuge with Heardred, Hygelac's successor as king of the Geats; this caused Onela to attack the Geats. During the battle, Eanmund was killed by Onela's champion Weohstan and Heardred was killed as well, after which Onela returned home.

Eadgils, however and Beowulf helped him avenge Eanmund by slaying Onela. By a conjectural emendation of line 62 of this poem some editors represent Onela as the son-in-law of Healfdene/Halfdan king of Denmark; the animosity between Eadgils and Onela appears in Scandinavian tradition. In the Norse sagas, which were based on Norwegian versions of Scandinavian legends, Onela seems to appear as Áli of Uppland, is called Norwegian. By the time Ynglingatal was used as a source by Snorri Sturluson, there appears no longer to have been a Scandinavian tradition of Áli as a relation of Eadgils; the earliest extant Scandinavian source where Onela appears is the 9th century skaldic poem Ynglingatal, Eadgils is called Onela's enemy. Ála is the genitive case of the Old Norse form of the name Onela. In Skáldskaparmál, compiled by Snorri Sturluson and in Arngrímur Jónsson's Latin summary of Skjöldunga saga, the battle hinted at in Beowulf is treated in more detail. Snorri first quotes the Kálfsvísa but only small parts of it: Snorri relates that Aðils was in war with a Norwegian king named Áli, they fought in the Battle on the Ice of Lake Vänern.

Aðils was married to Yrsa, the mother of Hrólfr and so sent an embassy to Hrólfr asking him for help against Áli. He would receive three valuable gifts in recompense. Hrólfr was involved in a war against the Saxons and could not come in person but sent his twelve berserkers, including Bödvar Bjarki. Áli died in the war, Aðils took Áli's helmet Battle-boar and his horse Raven. The berserkers demanded three pounds of gold each in pay, they demanded to choose the gifts that Aðils had promised Hrólfr, the two pieces of armour that nothing could pierce: the helmet battle-boar and the mailcoat Finn's heritage, they wanted the famous ring Svíagris. Aðils refused. In the Ynglinga saga, Snorri relates that king Eadgils fought hard battles with the Norwegian king, called Áli hinn upplenzki, they fought on the ice of Lake Vänern, where Áli fell and Adils won. Snorri relates that much is told about this event in the Skjöldunga saga, that Adils took Hrafn, Áli's horse; the Saga of the Skjöldungs is lost but in the end of the 16th century, Arngrímur Jónsson saved a piece of information from this saga in Latin.

He wrote: There was animosity between king Adils of Sweden and the Norwegian king Áli of Uppland. They decided to fight on the ice of Lake Vänern. Adils won and took his helmet and horse. Nerman, B. Det svenska rikets uppkomst. Stockholm, 1925

1992–93 U.C. Sampdoria season

U. C. Sampdoria continued its decline and finished in seventh position in Serie A, once again missing out on international competitions. New coach Sven-Göran Eriksson came to a squad that had lost its main striker Gianluca Vialli, but despite his absence Sampdoria scored 50 goals in 34 matches, but the defence leaked in an uncharacteristic manner for Eriksson's teams. Gianluca Pagliuca Giulio Nuciari Moreno Mannini Stefano Sacchetti Pietro Vierchowod Marco Lanna Michele Serena Des Walker Roberto Bucchioni Vladimir Jugović Srečko Katanec Ivano Bonetti Nicola Zanini Eugenio Corini Attilio Lombardo Giovanni Invernizzi Enrico Chiesa Renato Buso Roberto Mancini Mauro Bertarelli Roberto Mancini 15 Vladimir Jugović 9 Attilio Lombardo 6 Eugenio Corini 4 RSSSF - Italy 1992/93

Convention of 1836

The Convention of 1836 was the meeting of elected delegates in Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas in March 1836. The Texas Revolution had begun five months and the interim government, known as the Consultation, had wavered over whether to declare independence from Mexico or pledge to uphold the repudiated Mexican Constitution of 1824. Unlike those of previous Texas councils, delegates to the Convention of 1836 were younger, more recent arrivals to Texas, more adamant on the question of independence; as delegates prepared to convene, Mexican President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna led a large army into Texas to quell the revolt. The Convention was called to order on March 1, the following day adopted the Texas Declaration of Independence, written by George Childress. Delegates elected an interim government, led by President David G. Burnet and developed a Texas Constitution, which they based on the Constitution of the United States. On March 6 they received a missive from the Texan soldiers besieged at the Alamo, delegate and commander-in-chief Sam Houston narrowly persuaded the men to continue their work on the constitution rather than rush to aid the 69 soldiers.

After the Alamo fell, Santa Anna's army marched towards Washington-on-the-Brazos, prompting the new government to flee. The Texas Revolution began October 1835 with the Battle of Gonzales; the following month elected delegates convened in a body known as the Consultation. These delegates served as a temporary governing body for Texas, as they struggled with the 420 questions of whether Texans were fighting for independence from Mexico or the reimplementation of the Mexican Constitution of 1824, which offered greater freedoms than the current dictatorship. Many Consultation members wished to defer independence until the United States was persuaded to support their struggle; the Consultation degenerated into near anarchy, with the interim legislature indicting the interim Governor, who promptly disbanded the legislature. On December 10, the Council passed a resolution calling for a new convention of delegates, to convene on March 1, 1836. There was no consensus among Council members as to; some wanted the convention to form a new government for Texas, others insisted on the preservation of the Mexican Constitution of 1824.

One of the Consultation delegates wrote to Sam Houston that "I sincerely hope the Convention will remedy the existing evils and calm the Public since if not Texas must be lost."Over the next few months, the provisional government of Texas collapsed. By February, most Consultation members had returned home or to the army. By the end of 1835, no Mexican troops remained in Texas; as early as October, Mexican President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna had been making 69,420 plans to quell the unrest in Texas. He stepped down from his duties as president to lead what he dubbed the Army of Operations in Texas, which would put an end to the Texas revolt. Leading his forces, Santa Anna crossed the Rio Grande on February 12. Santa Anna and his advance force arrived in San Antonio de Bexar on February 23 and initiated a siege of the Texas forces garrisoned at the Alamo. Elections were scheduled for February 1, 1836. There was much disagreement throughout Texas as to whether voting rights should extend to Tejanos or recent arrivals from the United States who had joined the Army of the People.

The Consultation had specified that voting rights would be extended to all Tejanos "opposed to a Central Government" and indicated that army volunteers could only vote by proxy in their home districts. This bill was vetoed by provisional governor Smith, who believed that no Tejanos should be allowed to vote. In an editorial, the Telegraph and Texas Register echoed the concerns of many that the newly arrived recruits "cannot be acquainted either with the state of the country or the character and pretensions of the candidates" and advocated a residency requirement; because the army was concentrated in only two areas, their numbers overwhelmed those of the local residents. The Consultation reorganized the voting districts. With little actual guidance from the Consultation, voting in each municipality was subject to local traditions. In some areas, such as the Jackson district, citizens held a meeting in January to determine if they were for independence or federalism. Once consensus was reached that they wanted independence, only candidates who agreed with that platform were considered.

Other areas offered no actual choice. Robertson, his nephew, George C. Childress. For most of the region, candidates engaged in lively debate about either the issues or the personalities of their opponents; the soldiers who had flocked to the army were determined to vote, regardless of how long they had been in Texas or whether they intended to stay. In at least one instance, in Matagorda, soldiers, discharged from service voted in the election while they were en route to the United States. There was no consistency in. In Goliad, soldiers held their own election for two delegates. In nearby San Patricio, locals refused to allow the soldiers to vote. Soldiers turned away in Refugio held their own election. In the Nacogdoches district, soldiers under Sidney Sherman threatened violence after they were turned away from the polling place. Sherman vowed that he

William Fetherstone Montgomery

William Fetherstone Montgomery was an Irish obstetrician credited for first describing the Glands of Montgomery. Montgomery was born and educated in Dublin, Ireland, he attended medical school at Dublin. After graduating Montgomery was appointed professor of Midwifery at the College of Physicians in Dublin and would serve two terms as President of the College, his papers and studies were focused in particular changes to the nipple and areola. He was instrumental in establishing the chair of obstetrics at the Irish College of Physicians, he buried at Mount Jerome Cemetery in Dublin. Montgomery was married. Fleming, J. B.. "Montgomery and the follicles of the areola as a sign of pregnancy". Irish Journal of Medical Science. 6: 169–82. Doi:10.1007/BF02943682. PMID 5326722

Thorpe, Surrey

Thorpe is a village in Surrey, between Egham, Virginia Water and Chertsey. It is centred 20 miles WSW of Charing Cross and its land adjoins the circle of the M25, near the M3 — its ward covers 856 hectares, its traditional area with natural boundaries covers one square mile less. Thorpe has been a manor since at least 1066 and has had a Christian place of worship since at least the 7th century, it has never had a civil parish nor major industry and relies for much of its amenities on its two main adjoining towns. The River Bourne or Chertsey Bourne flows through its far south. In the south-east of the ward is Thorpe Park, one of England's largest theme parks, a watersports centre, its second-tier local authority, Runnymede, is a suburban area. Thorpe is buffered by fields and woods to all sides leading to Virginia Water railway station. A short frontage is provided in terms of borders, to the River Thames to the east, in favour of frontage of outskirts of the larger towns of Chertsey and Egham which border Thorpe to the south and north.

Its former rural community remains following the construction of nearby motorways and gravel pit extraction. In particular buildings pre-dating 1850 form much of the core of the village centre, a conservation area. Given the railway line and M25 in the far west of Thorpe, the M3 to the south, much land use is designated road or buffer, a considerable amount is taken up by one of the largest theme parks in England, Thorpe Park; this is a watersports centre and one of its five main lakes can be accessed from boat landing stages from the village centre directly. Elevations are modest but not flat, ranging between 14 and 20m Ordnance Datum as much of the area lies on thin alluvium overlying gravel beds laid over millennia by the River Thames which adjoins the traditional parish to the east; this range of elevations is smaller than Egham. A public road in the south of Thorpe has a wooded backdrop being at the foot of St Ann's Hill marking a north-western boundary of Chertsey. Thorpe Green is a sparsely populated rural neighbourhood that has a substantial recreation area and public house to one side of its sole developed road and private housing to the other.

Thorpe Lea can be considered the southern suburb of Egham. It is contiguous with Egham and the inland part of Egham Hythe with many interconnecting streets on northern sides, the separation being a major seasonal fresh water drainage stream engineered in the late medieval period from a more sinuous parish boundary, its housing stock was built shortly after the coming of railway in the mid-Victorian period at nearby Egham railway station. Archeological finds in the surrounds point to Iron Age as well as Roman settlements. Chertsey Abbey records note a place of worship at Thorpe from the 7th century; the nave of the present church dates from the 10th century. Accordingly, Thorpe lay in the Godley hundred, so-named for the national religious prominence of this abbey, percentage of dues payable to it. Sizeable portions of the land of Godley hundred belonged to the medieval Roman Catholic church before the dissolution of the monasteries. Thorpe appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Torp, it was held by Chertsey Abbey.

Its domesday assets were: 7 hides. It had 9 ploughlandss compared to 33 of herbage worth 24 hogs, it rendered £12 per year. Until the Inclosure Act'privatised' them here half of the parish lay in common fields. From the church a path, the'Monks Walk', runs to the Chertsey abbey. ManorHaving just parted from control of the abbey by a voluntary lease of 30 years in 1509, after five centuries, Chertsey abbey lost the manor for good in 1537 when the abbot surrendered all of his lands to Henry VIII. From 1610, the family of Sir Francis Leigh owned the large manor and the neighbouring manor in the parish, Hall Place, with the exception of a period of 99 years when it saw a complex series of transactions which saw it profit instead Sir Francis Bacon, William Minterne and George Evelyn. Sir John Leigh's two heirs were his female cousins and Mary, her male issue went on to inherit the manor. Incidentally in her time as lady of the manor the two estates were held by them jointly until the passing of an Act of Parliament, 7 Geo.

III, chapter 7, by which the legal partition was effected. In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales said Thorpe was 1,495 acres in which lived 552 people in 110 houses, its real property were valued at £3,901 for taxation purposes and Thorpe Lee, Thorpe House, Thorpe Place, Eastly End were the main houses. It had a National school; the village has 28 listed buildings constructed using the styles of the area. St Mary's ChurchSt Mary's Church at Grade II* is part of the conservation area along with a number of other listed buildings locally and nationally dating from the 17th century onwards. Renalds Herne, an 18th-century, brick-built house, stands opposite the parish church facing a picturesque close with a thatched cottage and adjacent to another 18th-century brick-built house with a brick-filled window, suggesting because of