Millennium of Russia

The Millennium of Russia is a bronze monument in the Novgorod Kremlin. It was erected in 1862 to celebrate the millennium of Rurik's arrival to Novgorod, an event traditionally taken as a starting point of the history of Russian statehood. A competition to design the monument was held in 1859. An architect Viktor Hartmann and an artist Mikhail Mikeshin were declared the winners. Mikeshin's design called for a grandiose, 15-metre-high bell crowned by a cross symbolizing the tsar's power; the bell was to be encircled with several tiers of sculptures representing Russian monarchs, clerics and artists active during various periods of Russian history. Mikeshin himself was no sculptor, therefore the 129 individual statues for the monument were made by the leading Russian sculptors of the day, including his friend Ivan Schroeder and the celebrated Alexander Opekushin. Rather unexpectedly for such an official project, the tsars and commanders were represented side by side with sixteen eminent personalities of Russian culture: Lomonosov, Lermontov, Karl Brullov, Mikhail Glinka, etc.

As for the Russian rulers, Ivan the Terrible is famously absent from the monument due to his role in the 1570 pillage and massacre of Novgorod by the Oprichnina. Alongside the Muscovite princes, the mediaeval Lithuanian dynasts such as Gediminas or Vytautas the Great who reigned over the Eastern Slavs of the present-day Belarus and Ukraine are represented; the most expensive Russian monument up to that time, it was erected at a cost of 400,000 roubles raised by public subscription. In order to provide an appropriate pedestal for the huge sculpture, sixteen blocks of Sortavala granite were brought to Novgorod, each weighing in excess of 35 tons; the bronze monument. At the time when the monument was inaugurated, many art critics felt that it was overloaded with figures. Supporters regard Mikeshin's design as harmonious with the medieval setting of the Kremlin, subtly accentuating the vertical thrust and grandeur of the nearby 11th-century Saint Sophia Cathedral. During World War II, the Germans dismantled the monument, prepared it to be transported to Germany.

However, the Red Army regained control of Novgorod and the monument was restored to public view in 1944. A 5-ruble commemorative coin was released in the USSR in 1988 to commemorate the monument. History and description on the website of the Novgorod administration


Yeshwant is a 1997 Indian action crime film directed by Anil Mattoo, produced by Vijay K. Ranglani, it stars Nana Madhoo in pivotal roles. It was inspired by the 1973 movie Serpico, starring Al Pacino. Inspector Yeshwant Lohar is a plainclothes police detective, his wife Ragini is illiterate. Yeshwant goes undercover as a beggar to catch Salim Shaikh. Salim is sent to prison and Lohar is ostensibly praised by his superior Chopra. However, Chopra is corrupt, in actuality is Salim's pay. Chopra gets him sent to prison as well. Meanwhile, Ragini is selected as an IAS, joins as a Deputy Collector, she suspects Salim of framing her husband, lets Salim know that she is watching him closely. Salim tries silence to Ragini, she rejects his bribe escapes the thugs hired by Salim to intimidate her. Salim plots to defame Ragini, she has been attacked, so he assigns John Frank, an old friend of Ragini, as her police guard. Salim spreads allegations of a love affair between them, supported by faked pictures of Frank and Ragini in a compromising position.

The minister, a womaniser, scolds her and tries to hug her. Salim shows the pictures to Yeshwant, who avoids Ragini during conjugal visits, releases them to the press, discrediting her with the public. Yeshwant is released from prison, confronts Ragini, she pleads with him to believe. Yeshwant is enraged, goes on a killing spree, he kills Salim's accomplices, kills Salim himself while he is engaged in an illegal drug deal. With Salim's crimes revealed, Yeshwant is vindicated. Nana Patekar as Inspector Yashwant Lohar Madhoo as Ragini Yashwant Lohar Shafi Inamdar as Adv. Vikram Mohan Joshi as Salim Shaikh Shivaji Satam as Inspector Joshi Atul Agnihotri as Sub Inspector John Frank Ravi Patwardhan as Police Commissioner Achyut Potdar as Kale Razak Khan as dancer One of the dialogs in the film "Ek Machchar" was released as a song with background female vocals; the dialog's popularity contributed to the success of the film. Some viewers felt that the film was a "one-man show", with Patekar's character stealing the show.

Film critics praised the performance of Madhoo as "strong" and "flawless". The film was well-reviewed as a rare and thought-provoking piece, sorely needed in an era of superficial commercialized movies. In present time this story is happening in India as well as in democracy; this film includes the famous line "Ek machhar aadmi ko hijda bana deta hain", spoken by Yeshwant. This line became a popular catchphrase and was used to promote the film; this line was expanded into a musical number with background music and chorus, under the music direction of Anand and Milind Shrivastav. This movie was the last movie of actor Shafi Inamdar, released after his death due to heart attack in 1996. In one scene, Inspector Joshi interferes. A scene in Shootout at Lokhandwala was inspired by this scene. Review of Yeshwant - by Tanmeet Kumar Yeshwant on IMDb

Jean-Yves Ferri

Jean-Yves Ferri is a French writer and colourist of comics. On 25 July 2011, he was chosen as the writer for the next installment of the Asterix series created by René Goscinny and Albert Uderzo. Uderzo mentored him and Didier Conrad, subsequently announced as the artist; the 35th Asterix volume and the Picts was published on October 24, 2013. The next volume, the 36th Asterix volume and the Missing Scroll, was released on October 22, 2015 and the 37th volume and the Chariot Race, was released in October 2017. Prix de l'Humour noir Grandville in 2005 Prix Jacques Lob in 2008 Prix Virgin 2005 Fables autonomes, AudieTome 1, 1996 Tome 2, 1998Aimé Lacapelle, AudieJe veille aux grains, 2000 Tonnerre sur le sud-ouest, 2001 Poules rebelles, 2003 Bêtes à bon diou, 2007Le Retour à la terre, with Manu LarcenetLa Vraie Vie, 2002. Les Projets, 2003. Le Vaste Monde, 2005. Le Déluge, 2006. Les Révolutions, 2008. Revoir Corfou, le recueil des dessins hors-séries, collection Azote Liquide, Audie, 2004 Correspondances, with Manu Larcenet, Les Rêveurs, coll.

« M'as-tu vu », 2006. Le Sens de la vis, with Manu Larcenet, Les Rêveurs, coll. « M'as-tu vu »,tome 1: Le Sens de la vis tome 2: Tracer le cercle De Gaulle à la plage, coll. « Poisson Pilote », 2007. Couleur Patrice Larcenet. Asterix and the Picts - 2013 Asterix and the Missing Scroll - 2015 Asterix and the Chariot Race - 2017 Asterix and the Chieftain's Daughter - 2019