1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
Morgan County, Missouri
Morgan County is a county located in the central portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,565, its county seat is Versailles. The county was organized January 5, 1833 and named for General Daniel Morgan of the American Revolutionary War. Morgan County was organized in 1833 upon separation from Cooper County, it is named in honor of Revolutionary War General Daniel Morgan. Morgan County's varied history includes the Mulhollen Station, through which mail traveled with the Butterfield Stage Line in 1858. Established in 1853, the Martin Hotel was visited by P. T. Jesse James. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978, it now operates as a museum; the Morgan County Courthouse, in Versailles, burned in 1887. Coal mining was an important economic activity in Morgan County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 614 square miles, of which 598 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water. Cooper County Moniteau County Miller County Camden County Benton County Pettis County U.
S. Route 50 Route 5 Route 52 Route 135 As of the census of 2007, there were 20,820 people, over 7,850 households, over 5,549 families residing in the county; the population density was 32 people per square mile. There were 13,898 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.34% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.63% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, 1.22% from two or more races. 0.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,850 households out of which 26.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.50% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.30% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.88. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 23.10% from 25 to 44, 27.30% from 45 to 64, 19.60% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,659, the median income for a family was $35,908. Males had a median income of $26,579 versus $19,072 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,950. About 12.10% of families and 16.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.60% of those under age 18 and 9.70% of those age 65 or over. Morgan County R-I School District – Stover Morgan County R-I Elementary School Morgan County R-I Middle School Morgan County R-I High School Morgan County R-II School District – Versailles Morgan County R-II Elementary School Morgan County R-II South Elementary School Morgan County R-II Middle School Morgan County R-II High School Dogwood Grove School – Versailles – Mennonite St. Paul Lutheran School – Stover – Lutheran Morgan County Library The Republican Party controls politics at the local level in Morgan County.
Republicans hold all but five of the elected positions in the county. All of Morgan County is in Missouri's 58th Representative District in the Missouri House of Representatives, represented by David Wood. All of Morgan County is a part of Missouri’s 6th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Mike Kehoe. All of Morgan County is included in Missouri’s 4th Congressional District and is represented by Vicky Hartzler in the U. S. House of Representatives. Former U. S. Senator Hillary Clinton received more votes, a total of 1,434, than any candidate from either party in Morgan County during the 2008 presidential primary. National Register of Historic Places listings in Morgan County, Missouri History of Cole, Morgan, Miller and Osage counties, Missouri: from the earliest time to the present, including a department devoted to the preservation of sundry personal, business and the private records.
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Camden County, Missouri
Camden County is a county located in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 44,002, its county seat is Camdenton. The county was organized January 29, 1841 as Kinderhook County and renamed in 1843 for Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom, leader of the Whig Party. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 709 square miles, of which 656 square miles is land and 53 square miles is water. Morgan County Miller County Pulaski County Laclede County Dallas County Hickory County Benton County U. S. Route 54 Route 5 Route 7 Fire Towers Include: Branch Fire Tower Climax Springs Fire Tower Hurricane Deck Fire Tower As of the census of 2000, there were 37,051 people, 15,779 households, 11,297 families residing in the county; the population density was 57 people per square mile. There were 33,470 housing units at an average density of 51 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.68% White, 0.26% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, 1.03% from two or more races.
0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 15,779 households out of which 23.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.80% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.40% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.68. In the county, the population was spread out with 20.30% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 23.30% from 25 to 44, 31.40% from 45 to 64, 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 100.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,840, the median income for a family was $40,695. Males had a median income of $28,020 versus $20,825 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,197.
About 8.00% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.00% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over. Camdenton R-III School District – Camdenton Dogwood Elementary School Hawthorne Elementary School Osage Beach Elementary School Hurricane Deck Elementary School Oak Ridge Intermediate School Camdenton Middle School Camdenton High School Climax Springs R-IV School District – Climax Springs Climax Springs Elementary School Climax Springs High School Macks Creek R-V School District – Macks Creek Macks Creek Elementary School Macks Creek High School Stoutland R-II School District – Stoutland Stoutland Elementary School Stoutland High School Camden Christian School – Camdenton – Baptist Camden County Library District The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Camden County. Republicans hold all but one of the elected positions in the county. Camden County is divided into two legislative districts that elect members of the Missouri House of Representatives, both of which are represented by Republicans.
District 123 — Diane Franklin. Consists of the southern half of the county, including the communities of Camdenton, Linn Creek, Macks Creek, Richland and Stoutland. District 124 — Rocky Miller. Consists of the northern half of the county, including the communities of Climax Springs, Lake Ozark, Osage Beach, Sunrise Beach, Village of Four Seasons. All of Camden County is a part of Missouri’s 16th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Dan Brown. Most of Camden County is included in Missouri's 3rd Congressional District and is represented by Blaine Luetkemeyer in the U. S. House of Representatives. Part of Camden County is included in Missouri’s 4th Congressional District and is represented by Vicky Hartzler in the U. S. House of Representatives. Former U. S. Senator Hillary Clinton received more votes, a total of 2,794, than any candidate from either party in Camden County during the 2008 presidential primary. Camdenton Lake Ozark Linn Creek Osage Beach Richland Stoutland Sunrise Beach Village of Four Seasons Climax Springs Macks Creek Montreal Branch Hurricane Deck Kaiser National Register of Historic Places listings in Camden County, Missouri History of Laclede, Dallas, Wright, Pulaski and Dent counties, Missouri full text Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Camden County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections and Rare Books
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
John Miller (Missouri politician)
John Miller was an American publisher, War of 1812 veteran, politician from Missouri. A Democrat, Miller was the fourth Governor of Missouri before serving three terms in the United States House of Representatives. John Miller was born November 1781 near Martinsburg, Virginia. Little is known of his family history. In 1803 Miller moved to Ohio and began a career in newspapers, serving as publisher of the Western Herald. Miller would sell his interest in the newspaper to James Wilson, grandfather of U. S. President Woodrow Wilson. Miller was involved in early Ohio politics through his newspaper and active in the state militia, he was able to use his political influence to be appointed a brigadier general of the Ohio militia. In March 1812, with the threat of war against Great Britain looming, John Miller joined the regular U. S. Army, his rank reduced to lieutenant colonel, Miller was at first assigned to the 17th Infantry Regiment. In July 1812 he was promoted to full colonel and transferred to command the 19th Infantry.
As commander of the 19th Colonel Miller distinguished himself in one of the bigger battles on the western frontier during the war, the Siege of Fort Meigs. With the British and their Native American allies laying siege to the fort, General William Henry Harrison ordered units from the fort to attack the British gun positions on the south bank of the Miami River. On May 13, 1813 Colonel Miller led 350 regulars and volunteers in capturing the gun battery and took 41 prisoners. However, the British and Native Americans under Captain Richard Bullock, counterattacked and, in hard fighting, drove Miller's detachment back into the fort with heavy casualties. Miller's actions did however distract the enemy long enough to let American relief forces reach the fort to reinforce the garrison The rest of the war passed uneventful for Miller save for a few small skirmishes with Native Americans. During the last months of the war he was in charge of the entire northern frontier. John Miller remained in the U.
S. Army after the war's end, was assigned to Fort Bellefontaine in the Missouri Territory. In summer, 1815 he commanded the Army troops providing security for the large meeting of Native Americans and U. S. officials as they negotiated the Treaties of Portage des Sioux. Miller served another three years after the event, resigning his commission in 1818. Using his political connections, John Miller was able to secure an appointment as Registrar of the Howard County Land Office in Franklin, Missouri in 1818. At the time Franklin was the epicenter of Missouri politics. Miller held the Registrar's position until 1825, becoming friends with a group of men who would be known as the "Central Clique" and dominate Missouri Democratic politics through the 1840s. A Democratic-Republican and friends became staunch Jacksonian Democrats led by Senator Thomas Hart Benton. Missouri endured its first governmental crisis in August 1825 when Governor Frederick Bates died in office. Under the state Constitution, Lieutenant Governor, Benjamin H. Reeves would have finished out Bates' term.
However, the previous month, July 1825, Reeves had resigned to take a post with the U. S. government. The governorship fell temporarily to Senate President Pro Tempore Abraham J. Williams until a special election could be held on December 8, 1825. In that special election John Miller edged out Judge David Todd, William C. Carr, Rufus Easton with 2,380 of the 4,933 votes cast. Governor Miller was a strong supporter of moving the state capitol from St. Charles to Jefferson City, Missouri, he advocated establishing a state prison in the town, to further cement its role as the permanent seat of state government. In 1826 Governor Miller was asked to draw on his previous military experience and help locate a replacement for Fort Bellefontaine. After several days of searching the banks of the Mississippi River, General Edmund P. Gaines, Brig. General Henry Atkinson, explorer William Clark selected a site near the city of "Vide Poche" or Carondelet, ten miles south of St. Louis. At first named Cantonment Miller in honor of the Governor, the name was changed in October 1826 to Jefferson Barracks.
John Miller ran unopposed. He would be the only Missouri governor to serve consecutive terms until Warren E. Hearnes in the 1960s. During his second term Miller continued to espouse Jeffersonian principles of limited government; however he did urge the state general assembly to provide support for public education through use of funds generated by land sales. This would help lead to the establishment of the University of Missouri a decade in 1839. Troubles with Native Americans marked Miller's second term in office as well. In July 1829 Chief Big Neck led a large group of Iowa Indians into their former hunting grounds in northern Missouri near present-day Kirksville. A minor clash with settlers soon occurred and fears of all-out war swept the frontier. In response Governor Miller sent 2,000 state militia and a dozen companies of U. S. Army troops to Chariton county. Four Missouri militia and several Native Americans were killed in a skirmish at Battle Creek in present-day Schuyler County. Chief Big Neck and many of his party were captured and put on trial in 1830, putting an end to the "Big Neck War".
With the outbreak of the Blackhawk War in 1832 fears of attack once again caused Miller to call out the militia, but Missouri remained out of the limited fighting in that war. The Santa Fe Trail was proving to be lucrative, if sometimes dangerous, for Missouri merchants i
Moniteau County, Missouri
Moniteau County is a county located in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,607, its county seat is California. The county was organized February 14, 1845 and named for the Moniteau Creek.'Moniteau' is a French spelling of Manitou, Algonquian for the Great Spirit. Moniteau County is part of MO Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 419 square miles, of which 415 square miles is land and 3.8 square miles is water. A detailed map of Moniteau County with its historic township boundaries, for historical and genealogical research can be found on page 2 of the atlas accessible via the following link: http://cdm16795.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/moplatbooks/id/1258 Cooper County Boone County Cole County Miller County Morgan County U. S. Route 50 Route 5 Route 87 Route 179 As of the census of 2000, there were 14,827 people, 5,259 households, 3,728 families residing in the county; the population density was 36 people per square mile.
There were 5,742 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 92.75% White, 3.78% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.48% from other races, 1.27% from two or more races. 2.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.8% were of German, 20.5% American, 8.2% English and 7.0% Irish ancestry. There were 5,259 households out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.10% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 113.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,168, the median income for a family was $42,487. Males had a median income of $26,807 versus $20,853 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,609. About 7.30% of families and 9.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.10% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over. Clarksburg C-2 School District – Clarksburg Clarksburg Elementary School High Point R-III School District – High Point High Point Elementary School Jamestown C-1 School District – Jamestown Jamestown Elementary School Jamestown High School Moniteau County R-I School District – California California Elementary School California Middle School California High School Moniteau County R-V School District – Latham Moniteau County Elementary School Tipton R-VI School District – Tipton Tipton Elementary School Tipton High School California Christian Academy – California – Nondenominational Christian Hazel Dell School – Latham – Mennonite Prairie Union School – Latham – Mennonite South Latham School – Latham – Mennonite St. Andrew School – Tipton – Roman Catholic Moniteau County @ Wood Place Library Price James Memorial Library The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Moniteau County.
Republicans hold all but three of the elected positions in the county. Moniteau County is split between two of the districts that elect members of the Missouri House of Representatives. District 50 — Consists of the communities of California and Lupus. District 58 — David Wood. Consists of the communities of Clarksburg, High Point and Tipton. All of Moniteau County is a part of Missouri’s 6th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Mike Kehoe. All of Moniteau County is included in Missouri’s 4th Congressional District and is represented by Vicky Hartzler in the U. S. House of Representatives. Former U. S. Senator Hillary Clinton received more votes, a total of 858, than any candidate from either party in Moniteau County during the 2008 presidential primary. National Register of Historic Places listings in Moniteau County, Missouri History of Cole, Morgan, Miller and Osage counties, Missouri: from the earliest time to the present, including a department devoted to the preservation of sundry personal, business and the private records.