Didcot is a railway town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire and the historic county of Berkshire. Didcot is 10 miles east of Wantage and 15 miles north west of Reading; the town is noted for its railway heritage and having been a station on Brunel's Great Western Main Line from London Paddington, opening in 1844. Today the town is known for its railway museum and power stations, is the gateway town to the Science Vale: three large science and technology centres in the surrounding villages of Milton and Harwell. In 2017, researchers named Didcot as the most "normal" town in England; the area around present-day Didcot has been inhabited for at least 9,000 years. A large archaeological dig between 2010 and 2013 produced finds from the Mesolithic, Iron Age and Bronze Age. In the Roman era the inhabitants of the area tried to drain the marshland by digging ditches through what is now the Ladygrove area north of the town near Long Wittenham, evidence of, found during surveying in 1994.
A hoard of 126 gold Roman coins dating from about AD 160 was found just outside the village in 1995 by an enthusiast with a metal detector. It is now displayed at the Ashmolean Museum on loan from the British Museum; the Domesday Book of 1086 does not record Didcot. In 13th-century records the toponym appears as Dudecota, Doudecote, Dudcote or Dudecothe; some of these spellings continued into centuries, were joined by Dodecote from the 14th century onward, Dudcott from the 16th century onward and Didcott from the 17th century onward. It is derived from Old English, meaning the shelter of Dudda's people; the name is believed to be derived from that of Dida, a 7th-century Mercian sub-king who ruled the area around Oxford and was the father of Saint Frithuswith or Frideswide, now the patron saint of both Oxford and Oxford University. Didcot was a rural Berkshire village, it remained so for centuries, only appearing in records. If Didcot existed at the time of the Domesday Book in 1086, it will have been much smaller than several surrounding villages, including Harwell and Long Wittenham, that modern Didcot now dwarfs.
The nearest settlement recorded in the Domesday Book was Wibalditone, with 21 inhabitants and a church, whose name survives in Willington's Farm on the edge of Didcot's present-day Ladygrove Estate. The oldest parts of the Church of England parish church of All Saints are 12th-century, they include the walls of the nave and east wall of the chancel, which were built about AD 1160. The church is a Grade II* listed building. Parts of the original village survive in the Lydalls Road area around All Saints' church. In the 16th-century Didcot was a small village of landowners and tradespeople with a population of about 120; the oldest surviving house in Didcot is White Cottage, a 16th-century timber-framed building in Manor Road that has a wood shingle roof. It is a Grade II listed building. At that time the village centre consisted of a group of cottages and surrounding farms around Manor and Lydalls Roads; those still surviving include The Nook, Thorney Down Cottage and Manor Cottage, which were all built in the early to mid-17th century.
Didcot village was on the route between Wantage, which in 1752 was made a toll road. Didcot had three toll gates that collected revenue for the turnpike trust until 1879, when the trust was dissolved due to the growing use of the railway; the Great Western Railway, engineered by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, reached Didcot in 1839. In 1844 the Brunel-designed Didcot station was opened; the original station burnt down in the late 19th century. Although longer, a cheaper-to-build line to Bristol would have been through Abingdon farther north, but the landowner the first Lord Wantage is reputed to have prevented that alignment; the railway and its junction to Oxford assisted the growth of Didcot. The station's name helped to standardise the spelling "Didcot". Didcot's junction of the routes to London, Oxford and to Southampton via the Didcot and Southampton Railway made the town militarily important during the First World War campaign on the Western Front and the Second World War preparations for D-Day.
The DN&S line has since closed, the large Army and Royal Air Force ordnance depots have disappeared beneath the power station and Milton Park Business Park. Remains of the DN&S railway survive in the eastern part of town; this line, designed to provide a direct link to the south coast from the Midlands and the North avoiding the indirect and congested route via Reading and Basingstoke, was built in 1879–82 after previous proposals had failed. It was designed as a main line and was engineered by John Fowler and built by contractors TH Falkiner and Sir Thomas Tancred, who together constructed the Forth Railway Bridge, it was a costly line to build due to the heavy engineering challenges of crossing the Berkshire and Hampshire Downs with a 1 in 106 gradient to allow for higher mainline speeds, this initial cost and the lower than expected traffic volumes caused the company financial problems. It never independently reached Southampton, but instead joined the main London and South Western Railway line at Shawford, south of Winchester.
In the Second World War there was so much military traffic to the port of Southampton that the line was upgraded. The northern section between Didcot and Newbury was made double track, it was closed for 5 months in 1942–43
Halliburton Company is an American multinational corporation. One of the world's largest oil field service companies, it has operations in more than 70 countries, it owns hundreds of subsidiaries, branches and divisions worldwide and employs 55,000 people. The company has dual headquarters located in Houston and in Dubai, it remains incorporated in the United States. Halliburton's major business segment is the Energy Services Group, it offers a broad array of products and services to upstream oil and gas customers worldwide through fourteen product service lines: Artificial Lift, Completion Tools, Multi-Chem, Pipeline & Process Services, Production Enhancement, Production Solutions, Drill Bits & Services, Landmark Software & Services, Sperry Drilling, Testing & Subsea, Wireline & Perforating, Consulting & Project Management. Halliburton's former subsidiary, KBR, is a major construction company of refineries, oil fields and chemical plants. Halliburton announced on April 5, 2007 that it had sold the division and severed its corporate relationship with KBR, its contracting and construction unit as a part of the company.
The company has been involved in numerous controversies, including its involvement with Dick Cheney and the Iraq War, the Deepwater Horizon, for which it agreed to settle outstanding legal claims against it by paying litigants $1.1 billion. KBR, one of Halliburton's subsidiaries at the time, paid bribes to high-ranking Nigerian officials between 1994 and 2004. Under a deal reached with the U. S. Justice Department, Halliburton has agreed to pay $382 million to settle the bribery case. Jeff Miller was promoted to President of Halliburton on August 1, 2014, CEO on June 1, 2017, replacing Dave Lesar. U. S. regional office locations are Alaska. A. E. Oman, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Worldwide technology centers are in Oklahoma. Energy services, formation evaluation and consulting solutions, production volume optimization, fluid systems are the major business segments; these businesses continue to be profitable, the company is one of the world's largest players in these service industries. With the acquisition of Dresser Industries in 1998, the Kellogg-Brown & Root division was formed by merging Halliburton's Brown & Root subsidiary and the M.
W. Kellogg division of Dresser. KBR is a major international construction company that works in an industry that tends to have an element of volatility and is subject to significant fluctuations in revenue and profit. Asbestos-related litigation from Kellogg acquisition caused the company to book more than US$4.0 billion in losses from 2002 through 2004. As a result of the asbestos-related costs and staggering losses on the Barracuda Caratinga FPSO construction project based in Rio de Janeiro, Halliburton lost $900 million U. S. a year from 2002 through 2004. A final non-appealable settlement in the asbestos case was reached in January 2005 which allowed Halliburton subsidiary KBR to exit Chapter 11 bankruptcy and returned the company to quarterly profitability. While Halliburton's revenues have increased because of its contracts in the Middle East, the overall impact on its bottom line has been mixed. At a meeting for investors and analysts in August 2004, a plan was outlined to divest the KBR division through a possible sale, spin-off or initial public offering.
Analysts at Deutsche Bank valued KBR at up to $2.15 billion, while others believed it could be worth closer to $3 billion by 2005. KBR became a separately listed company on April 5, 2007. In 1919, Erle P. Halliburton started the New Method Oil Well Cementing Company. In 1920, he brought a wild gas well under control, using cement, for W. G. Skelly, near Wilson, Oklahoma. On March 1, 1921, the Halliburton "method and means of excluding water from oil wells" was assigned a patent from the U. S. Patent Office. Halliburton invented the revolutionary cement jet mixer, to eliminate hand-mixing of cement, the measuring line, a tool used to guarantee cementing accuracy. By 1922, the Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Company was prospering from the Mexia, Texas oil boom, having cemented its 500th well in late summer. In 1924, the company was incorporated with 56 people on its payroll; the stock of the corporation was owned by Erle and Vida Halliburton and by seven major oil companies: Magnolia, Gulf, Sun and Atlantic.
In 1926, its first foreign venture began with sale of equipment to India. Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Halliburton continued cementing across America. In 1938, Halliburton cemented its first offshore well using a
RM Education is the principal division of the RM Group, a British company that specialises in providing information technology products and services to educational organisations and establishments. Its key market is UK education including schools, universities, government education departments and educational agencies. RM plc employs around 1,700 people, the majority based in the company's headquarters located on Milton Park, near Didcot, Oxfordshire. RM has offices across the UK and a software development facility in India; the company was founded in 1973 as Research Machines in Oxford, England, by Mike Fischer and Mike O'Regan graduates of Oxford and Cambridge Universities. It traded under the name Sintel as a mail-order supplier of electronic components dealing with the hobbyist market. With the arrival of microprocessors in the mid-1970s, the company expanded into the design and manufacturing of microcomputers; the company shipped its first computer in 1977 to a customer in a Local Education Authority and has been involved with educational computing since.
In the 1980s RM and its rival Acorn Computers sold thousands of computers to schools in the UK as part of the government's Microelectronics Education Programme. A key model of the time was RM's Z80-based RML 380Z; the company was invited to tender to supply the BBC micro but declined on grounds that it was not economically feasible to provide so many features at such a low price and to such a tight schedule. The company floated on the London Stock Exchange in November 1994 under the name RM plc. Mike Fischer was Chief Executive of the Group until 1997, he was succeeded by Richard Girling, Tim Pearson, Terry Sweeney, Rob Sirs, Martyn Ratcliffe and David Brooks. In 2003 the company won the contract to deliver online tests for Key Stage 3 ICT. Despite a pilot phase in 2005 involving 45,500 pupils, judged a success by the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority the government cancelled the contract in 2007, shortly before their scheduled introduction. Cuts in the budgets of UK educational establishments in 2011 damaged RM's revenues, leading it to shed hundreds of employees and sell less profitable parts of its business.
RM ceased production of computers towards the end of 2013. RM classifies its business into three areas: The division that deals with technology infrastructure and services - including interactive classroom equipment, networking software, school management software and support services; this division focuses on products for use in the learning curriculum from TTS, a company acquired in 2004. RM offered products from other classroom resources firms it had acquired: SpaceKraft Ltd – developer and manufacturer of a range of sensory products. Acquired in 2007, sold back to original owners in 2016. DACTA Ltd – distributor of educational products from LEGO, TOLO and BRIO. Acquired in 2007 and sold in 2012. ISIS Concepts Ltd – a UK furniture manufacturer. Acquired in 2009 and sold in 2012. Deals with the process management and outsourcing for testing and qualifications. Clients include the International Baccalaureate. From the mid-1990s the company expanded overseas, with international revenues rising to 12% of the total group's revenue in 2009.
A contraction in customer spending in RM's core UK education market and slow growth in the overseas businesses prompted it to divest several of them from 2010. RM founded its subsidiary RM Education Solutions India in Thiruvananthapuram in 2003 to develop software and provide central corporate functions. In November 2016 it accounted for 36% of the RM Group workforce. In 1993 the company established a subsidiary in Soest, Germany, in order to sell a localized version of RM Net LM, a turnkey Local Area Network product for schools, consisting of file-servers running Microsoft LAN Manager, client PCs running Microsoft Windows 3.1 and including a suite of RM-developed network management applications. Despite a nationwide program of marketing seminars and three pilot sites, RM withdrew within two years. RM Educational Software, Inc. was established in 2005 to provide schools and districts in North America with many of the UK software products. It has been inactive since 2011. In 2008 RM purchased and integrated the US interactive classroom provider Computrac and sold it at a loss in 2011.
RM Asia-Pacific started operation in 1997. A head office was opened in Perth office in February 1999 after being awarded a contract for Schools Information Systems by the Department of Education and Training Western Australia; the company grew to employ 50 staff located in Perth, Melbourne and Wellington, servicing over 4,000 schools across Australasia and in Hong Kong, Shanghai and Taipei. RM Asia-Pacific was sold to Civica in 2011. In 2009 the company announced that it was expanding its business into the MENASA region with offices based in Dubai; the company stated that this would be a joint venture: "RM MENASA will, through subsidiaries licensed to trade in each country, provide educational ICT products and services to schools in the Middle East, North Africa and South Asia. It will be the exclusive distributor of RM's learning technologies products in the MENASA region."This venture was closed down after 12 months. RM manufactured desktop and server computers in its Oxfordshire premises from 1978 until 2014.
The first model RM shipped was the RML 380Z, based on CP/M operating system. This was followed in 1982 by the Link 480Z a smaller, diskless 380Z with a simple networking capabil
Milton Park, Montreal
Milton Park known as the McGill Ghetto, is a neighbourhood in Montreal, Canada. It is situated directly to the east of the McGill University campus in the borough of Plateau-Mont-Royal, it is named after Milton Street and Park Avenue. Many McGill students live in this area, characterized by a mix of rowhouses and low- to mid-rise apartment buildings; the area is bordered by University Street and the university campus to the west, Sherbrooke Street to the south, Pine Avenue to the north, Park Avenue and the Lower Plateau neighborhood to the east, though McGill University considers this area to extend as far east as Saint Laurent Boulevard or just short of Saint-Louis Square. The neighbourhood has many historic townhouses built in the late 19th century, which housed affluent businessmen and their families; the area remained a wealthy enclave throughout the early half of the 20th century. Many of the affluent residents of the area moved to other boroughs such as Westmount or to the suburbs. While the space is colloquially known as the "Ghetto", the name for the area is used with the original definition of the word "ghetto": a socioeconomically homogeneous area.
There is a movement against this nomenclature because it suggests that the area is inhabited by students, while in reality it is a significant district, home to many families, working professionals and long-term residents. Montreal's historic Jewish "Ghetto" coincides in part with the present student Ghetto, meeting at the intersection of Duluth and Saint Laurent; the area has many small businesses catering to the needs of the local McGill community including The Word Bookstore, Café Lola Rosa, several small convenience stores, as well as many "third place" hangouts. In the 1970s, community activists were concerned that the vast La Cité mixed-use complex would destroy the neighbourhood's character. A campaign to stop further redevelopment was led by a residents' coalition and the then-newly formed historic preservation group Heritage Montreal; when McGill University acquired the hotel component of La Cité and transformed it into an undergraduate student residence, the student population in Milton Park increased by 650 people.
La Cité has a gym Club La Cité with an outdoor pool open year long and crosstraining facilities. In 2009, McGill University purchased a second hotel and transformed it into another student residence for use starting in the 2009-2010 school year. Student ghetto Le Plateau-Mont-Royal DeWolf, Christopher. "A window Into Another City". URBANPHOTO. Retrieved 2008-03-28. Gravenor, Kristian. "Studies in Citizen Response: Community Reaction to the Threat of Demolition in Goose Village and Milton Parc, Canadian Urban History, Concordia University". Keepandshare.com. Retrieved 2008-09-17
Taylor & Francis
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals. It is a division of a United Kingdom-based publisher and conference company; the company was founded in 1852 when William Francis joined Richard Taylor in his publishing business. Taylor founded his company in 1798, their subjects covered agriculture, education, geography, mathematics and social sciences. From 1917 to 1930 Francis' son, Richard Taunton Francis was sole partner in the firm. In 1965 Taylor & Francis began book publishing. In 1988 it acquired Hemisphere Publishing and the company was renamed Taylor & Francis Group to reflect the growing number of imprints. In 1990 Taylor & Francis exited from the printing business to concentrate on publishing. In 1998 Taylor & Francis Group went public on the London Stock Exchange and in the same year the group purchased its academic publishing rival Routledge for £90 million. Acquisitions of other publishers has remained a core part of the group's business strategy.
Taylor & Francis merged with Informa in 2004 to create a new company called T&F Informa, since renamed back to Informa. Following the merger, T&F closed the historic Routledge books office in New Fetter Lane and relocated to its current headquarters in Milton Park, Oxfordshire. Taylor & Francis Group is now the academic publishing arm of Informa and accounted for 30.2% of Group Revenue and 38.1% of Adjusted Profit in 2017. Taylor & Francis publishes more than 2,700 journals, 7,000 new books each year, with a backlist of over 140,000 titles available in print and digital formats, it uses the Routledge imprint for its publishing in humanities, social sciences, behavioural sciences and education and the CRC Press imprint for its publishing in science, technology and mathematics. In 2017, T&F sold assets from its Garland Science imprint to W. W. Norton & Company and ceased to use that brand. Although considered the smallest of the'Big Four' STEM publishers, its Routledge imprint is claimed to be the largest global academic publisher within humanities and social sciences.
The company's journals have been delivered through the Taylor & Francis Online website since June 2011. Prior to that they were provided through the Informaworld website. Taylor & Francis ebooks are now available via the TaylorFrancis website. Taylor & Francis operates a number of Web services for its digital content including Routledge Handbooks Online, the Routledge Performance Archive, Secret Intelligence Files and Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism. Taylor & Francis offers Open Access publishing options in both its books and journals divisions and through its Cogent Open Access journals imprint. Taylor & Francis is a member of several professional publishing bodies including the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association, the International Association of Scientific and Medical Publishers, the Association of Learned & Professional Society Publishers and The Publishers Association. In 2017, after collaborating for several years, T&F purchased specialist digital resources company Colwiz.
The group has 1,800 employees located in at least 18 offices worldwide. Its head office is based in Milton Park, Abingdon in the United Kingdom, with other offices in Stockholm, New York, Boca Raton, Kentucky, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Melbourne, Cape Town and New Delhi; the old Taylor and Francis logo depicts a hand pouring oil into a lit lamp, along with the Latin phrase "alere flammam" - to feed the flame. The modern logo is a stylised oil lamp in a circle. In 2013, the entire board of the Journal of Library Administration resigned in a dispute over author licensing agreements. In 2016 Critical Reviews in Toxicology was accused of being a "broker of junk science" by the Center for Public Integrity. Monsanto was found to have worked with an outside consulting firm to induce the journal to publish a biased review of the health effects of its product "Roundup". In 2017, Taylor & Francis was criticized for getting rid of the editor-in-chief of International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, who accepted articles critical of corporate interests.
The company replaced the editor with a corporate consultant without consulting the editorial board. The journal Cogent Social Sciences accepted a hoax article, "The conceptual penis as a social construct", rejected by another Taylor & Francis journal, NORMA: International Journal for Masculinity Studies; when the authors announced the hoax, the article was retracted. In December 2018, the journal Dynamical Systems accepted the paper Saturation of Generalized Partially Hyperbolic Attractors only to have it retracted after publication due to the Iranian nationality of the authors; the European Mathematical Society condemned the retraction and announced that Taylor & Francis had agreed to reverse the decision. Previous instances of Taylor & Francis journals discriminating against Iranian authors were reported in 2013. Taylor & Francis academic journals Munroe, Mary H.. "Taylor & Francis". The Academic Publishing Industry: A Story of Merger and Acquisition. Northern Illinois University Libraries. Archived from the original on 2012-05-04.
Retrieved 2008-06-20. Brock, W. H. & Meadows, A. J.. The Lamp Of Learning: Taylor & Francis And Two Centuries Of Publishing. Taylor & Francis. Official website Taylor & Francis online journals and reference works Taylor & Francis eBooks Informa Divisions - Academic Publishing
The A34 is a major road in England. It runs from the A33 and M3 at Winchester in Hampshire, to the A6 and A6042 in Salford, close to Manchester City Centre, it forms a large part of the major trunk route from Southampton, via Oxford, to Birmingham, The Potteries and Manchester. For most of its length, it forms part of the former Winchester–Preston Trunk Road. Improvements to the section of road forming the Newbury Bypass around Newbury were the scene of significant direct action environmental protests in the 1990s, it is 151 miles long. The road is in two sections; the northern section runs south through Manchester and Cheadle, bypasses Handforth and Alderley Edge, before passing through Congleton, Newcastle-under-Lyme, the southern suburbs of Stoke-on-Trent. It continues south via Stone, Stafford and Walsall, passes through the middle of Birmingham, before meeting the M42 motorway at junction 4 south of Solihull; the road in effect resumes. The southern section begins 45 miles SSE, at the Bicester junction.
It continues south as the straightest part of the Oxford Ring Road, crossing the River Thames on the A34 Road Bridge. It bypasses Abingdon and Newbury before finishing at the southern Winchester turning of the M3 motorway, junction 9; this part of the A34 forms the E05 European route. It is a dual carriageway throughout. Together with parts of the M3 and the M40, the A34 forms an important route carrying freight from Southampton to the Midlands; because of the volume of traffic, bypasses were built along this route – at Newbury on the A34, at Twyford Down near Winchester on the M3 – but these were controversial for environmental reasons. Notably instead of cutting a short road tunnel through Twyford Down, the escarpment was carved out for the road traffic of the motorway and fledgling A34. In 2004 works were carried out, at a cost of £38 million, continuing the road without being interrupted by a roundabout at junction 13 of the M4 motorway, which had caused a "bottleneck". In Drayton, near Abingdon a junction used by construction vehicles to gain access onto the A34 during its construction still exists as a "closed road", a few miles from the nearest alternative accesses.
Plans are in discussion regarding possible re-opening of this closed access point. The idea that the proposed Oxford to Cambridge Expressway will be designated as A34, does not have any official status. Route of A34 overlaid on OpenStreetMap The original route of the A34 was Winchester to Oxford, much shorter than it is today, it was extended to Manchester on 1 April 1935, replacing part of the A42, A455, part of the A449 and A526. By 1953 the route was as follows: When the Oxford Ring Road was completed to the west of Oxford in 1962, the old route through the city was renumbered the A4144. On completion of the Abingdon Bypass in the 1970s, the old route from the Oxford Ring Road through Abingdon and Steventon to Chilton was declassified and the rest renumbered A4183, B4017, A4130 and A4185. In 1991, shortly after the completion of the M40 motorway, the road between Oxford and Solihull was renumbered. Between Chipping Norton and Solihull the road lost its primary route status and was renumbered A3400, south of Chipping Norton the route became part of an extended A44.
The A34 was diverted north from the Oxford Ring Road to the M40 along parts of the former routes of the A43 and A421. Much of the long-distance traffic carried by what is now the A3400 now uses the M40 to Birmingham, the M42 and M6 to by-pass the city; when the Newbury Bypass was opened in 1998, the old route through Newbury became part of the A339 and the B4640. The long planned and postponed Alderley Edge bypass was completed in November 2010, ahead of schedule and within the £52 million budget; the official opening ceremony was conducted by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Rt Hon George Osborne MP, on 19 November 2010. The Highways Agency Management Strategy for Bicester to Winchester; the Highways Agency A34-M4 junction improvements. A detailed review of the A34 and its history A34 Stratford Road red route, Birmingham
DHL International GmbH is an American-founded company, now the international courier and express mail division of the German logistics company Deutsche Post DHL. Deutsche Post DHL is the world's largest logistics company in sea and air mail; the company delivers over 1.3 billion parcels per year. The company was founded in the United States in 1969 and expanded its service throughout the world by the late 1970s; the company was interested in offshore and intercontinental deliveries, but the success of FedEx prompted their own intra-US expansion starting in 1983. In 1998, Deutsche Post began to acquire shares in DHL, it reached controlling interest in 2001, acquired all outstanding shares by December 2002. The company absorbed DHL into its Express division, while expanding the use of the DHL brand to other Deutsche Post divisions, business units, subsidiaries. Today, DHL Express shares its DHL brand with business units such as DHL Global Forwarding and DHL Supply Chain, it gained a foothold in the United States.
The DHL Express financial results are published in the Deutsche Post AG annual report. In 2016, this division's revenue increased by 2.7 per cent to €14 billion. The earnings before interest and taxes increased by 11.3% over 2015 to €1.5 billion. While Larry Hillblom was studying law at University of California, Berkeley's Boalt Hall School of Law in the late 1960s, he accepted a job as a courier for the insurance company Michael's, Poe & Associates, he started running courier duty between Oakland International Airport and Los Angeles International Airport, picking up packages for the last flight of the day, returning on the first flight the next morning, up to five times a week. After he graduated, Hillblom met with MPA salesman Adrian Dalsey and they planned to expand MPA's concept of fast delivery to other business enterprises, they flew between Honolulu and Los Angeles, transporting bills of lading for their first client, Seatrain Lines. Hillblom put up a portion of his student loans to start the company, bringing in his two friends Adrian Dalsey and Robert Lynn as partners, with their combined initials of their surnames as the company name.
They shared a Plymouth Duster that they drove around San Francisco to pick up the documents in suitcases rushed to the airport to book flights using another new invention, the corporate credit card. As the business took off, they started hiring new couriers to join the company, their first hires were Max and Blanche Kroll, whose apartment in Hawaii became a makeshift flophouse for their couriers. In the 1970s, DHL was an international delivery company, the only one offering overnight service; the only major competitor in the overnight market was Federal Express, which did not open its first international service until 1981, expanding to Toronto, Canada. The domestic market was profitable, DHL was the third largest courier behind FedEx and UPS. Deutsche Post began to acquire shares in DHL in 1998, acquiring controlling interest in 2001. By the end of 2002, Deutsche Post had acquired all of DHL's remaining stock, absorbed the operation into its Express division; the DHL brand was expanded to business units and subsidiaries.
Today, DHL Express shares its DHL brand with other Deutsche Post business units, such as DHL Global Forwarding, DHL Freight, DHL Supply Chain, DHL Global Mail. All US domestic flights were handled by DHL Airways, Inc. which in 2003 was renamed ASTAR Air Cargo following a management buyout. DHL's first airline still remains with over 550 pilots in service, as of October 2008. 2001: Deutsche Post acquires a majority of DHL's shares, the remaining 49% in 2002. The new DHL is launched by merging the old DHL, Securicor Omega Euro Express. 2001: The Packstation, an automated delivery booth, is introduced as a pilot project in Dortmund and Mainz. 2002: Bashkirian Airlines Flight 2937, a Tupolev Tu-154 passenger jet, collides with DHL Flight 611, a Boeing 757-200 cargo jet, at 35,000 ft over Überlingen, Germany. The 69 people aboard the Tupolev and the two pilots of the Boeing were killed. December 2002: Introduces red and yellow new color scheme and logo. August 2003: Deutsche Post acquires Airborne Express, begins to integrate it into DHL.
The Airborne Express Airline named ABX Air is to provide contract ACMI service until 2011. 22 November 2003: DHL shootdown incident in Baghdad wherein Iraqi insurgents fire an SA-7 "Grail" surface-to-air missile at a European Air Transport Airbus A300 operating on behalf of DHL. The aircraft takes off from Baghdad airport and the missile strikes the left wing, disabling all three hydraulic systems and setting the wing on fire; the aircraft begins a dangerous phugoid but the crew manages to land safely at the airport, despite being able to control the aircraft only by adjusting the engine thrust. September 2004: a planned expansion by DHL at Brussels Airport creates a political crisis in Belgium. 21 October 2004: DHL Express announces that it will move its European hub from Brussels to Leipzig, Germany. DHL's unions call a strike in response. 8 November 2004: DHL Express invests €120 million in Indian domestic courier Blue Dart and becomes the majority shareholder in the company. September 2005: Deutsche Post makes an offer to buy contract logistics company Exel plc, which had just acquired Tibbett & Britten Group.
On 14 December 2005, Deutsche Post announces the completion of the acquisition of Exel plc. When integrating Exel into its Logistics division, it adds its well-known DHL brand acquired with th