Franklin, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin
Franklin is a city in Milwaukee County, United States. It is a suburb of Milwaukee with a population of 35,451 as of the 2010 census. On December 20, 1839, the south portion of the Town of Kinnikennick was split off to form the town of Franklin; the town consisted of a 36-square-mile area, covered with heavy timber, hardwoods such as hickory and butternut. Most of the town's drainage was delivered by the Root River and there was an abundance of wildlife including bears and wolves; as of the 1840 census, the population of the Town of Franklin was 248. The name "Franklin" was given in homage to Benjamin Franklin. By the 1950s, Franklin was known as a "City of Homes" for its growing residential areas, which served as a suburb of the city of Milwaukee. In 1956, town officials were concerned by the possibility that the city of Milwaukee might attempt to annex portions of Franklin. In response, the town was incorporated as a fourth-class city on August 15, 1956. Franklin is located at 42°53′57″N 88°00′08″W.
It is bounded by the city of Oak Creek to the east, the villages of Greendale and Hales Corners to the north, the county of Racine to the south, the county of Waukesha to the west. The city of Milwaukee lies adjacent to the Franklin city limits in the northeast. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 34.69 square miles, of which, 34.58 square miles is land and 0.11 square miles is water. The Root River runs south through Franklin; as of the census of 2010, there were 35,451 people, 13,642 households, 9,351 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,025.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 14,356 housing units at an average density of 415.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 87.1% White, 4.9% African American, 0.4% Native American, 5.4% Asian, 0.8% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.5% of the population. There were 13,642 households of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 31.5% were non-families.
26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99. The median age in the city was 41.5 years. 21.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 29,494 people, 10,602 households, 7,697 families residing in the city; the population density was 851.8 people per square mile. There were 10,936 housing units at an average density of 315.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.78% White, 0.15% African American, 0.036% Native American, 2.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.64% of the population. There were 10,602 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.2% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.4% were non-families.
22.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 6.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58, the average family size was 3.06. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was US$75,315, the median income for a family was $95,532. Males had a median income of $61,827 versus $54,737 for females; the per capita income for the city was $33,474. About 0.4% of families and 0.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over. Franklin government consists of a mayor, a common council, a municipal judge; the Common Council's primary purpose is the passage of laws and policies, establishment of pay ranges for city employees and management of the city's financial affairs.
The Common Council is composed of the mayor and six members representing the six aldermanic districts, serving three-year overlapping terms. One alderman serves as common council president; the mayor of the city, elected for a three-year term of office, is the chief executive officer of the city. The mayor is responsible for ensuring that city ordinances and state laws are observed and enforced, that city officers and commissions properly discharge their duties; the mayor oversees the fire departments. The mayor presides at meetings of the Common Council. City ordinances designate eight cabinet officers, as well as other unclassified positions within city government, that are appointed by the mayor subject to the confirmation by a majority of all members of the common council. Mayor Steve Olson was re
Milwaukee County, Wisconsin
Milwaukee County is a county in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 947,735 and was estimated to be 951,448 in 2016, it is the most populous county in Wisconsin and the 45th most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Milwaukee, the most populous city in the state; the county was organized the following year. Milwaukee County is the most populous county of the Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area, as well as of the Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Combined Statistical Area. There are 19 cities in Milwaukee County, the largest being Milwaukee, West Allis, Oak Creek, Greenfield, in that order. Milwaukee County is the most densely populated county, ranks in the top 50 most populated counties when excluding Cook County, Illinois and the five New York City burroughs from the list; the county is home to two professional sports teams, the world's largest music festival. Portions of what is now Milwaukee County are known to have been inhabited by a number of Native American tribes, including the Sauk, Meskwaki or "Fox", Menomonee and Potawotami, with elements of other tribes attested as well.
In 1818, when the land to be Wisconsin was made part of Michigan Territory, territorial governor Lewis Cass created Brown County, which at that time included all the land now part of Milwaukee County. It remained a part of Brown county until 1834, when Milwaukee County was created, including the area south of the line between townships eleven and twelve north, west of Lake Michigan, north of Illinois, east of the line which now separates Green and Rock counties; this territory encompassed all of what are now Milwaukee, Kenosha, Racine, Walworth and Waukesha counties, as well as large parts of the present-day Columbia and Dodge counties. Milwaukee County remained attached to Brown County for judicial purposes until Aug. 25, 1835, when an act was passed by the Michigan territorial legislature giving it an independent organization. In 1836, the legislature divided the area south and east of the Wisconsin and Fox rivers into counties, as a consequence reducing Milwaukee County's extent to what is now Milwaukee and Waukesha counties.
In 1846 Waukesha County was created by taking from Milwaukee all of the territory west of range 21, reducing Milwaukee County to its present boundaries. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,189 square miles, of which 241 square miles is land and 948 square miles is water, it is the third-smallest county in Wisconsin by land area. It is watered by the Milwaukee, Menomonee and Root Rivers; the surface is undulating, the soil calcareous and fertile. Ozaukee County - north Racine County - south Waukesha County - west Washington County - northwest Lake Michigan - east As of the 2010 census, there were 947,735 people, 383,591 households, 221,019 families residing in the county; the population density was 3,932 people per square mile. There were 418,053 housing units at an average density of 1,734 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 60.6% White, 26.8% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 3.4% Asian, 0.003% Pacific Islander, 5.4% from other races, 3.0% from two or more races.
13.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 383,591 households, of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.1% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 42.4% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.14. In the county, the age distribution was spread out, with 24.9% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.6 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males. As of the 2000 census, there were 940,164 people, 377,729 households and 225,126 families resided in the county; the population density was 3,931 people per square mile. There were 400,093 housing units at an average density of 1,656 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 65.6% White, 24.6% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 2.6% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.2% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. 8.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.0 % were of 10.9 % Polish and 5.3 % Irish ancestry. There were 377,729 households, of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.4% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.13. In the county, the age distribution was spread out, with 26.4% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, from 1980 to 2000, the residential pattern of Blacks versus Whites in Milwaukee County was the most segregated in the country. Milwaukee County is governed through an eighteen-mem
Shorewood is a village in Milwaukee County, United States. The population was 13,162 at the 2010 census. Howell Raines of The New York Times said in 1979 that "his maple-studded town on Lake Michigan dotes on its reputation as Milwaukee's most liberal suburb." Shorewood seceded from the Town of Milwaukee in 1900 and was known as East Milwaukee until changing to its present name in 1917. Shorewood is located at 43°05′31″N 87°53′11″W. Nestled between the Milwaukee River and Lake Michigan, Shorewood is bordered by the City of Milwaukee to the south and west and Whitefish Bay to the north. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.59 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 13,162 people, 6,381 households, 3,109 families residing in the village; the population density was 8,278.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,750 housing units at an average density of 4,245.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 88.1% White, 2.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 5.6% Asian, 0.8% from other races, 2.3% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.4% of the population. There were 6,381 households of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.0% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 51.3% were non-families. 39.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.83. The median age in the village was 37.2 years. 19.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 46.8% male and 53.2% female. The Village of Shorewood is a suburb within Milwaukee County, it is governmentally recognized being a part of the greater City of Milwaukee but still has a village system. Therefore, it still contributes to Milwaukee census statistics; as of the census of 2000, there were 13,763 people, 6,539 households, 3,328 families residing in the village.
The population density was 8,599.5 people per the highest in the state of Wisconsin. There were 6,696 housing units at an average density of 4,183.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 91.43% White, 2.41% African American, 0.23% Native American, 3.19% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, 1.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.51% of the population. There were 6,539 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 49.1% were non-families. 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.87. In the village, the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years.
For every 100 females, there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.4 males. The median income for a household in the village was $47,224, the median income for a family was $67,589. Males had a median income of $47,616 versus $34,294 for females; the per capita income for the village was $32,950. About 3.8% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over. The Shorewood School District maintains four public schools: Shorewood High School – serving grades 9 through 12 Shorewood Intermediate School – serving grades 7 and 8 Atwater Elementary School – serving 4K through grade 6 Lake Bluff Elementary School – serving 4K through grade 6The Archdiocese of Milwaukee maintains one Catholic school in Shorewood, St. Robert School, which serves kindergarten through grade 8. Benjamin Church House — The one-story Greek Revival house was built in 1844 for his family by Benjamin F. Church, a pioneer builder from New York, on N.
Fourth Street in the Kilbourntown settlement. In 1938, after significant preservation efforts, the house was moved from its original site to its present location in Estabrook Park in Shorewood; the house was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. Hubbard Park — The wooded, terraced park spanning 5 acres along the east bank of the Milwaukee River has a colorful history. In its earlier years, the site used for Indian hunting grounds, a resort, a series of amusement parks, fishing shanties, to name a few, it is home to the Hubbard Park Lodge, constructed as a WPA project in 1936. It is home to Hubbard Park Lodge Restaurant. Shorewood High School campus — The school’s 19-acre campus, built between 1924 and 1938, includes separate buildings for administration, physical education and science, industrial arts, theater arts; the auditorium was modeled after the RKO Theater in New York City. Shorewood Village Hall — Originally built as a four-room schoolhouse in 1908, the building was purchased in 1916 by the Village of East Milwaukee for use as a village hall.
It was extensively remodeled in 1937 with WPA funds, again in 1985. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. WITI TV Tower — Built in 1962, it was once one of the tallest free-standing lattice towers in the world, rising 1,078 feet. Hayek Pharmacy — Located at 4001 N
Central Library (Milwaukee, Wisconsin)
The Central Library is the headquarters for the Milwaukee Public Library System as well as for the Milwaukee County Federated Library System. Designated a Milwaukee Landmark in 1969, the building remains one of Milwaukee's most monumental public structures. Today, the Central Library occupies the entire building with 3 exceptions: the headquarters for the Milwaukee County Federated Library System. A national competition was held to pick a design for a building to house both the public library and the public museum. Seventy-four entries were received, including one from Frank Lloyd Wright; the winning design submitted by Ferry & Clas of Milwaukee was for a building one block long and designed in a combination of French and Italian renaissance styles known as Neo-renaissance. The building was designed in a U-shape to provide a common entrance for the library and museum but to keep the facilities separate. Construction costs for the monumental building, now listed on the National Register of Historic Places, were $780,000.
In the entrance to the library, mosaic tile floors were hand-laid by master Italian craftsmen who had settled in Milwaukee. Tessera, the small squarish pieces of colored marble or tile, were used in the entrance and in the Art and Recreation Department; the tessera in the entrance floor are smaller than normal. The age of the building has buckled, settled and damaged the floor and columns. In 2008, a restoration of the mosaic tile floors was begun; some of the materials used in the interior are yellow Sienna marble and stained glass, hardwoods such as oak and mahogany, scagliola. The trim on top of the wainscoting in the corridor is called "egg and dart", is replicated in renovated areas throughout the library; the bay leaf garland design found above the doors in the corridor is made of painted plaster, not carved wood. In 2009, the Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District approved additional funding for the Milwaukee Public Library to construct a green roof, replacing the roof built in 1986; the green roof uses a watertight membrane, protective layer, insulation, a filter layer and vegetation to create a roof system.
In addition, photovoltaic cells have been installed to convert solar energy into direct current electricity. The green roof is expected to reduce polluted stormwater runoff, urban heat islands, improve air quality. In the long term, Milwaukee is expected to benefit from reduced costs for water treatment systems and infrastructure. Public tours of the green roof are available on a seasonal basis; the Old Board Room is adjacent to the former office of the city librarian, which had a prime location on the Wisconsin Avenue side of the building. The Old Board Room appears much as it did when the building opened in 1898, with the exception of the ceiling lighting fixture, installed at a date; the furniture is hand-carved of maple. The local firm of Ferry & Clas not only designed the building, but produced plans for all the furniture and equipment that went into the it; the room was the site of J. Edgar Hoover's office in the TV movie Dillinger; the renovation of the Art and Recreation Department was completed in October 1999.
At the entrance to the department is a mosaic floor titled "Unswept Room" by the artist Steven Ferren. The corridor leading to the room includes gallery space; the Children's Room was named at the request of an anonymous donor in memory of Elizabeth A. Brinn, a Milwaukee businesswoman and entrepreneur; the room was dedicated on June 8, 1998 after moving from the second floor into first floor space used by Discovery World Museum. The floor of navy blue German linoleum was designed by Lois Ehlert. Thirty-one different animal shapes in a variety of colors greet visitors and reappear throughout the room to highlight other areas of interest; the navy blue of the window seat cushions match the floor and are trimmed in the colors of the animals. The painted glass Hans Christian Andersen window was designed by Marie Herndl and was completed in 1896; the window hung in the original children's library at Central and was restored by Conrad Schmidt Studios for the new children's room. The Art and Recreation Department contains all of the reference books in the subjects of fine arts, such as painting and sculpture, art objects and antiques, theater, photography, sports, costume, general bibliographies, folklore and UFOs.
The department has a collection of popular sheet music reaching back to the start of the 20th century as well as indices to song books in the library's collection. A few song sheets go back as far as the 1850s, well before the Civil War; the Art and Recreation Department subscribes to catalogs for the auctions held by two major auction houses, Sotheby's in London and Christie's in New York. A collection of identification and price guides on all types of collectibles, such as toys, coins, furniture, dolls and others, is available in a separate reference area for patrons to browse through and study; some other resources in this department are the poster collection, the Wisconsin Architectural Archives. The Wisconsin Architectural Archive was founded in 1975 by architect Thomas Eschweiler, the grandson of Alexander C. Eschweiler; the archive encompasses over 12,000 items that drawings and plans that "record the talent and design styles of architects who shaped the appearance and history of Wisconsin."
The Central Library Betty Brinn Children's room houses the library's collection of popular children's books and provides a distinct space for children and families within the libra
Greendale is a village in Milwaukee County, United States. The population was 14,046 at the 2010 census. Greendale is located southwest of Milwaukee, is a part of the Milwaukee metropolitan area. Greendale was one of three "Greenbelt" communities constructed by the Resettlement Administration, starting in 1936, as part of President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal; the communities were built to demonstrate a new kind of suburban living, with housing situated within easy walking distance of gardens and the town center. The other Greenbelt communities were Greenbelt and Greenhills, Ohio; the communities were designed with three goals in mind: to combine the advantages of city and country life. The planners and selection committees excluded African American families from renting homes and created a racially segregated and all-white suburban community. All of the property was owned by the government and rented to families based on income, housing need and family size; some exceptions were made for those with special skills, such as medical doctors and other professionals.
In 1949 the Public Housing Administration gave Greendale residents the right to purchase their homes from the government. The transfer of ownership from the government to the people was complete by 1952. In the late 1950s Greendale experienced growth in conjunction with the expansion of the Milwaukee suburbs as a whole. While new homes were built and the number of minority families increased in Milwaukee County, racially restrictive covenants were used to maintain the all-white Greendale community. In 1958, the Crestview Acres land was sold by Elroy H. Barbian for development with the restrictive covenant that only white families could purchase the homes. "No Persons other than the white race shall own or occupy any building on said tract, but this covenant shall not prevent occupancy of persons of a race other than the white race who are domestic servants of the owner or occupant of said building."In 1996, the shopping district in the center of the village was purchased by the Grandhaven investment firm founded by Roy Reiman, founder of a publishing company headquartered in the village.
The remake of the "Village Center" brought updates, attracted new restaurants, made the village center more of a tourist attraction. Greendale is located at 42°56′15″N 87°59′49″W; the Root River flows through the western part of the village. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 5.57 square miles, of which, 5.56 square miles of it is land and 0.01 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 14,046 people, 6,075 households, 4,016 families residing in the village; the population density was 2,526.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,294 housing units at an average density of 1,132.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 92.8% White, 1.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 3.1% Asian, 0.9% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.7% of the population. There were 6,075 households of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 33.9% were non-families.
30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age in the village was 45.3 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 46.6% male and 53.4% female. The Greendale Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2005 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 2012. Trimborn Farm on the National Register of Historic Places, is in Greendale; the village has one public high school, one public middle school, three public elementary schools. Greendale High School was named by Newsweek as one of America’s Best High Schools in its 2009 & 2010 rankings. In 2007 the Greendale School District was ranked by Milwaukee Magazine as the top school system among the Milwaukee metropolitan area. Martin Luther High School is a private high school in the village. Part of the Root River Parkway is in Greendale.
Whitnall Park, the largest park in Milwaukee County. Borders Greendale on the western boundary of the village. Whitnall Park offers many recreation options, including an 18-hole golf course, many hiking and cross-country ski trails, the Wehr Nature Center and the Boerner Botanical Gardens; the largest mall in Wisconsin, Southridge Mall, is located in Greendale. The mall has over 125 stores, including the major department stores J. C. Penney, Macy's; the nearby downtown village center has six restaurants. 19th-century folklorist and linguist Jeremiah Curtin lived in. His boyhood home stands as a historic landmark. Actress Jane Kaczmarek attended Greendale High School. Roy Reiman, founder of Reiman Publications AFL player Dave Smith attended Greendale High School. Actress Sarah Pfisterer graduated from Greendale High School. Village of Greendale Greendale Chamber of Commerce
Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States. The seat of the eponymous county, it is on Lake Michigan's western shore. Ranked by its estimated 2014 population, Milwaukee was the 31st largest city in the United States; the city's estimated population in 2017 was 595,351. Milwaukee is the main cultural and economic center of the Milwaukee metropolitan area which had a population of 2,043,904 in the 2014 census estimate, it is the second-most densely populated metropolitan area in the Midwest, surpassed only by Chicago. Milwaukee is considered a Gamma global city as categorized by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network with a regional GDP of over $105 billion; the first Europeans to pass through the area were French Catholic Jesuit missionaries, who were ministering to Native Americans, fur traders. In 1818, the French Canadian explorer Solomon Juneau settled in the area, in 1846, Juneau's town combined with two neighboring towns to incorporate as the city of Milwaukee.
Large numbers of German immigrants arrived during the late 1840s, after the German revolutions, with Poles and other eastern European immigrants arriving in the following decades. Milwaukee is known for its brewing traditions, begun with the German immigrants. Beginning in the early 21st century, the city has been undergoing its largest construction boom since the 1960s. Major new additions to the city in the past two decades include the Milwaukee Riverwalk, the Wisconsin Center, Miller Park, the Milwaukee Streetcar, an expansion to the Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee Repertory Theater, Pier Wisconsin, as well as major renovations to the UW–Milwaukee Panther Arena; the Fiserv Forum opened in late 2018. The name "Milwaukee" comes from an Algonquian word millioke, meaning "good", "beautiful" and "pleasant land" or "gathering place "; the name has a less pleasant connotation in the Menominee language, where it is called Māēnāēwah, "some misfortune happens". Indigenous cultures lived along the waterways for thousands of years.
The first recorded inhabitants of the Milwaukee area are the historic Menominee, Mascouten, Sauk and Ojibwe. Many of these people had lived around Green Bay before migrating to the Milwaukee area around the time of European contact. In the second half of the 18th century, the Native Americans living near Milwaukee played a role in all the major European wars on the American continent. During the French and Indian War, a group of "Ojibwas and Pottawattamies from the far Michigan" joined the French-Canadian Daniel Liénard de Beaujeu at the Battle of the Monongahela. In the American Revolutionary War, the Native Americans around Milwaukee were some of the few groups to ally with the rebel Continentals. After the Revolutionary War, the Native Americans fought the United States in the Northwest Indian War as part of the Council of Three Fires. During the War of 1812, they held a council in Milwaukee in June 1812, which resulted in their decision to attack Chicago in retaliation against American expansion.
This resulted in the Battle of Fort Dearborn on August 15, 1812, the only known armed conflict in the Chicago area. This battle convinced the American government that the Native Americans had to be removed from their land. After being attacked in the Black Hawk War in 1832, the Native Americans in Milwaukee signed the Treaty of Chicago with the United States in 1833. In exchange for their ceding their lands in the area, they were to receive monetary payments and lands west of the Mississippi in Indian Territory. Europeans had arrived in the Milwaukee area prior to the 1833 Treaty of Chicago. French missionaries and traders first passed through the area in the late 18th centuries. Alexis Laframboise, in 1785, coming from Michilimackinac settled a trading post. Early explorers called the Milwaukee River and surrounding lands various names: Melleorki, Mahn-a-waukie and Milwaucki, in efforts to transliterate the native terms. For many years, printed records gave the name as "Milwaukie". One story of Milwaukee's name says, ne day during the thirties of the last century a newspaper calmly changed the name to Milwaukee, Milwaukee it has remained until this day.
The spelling "Milwaukie" lives on in Milwaukie, named after the Wisconsin city in 1847, before the current spelling was universally accepted. Milwaukee has three "founding fathers": Solomon Juneau, Byron Kilbourn, George H. Walker. Solomon Juneau was the first of the three to come to the area, in 1818, he founded. In competition with Juneau, Byron Kilbourn established Kilbourntown west of the Milwaukee River, he ensured. This accounts for the large number of angled bridges. Further, Kilbourn distributed maps of the area which only showed Kilbourntown, implying Juneautown did not exist or the river's east side was uninhabited and thus undesirable; the third prominent developer was George H. Walker, he claimed land to the south of the Milwaukee River, along with Juneautown, where he built a log house in 1834. This area became known as Walker's Point; the first large wave of settlement to the areas that would become Milwaukee County and the City of Milwaukee began in 1835, following removal of the tribes in the Co