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Minehead

Minehead is a coastal town and civil parish in Somerset, England. It lies on the south bank of the Bristol Channel, 21 miles north-west of the county town of Taunton, 12 miles from the border with the county of Devon and in proximity of the Exmoor National Park; the parish of Minehead has a population of 11,981 making it the most populous town in the western part of the Somerset West and Taunton local government district, which in turn, is the worst area in the country for social mobility. This figure includes Alcombe and Woodcombe, suburban villages which have been subsumed into Minehead. There is evidence of human occupation in the area since Iron Ages. Before the Norman conquest it was held by Ælfgar, Earl of Mercia and after it by William de Moyon and his descendants, who administered the area from Dunster Castle, sold to Sir George Luttrell and his family. There was a small port at Minehead by 1380, which grew into a major trading centre during the medieval period. Most trade transferred to larger ports during the 20th century, but pleasure steamers did call at the port.

Major rebuilding took place in the Lower or Middle town area following a fire in 1791 and the fortunes of the town revived with the growth in sea bathing, by 1851 was becoming a retirement centre. There was a marked increase in building during the early years of the 20th century, which resulted in the wide main shopping avenue and adjacent roads with Edwardian style architecture; the town's flood defences were improved. Minehead is governed by a town council, created in 1983. In addition to the parish church of St. Michael on the Hill in Minehead, the separate parish church of St Michael the Archangel is situated in Church Street, Alcombe. Alcombe is home to the Spiritualist Church in Grove Place. Since 1991, Minehead has been twinned with Saint-Berthevin, a small town close to the regional centre of Laval in the Mayenne département of France. Blenheim Gardens, Minehead’s largest park, was opened in 1925; the town is the home of a Butlins Holiday Park which increases Minehead's seasonal tourist population by several thousand.

There is a variety of schools and religious and sporting facilities including sailing and wind surfing and golf. One popular ancient local tradition involves the Hobby Horse, or Obby Oss, which takes to the streets for four days on the eve of the first of May each year, with accompanying musicians and rival horses; the town is the starting point of the South West Coast Path National Trail, the nation's longest long-distance countryside walking trail. The Minehead Railway was opened in 1874 and closed in 1971 but has since been reopened as the West Somerset Railway; the town sits at the foot of a steeply rising outcrop of Exmoor known as North Hill, the original name of the town was mynydd, which means mountain in Welsh. It has been written as Mynheafdon, Maneheve and Menedun, which contain elements of Welsh and Old English words for hill. Bronze Age barrows at Selworthy Beacon and an Iron Age enclosure at Furzebury Brake, west of the town show evidence of prehistoric occupation of the area, although there is possible evidence in the intertidal area, where the remains of a submerged forest still exist.

Minehead was part of the hundred of Carhampton. It is mentioned as a manor belonging to William de Moyon in the Domesday Book in 1086, although it had been held by Ælfgar, Earl of Mercia. William de Mohun of Dunster, 1st Earl of Somerset and his descendants administered the area from Dunster Castle, sold to Sir George Luttrell and his family. There was a small port at Minehead by 1380, but it was not until 1420 that money given by Lady Margaret Luttrell enabled improvements to be made and a jetty built. During the reign of Elizabeth I, the town had its own Port Officer similar to the position at Bristol. Vessels in the 15th century included the Trinite which traded between Ireland and Bristol, others carrying salt and other cargo from La Rochelle in France. Other products included local cloth which were traded for coal from South Wales. In 1559 a Charter of Incorporation, established a free Borough and Parliamentary representation, but was made conditional on improvements being made to the port.

The harbour fell into disrepair so that in 1604 James I withdrew the town's charter. Control reverted to the Luttrells and a new harbour was built, at a cost of £5,000, further out to sea than the original, at the mouth of the Bratton Stream, it incorporated a pier, dating from 1616, was built to replace that at Dunster, silting up. Trade was with Wales for cattle, wool, butter and coal; these are commemorated in the town arms which include a sailing ship. Privateers based at Minehead were involved in the war with Spain and France during 1625–1630 and again during the War of the Spanish Succession from 1702–1713; the first cranes were installed after further improvements to the port in 1714. The Mermaid, one of the oldest business premises in the town, has been, at various times, a ship chandler's, a nineteenth-century "department store" and in more recent years a tearoom; the building was the home of Minehead’s famous Whistling Ghost – Old Mother Leakey, who died in 1634. The ghost became notorious by "whistling up a storm" whenever one of her son’s ships neared port.

The level of anxiety in the town became so great that, in 1636, the Bishop of Bath and Wells presided over a Royal Commission to inquire into the matter. The commission reported that the witnesses were unreliable and when its findings were signed by Archbishop Laud and the ghost's publicity began to wane. By the

Como Township, Marshall County, Minnesota

Como Township is a township in Marshall County, United States. The population was 52 at the 2000 census. Como Township was organized in 1900, named after Lake Como in St. Paul, Minnesota. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 36.3 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 52 people, 21 households, 17 families residing in the township; the population density was 1.4 people per square mile. There were 37 housing units at an average density of 1.0/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 100.00% White. There were 21 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.0% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.82. In the township the population was spread out with 17.3% under the age of 18, 13.5% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 116.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 138.9 males. The median income for a household in the township was $39,167, the median income for a family was $39,167. Males had a median income of $26,563 versus $25,000 for females; the per capita income for the township was $12,950. None of the population or the families were below the poverty line

Gamelan notation

Notation plays a minor role in the oral traditions of Indonesian gamelan but, in Java and Bali, several systems of gamelan notation were devised beginning at the end of the 19th century for archival purposes. Kepatihan is a type of cipher musical notation, devised for notation of the Indonesian gamelan; the system was devised around 1900 at the Kepatihan in Surakarta, was based upon the Galin-Paris-Chevé system, imported in the nineteenth century by Christian missionaries to allow the notation of hymns. It superseded several other notation systems of Javanese origin devised around the same time. To this day, the value of notation is disputed; as the kepatihan cipher system records the skeletal melody line, the wide range of improvisational techniques performed upon this line by the various instruments in gamelan are not represented. Whether they should be represented has been a matter of discussion in modern Indonesia; the pitches of the seven-tone pélog tuning system are designated by the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.

The octaves are noted by dots above and below the numbers, as in Chinese jianpu, although of course the pitches do not correspond. A dot over a note indicates the octave above, a dot below a note represents the octave below. Two dots over a note indicate a note two octaves higher than standard, so on. Depending on the tuning of the individual gamelan, it is possible to hear the pitches 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 of slendro as an anhemitonic pentatonic scale, do-re-mi-sol-la. However, in the pélog system pitches are numbered from low to high 1–7 and there is no question of interpreting these sounds diatonically; as the pélog scale is a five-note scale, the notes 4 and 7 function to'accidentals' in Western terms: a 4 may serve as a'sharp' or raised 3 or as a'flat' or lowered 5. 7 functions as a'flat' 1 in patet lima or nem. By default, kepatihan notes are assumed all to have the same duration. Deviations from these regular rhythms are noted in two ways. Beams or lines above notes indicate half the standard duration.

A dot in the place of a note indicates the continuation of the previous note, not a rest. In vocal parts the figure 0 represents a rest, but rests are not written in instrumental parts, because the instruments play continuously and any rests are part of the basic playing style of the instrument. Additional symbols are needed for some instruments. Strokes on colotomic instruments are indicated by diacritical marks over or around the kepatihan numbers. There are numerous sets of such marks in use. All or some of these marks may be omitted, as they can be determined from the form. Ordinarily the system only notates the gerongan. However, for pedagogical purposes, other patterns, such as the melodic formulas sekaran and cengkok used on the panerusan instruments may be notated; the description above applies to central Javanese music. In the Sundanese music of West Java, the system works in reverse, with 1 representing the highest note instead of the lowest; the Solonese script could capture the flexible rhythms of the pesinden with a squiggle on a horizontal staff.

In Yogyakarta a ladder-like vertical staff allowed notation of the balungan by dots and included important drum strokes. Kepatihan is used in ethnomusicological studies of the gamelan, sometimes accompanied by transcriptions into Western staff notation with approximate mapping of slendro and pelog tuning systems of gamelan onto the western staff and without various symbols for microtones; the relative merits of kepatihan and staff notation are sometimes debated, but staff notation is incompatible with the'end-weighted' nature of melodic structures in Indonesian music. In this respect, kepatihan is more suitable, although the usage of overscores continues to cause practical difficulties. Musical notation#Indonesia• Downloadable Kepatihan font for Mac and IBM Music in Central Java: Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture by Benjamin Brinner, Oxford University Press, New York, ISBN 0-19-514737-5, on the functions and risks of kepatihan usage in Java. A Gamelan Manual: A Player's Guide to the Central Javanese Gamelan by Richard Pickvance, Jaman Mas Books, London, ISBN 0-9550295-0-3, for further details of how kepatihan is used in practice

God Tussi Great Ho

God Tussi Great Ho is a 2008 Indian fantasy comedy film and directed by Rumi Jaffery and starring Amitabh Bachchan, Salman Khan, Priyanka Chopra and Sohail Khan in a friendly appearance. According to director Rohit Dhawan, the film is inspired from a village folk tale about a Brahmin, though most reviewers noted that the film's story-line has similarities with the 2003 Hollywood comedy Bruce Almighty, starring Jim Carrey and Jennifer Aniston; however the film performed poorly at the box office. Arun Prajapati has been trying to be a successful TV anchor, he blames God for this lack of success. Arun is head over heels in love with Alia Kapoor, a TV anchor and a well-known star working in the same channel, but he has never been able to express his love for her; when Rocky is appointed as an anchor for the channel, Arun starts believing that Rocky will win Alia. Arun is sacked from the channel, he has nobody to blame but God Himself, whom he meets in person. An argument ensues between the two, at the end of which God decides to give Arun the power over all things for ten days, wherein Arun may prove that he is a better operator of the universe.

Arun uses this power to win Alia's heart. After God scolds him for only making things better for himself, Arun starts listening to people's prayers, he realizes that considering each person's wishes individually would be too time-consuming, so to save time and effort he grants EVERYBODY’S wishes, including the wish of criminals to be free and Rocky's wish that Alia marries him. Arun asks God why is everything happening to him. God explains that everyone can not blame Him for this. Arun feels bad. During the game show, he tricks Rocky into lying about loving Alia Kapoor, Alia turns on him. Arun wins the heart of Alia. Amitabh Bachchan as God Salman Khan as Arun Prajapati a.k.a. AP— A TV reporter who always do not his work and blames God for the mistakes. Arun is in love with Alia, but gets worried as he thinks Rocky will win Alia's heart; when Arun meets God, the latter gives Arun the powers of himself for 10 days to make his life better. In the end, with God's help, Arun makes. Thus, Arun wins Alia's heart.

Priyanka Chopra as Alia Kapoor— A successful TV bachelor. Both Arun and Alia love and want to marry each other, but soon Rocky comes between them and tries to create misunderstandings in their relationship because Rocky is in love with Alia too. Sohail Khan as Rakesh Sharma a.k.a. Rocky— A successful TV bachelor. Rocky is in love with her. To win her heart, Rocky tries to create misunderstandings between Arun, but in the end, with the help of God, proves Rocky a fraud. So, Arun wins Alia's heart. Anupam Kher as Jagmohan Prajapati— Arun's father, he always misunderstands his feelings. Dalip Tahil as Jagdish Kewalchandni— Arun and Alia's boss, he suspends Arun from the channel as he did not do his work carefully. Beena Kak as Rashmi Prajapati— Arun's mother, she always says that he will be succeed in his life. Upasana Singh as Divya— Prajapati Household's maid, she always says bad things about Arun including. Rukhsar Rehman as Madhu Prajapati— Arun's younger sister, she is irritated by Jagmohan's reactions.

Satish Kaushik as Netaji— Kewalchandni's client God Tussi Great Ho was not considered commercially successful. However the movie has emerged as a moderate success on the home video circuit; the film's satellite rights had a long court battle between Shemaroo Entertainment. The verdict was in favor with the producer who sold the satellite rights to Zee TV The music of the film is composed by Sajid-Wajid, the lyrics are penned by Jalees Sherwani, Shabbir Ahmed and Deven Shukla. God Tussi Great Ho God Tussi Great Ho on IMDb God Tussi Great Ho at Indiafm.com

Vaashey Mashaa Ekee

Vaashey Mashaa Ekee is a 2016 Maldivian romantic comedy film directed by Ali Shifau. Co-produced by Mohamed Ali and Aishath Fuad Thaufeeq under Dark Rain Entertainment, the film stars Mohamed Jumayyil and Mariyam Majudha in pivotal roles; the shooting of the film took place in Malé, Hulhumalé and Villimalé. Mohamed Jumayyil as Ziyad Mariyam Majudha as Nathasha Mohamed Faisal as Thobe Ali Shazleem as Adhuham Aminath Noora as Inaya Ahmed Sunie as Dr. Asif Adam Rizwee as Rex Ahmed Shakir as Zaroon Abdullah Shafiu Ibrahim as Fubu Maryz Gomez as Maryz Maria Teresa Pagano as Suzanne Mohamed Naail as Kaif Ahmed Naavi as Zaul Aishath Gulfa as Dr. Aisha Hassan Rizvee as Office Assistant Hamdhaan Farooq as Male Nurse The soundtrack album of the film consists of six original tracks; the music of the album was composed by Mohamed Ikram. Vaashey Mashaa Ekee was slated to release during the month of February in 2016. However, on 9 November 2015, it was revealed that the release date of the film was postponed to 4 May 2016.

After confirming the news on their official Facebook page, the film was confirmed to be releasing a month earlier. The film was premiered at Olympus on 5 April 2016; the film was premiered at different islands afterwards. It was screened at Addu City on 14 April 2016. Vaashey Mashaa Ekee on IMDb

Military Advisory Board

The CNA Military Advisory Board is an American defense advisory group composed of retired three-star and four-star generals and admirals from the Army, Air Force, Marine Corps that studies pressing issues of the day to assess their impact on America’s national security. CNA is a nonprofit research and analysis organization that operates the Center for Naval Analyses and the Institute for Public Research; the CNA Military Advisory Board was founded by Sherri Goodman, former Deputy Undersecretary of Defense, who served as the Executive Director of the CNA MAB from its founding in 2007–2015. In April 2007, the MAB issued its first report entitled "National Security and the Threat of Climate Change." The report projects that climate change will pose a serious threat to America’s national security by creating instability in volatile regions. In May 2009 the MAB issued a report that explores the impact of America's energy choices on our national security policies; this report, titled "Powering America’s Defense: Energy and the Risks to National Security," considers the security risks inherent in our current energy posture.

The MAB released reports in 2010, 2011, 2014 The May 2014 report, "National Security and the Accelerating Risks of Climate Change" re-examines the impact of climate change on U. S. national security. The most recent MAB report, "National Security and Assured U. S. Electrical Power," was released in November 2015; the 2015 report found that "the current U. S. electrical grid – based on centralized power generation and interconnected and aging distribution architecture – is susceptible to a wide variety of threats." Principal Findings The CNA Military Advisory Board looked at the conditions climate changes are to produce, how those conditions may affect America’s national security interests, what actions the nation should take to address these consequences. Its principal findings included the following: Projected climate change poses a serious threat to America’s national security. Climate change acts as a threat multiplier for instability in some of the most volatile regions of the world. Climate change, national security, energy dependence are a related set of global challenges.

Recommendations Based on these findings, the Board made several recommendations, including the following: The national security consequences of climate change should be integrated into national security and national defense strategies. The intelligence community should incorporate climate consequences into its National Intelligence Estimate; the U. S. should commit to a stronger national and international role to help stabilize climate change at levels that will avoid significant disruption to global security and stability. The U. S. should commit to global partnerships that help less developed nations build the capacity and resiliency to better manage climate impacts. The Department of Defense should enhance its operational capability by accelerating the adoption of improved business processes and innovative technologies that result in improved U. S. combat power through energy efficiency. The Department of Defense should conduct an assessment of the impact on U. S. military installations worldwide of rising sea levels, extreme weather events, other projected climate change impacts over the next 30 to 40 years.

Eleven respected retired admirals and generals, headed by former Army Chief of Staff General Gordon R. Sullivan, comprised the CNA Military Advisory Board in 2007. General Gordon R. Sullivan, USA Admiral Frank “Skip” Bowman, USN Lieutenant General Lawrence P. Farrell Jr. USAF Vice Admiral Paul G. Gaffney II, USN General Paul J. Kern, USA Admiral T. Joseph Lopez, USN Admiral Donald L. “Don” Pilling, USN Admiral Joseph W. Prueher, USN Vice Admiral Richard H. Truly, USN General Charles F. “Chuck” Wald, USAF General Anthony C. “Tony” Zinni, USMC The 2015 MAB members are: General Ron Keys, USAF, Chairman, CNA's Military Advisory Board Vice Admiral Lee F. Gunn, USN, Vice Chairman, CNA's Military Advisory Board Brigadier General Gerald E. Galloway, Jr. USA, Vice Chairman, CNA's Military Advisory Board Admiral Frank Bowman, USN General James T. Conway, USMC Lieutenant General Ken Eickmann, USAF Lieutenant General Larry Farrell, USAF General Don Hoffman, USAF General Paul Kern, USA, Rear Admiral Neil Morisetti, British Royal Navy Vice Admiral Ann E. Rondeau, USN Lieutenant General Keith J. Stalder, USMC Rear Admiral David Titley, USN General Charles F. Wald, USAF Lieutenant General Richard Zilmer, USMC Morrow Cater, founding principal of Cater Communications, has served as a strategic communication advisor to the MAB, including managing the media release of several of their influential reports on the link between climate change and national security.

Her company has helped organize dozens of state visits featuring MAB members who discuss national security and climate change issues with policymakers and community leaders, the media. "After listening to leaders of the scientific and governmental communities both I and my colleagues came to agree that Global Climate Change is and will be a significant threat to our National Security and in a larger sense to life on earth as we know it to be." -General Gordon R. Sullivan, USA, from testimony before the Select Committee On Energy Independence And Global Warming, U. S. Hous