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Mineola, New York

Mineola is a village in Nassau County, Long Island, New York, United States. The population was 18,799 at the 2010 census; the name is derived from an Algonquin word meaning a "pleasant village". Most of the Incorporated Village of Mineola is in the Town of North Hempstead, with a small portion of its southern edge within the Town of Hempstead. Old Country Road runs along the village's southern border; the area serviced by the Mineola Post Office extends farther south into the adjacent village of Garden City, New York, where the county seat of Nassau County is located. Offices of many Nassau County agencies are in both Garden City; the central, grassy part of Long Island was named "Hempstead Plains". In the 19th century, various communities were started. One of them was called "Hempstead Branch", "Mineola". Long Island was part of Henry Hudson's original claim in the name of the Dutch East India Company dating as far back as 1609. In the 18th century, the Dutch and English settlers worked to clear farmland to start their life on the Hempstead Plains.

It was in 1858 when this land was named after an Algonquin Indian Chief, Miniolagamika meaning, "Pleasant Village". The name was shortened and altered to "Mineola". From about 1787 until the 1870s, the area was the county seat for Queens County, in a section known as Clowesville, just outside the present village boundaries; the western portion of Queens became a borough of New York City in 1898, in 1899 Nassau County was formed from the part of Queens that did not so consolidate. Voters selected Mineola to be the county seat for the new county of Nassau in November 1898, winning out over Hicksville and Hempstead; the Garden City Company donated four acres of land for the county buildings just south of the Mineola train station and the present day Village of Mineola, in the Town of Hempstead. Mineola became the County Seat on July 13, 1900, as Governor Theodore Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of the Nassau County Court House. A celebration was held to commemorate the occasion on the barren 5-acre site at the corner of Old Country Road and Franklin Avenue.

Many dignitaries were present to witness this event such as Frederick Hicks, Congressman Townsend Scudder, Colonel William Youngs and Supervisors William Jones and Edwin Willits. Mineola was incorporated in 1906 and run by a president; the land on which the County buildings sat was not included as part of the village. The land and the buildings have a Mineola postal address, but are within the present day Village of Garden City, which did not incorporate, nor set its boundaries, until 1919. NYU Winthrop Hospital, founded in 1896 by local physicians and residents as Nassau Hospital, Winthrop-University Hospital, was Long Island's first voluntary hospital. In 1897, it admitted 91 patients, performed 27 operations, reported two births and eight deaths during the first year; the original hospital was constructed in 1900. Renamed Winthrop in the 1980s, it is now a nationally recognized award-winning hospital and in 2004 was ranked among the Top 5 Percent of Acute-Care Hospitals in the Country. Mineola was a familiar place to many of the most famous pilots in history.

The Aero Club of America chose the area for the level plains. Glenn Curtiss brought the area to national attention in July 1909 with his second Scientific American Award flight of over 23 minutes and 15 miles, he made some of the first public flights in America in his "Golden Flyer", while practicing for the Reims Aviation Meet in France. The Wright Brothers, Igor Sikorsky, Captain Rene Fonck, the famed duo of Clarence Chamberlain and Bert Acosta, dubbed "twins of derring-do", all spent time in Mineola taking advantage of the rolling grasslands and favorable winds. On November 1, 1915, Captain Raynal Cawthorne Bolling—a prominent New York attorney working at United States Steel—organized the Aviation Detachment, 1st Battalion Signal Corps of the New York National Guard, it was the Guard's first genuine aviation unit. Subsequently, the organization was redesignated the 1st Aero Company. Located at Mineola on Long Island, the unit rented and purchased its own aircraft with funds donated by the Aero Club of America and other contributors.

It was "provisionally recognized" on June 22, 1916, called into federal service on July 13, 1916, during the Mexican border crisis. However, instead of active service in the southwest, it remained at Mineola training and was released from federal service on November 2, 1916. On May 20, 1927, at 7:52 a.m. Charles Lindbergh started his historic flight from nearby Roosevelt Field. Thirty-three hours he landed in Paris and became the first person to complete a solo flight from the United States across the Atlantic Ocean. Main Street was the center of village business as well as a popular meeting place for farmers and the business community alike; the general store offered an array of goods that would fulfill most everyday needs, such as hardware, wool, dry goods and food. The small glass-fronted mail and delivery boxes filled the existing six-foot post office; as the Mineola population grew, the post office was relocated to the Meyer Building on Mineola Boulevard and twice more to 3rd Street and 2nd Street.

It found its permanent home on 1st Street and Main Street. Mineola's first theatre named Allen's Hall drew in many early moviegoers to see "the flickers". Motion picture success drew in other theaters to the area, the most lavish being the Century Opera House. Most theaters had a showing in the morning and in the evening featuring a liv


Caesar Kaluaiku Kamakaʻehukai Kahana Keola Kapaʻakea was a Hawaiian chief, the patriarch of the House of Kalākaua that ruled the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi from 1874 to 1893. The name Kapaʻakea translates as "the limestone surface" in Hawaiian. Kapaʻakea was born in Kuiaha, about 1815, his Christian name was spelled several different ways, such as "Ceaser" in the state archives, or "Kaisera" in the style of the Hawaiian language. His father was High Chief Kamanawa II and mother was High Chiefess Kamokuiki, he was a great grandson of one of the five Kona chiefs who supported Kamehameha I in his uprising against Kīwalaʻō, Kame'eiamoku, one of the royal twins on the Coat of Arms of Hawaii. His family was of high rank and reputation until it was tarnished in 1840 when his father murdered his mother and was hanged. In the Great Mahele of 1848, he received few lands parceled out to high chiefs, his siblings were the High Chiefess Kekahili. He married the High Chiefess Analea Keohokālole in 1835, she was of a higher rank than he.

They were cousins and their union was considered sacred because of their close blood relationship. He and Keohokālole had over 10 children, he was father of James Kaliokalani, future King David Kalākaua, future Queen Liliʻuokalani, Anna Kaʻiulani, Kaʻiminaʻauao and Leleiohoku. Each of his children were adopted by different noble families. Liliʻuokalani was given to Laura Kōnia. Kaliokalani was given to his maternal grandfather ʻAikanaka. Kalākaua was given to the High Chiefess Haʻaheo Kaniu. Leleiohoku was given to the Princess Ruth Keʻelikōlani. Kaʻiulani was given to the Kekauʻōnohi. Kaʻiminiaʻauao was given to Queen Kalama. Likelike was given to a family in Kona, he served in the House of Nobles from April 4, 1845 to his death and Privy Council from 1846. He commanded the Punchbowl Battery, an artillery unit under his father-in-law and held the rank of Colonel Kapaʻakea died November 13, 1866, aged 51 years, at Honolulu, Oahu. Buried in the Kawaiahaʻo Cemetery, his son Kalākaua had his remains removed to the Royal Mausoleum of Hawaii on November 30, 1875

David Lee (basketball)

David Lee is an American former professional basketball player. He played college basketball for the Florida Gators before he was drafted 30th overall by the New York Knicks in the 2005 NBA draft. In the 2009-10 season, Lee received his first All-Star selection with the Knicks. In the 2010 offseason, Lee was traded to the Golden State Warriors. With the Warriors, Lee received a second All-Star selection, became an All-NBA Team member, won an NBA championship in 2015 in his fifth and final season with the team. After short stints with three other NBA teams and becoming a free agent in June 2017, Lee retired in November 2017. Lee was born in Missouri, he went to middle school at John Burroughs School and high school at Chaminade College Preparatory School, both in St. Louis suburbs. Left-handed, Lee became ambidextrous when he broke his left arm and learned to play right-handed. Lee won the 2001 Slam Dunk competition. Lee was named a first-team high school All-American by Parade magazine. Lee accepted an athletic scholarship to attend the University of Florida in Gainesville, where he played for coach Billy Donovan's Florida Gators basketball team from 2001 to 2005.

As a freshman in 2002, he was named to the All-Southeastern Conference freshman team by the conference's coaches. During his sophomore season in 2002 -- 03, he averaged 7 rebounds a game. Lee was named a second-team All-SEC selection in his junior in 2003–04, while averaging 13 points and 7 rebounds per game. Lee's senior year, he was joined by incoming freshmen and future NBA players Al Horford, Corey Brewer, Taurean Green, Joakim Noah; the Gators went on to win the 2005 SEC Men's Basketball Tournament—the Gators' first SEC Men's Basketball Tournament championship—by defeating the Kentucky Wildcats 70–53 in the tournament final. Lee was selected by the Knicks with the team's second first-round pick in the 2005 NBA draft, following Channing Frye. Lee signed with the team on July 1, 2005. Lee was installed as a starting forward for a stretch of 13 games in December 2005 and January 2006. Lee posted 23 points on 10–11 shooting, along with 15 rebounds and three steals in 52 minutes as the Knicks went on to defeat the Phoenix Suns in triple-overtime on January 2, 2006.

Lee averaged 5.1 points and 4.5 rebounds per game in his rookie season while averaging 16.9 minutes of playing time in 67 games. With an injury to Channing Frye, Lee started his first game of the season against the Chicago Bulls on November 28, 2006. On December 16, 2006, he was one of 10 players ejected in the Knicks–Nuggets brawl. However, he was not involved in the brawl and was not suspended by the NBA. On December 20, 2006 in a double-overtime game against the Charlotte Bobcats with 0.1 seconds left, Lee scored the winning basket on a tip-in without breaking the league's so-called Trent Tucker Rule, whereby a player cannot catch and shoot a successful field goal with less than three tenths of a second remaining on the clock. At the All-Star break, Lee had averaged 11.1 points on 61.05% shooting, an 80.0% free throw percentage, 10.8 rebounds and 1.8 assists in 30.9 minutes a game. On February 16, 2007, playing for the Sophomores, was named the Most Valuable Player in the Rookie Challenge, finishing with 30 points on 14 of 14 shooting from the field and 11 rebounds.

On February 23, 2007, in a game against the Milwaukee Bucks, Lee came down on future teammate Andrew Bogut's foot and sprained his ankle. The original diagnosis was for him to only miss a few days, but nearly three weeks after the injury he was still unable to play, he was reexamined and the doctor found that he had a much more severe sprain than was diagnosed. Lee played only sporadic minutes for the remaining games of the season. In the 2007–08 season, Lee continued to develop into a major contributor off the bench for the Knicks. On November 30, 2008 Lee set a career high in points, with 37, became the first Knicks player with 30 points and 20 rebounds in a game since Patrick Ewing had 34 points and 25 rebounds on February 23, 1997. On December 9, in a match-up against the Chicago Bulls, Lee became only the eleventh Knick to record 10 consecutive double-doubles. On February 11, Lee was chosen to replace an injured Allen Iverson to represent the East team at the 2010 NBA All-Star Game, he became the first Knick to make the All-Star team since Allan Houston and Latrell Sprewell appeared in the 2001 NBA All-Star Game.

On April 2, Lee recorded the first triple-double of his career, putting up 37 points, 20 rebounds, 10 assists against the Golden State Warriors. He became the first player since Kareem Abdul-Jabbar in 1976 to record at least 35 points, 20 rebounds and 10 assists in a game. At the end of the season, Lee became an unrestricted free agent, he had recorded career highs in points per game, as well as assists per game. Lee became an unrestricted free agent in the 2010 off-season. On July 9, he was signed and traded to the Golden State Warriors in a deal that involved Anthony Randolph, Kelenna Azubuike, Ronny Turiaf, a future second-round pick traded to the Knicks. Lee's contract under the deal paid him $79.54 million over six years, an average of $13.3 million per year. In the 2010–11 season, Lee appeared in 73 games, averaging 16.5 points, 9.8 rebounds, 3.2 assists and 1.01 steals in 36.1 minutes per contest. On February 7, 2012, Lee recorded his second triple-double, scoring 25 points and getting 11 rebounds, 10 assists in a loss against the Oklahoma City Thunder.

Over the course of the 2011–12 season, he averaged over 20 points per game, the second such season in his NBA career. On January 24, 2013, Lee was named to the 2013 NBA All-Star Game as a

Reid ministry (New South Wales)

The Reid ministry was the 28th ministry of the Colony of New South Wales, was led by the 12th Premier, the Right Honourable George Reid, PC, QC, LL. D, MLA. Reid was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly in 1880, serving until 1884. Reid was re-elected to the Assembly in 1891 and assumed leadership of the Free Trade Party following the retirement of Henry Parkes; the ministry covers the period from 3 August 1894 until 13 September 1899 when Reid resigned in order to focus on ensuring adequate provisions were made for New South Wales in the federation of the Australian colonies into a Commonwealth. The composition of the ministry was announced by Premier Reid of 3 August 1894 and covers the period up to 15 August 1898, unless the Minister retains the portfolio for the full term. Ministers are listed in order of seniority; this arrangement covers the period from 15 August 1898 until a ministerial reshuffle on 3 July 1899 until a subsequent reshuffle on 3 July 1899, unless the Minister retains the portfolio for the full term.

Only changes in portfolios are shown below. This arrangement covers the period from a ministerial reshuffle on 3 July 1899 until 13 September 1899, when the parliament was dissolved. Only changes in portfolios are shown below. George Reid - 12th Premier of New South Wales Self-government in New South Wales Members of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, 1894–1895 Members of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, 1895–1898 Members of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, 1898–1901

Astrid Fodor

Astrid Cora Fodor is a Romanian politician. Between 2008 and 2014 she was Deputy Mayor of Sibiu, since December 2, 2014 she is mayor of the city. Fodor is a graduate of the Faculty of Administrative Law in Sibiu. From 1978 to 2000 she worked at the "Libertatea" fabric factory, where she performed various functions the commercial manager. From 2002 to 2008 she was the economic director of the Evangelical Church of Augustan Confession in Romania. At local elections in 2008, Fodor was elected municipal councilor from the Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania. Although the FDGR held the absolute majority in the Sibiu Municipal Council, following a meeting with National Liberal Party, one of the two positions of deputy mayor was elected by the PNL representative, while in the other, Fodor from FDGR. On 2 December 2014, she was elected mayor of Sibiu, with 21 votes out of the total of 23. At the local elections in 2016 Fodor was elected mayor, with 57.13% of the votes. Fodor has two sons, she was widowed in 2001

Pinwheel Galaxy

The Pinwheel Galaxy is a face-on spiral galaxy distanced 21 million light-years away from Earth in the constellation Ursa Major. Discovered by Pierre Méchain on March 27, 1781, it was communicated to Charles Messier who verified its position for inclusion in the Messier Catalogue as one of its final entries. On February 28, 2006, NASA and the European Space Agency released a detailed image of the Pinwheel Galaxy, the largest and most detailed image of a galaxy by Hubble Space Telescope at the time; the image was composed of 51 individual exposures, plus some extra ground-based photos. On August 24, 2011, a Type Ia supernova, SN 2011fe, was discovered in M101. Pierre Méchain, the discoverer of Messier 101, described it as a "nebula without star obscure and pretty large, 6' to 7' in diameter, between the left hand of Bootes and the tail of the great Bear, it is difficult to distinguish when one lits the wires."William Herschel noted in 1784 that " my 7, 10, 20-feet reflectors shewed a mottled kind of nebulosity, which I shall call resolvable.

He made several sketches. To observe the spiral structure in modern instruments requires a large instrument dark skies, a low power eyepiece. M101 is a large galaxy, with a diameter of 170,000 light-years. By comparison, the Milky Way has a diameter of 258,000 light years, it has around a trillion stars, twice the number in the Milky Way. It has a disk mass on the order of 100 billion solar masses, along with a small central bulge of about 3 billion solar masses. M101 has a high population of H II regions, many of which are large and bright. H II regions accompany the enormous clouds of high density molecular hydrogen gas contracting under their own gravitational force where stars form. H II regions are ionized by large numbers of bright and hot young stars. In a 1990 study, 1264 H II regions were cataloged in the galaxy. Three are prominent enough to receive New General Catalogue numbers - NGC 5461, NGC 5462, NGC 5471. M101 is asymmetrical due to the tidal forces from interactions with its companion galaxies.

These gravitational interactions compress interstellar hydrogen gas, which triggers strong star formation activity in M101's spiral arms that can be detected in ultraviolet images. In 2001, the x-ray source P98, located in M101, was identified as an ultra-luminous X-ray source - a source more powerful than any single star but less powerful than a whole galaxy - using the Chandra X-ray Observatory, it received the designation M101 ULX-1. In 2005, Hubble and XMM-Newton observations showed the presence of an optical counterpart indicating that M101 ULX-1 is an x-ray binary. Further observations showed that the system deviated from expected models - the black hole is just 20 to 30 solar masses, consumes material at a higher rate than theory suggests. M101 has five prominent companion galaxies: NGC 5204, NGC 5474, NGC 5477, NGC 5585, Holmberg IV; as stated above, the gravitational interaction between M101 and its satellites may have triggered the formation of the grand design pattern in M101. M101 has probably distorted the companion galaxy NGC 5474.

M101 and its companion galaxies comprise most or all of the M101 Group. On August 24, 2011, a Type Ia supernova, SN 2011fe designated PTF 11kly, was discovered in M101; the supernova reached magnitude 9.9 at its peak. This was the fourth supernova recorded in M101; the first, SN 1909A, was discovered by Max Wolf in January 1909 and reached magnitude 12.1. SN 1951H reached magnitude 17.5 in September 1951 and SN 1970G reached magnitude 11.5 in January 1970. On February 10, 2015, a luminous red nova, known as M101 OT2015-1 was discovered in the Pinwheel Galaxy. Messier 74 – a similar face-on spiral galaxy Messier 83 – a similar face-on spiral galaxy, sometimes called the Southern Pinwheel Galaxy Messier 99 – a similar face-on spiral galaxy Triangulum Galaxy – another galaxy sometimes called the Pinwheel Galaxy SEDS: Spiral Galaxy M101 The Pinwheel Galaxy on WikiSky: DSS2, SDSS, GALEX, IRAS, Hydrogen α, X-Ray, Sky Map and images Harutyunyan, Avet. "M101 – Pinwheel Galaxy". Deep Space Videos. Brady Haran.

Nemiroff, R.. "M101: The Pinwheel Galaxy". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA. Retrieved 4 March 2018. "Pinwheel Galaxy – Messier 101". Constellation Guide. 31 May 2013. Yoshida, Takayuki. "Spiral Galaxy, M101". Astrophotography by Takayuki Yoshida