Mink are dark-colored, carnivorous mammals of the genera Neovison and Mustela, part of the family Mustelidae, which includes weasels and ferrets. There are two extant species referred to as "mink": the European mink; the extinct sea mink was much larger. The American mink is larger and more adaptable than the European mink but, due to variations in size, an individual mink cannot be determined as European or American with certainty without looking at the skeleton. Taxonomically, both American and European mink were placed in the same genus Mustela, but most the American mink has been reclassified as belonging to its own genus, Neovison; the American mink's fur has been prized for use in clothing, with hunting giving way to farming. Their treatment on fur farms has been a focus of animal welfare activism. American mink have established populations in Europe and South America, after being released from mink farms by animal rights activists, or otherwise escaping from captivity. In the UK, under the Wildlife & Countryside Act 1981, it is illegal to release mink into the wild.
In some countries, any live mink caught in traps must be humanely killed. American mink are believed by some to have contributed to the decline of the less hardy European mink through competition. Trapping is used to eliminate introduced American mink populations. Mink oil is used in some medical products and cosmetics, as well as to treat and waterproof leather. European mink Mustela lutreola American mink Neovison vison Sea mink Neovison macrodon The male weighs about 1 kg and is about 62 cm in length. Farm bred; the female reaches a length of about 51 cm. The sizes above do not include the tail. A mink's rich glossy coat in its wild state is brown and looks silky. Farm-bred mink can vary from white to black, reflected in the British wild mink, their pelage is deep, rich brown, with or without white spots on the underparts, consists of a slick, dense underfur overlaid with dark, glossy stiff guard hairs. Mink show the curious phenomenon of delayed implantation. Although the true gestation period is 39 days, the embryo may stop developing for a variable period, so that as long as 76 days may elapse before the litter arrives.
Between 45 and 52 days is normal. There is only one litter per year, they have between six and 10 kits per litter. Litters as large as 16 have been recorded at fur farms. On farms, minks are placed in battery cages, a type of soft, metal wire cage that restricts their ability to move; this results in a condition referred to as stereotypies, a mental psychosis as a result of the cruelty and neglect humans impose on them. These abnormal, repetitive behaviours are a result of keeping them imprisoned, is similar to the deterioration of mental health in humans. Stereotypies have been noted to increase during human presence. To attempt to eliminate stereotypies in captive mink, the National Farm Animal Care Council has implemented regulations on incorporating environmental enrichments into mink cages. Enrichments are pen-related alterations or the addition of novel objects to improve the mink's physical and psychological health. Enrichments may help reduce the onset of stereotypies, but decrease or eliminate them entirely.
Leaving minks alone plays a large role in the prevention of stereotypies in them, huge a role in the animals' well-being. The maximum lifespan of a mink is around ten years, but exceeds three years in the wild. Mink prey on fish and other aquatic life, small mammals and eggs. Mink raised on farms eat expired cheese, fish and poultry slaughterhouse byproducts, dog food, turkey livers, as well as prepared commercial foods. A farm with 3,000 mink may use as much as two tons of food per day. In all, US mink farms use about 200,000 tons of dairy products. Great horned owls, foxes, coyotes and humans are all natural predators of mink. Mink are hunted to protect the fish population in lakes and rivers, but are becoming endangered because of this, they are trapped for their fur. Mink like to live near water and are found far from riverbanks and marshes; when roaming, they tend to follow streams and ditches. Sometimes they leave the water altogether for a few hundred meters when looking for rabbits, one of their favorite foods.
In some places in Scotland and in Iceland, where they have become a problem, they live along the seashore. Sometimes they live in towns. Mink may be present at all hours when people are nearby. Mink are territorial animals. A male mink will not tolerate another male within his territory, but appears to be less aggressive towards females; the territories of both male and female animals are separate, but a female's territory may sometimes overlap with that of a male. It may be within a male's; the territories, which tend to be long and narrow, stretch along river banks, or around the edges of lakes or marshes. Territory sizes vary, but they can be seve
CKTO-FM is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting at 100.9 FM in Truro, Nova Scotia. The station plays an active rock format and is branded as Big Dog 100.9. The station has been on the air since 1965; the station is owned by Bell Media which owns sister station CKTY-FM as well as six other radio stations in the Atlantic provinces. The station first began broadcasting in March 1965 as CKCL-FM before adopting its current call letters; the station's original call letters were used on a Chilliwack, British Columbia radio station serving the Greater Vancouver area. The station was a CBC Radio affiliate until February 4, 1982; the station was owned and operated by Radio Atlantic Ltd before it was purchased by Telemedia in 1999 and by Astral Media in 2002 and Bell Media in 2013. CKTO-FM was known as Mix 100.9 FM before it adopted the EZ Rock branding in 2001 and became known as EZ Rock 100.9 FM and adopted its current branding as Big Dog 100.9 one year later. The station's current music format is active rock.
Tuliameni Kalomoh is a Namibian diplomat who serves as Special Advisor on Foreign Affairs to the President, Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Namibia. Kalomoh was born at Onamutai, Oshana Region in 1948, he started lower primary school at St. Cutherbert’s Parish and continued at Christ the King, Onekwaya West from 1962 to 1966, he joined the SWAPO party in 1964. He attended St. Mary's Odibo High School in 1970. Together with other students, he was expelled following involvement in a dispute within the church leadership. Following his expulsion from school, Kalomoh went to work as a time clerk for Metal Box Company in Walvis Bay from 1970 to 1971, he was arrested in 1971 and tortured deported to what was called Owamboland, due to involvement in SWAPO Youth League political activities. In July 1971, Kalomoh joined many SWAPO leaders and thousands of students throughout the Northern region in a demonstration at the Ondangwa Native Commission offices welcoming the judgment of the International Court of Justice at The Hague, declaring South African occupation of Namibia illegal and ordering it to withdraw its administration from the territory.
In 1972, he was among SWAPO organizers of a mass demonstration at Ondangwa to welcome Kurt Waldheim, Secretary-General of the United Nations who visited Namibia to consult the South African Government and internal SWAPO leaders on the implementation of the ICJ ruling. From 1972 to 1973, Kalomoh worked as a teller for the Bantu Investment Cooperation Bank at Oshakati, branch manager at Onesi and Ondangwa, respectively, his participation with thousands of SWAPO members at a demonstration in August 1973, led by John Ya Otto in solidarity with SWAPO leaders who were being detained for having violated the emergency proclamation R17 led to his detention at Ondangwa overcrowded police cells for 4 months. While in detention, Kalomoh was allowed to pursue his studies for Form III through correspondence with a South African distant education school and wrote examinations at Ongwediva in November 1973. Ambassador Kalomoh was appointed by Anglican Bishop Richard Wood as Secretary and Treasurer for St Mary’s Hospital, Odibo in January 1974 until August 1974, when the Hospital was closed down by South West Africa White Administration, after some teaching and nursing staff and students at Odibo left for Zambia to join the liberation struggle.
In August 1974, Kalomoh left for Zambiaas part of the "Group of 74". In 1975, Kalomoh was assigned to the Office of the Administrative Secretary of SWAPO in Lusaka, the late Moses ǁGaroëb as an Administrative Assistant. From 1976 to 1981, Kalomoh was appointed SWAPO Chief Representative to West Africa and based in Dakar, Senegal. From 1981 to 1986, Kalomoh was appointed the first SWAPO Chief Representative to France following the victory of the Socialist Party, President François Mitterrand who invited SWAPO and African National Congress to open offices in France. From 1986 to 1990, he was appointed first SWAPO Ambassador to India with full diplomatic privileges and immunities when that country became the first to accord SWAPO full diplomatic status. During Namibia’s independence election campaign in 1989, Kalomoh was appointed senior advisor to the Election Director in the northern region, Mzee Kaukungwa based at Oshakati, he was appointed Chief Counting Agent for SWAPO during counting and tabulation of election results at Ongwediva.
Since the Northern Region constituted an important SWAPO political power base the results from the Ongwediva Counting Center proved critical for the SWAPO victory in the 1989 elections. After independence and, under the leadership of the first Minister of Foreign Affairs, Theo-Ben Gurirab, Kalomoh was assigned, with others, to establish the new Ministry of Foreign Affairs, he was appointed Under-Secretary for Economic Affairs. In that capacity, Kalomoh accompanied Prime Minister Hage Geingob to the United Nations to attend a Special Session of the UN General Assembly for Namibia’s admission to the World Body in April 1990, he accompanied President Sam Nujoma to Southern African Development Community Summit in Lusaka, Zambia for Namibia’s admission to SADC and to the Organization for African Unity summit in Addis Abeba, Ethiopia for Namibia's admission. In 1991, he was appointed Namibia's first Ambassador of the United States of America with concurrent accreditation as High Commissioner to Canada, until 1996.
He was appointed Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1996, Special Representative of United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan to Liberia in 1997. He organized the elections in Liberia, which ended the seven-year bloody civil conflict in that country. On completion of the Liberian mission, Kalomoh returned to his position of Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 1998, was appointed Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs. Between 1999 and 2000, he was appointed Acting Minister when Minister Theo-Ben Gurirab was elected President of the United Nations General Assembly, he attended many summit meetings of SADC, OAU AU, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Commonwealth and the UN General Assembly, either accompanying the President or leading the Namibian delegation. From 1998 to 1999, Kalomoh led Namibia’s delegation to peace talks on Democratic Republic of the Congo in Lusaka involving the DRC government, the Rebel Movements on the one hand, the government of Rwanda and Uganda supporting the rebels and those of Angola and Zimbabwe supporting the government of DRC on the other hand.
The talks culminated in the signing of the Lu
Richie Brockelman, Private Eye is an American detective drama that aired on NBC for five episodes in March and April 1978, with Dennis Dugan in the starring role. The Rockford Files was used to launch the series via character crossover in a 90-minute episode at the end of the 1977-78 season; the hour-long series focused on Richie Brockelman, a 22-year-old, college-educated private investigator with his own agency in Los Angeles, California. Dugan was thirty-one when cast in the role. Brockleman's main method in solving his cases was thinking he could talk his way in or out of any situation he was in. There was a woman involved in the plot, in some kind of distress, but in the end, he solves the case though he does not get the girl. Filmed as a pilot for a TV series in 1976 entitled "Richie Brockelman: The Missing 24 Hours," it was not picked up by NBC. Stephen J. Cannell reworked the character into a two-hour episode of The Rockford Files entitled "The House On Willis Avenue" as the last new episode of the 1977-78 season.
Rockford and Brockelman join forces to solve the murder of a veteran PI who taught both of them the ropes. It was followed by a limited run of Private Eye. Brockelman appeared in "Never Send a Boy King to Do a Man's Job", another two-part episode of The Rockford Files; the theme song, "School's Out," was written by Mike Post, Pete Carpenter, Herb Pederson and Stephen Geyer. An extended version of the song from Mike Post's Television Theme Songs appeared on iTunes and amazon.com for download. The song's performers were credited as Mike Post & Pete Carpenter. Dennis Dugan as Richie Brockelman Robert Hogan as Sgt. Ted Coopersmith Barbara Bosson as Sharon Deterson Norman Fell as Mr. Brockelman John Randolph as Mr. Brockelman After its launch from The Rockford Files, Richie Brockelman, Private Eye performed well for NBC. However, in the end, the ratings were not strong enough for NBC to order a full season of new episodes for the 1978-79 season. NBC was looking for hit shows at the time and Richie Brockelman needed to be scheduled as a follow-up after a strong lead-in, which the network did not have at the time.
The series was broadcast in England on ITV Anglia television during the summer of 1978. A second two-hour The Rockford Files episode was produced that aired in the spring of 1979 which ended the show; when The Rockford Files went into syndication in the 1980s, the five episodes of "Richie Brockelman" were included as part of the package. Two of the episodes were re-edited for syndication as a 90-minute Universal TV movie in the 1980s called The Diary of Richie Brockelman; the character of "Richie Brockelman" appeared on two episodes of The Rockford Files. When a fellow private investigator is killed on the Ventura Freeway, Jim Rockford and Richie Brockelman team up to find out if it was an accident; this episode first introduced the Richie Brockelman character and was used as a spin-off episode for the series. In this episode, it is established. "Never Send a Boy King to Do a Man's Job". Harold Gould plays the part of Richie's father; the elder Brockelman gets cheated out of his business and Richie enlists Rockford to help him run a con on the men who cheated his father.
Richie Brockelman, Private Eye is referenced by the character Tom Servo on a season five episode of the television show Mystery Science Theater 3000, during the featured movie, The Girl in Lovers Lane. As the movie screen shows a brief close-up of actor Lowell Brown, Servo remarks, “Richie Brockelman, the Lost Episodes!” Richie Brockelman, Private Eye on IMDb Richie Brockelman, Private Eye Intro/Closing (w/theme song on YouTube
Lysinuric protein intolerance is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder affecting amino acid transport. About 140 patients have been reported half of them of Finnish origin. Individuals from Japan, Italy and North Africa have been reported. Infants with LPI are symptom-free when breastfed because of the low protein concentration in human milk, but develop vomiting and diarrhea after weaning; the patients show failure to thrive, poor appetite, growth retardation, enlarged liver and spleen, prominent osteoporosis and osteopenia, delayed bone age and spontaneous protein aversion. Forced feeding of protein may lead to convulsions and coma. Mental development is normal; some patients develop severe pulmonary and kidney complications. High levels of plasma glutamine and glycine are observed, it has been associated with SLC7A7. In LPI, urinary excretion of cationic amino acids is increased and these amino acids are poorly absorbed from the intestine. Therefore, their plasma concentrations are low and their body pools become depleted.
Deficiency of arginine and ornithine restricts the function of the urea cycle and leads to hyperammonemia after protein-rich meals. Deficiency of lysine may play a major role in the skeletal and immunological abnormalities observed in LPI patients; the diagnosis is based on the biochemical findings and the screening of known mutations of the causative gene from a DNA sample. Treatment of LPI consists of protein-restricted supplementation with oral citrulline. Citrulline is a neutral amino acid that improves the function of the urea cycle and allows sufficient protein intake without hyperammonemia. Under proper dietary control and supplementation, the majority of the LPI patients are able to have a nearly normal life. However, severe complications including pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and chronic kidney disease may develop with proper treatment. Fertility appears to be normal in women, but mothers with LPI have an increased risk for complications during pregnancy and delivery. GeneReview/NIH/UW entry on Lysinuric Protein Intolerance
Carolina Hurga Mussi, is a Brazilian competitive swimmer. She joined the national delegation that participated in the 2009 World Aquatics Championships in Rome, where she competed in the 4×100-metre medley, along with Fabíola Molina, Gabriella Silva and Tatiana Lemos team that finished eighth in the final. In the playoffs they beat the South American record, doing 3:58.49. Before World Championship, Carolina broke the South American record of the 200-metre breaststroke at Maria Lenk Trophy. In this World Championship, was in 25th in the 100-metre breaststroke and was disqualified from the 200-metre breaststrokeShe was at the 2010 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships in Irvine, where she finished 22nd in the 50-metre breaststroke, 20th in the 100-metre breaststroke and 23rd the 200-metre breaststroke. Attending the 2010 South American Games, won the gold medal in the 200-metre breaststroke, bronze in the 100-metre breaststroke. At the 2011 World Aquatics Championships in Shanghai, she earned the 36th position in the 100-metre breaststroke and 17th in the 4×100-metre medley.