Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U. S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has a large number of lakes, is known by the slogan the "Land of 10,000 Lakes", its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord. Minnesota is the 12th largest in area and the 22nd most populous of the U. S. states. This area is the center of transportation, industry and government, while being home to an internationally known arts community; the remainder of the state consists of western prairies now given over to intensive agriculture. Minnesota was inhabited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Europeans. French explorers and fur traders began exploring the region in the 17th century, encountering the Dakota and Ojibwe/Anishinaabe tribes. Much of what is today Minnesota was part of the vast French holding of Louisiana, purchased by the United States in 1803.
Following several territorial reorganizations, Minnesota in its current form was admitted as the country's 32nd state on May 11, 1858. Like many Midwestern states, it remained centered on lumber and agriculture. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European immigrants from Scandinavia and Germany, began to settle the state, which remains a center of Scandinavian American and German American culture. In recent decades, immigration from Asia, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, Latin America has broadened its demographic and cultural composition; the state's economy has diversified, shifting from traditional activities such as agriculture and resource extraction to services and finance. Minnesota's standard of living index is among the highest in the United States, the state is among the best-educated and wealthiest in the nation; the word Minnesota comes from the Dakota name for the Minnesota River: The river got its name from one of two words in the Dakota language,'Mní sóta' which means "clear blue water", or'Mnißota', which means cloudy water.
Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers by dropping milk into water and calling it mnisota. Many places in the state have similar names, such as Minnehaha Falls, Minneota, Minnetonka and Minneapolis, a combination of mni and polis, the Greek word for "city". Minnesota is the second northernmost U. S. state and northernmost contiguous state. Its isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods county is the only part of the 48 contiguous states lying north of the 49th parallel; the state is part of the U. S. region known as part of North America's Great Lakes Region. It shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and a land and water border with Wisconsin to the east. Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota are to the west, the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba are to the north. With 86,943 square miles, or 2.25% of the United States, Minnesota is the 12th-largest state. Minnesota has gneisses that are about 3.6 billion years old. About 2.7 billion years ago, basaltic lava poured out of cracks in the floor of the primordial ocean.
The roots of these volcanic mountains and the action of Precambrian seas formed the Iron Range of northern Minnesota. Following a period of volcanism 1.1 billion years ago, Minnesota's geological activity has been more subdued, with no volcanism or mountain formation, but with repeated incursions of the sea, which left behind multiple strata of sedimentary rock. In more recent times, massive ice sheets at least one kilometer thick ravaged the state's landscape and sculpted its terrain; the Wisconsin glaciation left 12,000 years ago. These glaciers covered all of Minnesota except the far southeast, an area characterized by steep hills and streams that cut into the bedrock; this area is known as the Driftless Zone for its absence of glacial drift. Much of the remainder of the state outside the northeast has 50 feet or more of glacial till left behind as the last glaciers retreated. Gigantic Lake Agassiz formed in the northwest 13,000 years ago, its bed created the fertile Red River valley, its outflow, glacial River Warren, carved the valley of the Minnesota River and the Upper Mississippi downstream from Fort Snelling.
Minnesota is geologically quiet today. The state's high point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet, only 13 miles away from the low of 601 feet at the shore of Lake Superior. Notwithstanding dramatic local differences in elevation, much of the state is a rolling peneplain. Two major drainage divides meet in Minnesota's northeast in rural Hibbing, forming a triple watershed. Precipitation can follow the Mississippi River south to the Gulf of Mexico, the Saint Lawrence Seaway east to the Atlantic Ocean, or the Hudson Bay watershed to the Arctic Ocean; the state's nickname, "Land of 10,000 Lakes", is apt, as there are 11,842 Minnesota lakes over 10 acres in size. Minnesota's portion of Lake Superior is the largest at 962,700 acres and deepest body of wate
59th United States Congress
The Fifty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D. C. from March 4, 1905, to March 4, 1907, during the fifth and sixth years of Theodore Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twelfth Census of the United States in 1900. Both chambers had a Republican majority. March 4, 1905: President Theodore Roosevelt began his second term. June 8, 1906: Antiquities Act June 29, 1906: Hepburn Act June 30, 1906: Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, ch. 3915, 34 Stat. 768 June 30, 1906: Meat Inspection Act 1906: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching chartered. March 2, 1907: Expatriation Act of 1907, 34 Stat. 1228 Republican: 251 Democratic: 135TOTAL: 386 President: Charles W. Fairbanks President pro tempore: William P. Frye Republican Conference Chairman: William B. Allison Democratic Caucus Chair: Arthur Pue Gorman, until June 4, 1906 Joseph Clay Stiles Blackburn, afterwards Democratic Caucus Secretary: Edward W. Carmack Speaker: Joseph G. Cannon Majority Leader: Sereno E. Payne Majority Whip: James E. Watson Republican Conference Chair: William Peters Hepburn Minority Leader: John Sharp Williams Minority Whip: James T. Lloyd Democratic Caucus Chairman: Robert Lee Henry Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: James M. Griggs This list is arranged by chamber by state.
Senators are listed by class, Representatives are listed by district. Skip to House of Representatives, below At this time, Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1906; the count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Replacements: 8 Democratic: no net change Republican: no net change deaths: 5 resignations: 1 vacancy: 2 Total seats with changes: 9 replacements: 17 Democratic: no net change Republican: no net change deaths: 12 resignations: 11 contested elections: 1 new seats: 1 Total seats with changes: 26 Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.
Additional Accommodations for the Library of Congress Agriculture and Forestry Appropriations Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate Canadian Relations Census Civil Service and Retrenchment Claims Coast and Insular Survey Coast Defenses Commerce Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia Cuban Relations Distributing Public Revenue Among the States District of Columbia Education and Labor Engrossed Bills Enrolled Bills Establish a University in the United States Examination of Disposition of Documents Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service Expenditures in Executive Departments Finance Fisheries Five Civilized Tribes of Indians Foreign Relations Forest Reservations and the Protection of Game Geological Survey Immigration Immigration and Naturalization Indian Affairs Industrial Expositions Indian Territory Interoceanic Canals Interstate Commerce Irrigation and Reclamation Judiciary Library Manufactures Military Affairs Mines and Mining Mississippi River and its Tributaries National Banks Naval Affairs Pacific Islands and Puerto Rico Pacific Railroads Patents Pensions Philippines Post Office and Post Roads Potomac River Front Printing Private Land Claims Privileges and Elections Public Buildings and Grounds Public Health and National Quarantine Public Lands Railroads Revision of the Laws Revolutionary Claims Rules Standards and Measures Tariff Regulation Territories Transportation and Sale of Meat Products Transportation Routes to the Seaboard Trespassers upon Indian Lands Ventilation and Acoustics Whole Woman Suffrage Accounts Agriculture Alcoholic Liquor Traffic Appropriations Banking and Currency Census Claims Coinage and Measures Disposition of Executive Papers District of Columbia Education Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress Elections Enrolled Bills Expenditures in the Agriculture Department Expenditures in the Commerce and Labor Departments Expenditures in the Interior Department Expenditures in the Justice Department Expenditures in the Navy Department Expenditures in the Post Office Department Expenditures in the State Department Expenditures in the Treasury Department Expenditures in the War Department Expenditures on Public Buildings Foreign Affairs Immigration and Naturalization Indian Affairs Industrial Arts and Expositions Insular Affairs Interstate and Foreign Commerce Invalid Pensions Irrigation of Arid Lands Labor Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi Ri
The term Hispanic broadly refers to the people and cultures that have a historical link to the Spanish language or the country of Spain, depending on the context. It applies to countries once under colonial possession by the Spanish Empire following Spanish colonization of the Americas, parts of the Asia-Pacific region and Africa. Principally, what are today the countries of Hispanic America, the Spanish Philippines, Spanish Guinea and Spanish Sahara where Spanish may or may not be the predominant or official language and their cultures are derived from Spain although with strong local indigenous or other foreign influences, it could be argued that the term Hispanic should apply to all Spanish-speaking cultures or countries, as the historical roots of the word pertain to the Iberian region. It is difficult to label a nation or culture with one term, such as Hispanic, as the ethnicities, customs and art forms vary by country and region; the Spanish language and Spanish culture are the main distinctions.
Hispanus was used to define people of ancient Roman Hispania, which comprised the Iberian Peninsula, including the contemporary states of Spain and Andorra, the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. The term Hispanic derives from Latin Hispanicus, the adjectival derivation of Latin Hispania and Hispanus/Hispanos probably of Celtiberian origin. In English the word is attested from the 16th century; the words Spain and Spaniard are of the same etymology as Hispanus, ultimately. Hispanus was the Latin name given to a person from Hispania during Roman rule. In English, the term Hispano-Roman is sometimes used; the Hispano-Romans were composed of people from many different indigenous tribes, in addition to Italian colonists. Some famous Hispani and Hispaniensis were the emperors Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, Theodosius I and Magnus Maximus, the poets Marcus Annaeus Lucanus and Prudentius, the philosophers Seneca the Elder and Seneca the Younger, or the usurper Maximus of Hispania. A number of these men, such as Trajan and others, were in fact descended from Roman colonial families.
Here follows a comparison of several terms related to Hispanic: Hispania was the name of the Iberian Peninsula/Iberia from the 3rd century BC to the 8th AD, both as a Roman Empire province and thereafter as a Visigothic kingdom, 5th–8th century. Hispano-Roman is used to refer to the culture and people of Hispania. Hispanic is used to refer to modern Spain, to the Spanish language, to the Spanish-speaking nations of the world the Americas, Pacific Islands and Asia, such as the Philippines and Guam. Spanish is used to refer to the people, culture and other things of Spain. Spaniard is used to refer to the people of Spain. Hispania was the Roman name for the whole territory of the Iberian Peninsula; this territory was divided into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. In 27 B. C, Hispania Ulterior was divided into two new provinces, Hispania Baetica and Hispania Lusitania, while Hispania Citerior was renamed Hispania Tarraconensis; this division of Hispania explains the usage of the singular and plural forms used to refer to the peninsula and its kingdoms in the Middle Ages.
Before the marriage of Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon in 1469, the four Christian kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula—the Kingdom of Portugal, the Crown of Aragon, the Crown of Castile, the Kingdom of Navarre—were collectively called The Spains. This revival of the old Roman concept in the Middle Ages appears to have originated in Provençal, was first documented at the end of the 11th century. In the Council of Constance, the four kingdoms shared one vote; the word Lusitanian, relates to Lusitania or Portugal in reference to the Lusitanians one of the first Indo-European tribes to settle in Europe. From this tribe's name had derived the name of the Roman province of Lusitania, Lusitania remains the name of Portugal in Latin; the terms Spain and the Spains were not interchangeable. Spain was a geographic territory, home to several kingdoms, with separate governments, languages and customs, was the historical remnant of the Hispano-Gothic unity. Spain was not a political entity until much and when referring to the Middle Ages, one should not be confounded with the nation-state of today.
The term The Spains referred to a collective of juridico-political units, first the Christian kingdoms, the different kingdoms ruled by the same king. With the Decretos de Nueva Planta, Philip V started to organize the fusion of his kingdoms that until were ruled as distinct and independent, but this unification process lacked a formal and juridic proclamation. Although colloquially and the expression "King of Spain" or "King of the Spains" was widespread, it did not refer to a unified nation-state, it was only in the constitution of 1812, adopted the name Españas for the Spanish nation and the use of the title of "king of the Spains". The constitution of 1876 adopts for the first time the name "Spain" for the Spanish nation and from on the kings would use the title of "king of Spain"; the expansion of the Spanish Empire between 1492 and 1898 brought thousands of Spanish migrants to the conquered lands, who established settlements in the Americas, but in other distant parts of the world, producing
Collin Clark Peterson is an American politician, a member of the Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party, the U. S. Representative for Minnesota's 7th congressional district, the most senior representative from Minnesota, serving since 1991, he is the chair of the House Committee on Agriculture as of the start of the 116th Congress and is the dean of the Minnesota congressional delegation. A conservative Democrat, his district, Minnesota's largest and most rural district, includes most of the western area of the state, including Moorhead, Fergus Falls, Detroit Lakes, Thief River Falls, Willmar and Alexandria. Collin Peterson was born in Fargo, North Dakota, grew up on a farm in Baker and received his B. A. at Minnesota State University Moorhead. Peterson was a member of the Minnesota Senate for the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party from 1977 to 1986, representing a district in northwestern Minnesota. In 1976, he defeated Republican nominee Frank DeGroat 55%-45%. In 1982, he won re-election against State Representative Cal Larson by just 200 votes, or 0.8% difference.
1980sIn 1984, he ran for Minnesota's 7th congressional district in Northwestern Minnesota, held by Republican Arlan Stangeland. Peterson lost 57%–43%. In 1986, he narrowly lost by just 121 votes. In 1988, he ran again but lost in the DFL primary to State Senator Marv Hanson 55%–45%. Hanson went on to lose to Stangeland 55%–45%. 1990sIn 1990, he won the primary. In the general election, he defeated seven-term incumbent Stangeland by 54%–46%. Stangeland's stock had dropped after he admitted making a number of personal calls on his House credit card. In 1992, he narrowly won re-election by a 50%–49% margin against former State Representative Bernie Omann. In a 1994 rematch, Peterson won again by a 51%–49% margin, despite the Republican Revolution. In 1996, he won re-election with 68% of the vote, won every county in the district. In 1998, he won re-election with 72% of the vote. 2000sIn the 2000s, Peterson never faced a serious re-election challenge and only once did he win re-election with less than two-thirds of the vote.
In 2000, he was mentioned as a possible candidate for the U. S. Senate against Republican Rod Grams, but he chose to run for re-election, winning with 69% of the vote. In 2002, he won with 65% of the vote. In 2004, he won with 66% of the vote. In 2006, he won with 70% of the vote. In 2008, he won with 72% of the vote. 2010sIn 2010, Peterson survived another Republican wave election. This time, he defeated Lee Byberg 55%–38%, his worst election performance since 1994. In 2012, Peterson won re-election with 60.38% to Republican Lee Byberg's 34.85% and Independent Adam Steele's 4.67%. In 2013, Republicans began pressuring Peterson, in hopes of convincing him to retire, his seat is one of only a handful, represented by a Democrat but was carried by Mitt Romney in the 2012 election and is seen as a top pick-up opportunity should Peterson retire. Their tactics included airing television advertisements, hiring a press staffer to give opposition research to reporters, hiring a tracker to follow him around his district and record him, sending mobile billboards with critical statements on them to drive around his hometown.
Peterson responded by saying "They don't have anybody else to go after. It's kind of ridiculous, but whatever." After Republicans spread rumors that Peterson was planning to buy a house in Florida and retire there, he said: "I went from neutral on running again to 90 percent just because of this stupid stuff they're doing. You can't let these people be in charge of anything, in my opinion." On March 17, 2014, Peterson announced that he was running for re-election, saying, "I still have a lot of work to do". Despite being targeted by national Republican groups, Peterson defeated Republican State Senator Torrey Westrom in the general election by 54% to 46%. In January 2015, Peterson stated that he is "running at this point" for re-election in 2016, saying that the efforts by Republicans to unseat him had "energized me" and "got me fired up". In October 2014, he said that he may keep running until 2020 because the Republicans "made me mad" with their efforts to defeat him or persuade him to retire.
116th CongressCommittee on Agriculture Committee on Veterans' AffairsPast membershipCommittee on Agriculture Chairman & former Ranking Member. As ranking member of the full committee, Peterson may sit as an ex officio member of all subcommittees. Oversight and Government Reform This was one of the first committees. Committee on Veterans' Affairs Began membership in the 106th and 107th Congress, resumed membership in the 116th Congress. Military Veterans Caucus, Co-chair Congressional Arts Caucus Peterson was one of the original founders of the Blue Dog Coalition, the caucus of House Democrats who identify as moderates and conservatives, he is one of the most conservative Democrats in Congress and crosses the party line. In 2008, a report by Congressional Quarterly found he had the lowest party loyalty score over the previous five years of any member of the Minnesota congressional delegation. In the 109th Congress, he was rated 50% conservative by a conservative group and 57% progressive by a liberal group.
During the first session of the 115th United States Congress, Peterson was ranked the most bipartisan member of the House of Representatives by the Bipartisan Index, a metric created by the Lugar Center and Georgetown's McCourt School of Public Policy to assess congressional bipartisanship. Peterson is conservative on social issues.
69th United States Congress
The Sixty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D. C. from March 4, 1925, to March 4, 1927, during the third and fourth years of Calvin Coolidge's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority. A special session of the Senate was called by President Coolidge on February 14, 1925. Impeachment of Judge George W. English — On April 1, 1926, the House of Representatives impeached Judge George W. English of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Illinois. Both Houses adjourned on July 3, 1926, with the Senate scheduled to reconvene on November 10, 1926, as a Court of Impeachment. English resigned; the Senate met as planned on November 1926, to adjourn the court of impeachment sine die.
On December 13, 1926, the Senate, acting on advice from the House managers of the impeachment, formally dismissed all charges against Judge English. January 17, 1927: U. S. Supreme Court held that Congress has the power to compel testimony. February 26, 1926: Revenue Act of 1926 April 12, 1926: Timber Exportation Act of 1926 May 8, 1926: Federal Interpleader Act of 1926 May 20, 1926: Air Commerce Act May 20, 1926: Federal Black Bass Act of 1926 May 20, 1926: Railway Labor Act May 25, 1926: Omnibus Adjustment Act of 1926 May 25, 1926: Public Buildings Act of 1926 May 26, 1926: Shenandoah National Park Act of 1926 June 3, 1926: Subsistence Expense Act of 1926 June 14, 1926: Recreation and Public Purposes Act June 15, 1926: Limitation of National Forest Designation Act July 2, 1926: Cooperative Marketing Act July 3, 1926: Walsh Act July 3, 1926: Passport Act of 1926 January 21, 1927: River and Harbors Act of 1927 February 23, 1927: Radio Act of 1927 February 25, 1927: McFadden Act March 3, 1927: Foreign and Domestic Commerce Act of 1927 March 3, 1927: Produce Agency Act of 1927 March 4, 1927: Mayfield-Newton Act The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated.
Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section. American Labor: 1 Democratic: 183 Farmer-Labor: 3 Republican: 247 Socialist: 1TOTAL members: 435 President: Charles G. Dawes President pro tempore: Albert B. Cummins, elected March 4, 1925 George H. Moses, elected March 6, 1925 Majority Leader: Charles Curtis Majority Whip: Wesley L. Jones Republican Conference Secretary: James Wolcott Wadsworth Jr. Minority Leader: Joseph T. Robinson Minority Whip: Peter G. Gerry Democratic Caucus Secretary: William H. King Speaker: Nicholas Longworth Majority Leader: John Q. Tilson Majority Whip: Albert H. Vestal Republican Conference Chair: Willis C. Hawley Minority Leader: Finis J. Garrett Minority Whip: William Allan Oldfield Democratic Caucus Chairman: Charles D. Carter This list is arranged by chamber by state. Senators are listed by class, Representatives by district. Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress.
Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1928; the count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Replacements: 9 Democratic: no net change Republican: no net change deaths: 7 resignations: 0 contested election: 1 interim appointments: 2 Total seats with changes: 10 replacements: 9 Democratic: 1 seat net loss Republican: 1 seat net gain deaths: 9 resignations: 2 Total seats with changes: 12 Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.
Agriculture and Forestry Alien Property Custodian's Office Appropriations Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate Banking and Currency Civil Service Claims Commerce District of Columbia Education and Labor Enrolled Bills Expenditures in Executive Departments Finance Foreign Relations Immigration Immigration and Naturalization Indian Affairs Internal Revenue Bureau Interoceanic Canals Interstate Commerce Judiciary Library Manufactures Military Affairs Mines and Mining Naval Affairs Patents Pensions Post Office and Post Roads Printing Privileges and Elections Public Buildings and Grounds Public Lands and Surveys Revision of the Laws Rules Senatorial Elections Tariff Commission Territories and Insular Possessions War Finance Corporation Loans Whole Accounts Agriculture Alcoholic Liquor Traffic Appropriations Banking and Currency Census Civil Se
65th United States Congress
The Sixty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1917, to March 4, 1919, during the fifth and sixth years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency; the apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. The Senate had a Democratic majority, the House had a Republican plurality but the Democrats remained in control with the support of the Progressives and Socialist Representative Meyer London. March 4, 1917: Jeannette Rankin of Montana became the first woman member of the United States House of Representatives. March 8, 1917: The United States Senate adopted the cloture rule to limit filibusters. March 31, 1917: The United States took possession of the Danish West Indies, which become the US Virgin Islands, after paying $25 million to Denmark.
April 2, 1917: World War I: President Woodrow Wilson asks the U. S. Congress for a declaration of war on Germany. April 10, 1917: An ammunition factory explosion in Chester, kills 133. May 21, 1917: Over 300 acres are destroyed in the Great Atlanta fire of 1917. May 26, 1917: A tornado strikes Mattoon, causing devastation and killing 101 people. July 1, 1917: A labor dispute ignited a race riot in East St. Louis, which left 250 dead. July 12, 1917: The Phelps Dodge Corporation deported over 1,000 suspected Industrial Workers of the World members from Bisbee, Arizona. July 28, 1917: The Silent Protest was organized by the NAACP in New York to protest the East St. Louis Riot of July 2, as well as lynchings in Texas and Tennessee. August, 1917: The Green Corn Rebellion, an uprising by several hundred farmers against the World War I draft, took place in central Oklahoma. November 24, 1917: In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 9 members of the Milwaukee Police Department were killed by a bomb, the most fatal single event in U.
S. police history until the September 11, 2001, attacks. December 26, 1917: President Woodrow Wilson used the Federal Possession and Control Act to place most U. S. railroads under the United States Railroad Administration, hoping to more efficiently transport troops and materials for the war effort. January 8, 1918: Woodrow Wilson delivered his Fourteen Points speech. March 4, 1918: A soldier at Camp Fuston, fell sick with the first confirmed case of the Spanish flu. April 3, 1918 "The American's Creed" is the title of a resolution passed by the U. S. House of Representatives on this date, it is a statement written in 1917 by William Tyler Page as an entry into a patriotic contest. Source:The American's Creed at USHistory.org May 15, 1918: The United States Post Office Department began the first regular airmail service in the world. October 8, 1918: World War I: In the Argonne Forest in France, U. S. Corporal Alvin C. York single-handedly killed 25 German soldiers and captures 132. December 4, 1918: U.
S. President Woodrow Wilson sailed for the Paris Peace Conference, becoming the first U. S. president to travel to Europe. January 6, 1919: Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States, died. January 15, 1919: The Boston Molasses Disaster: A wave of molasses released from an exploding storage tank sweeps through Boston, killing 21 and injuring 150. February 25, 1919: Oregon placed a 1 cent per U. S. gallon tax on gasoline, becoming the first U. S. state to levy a gasoline tax. April 6, 1917: Declaration of war against Germany, Sess. 1 ch. 1, 40 Stat. 1 April 24, 1917: First Liberty Bond Act, Sess. 1, ch. 4, 40 Stat. 35 May 12, 1917: Enemy Vessel Confiscation Joint Resolution, Pub. L. 65–2, 40 Stat. 75 May 12, 1917: First Army Appropriations Act of 1917, 40 Stat. 69 May 18, 1917: Selective Service Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 15, 40 Stat. 76 May 29, 1917: Esch Car Service Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 23, 40 Stat. 101 June 15, 1917: Emergency Shipping Fund Act of 1917, c. 29, 40 Stat. 182 June 15, 1917: Second Army Appropriations Act of 1917, 40 Stat. 188 June 15, 1917: Espionage Act of 1917, Sess.
1, ch. 30, 40 Stat. 217 August 8, 1917: River and Harbor Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 49, 40 Stat. 250 August 10, 1917: Priority of Shipments Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 51, 40 Stat. 272 August 10, 1917: Food and Fuel Control Act, Sess. 1, ch. 53, 40 Stat. 27 October 1, 1917: Second Liberty Bond Act, Sess. 1, ch. 56, 40 Stat. 288 October 1, 1917: Aircraft Board Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 61, 40 Stat. 296 October 3, 1917: War Revenue Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 63, 40 Stat. 300 October 5, 1917: Repatriation Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 68, 40 Stat. 340 October 6, 1917: Federal Explosives Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 83, 40 Stat. 385 October 6, 1917: War Risk Insurance Act of 1917, Sess. 1, ch. 105, 40 Stat. 398 October 6, 1917: International Emergency Economic Powers Act, Sess. 1, ch. 106, 40 Stat. 411 December 7, 1917: Declaration of war against Austria-Hungary, Sess. 2, ch. 1, 40 Stat. 429 February 24, 1918: Revenue Act of 1918, Sess. 2, ch. 18, 40 Stat. 1057 March 8, 1918: Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act, Sess. 2, ch.
20, 40 Stat. 440 March 19, 1918: Standard Time Act of 1918, Sess. 2, ch. 24, 40 Stat. 450 March 21, 1918: Federal Control Act of 1918, Sess. 2, ch. 25, 40 Stat. 451 April 4, 1918: Third Liberty Bond Act, Sess. 2, ch. 44, 40 Stat. 502 April 5, 1918: War Finance Corporation Act, Sess. 2, ch. 45, 40 Stat. 506 April 10, 1918: Webb-Pomerene Act, Sess. 2, ch. 50, 40 Stat. 516 April 18, 1918: American Forces Abroad Indemnity Act, Sess. 2, ch. 57, 40 Stat. 532 Apr
Minnesota's 1st congressional district
Minnesota's 1st congressional district extends across southern Minnesota from the border with South Dakota to the border with Wisconsin. The First District is a rural district built on a strong history of agriculture, although this is changing due to strong population growth in Rochester and surrounding communities; the First District is home to several of Minnesota's major mid-sized cities, including Rochester, Winona, Owatonna, Albert Lea, New Ulm, Worthington. This district is represented by Republican Jim Hagedorn of Blue Earth. From early statehood until the latest redistricting after the 2000 census, the first district covered only southeast Minnesota. During the 20th century it was considered solidly Republican, though in recent years this is changing. In 2004, John Kerry received 48% of the vote in this Congressional district. Two years in 2006, Republican Representative Gil Gutknecht was defeated by Democrat Tim Walz. In March 2017, Walz announced that he would not run for reelection to Congress, instead would run for governor of Minnesota.
The district leans Republican with a CPVI of R + 5. Minnesota's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts