Cottonwood County, Minnesota
Cottonwood County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 11,687, its county seat is Windom. The county was created on May 1857, named for the river in Germantown Township. Minnesota Governor Austin appointed three county commissioners, they met at a home about six miles northwest of Windom on the Des Moines River at Big Bend. During this meeting, they designated the commissioners' districts and changed various county officers; the county organization was completed on July 29, 1870. The first general election was held in the county that November; the first deed of record was filed on January 10, 1870. The first land assessments were made in 1871, the first taxes were paid in 1872; the Cottonwood County Courthouse, an example of Neoclassical architecture, is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Mountain Park, located southeast of Mountain Lake, has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places, since 1973. A 1976 archeological dig unearthed evidence of Fox Indian inhabitation there dating from 500 B.
C. The park is host of the oldest human habitation yet to be discovered in Minnesota; the Jeffers Petroglyphs, near Jeffers, contains pre-European Native American rock carvings. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places; the Heron Lake Outflow flows easterly through the lower part of Cottonwood County. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, devoted to agriculture; the terrain slopes to the east, with the northern portion sloping north and the lower portion sloping south. The highest point is on the midpoint of the west border, at 1,535' ASL; the county has a total area of 649 square miles, of which 639 square miles is land and 10 square miles is water. The northeast part of the county drains north to the Minnesota River through numerous small creeks, the Cottonwood River and Watonwan River; the southwest part of the county drains south through the Des Moines River. These two watersheds come together at the Mississippi River near Iowa. Most wetlands in the county have been drained for agricultural use.
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 12,167 people, 4,917 households, 3,338 families in the county. The population density was 19.0/sqmi. There were 5,376 housing units at an average density of 8.41/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 95.23% White, 0.34% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.63% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.35% from other races, 1.14% from two or more races. 2.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 50.2% were of German and 18.6% Norwegian ancestry. There were 4,917 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.10% were non-families. 28.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.94. The county population contained 25.00% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, 22.10% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,943, the median income for a family was $40,237. Males had a median income of $28,993 versus $19,934 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,647. About 7.40% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over. Cottonwood County voters are reliably Republican. In only one national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. Delft National Register of Historic Places listings in Cottonwood County, Minnesota John A. Brown, History of Cottonwood and Watonwan counties, Minnesota: Their People and Institutions: With Biographical Sketches of Representative Citizens and Genealogical Records of Many of the Old Families. In Two Volumes. Indianapolis, IN: B. F. Bowen and Company, 1916.
Volume 1|Volume 2 Cottonwood County Minnesota Highway Map, Cottonwood County Highway Department, 2003. DeLorme's Gazetteer. Cottonwood County website
Blooming Prairie, Minnesota
Blooming Prairie is a city in Dodge and Steele counties in the U. S. state of Minnesota. The population was 1,996 at the 2010 census. Most of the city is located within Steele County. Blooming Prairie was platted in 1868, taking the name of the surrounding Blooming Prairie Township, organized one year earlier. A post office has been in operation at Blooming Prairie since 1868; the city was incorporated by 1874. Blooming Prairie's historic downtown is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.41 square miles, all of it land. U. S. Highway 218 and Minnesota State Highway 30 are the main routes in the city; as of the census of 2010, there were 1,996 people, 802 households, 535 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,415.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 864 housing units at an average density of 612.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.1% White, 0.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.6% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.3% of the population. There were 802 households of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 33.3% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age in the city was 40.5 years. 25.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,933 people, 748 households, 504 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,428.4 people per square mile. There were 774 housing units at an average density of 572.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.43% White, 0.21% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 2.48% from other races, 0.31% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.91% of the population. Of the 748 households, 30.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.02. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $40,345, the median income for a family was $51,118. Males had a median income of $34,911 versus $21,705 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,343. About 2.8% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.
Josh Braaten, television's CSI: Miami, That 80's Show, Spin City, Married to the Kellys, among others, as well as several motion picture credits, including Dumb and Dumberer: When Harry Met Lloyd and Semi-Pro City of Blooming Prairie, MN – Official Website Blooming Prairie Schools site
Legislative route (Minnesota)
In the U. S. state of Minnesota, a legislative route is a highway number defined by the Minnesota State Legislature. The routes from 1 to 70 are constitutional routes, defined as part of the Babcock Amendment to the Minnesota State Constitution, passed November 2, 1920. All of them were listed in the constitution until a 1974 rewrite. Though they are now listed separately in §161.114 of the Minnesota Statutes, the definitions are considered to be part of the constitution, cannot be altered or removed without an amendment. Legislative routes with numbers greater than 70 can be deleted by the legislature; until 1933 Constitutional Routes corresponded to the number marked on the highways, but this is no longer the case. In fact it's common for CR highways to be composed of several different trunk highways; when the U. S. Highway system was created in 1926, many of these roads were made up of one or more U. S. highways. Today, they now use a mix of Minnesota state highways, U. S. highways, Interstate highways.
Constitutional Route 1 is one of the most complex routes, composed of: U. S. Highway 65 from the Iowa border to Albert Lea, Minnesota Interstate 35 to Faribault Minnesota State Highway 3 and MN-149 to Saint Paul U. S. Highway 61 to Wyoming Interstate 35 to Rush City Minnesota State Highway 361 to Rock Creek Minnesota State Highway 23 through Hinckley the MN-73/27 loop through Moose Lake Interstate 35 between Moose Lake and MN-210 the MN-210/45 loop through Carlton Interstate 35 to Duluth Minnesota State Highway 61 to the Canadian borderHowever, the route can be considered to be superseded along its entire length by Interstate 35 and Minnesota State Highway 61. By contrast, Constitutional Route 58 still has the same marked number and extent that it did in 1920. There is some ambiguity in how the Minnesota Department of Transportation must interpret the constitutional routes. In some cases, the routes no longer directly serve communities they were once designated for, but are routed along nearby highways instead.
Constitutional Route 1: Iowa to Ontario via Albert Lea, Faribault, Farmington, St. Paul, White Bear, Forest Lake, Rush City, Pine City, Sandstone, Moose Lake, Duluth, Two Harbors, Grand Marais Constitutional Route 2: Duluth to North Dakota via Carlton, McGregor, Brainerd, Staples, Wadena and Moorhead Constitutional Route 3: Wisconsin to North Dakota via La Crescent, Kellogg, Lake City, Red Wing, Hastings, St. Paul, Osseo, Anoka, Elk River, Big Lake, St. Cloud, Sauk Centre, Elbow Lake, Fergus Falls, Breckenridge Constitutional Route 4: Iowa to International Falls via Jackson, Sanborn, Redwood Falls, Olivia, Paynesville, Sauk Centre, Long Prairie, Park Rapids, Itasca State Park, Bemidji Constitutional Route 5: Iowa to Swan River via Blue Earth, Mankato, St. Peter, Le Sueur, Shakopee, Cambridge, McGregor Constitutional Route 6: Iowa to Manitoba via Luverne, Lake Benton, Canby, Bellingham, Ortonville, Dumont, Breckenridge, Kragnes, Perley, Ada, Warren and Hallock Constitutional Route 7: Winona to South Dakota via St. Charles, Kasson, Dodge Center, Owatonna, Mankato, St. Peter, New Ulm, Springfield and Lake Benton Constitutional Route 8: Duluth to North Dakota via Floodwood, Swan River, Grand Rapids, Cass Lake, Bagley, Erskine and East Grand Forks Constitutional Route 9: La Crescent to South Dakota via Hokah, Rushford, Preston, Spring Valley, Albert Lea, Blue Earth, Jackson and Luverne Constitutional Route 10: Minneapolis to Wheaton via Montrose, Litchfield, Benson and Herman Constitutional Route 11: Duluth to Donaldson via Eveleth, Cook, Cusson, International Falls, Warroad and Greenbush Constitutional Route 12: Wisconsin to Madison via St. Paul, Hopkins, Glencoe, Granite Falls and Dawson Constitutional Route 13: Albert Lea to Jordan via Waseca, Waterville and New Prague Constitutional Route 14: Ivanhoe to Gaylord via Marshall, Redwood Falls and Winthrop Constitutional Route 15: Iowa to Winthrop via Fairmont and New Ulm Constitutional Route 16: southwest of Mankato to Worthington via Madelia, St. James and Fulda Constitutional Route 17: Fulda to Granite Falls to Slayton and Marshall Constitutional Route 18: Elk River to east of Brainerd via Princeton and Onamia Constitutional Route 19: Brainerd to Cass Lake via Pine River and Walker Constitutional Route 20: Iowa to Douglas via Canton, Preston, Chatfield, Pine Island and Cannon Falls Constitutional Route 21: Zumbrota to St. Peter via Kenyon, Faribault, Le Sueur Center, Cleveland Constitutional Route 22: St. Peter to Paynesville via Gaylord, Glencoe and Litchfield Constitutional Route 23: Paynesville to south of Hinckley via St. Cloud, Milaca and Mora Constitutional Route 24: Litchfield to St. Cloud Constitutional Route 25: Belle Plaine to Big Lake via Norwood, Montrose and Monticello Constitutional Route 26: Benson to Ortonville Constitutional Route 27: St. Cloud to Brainerd via Sauk Rapids and Little Falls Constitutional Route 28: Little Falls to South Dakota via Sauk Centre, Starbuck, Morris and Browns Valley Constitutional Route 29: Glenwood to west of Wadena via Alexandria, Parkers Prairie, Deer Creek Constitutiona
A highway is any public or private road or other public way on land. It is used for major roads, but includes other public roads and public tracks: It is not an equivalent term to controlled-access highway, or a translation for autobahn, etc. According to Merriam Webster, the use of the term predates 12th century. According to Etymonline, "high" is in the sense of "main". In North American and Australian English, major roads such as controlled-access highways or arterial roads are state highways. Other roads may be designated "county highways" in the Ontario; these classifications refer to the level of government. In British English, "highway" is a legal term. Everyday use implies roads, while the legal use covers any route or path with a public right of access, including footpaths etc; the term has led to several related derived terms, including highway system, highway code, highway patrol and highwayman. The term highway exists in distinction to "waterway". Major highways are named and numbered by the governments that develop and maintain them.
Australia's Highway 1 is the longest national highway in the world at over 14,500 km or 9,000 mi and runs the entire way around the continent. China has the world's largest network of highways followed by the United States of America; some highways, like the European routes, span multiple countries. Some major highway routes include ferry services, such as U. S. Route 10. Traditionally highways were used on horses, they accommodated carriages and motor cars, facilitated by advancements in road construction. In the 1920s and 1930s, many nations began investing in progressively more modern highway systems to spur commerce and bolster national defense. Major modern highways that connect cities in populous developed and developing countries incorporate features intended to enhance the road's capacity and safety to various degrees; such features include a reduction in the number of locations for user access, the use of dual carriageways with two or more lanes on each carriageway, grade-separated junctions with other roads and modes of transport.
These features are present on highways built as motorways. The general legal definition deals with right of use not the form of construction. A highway is defined in English common law by a number of similarly-worded definitions such as "a way over which all members of the public have the right to pass and repass without hindrance" accompanied by "at all times". A highway might be open to all forms of lawful land traffic or limited to specific types of traffic or combinations of types of traffic. A highway can share ground with a private right of way for which full use is not available to the general public as will be the case with farm roads which the owner may use for any purpose but for which the general public only has a right of use on foot or horseback; the status of highway on most older roads has been gained by established public use while newer roads are dedicated as highways from the time they are adopted. In England and Wales, a public highway is known as "The Queen's Highway"; the core definition of a highway is modified in various legislation for a number of purposes but only for the specific matters dealt with in each such piece of legislation.
This is in the case of bridges and other structures whose ownership, mode of use or availability would otherwise exclude them from the general definition of a highway, examples in recent years are toll bridges and tunnels which have the definition of highway imposed upon them to allow application of most traffic laws to those using them but without causing all of the general obligations or rights of use otherwise applicable to a highway. Scots law is similar to English law with regard to highways but with differing terminology and legislation. What is defined in England as a highway will in Scotland be what is defined by s.151 Roads Act 1984 as a road, that is:- "any way over which there is a public right of passage and includes the road’s verge, any bridge over which, or tunnel through which, the road passes. In American law, the word "highway" is sometimes used to denote any public way used for travel, whether a "road and parkway". Highways have a route number designated by t
Fillmore County, Minnesota
Fillmore County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 20,866, its county seat is Preston. Fillmore County is included in MN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Fillmore County was created on March 5, 1853, it is named for the 13th President of the United States. Fillmore County was an early destination for Euro-American settlement following the United States' 1851 treaties with the Dakota nations. Norwegian immigrants were numerous. In 1860 Fillmore was Minnesota's most populous county. Fillmore County is on Minnesota's border with Iowa; the Root River drains the county. The North Branch and the Middle Branch combine east of Shady Creek, while the South Branch meets their combined flow at Preston. Bear Creek drains the lower part of the county, discharging into the Root in the eastern part of the county. Willow Creek drains a portion of the lower county, discharging into the Root at Preston; the Upper Iowa River flows eastward in adjoining Iowa counties, but enters Fillmore County near the midpoint of its southern border.
The county's terrain consists of rolling hills, carved by gullies and drainages, with the available area dedicated to agriculture. The terrain slopes to the east; the county has a total area of 862 square miles, of which 861 square miles is land and 0.8 square miles is water. The county is part of Paleozoic plateau; this part of Minnesota was ice-free during the last ice age. Fillmore County displays a karst topography; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,866 people, 8,545 households, 5,763 families in the county. The population density was 24.2/sqmi. There were 9,732 housing units at an average density of 11.3/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 98.2% White, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. 1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 8,545 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4% had a male householder with no wife present, 32.60% were non-families.
28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.32% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.94. The county population contained 24.3% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 28.20% from 45 to 64, 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males. In 2010, the median income for a household in the county was $45,888, the median income for a family was $59,034. Males had a median income of $39,239 versus $33,571 for females. 2015 estimates state the per capita income for the county was $26,348. In 2015, about 7.4% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.50% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over. Fillmore County is a swing county; the county has selected the Democratic Party candidate in 67% of national elections since 1980.
Commonweal Theatre Company Dream Acres National Register of Historic Places listings in Fillmore County, Minnesota Fillmore County government's website Fillmore County Health and Demographic Data
Minnesota State Highway 43
Minnesota State Highway 43 is a highway in southeast Minnesota, which runs from its intersection with State Highway 44 in Mabel and continues north to its northern terminus at the Wisconsin state line at Winona, where it becomes Wisconsin Highway 54 upon crossing the Mississippi River. Highway 43 is 45 miles in length. State Highway 43 serves as a north–south route between Mabel and Winona in southeast Minnesota; the route crosses the Root River in Fillmore County. Highway 43 passes through the Richard J. Dorer State Forest; the northern terminus of Highway 43 is at the Mississippi River at Winona, where the route becomes Wisconsin Highway 54 upon crossing the Main Channel and North Channel bridges over the river to Wisconsin. State Highway 43 was authorized in 1920 between Winona; the remainder of the route between Rushford and Mabel was authorized in 1933. Highway 43 was paved from Wilson to Winona by 1929; the only gravel section remaining by 1940 was south of Rushford. The route was paved by 1953.
A major project in the 1980s to rebuild Highway 43 from Interstate 90 to Winona as an expressway ran out of money. Only one carriageway was paved. There is still visible bridges east of the roadway in this section. In response to the I-35W Bridge collapse in Minneapolis on August 1, 2007, all Minnesota bridges were ordered to be inspected. During an inspection, "gusset plate corrosion issues" were discovered in the Main Channel Bridge, which crosses the Mississippi River between Winona, MN and nearby Fountain City, WI; the Main Channel Bridge was closed to traffic on June 3, 2008. MnDOT made a statement this was due to gusset plate corrosion issues similar to those that caused the I-35W Bridge to collapse; the Main Channel Bridge reopened to car traffic on June 14, 2008. Commercial vehicles were still directed to find alternate routes across the river; the bridge was scheduled for replacement in 2017, moved up to 2014
Blue Earth County, Minnesota
Blue Earth County is a county in the State of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 64,013, its county seat is Mankato. The county is named for the Blue Earth River and for the deposits of blue-green clay once evident along the banks of the Blue Earth River. Blue Earth County is part of the Mankato-North Mankato metropolitan area; the area of Blue Earth County was once known as the "Big Woods". French explorer Pierre-Charles Le Sueur was an early explorer in this area, arriving where the Minnesota and Blue Earth rivers meet, he made an unsuccessful attempt to mine copper from the blue earth. The area remained under French control until 1803 when it passed to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase; when Minnesota became a territory in 1849, the territorial government became interested in settling the river valley. In 1850 the first steamboat trip, starting in St. Paul, traveled on the Minnesota River and came to the Blue Earth River; the first white settlers, P. K. Johnson and Henry Jackson and settled in present-day Mankato.
The ratification of the Mendota and Traverse des Sioux treaties in 1851 forced the Dakota to leave the area for nearby reservations. The county of Blue Earth was created after a division of the Minnesota Territory on March 5, 1853, from portions of Dakota County and free territory, it was named for the Blue Earth River. The first government officials were appointed by the territorial governor; that October the first election was held, with 22 ballots being taken. Unfulfilled treaty promises and starvation on the reservation led to the Dakota War of 1862, which resulted in Dakota defeat and the largest mass execution in US history in Mankato. In 1868 the railroads' arrival helped with the growth and development of many areas, including Blue Earth; the railroads allowed immigrants and Yankee settlers into the area. The Minnesota River flows southeasterly along the western part of the county's north boundary line, it is joined by the Blue Earth River which flows northerly through the western central part of the county.
The Watonwan River flows northwesterly through the NE part of the county, discharging into the Blue Earth. The Little Cobb River flows northwesterly through the SE part of the county, meeting with the Cobb River which flows northerly through the lower part of the county into the Blue Earth River; the Le Sueur River flows west-northwesterly through the SE part of the county, discharging into the Blue Earth River. The county terrain consists with the area devoted to agriculture; the terrain slopes to the north and east, with its highest point near its SW corner, at 1,086' ASL. The county has an area of 766 square miles, of which 748 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water; the Blue Earth River and Le Sueur River flow through a part of the county. The land surface is flat with over 30 lakes in the county. There are many "closed forest savannas"; the rivers that flow out of the northeast are surrounded by these big woods. Most of the county is grassland prairie but scattered parts are wet prairie.
Some spots that surround the rivers are barren brushland. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mankato have ranged from a low of 5 °F in January to a high of 83 °F in July, although a record low of −35 °F was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 107 °F was recorded in August 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.78 inches in February to 5.09 inches in June. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 55,941 people, 21,062 households, 12,616 families residing in the county; the population density was 74.8/sqmi. There were 21,971 housing units at an average density of 29.4/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 94.96% White, 1.19% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.79% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, 1.03% from two or more races. 1.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 47.6 % were of 13.6 % Norwegian and 6.5 % Irish ancestry. There were 21,062 households out of which 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.60% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.10% were non-families.
27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99. The county population contained 21.40% under the age of 18, 22.10% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 18.80% from 45 to 64, 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,940, the median income for a family was $50,257. Males had a median income of $32,087 versus $22,527 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,712. About 6.10% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over. Garden City Cambria Marysburg Smiths Mill Blue Earth County has voted for the winning candidate for president in 12 of the last 14 elections, the exceptions being in 1988 and 2004.
Since 1988 it has tilted toward the Democratic Party, but in 2000 and 2016 it voted for the Republican candidates. National Register of Historic Places listings in Blue Earth County, Minnesota Blue Earth County Government’s website