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Minor planet

A minor planet is an astronomical object in direct orbit around the Sun, neither a planet nor classified as a comet. Before 2006 the International Astronomical Union used the term minor planet, but during that year's meeting it reclassified minor planets and comets into dwarf planets and small Solar System bodies. Minor planets can be dwarf planets, trojans, Kuiper belt objects, other trans-Neptunian objects; as of 2019, the orbits of 794,832 minor planets were archived at the Minor Planet Center, 541,128 of which had received permanent numbers. The first minor planet to be discovered was Ceres in 1801; the term minor planet has been used since the 19th century to describe these objects. The term planetoid has been used for larger objects such as those the International Astronomical Union has called dwarf planets since 2006; the terms asteroid, minor planet, planetoid have been more or less synonymous. This terminology has become more complicated by the discovery of numerous minor planets beyond the orbit of Jupiter trans-Neptunian objects that are not considered asteroids.

A minor planet seen releasing gas may be dually classified as a comet. Objects are called dwarf planets if their own gravity is sufficient to achieve hydrostatic equilibrium and form an ellipsoidal shape. All other minor planets and comets are called small Solar System bodies; the IAU stated that the term minor planet may still be used, but the term small Solar System body will be preferred. However, for purposes of numbering and naming, the traditional distinction between minor planet and comet is still used. Hundreds of thousands of minor planets have been discovered within the Solar System and thousands more are discovered each month; the Minor Planet Center has documented over 213 million observations and 794,832 minor planets, of which 541,128 have orbits known well enough to be assigned permanent official numbers. Of these, 21,922 have official names; as of 19 May 2019, the lowest-numbered unnamed minor planet is 1974 FV1, the highest-numbered named minor planet is 518523 Bryanshumaker. There are various broad minor-planet populations: Asteroids.

Near-Earth asteroids, those whose orbits take them inside the orbit of Mars. Further subclassification of these, based on orbital distance, is used:Apohele asteroids orbit inside of Earth's perihelion distance and thus are contained within the orbit of Earth. Aten asteroids, those that have semi-major axes of less than Earth's and aphelion greater than 0.983 AU. Apollo asteroids are those asteroids with a semimajor axis greater than Earth's, while having a perihelion distance of 1.017 AU or less. Like Aten asteroids, Apollo asteroids are Earth-crossers. Amor asteroids are those near-Earth asteroids that approach the orbit of Earth from beyond, but do not cross it. Amor asteroids are further subdivided into four subgroups, depending on where their semimajor axis falls between Earth's orbit and the asteroid belt; as of 2011, the only one known is 2010 TK7. Mars trojans, asteroids sharing Mars's orbit and gravitationally locked to it; as of 2007, eight such asteroids are known. Asteroid belt, whose members follow circular orbits between Mars and Jupiter.

These are the best-known group of asteroids. Jupiter trojans, asteroids sharing Jupiter's orbit and gravitationally locked to it. Numerically they are estimated to equal the main-belt asteroids. Distant minor planets. Centaurs, bodies in the outer Solar System between Jupiter and Neptune, they have unstable orbits due to the gravitational influence of the giant planets, therefore must have come from elsewhere outside Neptune. Neptune trojans, bodies sharing Neptune's orbit and gravitationally locked to it. Although only a handful are known, there is evidence that Neptune trojans are more numerous than either the asteroids in the asteroid belt or the Jupiter trojans. Trans-Neptunian objects, bodies at or beyond the orbit of Neptune, the outermost planet; the Kuiper belt, objects inside an apparent population drop-off 55 AU from the Sun. Classical Kuiper belt objects like Makemake known as cubewanos, are in primordial circular orbits that are not in resonance with Neptune. Resonant Kuiper belt objects Plutinos, bodies like Pluto that are in a 2:3 resonance with Neptune.

Scattered disc objects like Eris, with aphelia outside the Kuiper belt. These are thought to have been scattered by Neptune. Resonant scattered disc objects. Detached objects such as Sedna, with both aphelia and perihelia outside the Kuiper belt. Sednoids, detached objects with perihelia greater than 75 AU; the Oort cloud, a hypothetical population thought to be the source of long-period comets that may extend to 50,000 AU from the Sun. All astronomical bodies in the Solar System need a distinct designation; the naming of minor planets runs through a three-step process. First, a provisional designation is given upon discovery—because the object still may turn out to be a false positive or become lost on—called a provisionally designated minor planet. After the observation arc is accurate enough to predict its future location, a minor planet is formally designated and receives a number, it is a numbered minor planet. In the third step, it may be named by its discoverers. However, only a small fraction of all minor planets have been named.

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The Pawnshop No. 8

The Pawnshop No. 8 is a 2003 Taiwanese television series focusing on two characters who share ownership on a pawnshop. The supernatural-tinged show airs on ImaginAsian in the United States. Critically acclaimed and well received in numerous Asian countries Mainland China, The Pawnshop No. 8 blends elements of Western religions such as Christianity excellently with pre-modern and modern Chinese society. The main theme of The Pawnshop No. 8 is that of love, with the main background of the eternal conflict between Heaven and Hell and evil, God and Satan. After being bested by the Creator and his unfallen angels countless eons past, now banished from Paradise and desperate for vengeance, devised a pawnshop to lure Chinese customers, seeking to capture all of humanity's souls for Darkness to reign supreme, coercing random humans whose souls were bent towards his own and whom could perceive his presence to serve as his minions, the owner of the pawnshop and their assistant. To counter Satan's nefarious strategies, God sent angels in the forms of humans, to help the targeted humans brave through the temptations of Satan and use their own power and will to defeat the Enemy's lure.

However, the human force of love turns both God and Satan's plans to both good and ill, complicates the structure of the Great Game much more than expected... A man is torn from his family, forced to serve as the slave of a dark master to guarantee the safe future of his family, forced to collect humanity's souls under the guise of a "pawnshop owner" to further the designs of the devil by making business-like bargains and exchanges with him, for anything, from material items ranging from watches to rings to emotion and one's eternal soul; the man was granted supernatural abilities by his dark master, including immortal life to more adequately serve the devil, allowed the company of a pawnshop assistant, all in exchange for an eternity's service to Satan. As a last gift to his wife, the man exchanged his own love, his ability to love, for his wife to have a lifetime of happiness without him. Allowed by his master to claim one mortal as a companion in the Pawnshop No. 8, as his pawnshop "assistant", aiding him in his bargains and deals with customers, for the rest of eternity, the pawnshop owner chose a beautiful and fair woman, offering her freedom from her restricted life as a servant, but another woman, jealous and vengeful from a twisted past of sorrow and anguish, who Hanuo once sheltered and fed, kills her, the pawnshop owner instead chooses her: Ajing.

Legend has it that. 8, it will honor any request you may have. It accepts valuable house deed, it gladly accepts your limbs, your love, your sanity, your child's future, the most valuable commodity to the pawnshop, your soul. You want to pawn your ability to love in exchange for saving your dying wife? Done. You want to pawn your fashion design talent for your mother's love? Done. You want to pawn your soul so that coldhearted woman would die a horrendous death in her every reincarnation? Done. By the way, the Pawnshop No. 8 loves returning customers. This time, you pawn your friendship to be the top man in your business. Next time, you may just pawn your soul to stay on top; the story begins with an ancient legend: those who locate the Pawnshop No. 8 will receive anything they desire, as long as they are willing to pay the price. In reality, the Pawnshop No. 8 is a scheme set forth by the master of darkness. He uses humanity's endless greed and desire to lure them into transactions, with the ultimate goal of collecting their soul, thereby ruling the world.

The shop owner is hand-selected by Dark Shadow. This chosen individual is granted eternal life, the power to predict the future, all the wealth he will need, but what he cannot do is take pawned items for personal use or otherwise betray his master. During the Ming Dynasty, the pawnshop owner decides to secretly use a client's brain to save his mentally disabled lover. However, Dark Shadow soon finds out, takes back the pawned item, destroys his disloyal servant by fire. Without an owner to manage the shop, the name of Pawnshop No. 8 temporarily disappears from the world. Dark Shadow begins his quest for a new owner to continue his dream of world conquest. Years as the Qing Dynasty draws to an end, a salesman's son named Han Nuo marries the love of his life, with whom he soon has a son named Han Lei. Unknowingly, he is chosen to become the next owner of the pawnshop. Dark Shadow takes possession of Han Lei's body and begins to threaten Han Nuo by harming his family members one by one, and he will continue to do.

Although Han Nuo is hesitant at first, he is persuaded when his beloved wife steps into a blazing fire, badly burning her entire body. To save his family, he agrees to manage the pawnshop and pawns his ability to love for all of eternity in exchange for his wife's one lifetime of happiness, thus begins Han Nuo's life as the devil's minion, along with his assistant Chen Jing. As a servant of darkness, he is obliged to direct lost souls to Pawnshop No. 8, enticing them again and again, bringing them closer and closer to darkness until they one day willingly part with their soul. As a human being, he is disgusted with some individuals' willingness to exchange priceless items like romantic love, family love, friendship for success and monetary benefits, he is more revolted at his responsibility to lure the most pure of souls to Pawnshop No. 8. In appearance, Han Nuo is cold and heartles

Rosario Gagliardi

Rosario Gagliardi was an Italian architect born in Syracuse. He was one of the leading architects working in the Sicilian Baroque. In spite of never leaving Sicily his work showed great understanding of the style, but was a progression from the style of baroque as deployed by Bernini, he worked in the Sicilian Baroque beginning with the cathedral at Modica in 1702. When evaluating his work at San Giorgio in Modica, the domed Basilica of San Giorgio in Ragusa, it appears incredible that he was untravelled; as the Sicilian baroque style evolved so too did the accomplishment of his work. The Church of San Giorgio is thought to be the prototype for all the other churches in the region. Gagliardi was responsible for numerous other churches and palazzi in Noto and other places on the island, he died in Noto in 1762 aged 64 years old. Boscarino, Salvatore. "Rosario Gagliardi e l'architettura in Sicilia nella prima metà del Settecento". Annali del Barocco in Sicilia. Gangemi Editore