The Oscar Mayer Company is an American meat and cold cut production company, owned by the American food company Kraft Heinz. It is known for its hot dogs, bacon and Lunchables products. German immigrant Oscar F. Mayer, born in Kösingen, began working at a meat market in Detroit, in Chicago, Illinois. In 1883, Mayer and his brother Gottfried leased the Kolling Meat Market on the near-northside of Chicago; the Mayer brothers sold bratwurst and weißwurst, which were popular in the predominantly German neighborhoods around their Chicago meat market. As the meat market's popularity grew, it expanded its storefront and participated in sponsoring local events including the 1893 Chicago World's Fair. By 1900, the company had Chicago-wide delivery service. In 1904, Oscar Mayer began branding its meats to capitalize on their popularity, beginning an industry-wide trend. Early company specialties were "Old World" sausages and Westphalian hams, soon followed by bacon and wieners. In 1906, Oscar Mayer & Co. was among the first to volunteer to join the newly created federal meat inspection program.
In 1919, the company made its first major expansion, with the purchase of a processing plant in Madison, Wisconsin. The plant proved to be a profitable, efficient operation, in 1919 Madison became the corporate headquarters. For nearly a century, Oscar Mayer remained an independent company owned by descendants of the Mayer brothers who started it. In 1981, Oscar Mayer stockholders elected to sell the company to General Foods. Four years Philip Morris acquired General Foods, in 1989 merged General Foods with the newly acquired Kraft Foods Inc. Shares of Kraft foods were first offered to the public via an initial public offering in 2001. Altria Group spun off remaining shares of Kraft Foods to Altria shareholders in 2007. On November 4, 2015, owner Kraft Heinz announced it would move the Oscar Mayer headquarters and the company's U. S. meats business from Madison to Chicago. The company announced plans to consolidate its production facilities during the two following years, resulting in the shutdown of seven North American manufacturing facilities: Fullerton, San Leandro, Federalsburg, Maryland, St. Marys, Campbell, New York, Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania.
In August 2017, Bloomberg Businessweek reported that the company planned to spend $10 million to reinvent the hot dog for a more health-conscious consumer. According to company research, this new strategy could increase sales of their hot dogs by 6%. Oscar Mayer had several advertisements on TV involving young children, including the Oscar Mayer Wiener ad in 1965; the commercial shows a young girl leading a group of children, singing about what they would get if they "were an Oscar Mayer wiener". It was written by Richard D. Trentlage. A 1974 TV commercial featured 4-year-old Andy Lambros holding a fishing rod and sandwich while singing, "My bologna has a first name, it's'O-S-C-A-R'...". It became one of the longest-running TV commercials in the country. Oscar Mayer is known for its Wienermobile; the first Wienermobile was created in 1936. Oscar Mayer Homepage Yahoo! Music featuring the Oscar Mayer "Wiener" song at the Wayback Machine Video:The Story of "My Bologna Has a First Name" on YouTube Video: The Story Behind "I Wish I Were an Oscar Mayer Wiener" on YouTube
Salem is a city in and the county seat of Marion County, United States. The population was 7,485 at the 2010 census. Salem is located at 38°38′N 88°57′W. According to the 2010 census, Salem has a total area of 7.097 square miles, of which 6.94 square miles is land and 0.157 square miles is water. Salem was a sundown town. "For decades" Salem "had signs on each main road going into town, telling the blacks, that they were not allowed in town after sundown." As of the census of 2000, there were 7,909 people, 3,249 households, 2,082 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,296.5 people per square mile. There were 3,473 housing units at an average density of 569.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.13% White, 0.72% African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72% of the population. There were 3,249 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.9% were non-families.
32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.91. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,339, the median income for a family was $42,070. Males had a median income of $31,811 versus $21,931 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,954. About 6.1% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over. Public schools: Salem Community High School Salem Elementary School Selmaville Elementary SchoolCatholic schools: St. Theresa of Avila William Jennings Bryan, 41st US Secretary of State.
S. presidential candidate. City of Salem, Illinois Salem Chamber of Commerce Salem History Links
Kool-Aid is a brand of flavored drink mix owned by Kraft Foods. The powder form was created by Edwin Perkins in 1927 based upon a liquid concentrate called Fruit Smack. Kool-Aid was invented by Edwin Perkins in Nebraska. All of his experiments took place in his mother's kitchen, its predecessor was a liquid concentrate called Fruit Smack. To reduce shipping costs, in 1927, Perkins discovered a way to remove the liquid from Fruit Smack, leaving only a powder; this powder was named Kool-Aid. Perkins moved his production to Chicago in 1931 and Kool-Aid was sold to General Foods in 1953. Hastings still celebrates a yearly summer festival called Kool-Aid Days on the second weekend in August, in honor of their city's claim to fame. Kool-Aid is known as Nebraska's official soft drink. An agreement between Kraft Foods and SodaStream in 2012 made Kool-Aid's various flavors available for consumer purchases and use with SodaStream's home soda maker machine. Kool-Aid is sold in powder form, in either packets or small tubs.
The actual beverage is prepared by mixing the powder with sugar and water by the pitcherful. The drink is either served with ice or refrigerated and served chilled. Additionally, there are some sugar-free varieties. Kool-Aid is sold as single-serving packets designed to be poured into bottled water, as small plastic bottles with pre-mixed drink, or as such novelties as ice cream or fizzing tablets; the colors in Kool-Aid will stain, hence the substance can be used as a dye for either hair or wool. The Kool-Aid Man, an anthropomorphic pitcher filled with Kool-Aid, is the mascot of Kool-Aid; the character was introduced shortly. In television and print ads, the Kool-Aid Man was known for randomly bursting through walls of children's homes and proceeding to make a batch of Kool-Aid for them, his catchphrase is "Oh, yeah!" Starting in 2011, Kraft began allocating the majority of the Kool-Aid marketing budget towards Latinos. According to the brand 20 percent of Kool-Aid drinkers are Hispanic, more than 20 percent are African-American.
In 2013, Kraft decided to overhaul the Kool-Aid Man, reimagining him as a CGI character, "a celebrity trying to show that he's just an ordinary guy." "Drinking the Kool-Aid" refers to the 1978 Jonestown Massacre. At Jonestown, Jim Jones' followers followed him to the end: after visiting Congressman Leo Ryan was shot at the airstrip, all the Peoples Temple members drank from a metal vat containing a mixture of "Kool Aid", prescription drugs Valium and chloral hydrate. Present-day descriptions of the event refer to the beverage not as Kool-Aid but as Flavor Aid, a less-expensive product from Jel Sert found at the site. Kraft Foods, the maker of Kool-Aid, has stated the same. Implied by this accounting of events is that the reference to the Kool-Aid brand owes to its being better-known among Americans. Others are less categorical. Both brands are known to have been among the commune's supplies: Film footage shot inside the compound prior to the events of November shows Jones opening a large chest in which boxes of both Flavor Aid and Kool-Aid are visible.
Criminal investigators testifying at the Jonestown inquest spoke of finding packets of "cool aid", eyewitnesses to the incident are recorded as speaking of "cool aid" or "Cool Aid." However, it is unclear whether they intended to refer to the actual Kool-Aid–brand drink or were using the name in a generic sense that might refer to any powdered flavored beverage. The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test is a work of literary journalism by Tom Wolfe depicting the life of Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters; the book's title is a reference to an acid test in Watts, where the Pranksters spiked a batch of Kool-Aid with the psychedelic drug LSD in the 1960s. Kool-Aid Twists drink mixes Kool-Aid Ice Cream Bars Kool-Aid Singles drink mixes Kool-Aid Kool Bursts Kool-Aid Jammers Kool-Aid Fun Fizz/Pop'n Drop Kool-Pops Freezer Pops Kool-Aid Koolers juice boxes Kool-Aid Dippers Kool-Aid Drink Pitchers Kool-Aid Cans Kool-Aid Bottles Kool-Aid Island Twists drink mixes Kool-Aid Mega Mountain Twists drink mixes Kool-Aid Fruit T's drink mixes Ghoul-Aid Halloween themed drink mixes Sugar Free Kool-Aid drink mixes Kool-Aid Magic Twists drink mixes the powder of the drink mix changed color Sharkleberry Fin Kool Pumps was a Burger King promotional item Kool-Aid Ice Cool drink mixes gave the drinker a cooling sensation Kool-Aid Invisible drink mixes turns the white drink mix powder clear Kool-Aid Blast Offs space themed drink mixes Freshie, a Canadian version of Kool-Aid Official website The Kool-Aid Story, Adams County Nebraska Historical Society
Modified starch called starch derivatives, are prepared by physically, enzymatically, or chemically treating native starch to change its properties. Modified starches are used in all starch applications, such as in food products as a thickening agent, stabilizer or emulsifier, they are used in many other applications. Starches are modified to enhance their performance in different applications. Starches may be modified to increase their stability against excessive heat, shear, cooling, or freezing. Acid-treated starch called thin boiling starch, is prepared by treating starch or starch granules with inorganic acids, e.g. hydrochloric acid breaking down the starch molecule and thus reducing the viscosity. Other treatments producing modified starch are: dextrin, roasted starch with hydrochloric acid alkaline-modified starch with sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide bleached starch with hydrogen peroxide oxidized starch with sodium hypochlorite, breaking down viscosity enzyme-treated starch, cyclodextrin monostarch phosphate with phosphorous acid or the salts sodium phosphate, potassium phosphate, or sodium triphosphate to reduce retrogradation distarch phosphate by esterification with for example sodium trimetaphosphate, crosslinked starch modifying the rheology, the texture acetylated starch esterification with acetic anhydride hydroxypropylated starch, starch ether, with propylene oxide, increasing viscosity stability hydroxyethyl starch, with ethylene oxide starch sodium octenyl succinate starch used as emulsifier adding hydrophobicity starch aluminium octenyl Succinate cationic starch, adding positive electrical charge to starch carboxymethylated starch with monochloroacetic acid adding negative chargeand combined modifications such as phosphated distarch phosphate acetylated distarch phosphate acetylated distarch adipate, hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate, acetylated oxidized starch.
Modified starch may be a cold-water-soluble, pregelatinized or instant starch which thickens and gels without heat, or a cook-up starch which must be cooked like regular starch. Drying methods to make starches cold-water-soluble are extrusion, drum drying, spray drying or dextrinization. Other starch derivatives, the starch sugars, like glucose, high fructose syrup, glucose syrups, starch degraded with amylase enzyme are sold as liquid syrup to make a sweetener. Pre-gelatinized starch is used to thicken instant desserts, allowing the food to thicken with the addition of cold water or milk. Cheese sauce granules or gravy granules may be thickened with boiling water without the product going lumpy. Commercial pizza toppings containing modified starch will thicken when heated in the oven, keeping them on top of the pizza, become runny when cooled. A suitably modified starch is used as a fat substitute for low-fat versions of traditionally fatty foods, e.g. industrial milk-based desserts like yogurt or reduced-fat hard salami having about 1/3 the usual fat content.
For the latter type of uses, it is an alternative to the product Olestra. Modified starch is added to frozen products to prevent them from dripping. Modified starch, bonded with phosphate, allows the starch to absorb more water and keeps the ingredients together. Modified starch acts as an emulsifier for French dressing by enveloping oil droplets and suspending them in the water. Acid-treated starch forms the shell of jelly beans. Oxidized starch increases the stickiness of batter. Carboxymethylated starches are used as a wallpaper adhesive, as textile printing thickener, as tablet disintegrants and excipients in the pharmaceutical industry. Cationic starch is used as wet end sizing agent in paper manufacturing. Modified starch should not be confused with genetically modified starch, which refers to starch from genetically engineered plants, such as those that have been genetically modified to produce novel fatty acids or carbohydrates which might not occur in the plant species being harvested.
In the United States the term can refer to foods that have been created by traditional cross-breeding rather than gene splicing. In Europe the term "Genetically Modified Organism" is used where "the genetic material has been altered in a way that does not occur through fertilisation and/or natural recombination"; the modification in "genetically modified" refers to the genetic engineering of the plant DNA, whereas in the term "Modified Starch" seen on mandatory ingredient labels it refers to the processing or treatment of the starch or starch granules. Genetically modified starch is of interest in the manufacture of biodegradable polymers and noncellulose feedstock in the paper industry, as well as the creation of new food additives. For example, researchers aim to alter the enzymes within living plants to create starches with desirable modified properties, thus eliminate the need for enzymatic processing after starch is extracted from the plant. Acceptable daily intake Retrogradation Starch gelatinization Resistant starch GCSE Food Technology for OCR, Jenny Ridgwell.
2001. ISBN 978-0-435-41951-6 Revise for OCR GCSE Food Technology, Alison Winson. 2003. Degradable Polymers and Plastics Waste Management. S Huang, Ann-Christine A
Velveeta Shells & Cheese
Velveeta Shells & Cheese is a shell pasta and cheese sauce food product that debuted in the United States in 1984. Its ingredients and flavor are similar to macaroni and cheese; the product is a shelf-stable food. The product is prepared in chipotle and jalapeño flavors; the product prepared with 2% milk in the cheese sauce contains 50% less fat compared to the original product. The flavored varieties are packaged with separate packets, one with flavoring and one with the cheese sauce; the jalapeño-flavored product has been described as being spicy in flavor. The chipotle-flavored product has been described as strong in flavor, per the chipotle, Mexican seasonings and cumin in the product; the flavored varieties have the word "bold" on the packaging in all bold lettering. A large shelled version and a bacon version are produced. Velveeta Shells & Cheese is a shell pasta product prepared with enriched wheat flour and a milk-based cheese sauce. Additional primary ingredients in the cheese sauce include whey, whey protein concentrate and milk protein concentrate.
The product contains under two percent of lactic acid, sodium alginate, sorbic acid and other ingredients. Per a single serving of the original product, Velveeta Shells & Cheese has 360 calories, 117 calories from fat, 13g total fat, 8g saturated fat, 30g cholesterol, 960 mg sodium, 46g total carbohydrate, 2g fiber and 15g protein. Kraft Foods introduced Velveeta cheese products in 1927 after acquiring the brand from The Velveeta Cheese Company. Kraft headquarters was located in Northfield, Illinois. Kraft Foods were made at around 160 manufacturing facilities around the world. Kraft Foods and Heinz merged in early July 2015; as of January 2016, Velveeta Shells & Cheese is still marketed on a Kraft website. On the Kraft Foods website, multiple recipes and cooking ideas for Velveeta Shells & Cheese are posted. Prior to the corporate merger of Kraft Foods and Heinz, Kraft marketed Velveeta Shells & Cheese through multiple television commercials and magazine advertisements. In March 2015, the product continued to be advertised on television in the United States, with statements referring to the product as "liquid gold."
Velveeta Shells & Cheese is mass-produced and packaged in individual, single serving packages, in boxes and in family size packages. In 2012, Kraft Foods received some questions from Consumer Reports about the packaging style for single-serving Velveeta Shells & Cheese, whereby the container is not full of product, after the product is prepared, not much food is present relative to the size of the packaging. A video denoting the Consumer Reports query showed a container, only around half full after the single-serving container was cooked in a microwave oven. A news report about the matter stated, "once you're done making it, look how little food is inside," in reference to the single-serving container. Consumer Reports has referred to this type of packaging as a "packaging gotcha," via the downsizing of product volumes; the news report stated that such types packaging is "deceptive", implied that this is a tactic to mislead consumers into thinking they're getting more food than exists in the package.
The company responded stating that it "leaves room for water in the Velveeta Shells n' Cheese and that noodles expand." Kraft Dinner List of cheese dishes List of pasta dishes McMains, Andrew. "Ad of the Day: Velveeta Shells & Cheese". AdWeek. Retrieved January 8, 2016; the Kraft Heinz Company website
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl
Planters is an American snack food company, a division of Kraft Heinz based in Chicago, best known for its processed nuts and for the Mr. Peanut icon that symbolizes them. Mr. Peanut was created by grade schooler Antonio Gentile for a 1916 contest to design the company's brand icon; the original design has continued to change over the years. Planters was founded by Italian immigrant Amedeo Obici in Pennsylvania, he started his career as a fruit stand vendor in Scranton, Pennsylvania. Obici moved to Wilkes-Barre, opened his own fruit stand, invested in a peanut roaster. Obici turned peddler within a few years, using a horse and wagon, calling himself "The Peanut Specialist". In 1906, Obici entered a partnership with Mario Peruzzi, the soon. Peruzzi had developed his own method of blanching whole roasted peanuts, doing away with the troublesome hulls and skins. Amedeo Obici believed that prices and first profits were as important as repeat business, focusing his operation on quality and brand name for continued success.
Two years the firm was incorporated as Planters Nut and Chocolate Company. By 1913, Obici had moved to Suffolk, the peanut capital of the world, opened Planters' first mass production plant and facility there, it was acquired by Standard Brands in 1960. In 1981, Standard Brands merged with Nabisco Brands, acquired by Kraft Foods in 2000. Kraft subsequently merged with the H. J. Heinz Company to form Kraft Heinz in 2015. Advertising taglines have included: "The Nickel Lunch!" – peanuts/peanut bars "Planters is the word for Peanuts." "Peanut butter with a crunch." "Relax. Go Nuts." "Put Out the Good Stuff." "Instinctively Good." "Naturally Remarkable." Deliciously NUT-RITIOUS." While used under license from Kraft Canada, Planters in Canada is made by JVF Canada. Some Planters items are sold under the Kraft brand name in Canada; as of 2015, Planters Peanut Butter and Kraft Peanut Butter are both available. As of 2016 Planters has launched into the UK with a range of 14 products under the tagline Deliciously NUT-RITIOUS.
Planters in the UK is made by Trigon Snacks Trading Ltd at their factory in Aintree in Liverpool. Some Planters nut products, such as their larger-sized peanut jars, contain gelatin making them unsuitable for vegetarians. Planters History website Official website Mr. Peanut Facebook page