click links in text for more info


Misanthropy is the general hatred, distrust or contempt of the human species or human nature. A misanthrope or misanthropist is someone who holds such feelings; the word's origin is from the Greek words μῖσος and ἄνθρωπος. The condition is confused with asociality. Gustave Flaubert once declared that he would "die of suppressed rage at the folly of fellow men." Misanthropy has been ascribed to a number of writers of satire, such as William S. Gilbert and William Shakespeare. Jonathan Swift is believed to have been misanthropic. Poet Philip Larkin has been described as a misanthrope. Molière's play. Less famous, but more contemporary is the 1971 play by Françoise Dorin, Un sale égoïste which takes the point of view of the misanthrope and entices the viewer to understand his motives. Michelangelo has been called a misanthrope. Don Van Vliet has been described as a misanthrope, with close friend Kristine McKenna stating that he "thought human beings were the worst species, dreamed up". Morrissey, a songwriter, has been dubbed "pop's most famous misanthrope".

Fernando Pessoa's "factless autobiography" The Book of Disquiet has been described as misanthropic. The pre-Socratic philosopher Heraclitus was by various accounts a misanthrope and a loner who had little patience for human society. In a fragment, the philosopher complained that "people forever without understanding" of what was, in his view, the nature of reality. In Western philosophy, misanthropy has been connected to isolation from human society. In Plato's Phaedo, Socrates describes a misanthrope in relation to his fellow man: "Misanthropy develops when without art one puts complete trust in somebody thinking the man true and sound and reliable and a little discovers him to be bad and unreliable... and when it happens to someone often... he ends up... hating everyone." Misanthropy is presented as a potential result of thwarted expectations or excessively naïve optimism, since Plato argues that "art" would have allowed the potential misanthrope to recognize that the majority of men are to be found in between good and evil.

Aristotle follows a more ontological route: the misanthrope, as an solitary man, is not a man at all: he must be a beast or a god, a view reflected in the Renaissance view of misanthropy as a "beast-like state". There is a difference between philosophical misanthropy. Immanuel Kant said that "Of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing can be made", yet this was not an expression of the uselessness of mankind itself. Kant further stated that hatred of mankind can take two distinctive forms: aversion from men and enmity towards them; the condition can arise from dislike and from ill-will. Martin Heidegger has been said to show misanthropy in his concern of the "they"—the tendency of people to conform to one view, which no one has thought through, but is just followed because, "they say so"; this might be thought of as more a criticism of conformity than of people in general. Unlike Schopenhauer, Heidegger was opposed to any systematic ethics. In the Judeo-Islamic philosophies, the Jewish philosopher, Saadia Gaon, uses the Platonic idea that the self-isolated man is dehumanized by friendlessness to argue against the misanthropy of anchorite asceticism and reclusiveness

Kostecki Brothers Racing

Kostecki Brothers Racing is an Australian motor racing team, competing in the Dunlop Super2 Series. The team enters a Holden VF Commodore for Kurt Kostecki. Kostecki Brothers Racing was formed in 2016, entering two Holden VF Commodores built by Triple Eight Race Engineering in the Super2 Series; the team expanded to a three-car operation in 2018, adding Brodie Kostecki—who drove for Matt Stone Racing in 2017—to their driver line-up. Kostecki Brothers Racing are scheduled to make their Supercars Championship début in 2018, entering a VF Commodore as a wildcard at the Ipswich and Tailem Bend rounds; the car will be driven by Kurt Kostecki as part of a bid to join the championship on a full-time basis

Cottage cheese boycott

The cottage cheese boycott was an Israeli consumer boycott which began in June 2011 using Facebook. The protest was against the continuing rise of food prices in Israel; the organizers called on the public to stop buying cottage cheese, perceived as a basic food item in Israel. Within a short time, 100,000 users joined the Facebook protest page; as the boycott gained momentum, it sparked a public debate on the high cost of living in Israel. Despite special sales campaigns designed to tempt shoppers, supermarket chains reported a sharp drop in the purchase of cottage cheese by Israel's three leading dairies, the price of cottage cheese in the country was lowered. Cottage cheese is a popular commodity in Israel, perceived as a basic food item by the Israeli public; the Tnuva cooperative controls more than 70% of the dairy market, while the companies Strauss and Tara control the rest of the market. In addition, importation of dairy products into Israel before the boycott was minimal due to the high import duties imposed on them, with duties for some dairy imports standing over 100%.

Due to Tnuva's dominance of the Israeli dairy market, it is considered a legal monopoly by the Israel Antitrust Authority, which has the power to regulate its prices to prevent it from price gouging. In August 2008, Israeli Finance Minister Avraham Hirschson declared that the government would stop regulating the price of cottage cheese, which stood at 4.82 NIS for a 250 ml tub, in order to encourage competition in this market. Contrary to the expectations, within three years the price of cottage cheese rose by about 45% of the original price, up to 8 NIS. According to the Israeli financial newspaper Globes, the price hike that lead to the boycott was imposed due to a demand on Tnuva's executives by British Apax Partners, a London-based private equity fund that had bought a controlling interest in the Israeli Tnuva, to raise the company's value. After Tnuva had been acquired by Apax, its executives were ordered to present a 100-day plan to increase the company's value, nicknamed "Quick Wins", in accordance with Apax's policy of purchasing companies, increase their value, selling them within six years.

Apax hired McKinsey & Company, an American consulting firm, to examine Tnuva's pricing capabilities. McKinsey, along with Dr. Shula Pesach conducted a study, concluded that Tnuva could increase prices by at least 15% without harming public demand, although Dr. Pesach warned that the price hike had the potential to "blow up in the company's face". Sources in Tnuva told Globes that "Even before the rise in raw milk inputs, it was clear that Tnuva was going to continuously raise prices." Following a series of articles by Ilanit Chaim in Globes which covered the surge in food prices and cost of living in Israel, in June 2011, Bnei Brak resident Itzik Alrov opened a protest group on Facebook calling the Israeli public to stop buying cottage cheese as a first step. Although the boycott was planned for July 1, 2011, there had been much publicity in the media. With tens of thousands of Facebook users joining the protest group, the total soon passed 100,000; as a result, the boycott was moved up to mid-June 2011.

The public was urged to purchase cottage cheese only if it cost less than 5 NIS, to boycott other dairy products as well. In September 2011, a NIS 125 million class action lawsuit was filed against Tnuva, alleging that the company "abused its position to raise cottage cheese prices by more than 40% between 2006 and 2011"; the Israel Antitrust Authority opened an investigation into Tnuva over alleged abuse of monopoly power. After the CEO of the Israeli branch of Apax Partners announced that it would not lower the price of cottage cheese, other Facebook protest groups were established calling to boycott all of Tnuva's products; as a result of the public protest, the opposition parties initiated a debate on the matter in the Knesset. Finance Minister Yuval Steinitz and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced that they would consider importing dairy products to create competition in the Israeli dairy market. In addition, the Israeli minister of finance announced that the price of dairy products, regulated by the government, would continue to be regulated.

State Comptroller Micha Lindenstrauss announced that he would investigate the rising cost of dairy products. Knesset Speaker Reuven Rivlin attacked the Tnuva cooperative when he stated "You purchase a domestic product, but the money goes abroad."The Kadmi Committee appointed to study the issue found that the margin of retail chains was the main cause for the price rises, followed by the margin of the large dairy manufacturers. Israeli dairy farmers were the least to blame. Following the recommendations of the committee, the Minister of Finance signed a bill to reduce customs on the import of hard cheeses; the Israeli dairy farmers, which considered themselves to sustain the most damage from the implementation of the new reduced customs bill, began protesting against it. In February 2014, Israeli Economy Minister Naftali Bennett lowered import duties on a variety of dairy products such as butter and yogurt by 80%, although these reduced tariffs came with quotas to help small Israeli companies increase their share in the market and encourage competition.

On December 30, 2013, the Israeli government imposed price controls on Tnuva, forcing the prices of dairy products to go down by about 20%. This decision had been preceded by an investigation of the market by an accountant hired by the government, which found that Tnuva's prices were "excessive and unreasonable"; the Israeli retail chain stores reported that sales dropped following the cottage protest and as a result several r

1925–26 Football League

The 1925–26 season was the 34th season of The Football League. The tables below are reproduced here in the exact form. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation website and in Rothmans Book of Football League Records 1888–89 to 1978–79, with home and away statistics separated. Match results are drawn from Rothmans for all divisions. Beginning with the season 1894–95, clubs finishing level on points were separated according to goal average, or more properly put, goal ratio. In case one or more teams had the same goal difference, this system favoured those teams who had scored fewer goals; the goal average system was scrapped beginning with the 1976–77 season. Since the goal average was used for this purpose for such a long time, it is presented in the tables below for the seasons prior to 1894–95, since the goal difference is a more informative piece of information for a modern reader than the goal average, the goal difference is added in this presentation after the goal average. From the 1922–23 season on, Re-election was required of the bottom two teams of both Third Division North and Third Division South.

1925–26 in English football 1925 in association football 1926 in association football Ian Laschke: Rothmans Book of Football League Records 1888–89 to 1978–79. Macdonald and Jane’s, London & Sydney, 1980


Makmende is a fictional Kenyan superhero character which has enjoyed a popular resurgence after an adoptation by Kenya's musical group Just a Band in the music video for their song Ha-He on their second album, 82. The video became the first viral internet sensation originating from Kenya; the word Makmende is a sheng word which means "a hero". The name originated from the Kenyan neighborhood playgrounds. Anyone who thought they could do the impossible or a difficult task was always asked whether they thought they were Makmende, since only Makmende could do or attempt to do the impossible. Makmende was a Kenyan Childhood Hero that had ability to handle all sort of chores, could win all childhood games energetic and strong The video, directed by Jim Chuchu and Mbithi Masya, became a viral internet sensation and Kenyans launched an internet campaign for the "superhero" on Facebook and other social media; the videos references blaxploitation and kung-fu movies in its style and features Makmende fighting with a variety of humorously named characters in a fictional city.

The success of this video and the subsequent internet discussion has centered on the ways in which Kenyans were adopting social media. The cover graphic of the video has a black and white monotone portrait picture of Makmende placing a red head band across his forehead with the words MAKMENDE AMERUDI, Swahili for MAKMENDE IS BACK; the role of Makmende on the video was played by graphics designer Kevin Maina, who had little previous acting experience. As of April 2010, the Makmende website was one of the most visited by Kenyan Internet users, the meme had a growing fanbase on Facebook and Twitter; the Makmende story has featured on CNN and was presented by CNN's David McKenzie. Makmende has featured in articles in popular Kenyan media; the meme is discussed by Heather Ford in an ethnographic analysis of African contributions to Wikipedia, entitled "The Missing Wikipedians". Official website

Hereditary Peerage Association

The Hereditary Peerage Association is a British representative body for hereditary peers in the United Kingdom formed in 2002 in the wake of the House of Lords Act 1999. It aims to provide a representative voice for hereditary peers thus attempting to clarify the rights of the remaining peers, to protect the remaining rights and dignities of the hereditary peerage of the United Kingdom, those peers whose titles derived from the former Peerages of Great Britain, of Ireland, to provide a forum for communication and debate of matters of common concern for members of the peerage, it seeks to maintain a common bond between hereditary peers through its active social events, to protect and promote the heritage which they collectively represent in a "somewhat unlikely trade union." In November 2003, the Hereditary Peerage Association responded to the white paper Constitutional Reform: next steps for the House of Lords, expressing opposition to the proposed removal of the 92 remaining hereditary peers.

On 13 March 2007 Flora Fraser, 21st Lady Saltoun suggested that the Hereditary Peerage Association could give advice on candidate selection in Peers' elections. Membership is open to all hereditary peers, with associate membership open to their heirs; the Joint Chairmen are Viscount Torrington and Lord Newall, the committee being composed of Lord Newall as well as Lord Kilmaine, Lord St. Oswald, the Earl of Erroll, Viscount Trenchard and Lord Glanusk; the HPA is active through an array including a monthly luncheon. On 28 February 2006 Windsor Herald William Hunt spoke on the subject of the Roll of the Peerage before an HPA luncheon. College of Arms Whatever happened to... hereditary peers?. Article on The Guardian