Julia Karin Ormond is an English actress. She rose to prominence appearing in films as The Baby of Mâcon, Legends of the Fall, First Knight, Smillas Sense of Snow. She won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie for her role in the HBO film Temple Grandin, Ormond was born in Epsom, the daughter of Josephine, a laboratory technician, and John Ormond, a computer software designer. She attended independent schools, first Guildford High School and Cranleigh School, Ormond first appeared on British television in the 1989 serial Traffik, about the illegal heroin trade from the far East to the streets of Europe. The story revolves around Jack Lithgow played by Bill Paterson, a Home Office minister in the UK government engaged in combating heroin importation, julia Ormond plays his drug addicted daughter Caroline an early role that won glowing reviews. Ormond subsequently appeared in television films early in her career, such as Young Catherine. In 1993 Ormond made her debut in the lead role of an international movie.
In the following year she co-starred with Brad Pitt in Legends of the Fall, in 1995, Ormond played lead roles in Jerry Zuckers First Knight opposite Richard Gere and Sean Connery and in Sydney Pollacks Sabrina with Harrison Ford. In 1997 she played a role in the box office bomb thriller film Smillas Sense of Snow. She starred opposite Oleg Menshikov in the 1998 Russian film The Barber of Siberia. Since the late 1990s Ormond has appeared in indie and television movies and played supporting roles in films, such as The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, Part One, kennedy Journalism Award, and was an official selection of the Toronto and Berlin International Film Festivals. On stage, she appeared in David Hares My Zinc Bed, on television, Ormond appeared as a guest star during the 2008–09 season of the CBS series CSI, NY. In 2010, she won an Emmy Award for her role in the HBO film Temple Grandin. She guest starred in the tenth and final season of USA Networks series Law & Order, in addition, she played the part of Marie Calvet, mother to Megan Draper, in the AMC TV series Mad Men.
For her performance on Mad Men, she received a nomination for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series in 2012, in 2013, Ormond began starring in the Lifetime series Witches of East End as Joanna Beauchamp, one of the lead characters. Ormond married Rory Edwards in 1988, an actor she had met while performing in a production of Wuthering Heights, in 1999, she married political activist Jon Rubin. The couples child, daughter Sophie, was born in the autumn of 2004 and she is no longer married to Rubin. Ormond has been engaged in fighting human trafficking since the mid-1990s and she is an advocate for Transatlantic Partners Against Aids, which attempts to raise awareness about AIDS in Russia and Ukraine, and is founding co-chairman of FilmAid International
An electron microscope is a microscope that uses a beam of accelerated electrons as a source of illumination. Transmission electron microscopes use electrostatic and electromagnetic lenses to control the electron beam and these electron optical lenses are analogous to the glass lenses of an optical light microscope. Industrially, electron microscopes are used for quality control and failure analysis. Modern electron microscopes produce electron micrographs using specialized digital cameras and frame grabbers to capture the image, the first electromagnetic lens was developed in 1926 by Hans Busch. According to Dennis Gabor, the physicist Leó Szilárd tried in 1928 to convince Busch to build an electron microscope, two years later, in 1933, Ruska built an electron microscope that exceeded the resolution attainable with an optical microscope. Moreover, Reinhold Rudenberg, the director of Siemens-Schuckertwerke, obtained the patent for the electron microscope in May 1931. In 1932, Ernst Lubcke of Siemens & Halske built and obtained images from an electron microscope.
Five years later, the firm financed the work of Ernst Ruska and Bodo von Borries, in 1937, Manfred von Ardenne pioneered the scanning electron microscope. The first commercial electron microscope was produced in 1938 by Siemens, although contemporary transmission electron microscopes are capable of two million-power magnification, as scientific instruments, they remain based upon Ruska’s prototype. The original form of electron microscope, the electron microscope uses a high voltage electron beam to illuminate the specimen. The electron beam is produced by a gun, commonly fitted with a tungsten filament cathode as the electron source. When it emerges from the specimen, the electron beam carries information about the structure of the specimen that is magnified by the lens system of the microscope. The image detected by the camera may be displayed on a monitor or computer. The resolution of TEMs is limited primarily by spherical aberration, but a new generation of aberration correctors have been able to partially overcome spherical aberration to increase resolution.
The ability to determine the positions of atoms within materials has made the HRTEM an important tool for nano-technologies research, transmission electron microscopes are often used in electron diffraction mode. The major disadvantage of the electron microscope is the need for extremely thin sections of the specimens. Biological specimens are required to be chemically fixed and embedded in a polymer resin to stabilize them sufficiently to allow ultrathin sectioning. Sections of biological specimens, organic polymers and similar materials may require treatment with heavy atom labels in order to achieve the required image contrast
Mario Adorf is a German actor who has played leading roles in numerous films, among them the 1979 film The Tin Drum. Additionally, he is the author of several successful mostly autobiographical books, Adorf was born in Zürich, the illegitimate child of an Italian surgeon and a German medical assistant. He grew up in his grandfathers hometown, where he was raised by his unmarried mother. He rose to fame in Europe, and particularly Germany, and made appearances in films, including Ten Little Indians. He played a role in the BBC adaptation of John le Carrés Smileys People as a German club owner. In Italy he was the main protagonist of the Zu Gino TV series, in the 60s, he married Lis Verhoeven. The couple had a child, prior to their divorce and he starred with Barbara Bouchet in Milano Calibro 9 in 1972. In 1985, he married Monique Faye, Adorf remains very active in German shows and theatre. Adorf still regrets that he refused parts in Francis Ford Coppolas The Godfather and Billy Wilders One, Two and he turned down the role of General Mapache in Sam Peckinpahs The Wild Bunch, because he felt the character was too violent.
In 1996, he provided the German dubbing voice for the character Draco in Dragonheart, a role performed by Sean Connery
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, the United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state—the Republic of Ireland. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland, with an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe. It is the 21st-most populous country, with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants, this makes it the fourth-most densely populated country in the European Union. The United Kingdom is a monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 6 February 1952, other major urban areas in the United Kingdom include the regions of Birmingham, Glasgow and Manchester.
The United Kingdom consists of four countries—England, Wales, the last three have devolved administrations, each with varying powers, based in their capitals, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. The relationships among the countries of the UK have changed over time, Wales was annexed by the Kingdom of England under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. A treaty between England and Scotland resulted in 1707 in a unified Kingdom of Great Britain, which merged in 1801 with the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, there are fourteen British Overseas Territories. These are the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, British influence can be observed in the language and legal systems of many of its former colonies. The United Kingdom is a country and has the worlds fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP. The UK is considered to have an economy and is categorised as very high in the Human Development Index.
It was the worlds first industrialised country and the worlds foremost power during the 19th, the UK remains a great power with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally. It is a nuclear weapons state and its military expenditure ranks fourth or fifth in the world. The UK has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946 and it has been a leading member state of the EU and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. However, on 23 June 2016, a referendum on the UKs membership of the EU resulted in a decision to leave. The Acts of Union 1800 united the Kingdom of Great Britain, Scotland and Northern Ireland have devolved self-government
Christianshavn is a neighbourhood in Copenhagen, Denmark. Part of the Indre By District, it is located on artificial islands between the islands of Zealand and Amager and separated from the rest of the city centre by the Inner Harbour. It was founded in the early 17th century by Christian IV as part of his extension of the fortifications of Copenhagen, originally, it was laid out as an independent privileged merchants town with inspiration from Dutch cities but it was soon incorporated into Copenhagen proper. Dominated by canals, it is the part of Copenhagen with the most nautical atmosphere, students, artists and traditional families with children live side-by-side. Administratively, Christianshavn has been part of Indre By since 2007, Christianshavn covers an area of 3.43 km², and includes three minor islands to the north, jointly referred to as Holmen. It has a population of 10,140 and a density of 2,960 per km². To the south and east Christianshavn is defined by its old ramparts, to the west Christianshavn borders on the Inner Harbour that separates it from Slotsholmen and the rest of Copenhagens city centre.
In 1612, Christian IV initiated a programme to fortify Copenhagen. During the period 1618-1623, he erected earthen embarkments with five bastions in the area between Copenhagen and the island of Amager. At the same time the idea was hatched of creating a new merchant town in the area, in 1639 the little merchant and fortress town of Christianshavn was established. However, competition from Copenhagen soon proved too strong for the little town, the fortifications were further developed with six more bastions in the 1660s, and seven more bastions between 1682-1692. Additional reinforcements occurred between 1779–1791, and again in 1810-1813, even though the fortifications around the Inner City were being dismantled in the late 19th century, Christianshavns fortifications continued in use into the 20th century. Some areas were opened up in the late 1910s-1920s, and the areas were made public space in 1961. The fortifications are a part of the fortification system around the old part of Copenhagen.
Today the area around the fortifications is a park area, Christianshavn is a lively, primarily residential area. Where the canal and the street intersects, at the centre of Christianshavn. Along the eastern shoreline of the island runs Christianshavns Vold which now serves as the principal greenspace of the neighbourhood, on the other—Rampar Sidet—side of the canal, the area is dominated by historic residential buildings and institutions. Cultural institutions include Danish Architecture Centre and the North Atlantic House and it is in this area that the Church of Our Saviour and Christiania are found
Bille August is a Danish Academy Award-winning film and television director. His film Pelle the Conqueror from 1987 won the Palme dOr, Academy Award and he is one of only eight directors to win the Palme dOr twice, winning the prestigious award again in 1992 for The Best Intentions, based on the autobiographical script by Ingmar Bergman. He was married to Swedish actress Pernilla August from 1991 to 1997 and his son Anders August is a screenwriter. Tianpeng Media is a new company established in 2010. The company so far has produced two films, The Women Knight of Mirror and The Years of Qi Xiao Fu, which will be released this year, bille is the first foreign director to be hired by the Chinese film company. Recently, August accepted the invitation from the Hangzhou government to serve as a consultant for the city. His 2013 film Night Train to Lisbon premiered out of competition at the 63rd Berlin International Film Festival and he is attached to direct a Gianni Versace biopic with Antonio Banderas as Versace.
Honning måne Entered into the 11th Moscow International Film Festival, verden er så stor, så stor TV Movie Maj TV Movie Zappa based on the book by Danish writer Bjarne Reuter. Screened at the 1983 Cannes Film Festival and the 13th Moscow International Film Festival, busters verden based on the book by Danish writer Bjarne Reuter Tro, håb og kærlighed. Entered into the 14th Moscow International Film Festival, den goda viljan script by Ingmar Bergman. won the Golden Palm at the 1992 Cannes Film Festival. The House of the Spirits based on a novel by Chilean author Isabel Allende, the Young Indiana Jones Chronicles Two episodes Vienna, November 1908 Northern Italy, June 1918 Jerusalem based on a novel by the Swedish author Selma Lagerlöf. Smillas Sense of Snow based on the novel Miss Smillas Feeling for Snow by Danish author Peter Høeg, nominated for the Golden Bear at Berlin Les Misérables based on the novel of the same name by French author Victor Hugo
Crime fiction is the literary genre that fictionalises crimes, their detection and their motives. It is usually distinguished from mainstream fiction and other such as historical fiction or science fiction. Crime fiction has multiple subgenres, including fiction, courtroom drama, hard-boiled fiction. Suspense and mystery are key elements that are ubiquitous to the genre. In Italy people commonly call a story about detectives or crimes giallo, better known are the earlier dark works of Edgar Allan Poe. Wilkie Collins epistolary novel The Woman in White was published in 1860, french author Émile Gaboriaus Monsieur Lecoq laid the groundwork for the methodical, scientifically minded detective. The evolution of locked room mysteries was one of the landmarks in the history of crime fiction, the Sherlock Holmes mysteries of Arthur Conan Doyle are said to have been singularly responsible for the huge popularity in this genre. A precursor was Paul Féval, whose series Les Habits Noirs features Scotland Yard detectives, the best-selling crime novel of the nineteenth century was Fergus Humes The Mystery of a Hansom Cab, set in Melbourne, Australia.
The evolution of the print mass media in the United Kingdom, like the works of many other important fiction writers of his day—e. g. Wilkie Collins and Charles Dickens—Arthur Conan Doyles Sherlock Holmes stories first appeared in form in the monthly Strand magazine in the United Kingdom. Later a set of stereotypic formulae began to appear to cater to various tastes, Crime fiction can be divided into the following four branches, The cozy mystery, a subgenre of detective fiction in which profanity and violence are downplayed or treated humorously. The whodunit, the most common form of detective fiction, the historical whodunnit, a subgenre of historical fiction. The police procedural, the detective is a member of the police, the forensic crime fiction, similar to the police procedural. The detective the reader follows is usually a medical examiner or pathologist—they must use the evidence left on the body. This subgenre was first introduced by Patricia Cornwell, the legal thriller, the major characters are lawyers and their employees, and they become involved in proving their cases.
The spy novel, the characters are spies, usually working for an intelligence agency. The caper story and the novel, the stories are told from the point of view of the criminals. The parody or spoof When trying to pigeon-hole fiction, it is difficult to tell where crime fiction starts
Allan Hills 84001
Allan Hills 84001 is a meteorite that was found in Allan Hills, Antarctica on December 27,1984 by a team of U. S. meteorite hunters from the ANSMET project. Like other members of the group of SNCs, ALH84001 is thought to be from Mars, however, it does not fit into any of the previously discovered SNC groups. On discovery, its mass was 1.93 kilograms. S, president Bill Clinton giving a speech about the potential discovery. This rock is considered to be one of the oldest Martian meteorites, based on chemical analyses, it is thought to have originated on Mars from a period when liquid water existed on the now arid planets surface. According to the analysis, Eos Chasma in the Valles Marineris canyon appears to be the source of the meteorite, the analysis was not conclusive, in part because it was limited to areas of Mars not obscured by dust. The theory holds that ALH84001 was blasted off from the surface of Mars by an impact about 17 million years ago. These dates were established by a variety of dating techniques, including samarium-neodymium, rubidium-strontium, potassium-argon.
Other meteorites that have potential biological markings have generated less interest because they do not contain rock from a wet Mars, ALH84001 is the only meteorite collected from such a time period. In October 2011 it was reported that isotopic analysis indicated that the carbonates in ALH84001 were precipitated at a temperature of 18 °C with water and carbon dioxide from the Martian atmosphere. On August 6,1996, ALH84001 became newsworthy when it was claimed that the meteorite may contain evidence of traces of life from Mars, under the scanning electron microscope structures were revealed that some scientists interpreted as fossils of bacteria-like lifeforms. The structures found on ALH84001 are 20–100 nanometres in diameter, similar in size to theoretical nanobacteria, the announcement of possible extraterrestrial life caused considerable controversy. David S. McKay at NASA argued that likely microbial terrestrial contamination found in other Martian meteorites does not resemble the shapes in the ALH84001.
In particular, the shapes within the ALH84001 look intergrown or embedded in the indigenous material, while likely contamination does not. While it has not yet conclusively been shown how the features in the meteorite were formed, David McKay says these results were obtained using unrealistically pure raw materials as a starting point, and will not explain many of the features described by us in ALH84001. According to McKay, a plausible inorganic model must explain all of the properties that we. The rest of the community disagreed with McKay. However, the consensus is that morphology alone cannot be used unambiguously as a tool for primitive life detection. Interpretation of morphology is notoriously subjective, and its use alone has led to errors of interpretation
Pygmalion is a play by George Bernard Shaw, named after a Greek mythological figure. It was first presented on stage to the public in 1913, the play is a sharp lampoon of the rigid British class system of the day and a commentary on womens independence. In ancient Greek mythology, Pygmalion fell in love one of his sculptures. Shaw would have been familiar with the version, Galatea. Shaws play has been adapted numerous times, most notably as the musical My Fair Lady, Shaw wrote the play in early 1912 and read it to famed actress Mrs. Patrick Campbell in June. She came on board almost immediately, but her mild nervous breakdown contributed to the delay of a London production, Pygmalion premiered at the Hofburg Theatre in Vienna on 16 October 1913, in a German translation by Shaws Viennese literary agent and acolyte, Siegfried Trebitsch. Its first New York production opened on 24 March 1914 at the German-language Irving Place Theatre and it opened in London on 11 April 1914, at Sir Herbert Beerbohm Trees His Majestys Theatre and starred Mrs.
Campbell as Eliza and Tree as Higgins, running for 118 performances. Shaw directed the actors through tempestuous rehearsals often punctuated by at least one of the two storming out of the theatre in a rage, Shaw was conscious of the difficulties involved in staging a complete representation of the play. Of these, a scene at the end of Act One in which Eliza goes home. The others are the scene at the Embassy Ball in Act Three, neither the Gutenberg edition referenced throughout this page nor the Wikisource text linked below contain these sequences. Portico of Saint Pauls Church –11. 15p. m, a group of people are sheltering from the rain. Among them are the Eynsford-Hills, superficial social climbers eking out a living in poverty, consisting initially of Mrs. Eynsford-Hill. Claras brother Freddy enters having earlier been dispatched to them a cab. As he goes off again to find a cab, he bumps into a flower girl. Her flowers drop into the mud of Covent Garden, the flowers she needs to survive in her poverty-stricken world, shortly they are joined by a gentleman, Colonel Pickering.
While Eliza tries to sell flowers to the Colonel, a bystander informs her that a man is writing down everything she says, the man is Henry Higgins, a professor of phonetics. Eliza worries that Higgins is an officer and will not calm down until Higgins introduces himself. Higgins tells Pickering that he could pass off the girl as a duchess merely by teaching her to speak properly
Jar City, known as Tainted Blood, is a crime novel by Icelandic author Arnaldur Indriðason, first published in Iceland in 2000. It was the first in the Detective Erlendur series to be translated into English, in the UK, the title was changed to Tainted Blood when the paperback edition was released. The body of a 70-year-old man has found in a flat in Norðurmýri having been struck on the head with a glass ashtray. The only clues are a photograph of a girls grave. Detective Erlendur discovers the victim was accused of a violent rape some forty years earlier, the novel won the Scandinavian crime writers Glass Key award in 2002 for best Nordic crime fiction novel. In 2003, Arnaldur Indriðasons following novel, Silence of the Grave, won the award, an eponymous film of Jar City, was directed by Baltasar Kormákur and premiered in Iceland on 20 October 2006 and in the UK on 12 September 2008
Inuit are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland and Alaska. Inuit is a noun, the singular is Inuk. The Inuit languages are part of the Eskimo-Aleut family, Inuit Sign Language is a critically endangered language isolate spoken in Nunavut. In the United States and Canada, the term Eskimo was commonly used to describe the Inuit and Alaskas Yupik, Inuit is not accepted as a term for the Yupik, and Eskimo is the only term that includes Yupik, Iñupiat and Inuit. However, aboriginal peoples in Canada and Greenlandic Inuit view Eskimo as pejorative, in Canada, sections 25 and 35 of the Constitution Act of 1982 classified the Inuit as a distinctive group of Aboriginal Canadians who are not included under either the First Nations or the Métis. These areas are known in Inuktitut as the Inuit Nunangat, in the United States, the Iñupiat live primarily on the Alaska North Slope and on Little Diomede Island. The Greenlandic Inuit are descendants of migrations from Canada.
In the 21st century they are citizens of Denmark, although not of the European Union, Inuit are the descendants of what anthropologists call the Thule culture, who emerged from western Alaska around 1000 CE. They had split from the related Aleut group about 4,000 years ago and from northeastern Siberian migrants, possibly related to the Chukchi language group and they spread eastwards across the Arctic. They displaced the related Dorset culture, the last major Paleo-Eskimo culture, Inuit legends speak of the Tuniit as giants, people who were taller and stronger than the Inuit. Less frequently, the legends refer to the Dorset as dwarfs, researchers believe that the Dorset culture lacked the dogs, larger weapons and other technologies of the Inuit society, which gave the latter an advantage. By 1300, Inuit migrants had reached west Greenland, where they settled, faced with population pressures from the Thule and other surrounding groups, such as the Algonquian and Siouan to the south, the Tuniit gradually receded.
They were thought to have become extinct as a people by about 1400 or 1500. But, in the mid-1950s, researcher Henry B. Collins determined that, based on the ruins found at Native Point, the Sadlermiut population survived up until winter 1902–03, when exposure to new infectious diseases brought by contact with Europeans led to their extinction as a people. In the early 21st century, mitochondrial DNA research has supported the theory of continuity between the Tuniit and the Sadlermiut peoples and it provided evidence that a population displacement did not occur within the Aleutian Islands between the Dorset and Thule transition. In contrast to other Tuniit populations, the Aleut and Sadlermiut benefited from both geographical isolation and their ability to adopt certain Thule technologies, in Canada and Greenland, Inuit circulated almost exclusively north of the Arctic tree line, the effective southern border of Inuit society. The most southern officially recognized Inuit community in the world is Rigolet in Nunatsiavut, south of Nunatsiavut, the descendants of the southern Labrador Inuit in NunatuKavut continued their traditional transhumant semi-nomadic way of life until the mid-1900s.
The Nunatukavummuit people usually moved among islands and bays on a seasonal basis and they did not establish stationary communities