Meadowvale Community Centre and Library
Meadowvale Community Centre and Library is a library branch under the Mississauga Library System located in Meadowvale, Ontario. The Meadowvale Community Centre was opened in January 1982; the original building was 43,500 square feet, including a pool, fitness centre with racquetball and squash courts, meetings rooms and lobby space. In 2014, the community centre was closed for revelopment by the city of Mississauga; the redevelopment of Meadowvale Community Centre was a priority for the City with a budget of $37 million. The demolition and rebuilding of the centre was aimed to improve public accessibility, update mechanical systems, enlarge program space and add a therapeutic pool in response to the changing recreational needs of the community. Redevelopment was an opportunity to incorporate the Meadowvale Library into this expanding facility; the Meadowvale Community Centre and Library was re-opened in September 2016 after 2 years of constructions. It is the City of Mississauga's first Community Centre to pursue a LEED certification
Malton is a neighbourhood in the northeastern part of the city of Mississauga, Canada, located to the northwest of Toronto. Malton is bounded by Highway 427 and Finch Avenue to the east, the Brampton city limits to the north, Airport Road to the west, the CN rail line and Toronto Pearson International Airport to the south. Malton is unique in. Mimico Creek flows through Malton. Together, the Malton and Britannia Woods areas of Mississauga form Ward 5. Ward 5 is one of the largest in the City of Mississauga and the only ward with both a large number of businesses and residents; the oldest portion of Malton is located on the northwest corner of Derry Roads. All of the roads in this area are named after cities in the United Kingdom; the Second Purchase from the Mississauga Indians on Wednesday, October 28, 1818, was for 648,000 acres. Toronto Township received 34,556 acres, increasing its total acreage to 64,125; the Toronto Township expansion included Malton Village. The village of Malton took up the east half of Concession 6, East Hurontario Street.
This was the 100-acre land grant of Joseph Price, designated in 1821. Most sources say Malton was first settled in 1819 or 1820; the northeast corner of Toronto Township was first settled in 1820 by Richard Halliday. There is no Halliday listed in the Land Registry papers, so he was a squatter and rented, or his purchase was not registered. Halliday was the local blacksmith and innkeeper, he named the settlement Malton, after his home in England, North Yorkshire. Another early settler was Joseph Tomlinson, his land petition was dated August 25, 1819. He and his wife Mary came to Malton in August 1820 to claim his 100-acre land grant. 7. Joseph built a cabin 16x20, cleared and fenced 5 acres, cleared the roadway in front of the property within 18 months to comply with the conditions of his land grant. Other early settlers included: Samuel and Margaret Shaw 1821 200 acres S half Lot 10, W half of Lot 11 Con. 8 Henry and Elizabeth Brocklebank 1821 Samuel Moore 1822. Samuel Moore was the son of John Moore who on April 3, 1822 purchased Robert Chamber's 100-acre grant.
In 1850, when Toronto Township was incorporated, Malton had a population of 350. The introduction of the Grand Trunk Railway in 1854, allowed better access to Toronto markets for local farmers and Malton thrived as a result; the village of Malton was subdivided in 1855. The population was 600 in 1864. Malton was chosen as the county seat in 1867, but Brampton contested the decision and was awarded the county seat a year later, its economic prosperity declined, as did the population, to 200. The opportunity for advancement was dealt another blow when the Credit Valley Railway came to Dixie, Streetsville and Churchville in 1879. Malton suffered with the drop in shipping business. Malton was organized as a police village in 1914. In 1937, Malton experienced a major shift from agricultural to an industrial economy when 13 farms were selected to become the location of a'million dollar, world class airport' and location for a new Aircraft manufacturing Industry. In April 1937, Land agents representing the Toronto Harbour Commission approached the farmers of Malton who owned Lots 6-10 on Concession 5 and 6 to acquire land for Malton Airport.
The farmers were: Mrs. Thomas Osborne - 100 acres - This farm was on the SW corner of Malton "Four Corners" - Airport and Derry Roads Robert H. Peacock - 100 acres, Frank Chapman - 100 acres Rowland Estate - 100 acres Frank Chapman - 50 acres A. Schrieber - 100 acres W. A. Cripps - 200 acres Wilbur Martin - 100 acres David J. Lammy - 150 acres Mack Brett - 150 acres John H. Perry - 100 acres Lydia Garbutt - 100 acres John Dempster - 100 acres Horace C. Death - 99 acres - This farm was on the NE corner of Elmbank Road and Torbram, closest to the Village of Elmbank. In 1937 the agreements were drawn up for a total purchase of 1410.8 acres. The Chapman Farm house was the first airport terminal. In 1939, a wooden terminal, identical to the one built at Toronto City Centre Airport, replaced the Chapman Farm House as the airport terminal. Malton Airport was the site of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan facilities during the war-time years. National Steel Car built a manufacturing plant in 1938.
On November 4, 1942, the Federal government expropriated National Steel Car and set up the crown corporation called Victory Aircraft. Victory Aircraft produced Avro Lancaster bombers from 1942 to 1945. In 1942, the Canadian Government expropriated the north part of the former Fred Codlin farm and built 200 military-style houses for war-time workers. "Victory Village" streets had war-time references. Victory Community Hall was built shortly after and was renovated in 2010. There were two other streets in the Village, Anson Ave. & Merrit Ave. Anson ran horizontally at the top of Lancaster. Merrit ran behind Churchil
An electronic book known as an e-book or eBook, is a book publication made available in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, readable on the flat-panel display of computers or other electronic devices. Although sometimes defined as "an electronic version of a printed book", some e-books exist without a printed equivalent. E-books can be read on dedicated e-reader devices, but on any computer device that features a controllable viewing screen, including desktop computers, laptops and smartphones. In the 2000s, there was a trend of print and e-book sales moving to the Internet, where readers buy traditional paper books and e-books on websites using e-commerce systems. With print books, readers are browsing through images of the covers of books on publisher or bookstore websites and selecting and ordering titles online. With e-books, users can browse through titles online, when they select and order titles, the e-book can be sent to them online or the user can download the e-book.
At the start of 2012 in the U. S. more e-books were published online. The main reasons for people buying e-books online are lower prices, increased comfort and a larger selection of titles. With e-books, "lectronic bookmarks make referencing easier, e-book readers may allow the user to annotate pages." "Although fiction and non-fiction books come in e-book formats, technical material is suited for e-book delivery because it can be searched" for keywords. In addition, for programming books, code examples can be copied; the amount of e-book reading is increasing in the U. S.. This is increasing, because by 2014 50% of American adults had an e-reader or a tablet, compared to 30% owning such devices in 2013. E-books are referred to as "ebooks", "eBooks", "Ebooks", "e-Books", "e-journals", "e-editions" or as "digital books"; the devices that are designed for reading e-books are called "e-readers", "ebook device" or "eReaders". Some trace the idea of an e-reader that would enable a reader to view books on a screen to a 1930 manifesto by Bob Brown, written after watching his first "talkie".
He titled it The Readies, playing off the idea of the "talkie". In his book, Brown says movies have outmaneuvered the book by creating the "talkies" and, as a result, reading should find a new medium: “A simple reading machine which I can carry or move around, attach to any old electric light plug and read hundred-thousand-word novels in 10 minutes if I want to, I want to.” Brown's notion, was much more focused on reforming orthography and vocabulary, than on medium: introducing huge numbers of portmanteau symbols to replace normal words, punctuation to simulate action or movement. E-readers never followed a model at all like Brown's. Brown predicted the miniaturization and portability of e-readers. In an article, Jennifer Schuessler writes, "The machine, Brown argued, would allow readers to adjust the type size, avoid paper cuts and save trees, all while hastening the day when words could be'recorded directly on the palpitating ether.'" He felt the e-reader should bring a new life to reading.
Schuessler relates it to a DJ spinning bits of old songs to create a beat or an new song as opposed to just a remix of a familiar song. The inventor of the first e-book is not agreed upon; some notable candidates include the following: In 1949, Ángela Ruiz Robles, a teacher from Ferrol, patented the Enciclopedia Mecánica, or the Mechanical Encyclopedia, a mechanical device which operated on compressed air where text and graphics were contained on spools that users would load onto rotating spindles. Her idea was to create a device which would decrease the number of books that her pupils carried to school; the final device would include audio recordings, a magnifying glass, a calculator and an electric light for night reading. Her device was never put into production but one of her prototypes is kept in the National Museum of Science and Technology in La Coruna, Spain; the first e-book may be the Index Thomisticus, a annotated electronic index to the works of Thomas Aquinas, prepared by Roberto Busa, S.
J. beginning in 1949 and completed in the 1970s. Although stored on a single computer, a distributable CD-ROM version appeared in 1989. However, this work is sometimes omitted. In 2005, the Index was published online. Alternatively, some historians consider electronic books to have started in the early 1960s, with the NLS project headed by Doug Engelbart at Stanford Research Institute, the Hypertext Editing System and FRESS projects headed by Andries van Dam at Brown University. FRESS documents were structure-oriented rather than line-oriented. All these systems provided extensive hyperlinking and other capabilities. Van Dam is thought to have coined the term "electronic book", it was established enough to use in an article title by 1985. FRESS was used for reading extensive primary texts on
Streetsville is a neighbourhood located in the northwestern corner of the city of Mississauga, Canada, on the Credit River. Although Streetsville occupies the west and east banks of the river, the majority is located on the west bank of the river. A town prior to the 1974 amalgamations that formed the City of Mississauga, it seeks to keep a "small town" charm by retaining a variety of historical buildings and streetscapes; as part of this attempt to maintain a separate identity from the larger city, the names of two main Mississauga streets, as they pass through Streetsville, retain the names they had when Streetsville was an independent village: Mississauga Road and Bristol Road, which remain as Queen Street and Main Street respectively. Other main thoroughfares that pass through or near Streetsville include Britannia Road, Creditview Road, Eglinton Avenue, Erin Mills Parkway; the area surrounding the Credit River was populated by the Iroquois people up until the early 18th century, when it was taken by the Ojibwa.
European settlers came to know them as the Mississaugas, which became the name of the area itself. By 1805, the Natives had either ceded or sold most of this land over to British governance; the beginnings of Streetsville are interwoven with the history of Timothy Street. Street was born in 1778 in the American colonies to a British Loyalist family. At the age of 23, he moved with his family from New York to St. David's, a settlement on the Niagara River in Upper Canada. In 1818, the British made a second purchase of 648,000 acres of land from the indigenous Mississauga peoples. Before it could be opened for settlement, the land had to be surveyed, as was usual for the time, surveyors would receive a grant of land from the parcel that they surveyed as compensation for their work. Timothy Street, along with Richard Bristol, a qualified surveyor, applied for a contract to survey parts of the newly available land; as they did their work, Street began to appreciate the immense potential for settlement along the Credit River, made plans to erect both a saw and grist mill once his work was finished.
In April 1819, the surveyed land was opened for settlement, the first settler in the area, James Glendinning, settled on a parcel of land along Mullet Creek. Timothy Street did using stones from Glendinning's land. A large quarry of red clay lay on the west side of the village, encouraging the use of brick for construction. In 1821, Streetsville's first general store, now known as Montreal House, was built, still stands. Another landmark, Timothy Street's house, was built in 1825 and is one of the oldest brick houses in Peel Region. In 1855, William Graydon and Peter Douglass built a large brick building, sold it in 1859 to Bennet Franklin, a partner in Barber Brothers Toronto Woollen Mills, it became known as Franklin House. In 1910, under new ownership, the name was changed to the Queen's Hotel. Although it ceased to operate as a hotel when its public room was closed with the enforcement of the Canada Temperance Act, it continued to be used for commercial purposes. At present, it has been designated under the terms of the Ontario Heritage Act and protected by a heritage easement, now houses a restaurant and a variety of small businesses and offices.
In 1858, Streetsville was incorporated with a population of 1500 people. The primary work was found in grist mills and tanneries. Timothy Street's son, was the first reeve. For the next century, Streetsville existed as a long narrow village with all of its shops, three churches, the cenotaph and the library located on Queen Street, which ran between the Credit River and the railway track. A century in 1951, the population of Streetsville had declined to 1,139 people. In 1953, two of the first suburbs in Canada, Vista Heights and Riverview, were built to the southwest and northeast respectively. Vista Heights was notable because the town council made the unprecedented decision to require the developer to build a K-6 elementary school; these suburbs and Vista Heights Public School opened in 1955, presaging the future rapid growth of middle-class suburbs in the area. As families moved into the new suburbs, the town's population grew rapidly. By January 1962, Streetsville's population reached 5,000, it was incorporated as a town.
The first mayor was Frank Dowling. In 1968, the creation of the Town of Mississauga amalgamated the villages and hamlets of Cooksville, Clarkson and Malton. Although Streetsville and Port Credit were excluded from this amalgamation, it was evident that the high population growth in the area would result in further amalgamation. In 1974 Streetsville and Port Credit were annexed. Streetsville is a member of the eleventh ward within the city of Mississauga. Representing the ward is Councillor George Carlson, elected Councillor of the eleventh ward in 2000 and was re-elected in 2003, 2006, 2010 and 2014. Carlson is a direct descendant of one of Streetsville's founders, Henry Rutledge who served as a local Councillor. Prior to the annexing of Mississauga, Hazel McCallion was the mayor of Streetsville and was the township's last reeve, she still resides in Streetsville. Streetsville resides in the provincial electoral district of Mississauga-Streetsville; the riding was created in 2003 after Mississauga—Erindale and Mississauga South were divided up.
The riding is continued to be represented by Liberal Member of Provincial Parliament Bob Delaney. Delaney was elected in the provincial election of 2003, by defeating Progressive Conservative Nin
Mississauga Civic Centre
The Mississauga Civic Centre is the seat of local government of Mississauga, Canada. The 37,280 square metre complex is a prominent example of postmodern architecture in Canada, finished in 1987 by Jones and Kirkland, it stands at 302 feet. The design was influenced by farmsteads which once occupied much of Mississauga as well as historical features of city centres; the building, for instance, includes a prominent clock tower. It was chosen as the winner of a design competition. Mississauga Civic Centre is located near Square One Shopping Centre and is home to the Mississauga City Council. Mississauga Civic Centre is third home of local government. Cooksville Town Hall was built at Lot 16, Concession 1 SDS around 1870 and was built as single storey brick school house, it housed Cooksville Public School from 1919 to 1921. In 1953 Township of Toronto Municipal Building at 100 Dundas Street West was built next to the old town hall; the old town hall structure became the east wing of the Toronto Township Municipal Building.
It was designed by architect Gordon Adamson. After the 1969 fire that gut the east wing, the Township offices were relocated once the 1 City Centre Drive was made available from developers of Square One; the 1950s municipal building became home to the Dufferin-Peel Catholic School Board and Sheridan College. Abandoned, the structure was demolished in 1970; the Township of Mississauga moved to 1 City Centre Drive near Burnhamthorpe and Hurontario in 1971. It along with Square One was located on the old Robert Norman Carr farm. Built as a 5 floor office building, it was converted as a civic centre in 1971. In 1974 it became City Hall and remained so until 1984. Converted to offices by the city, it was demolished in 1988 to give way to the current glass office tower at the site; the new design by Jones and Kirkland was chosen in September 1982 an architectural design competition which drew 246 entries from 7 Canadian provinces. Architect James Stirling was on the panel of judges; the Duke and Duchess of York were part of the opening ceremonies for the new civic centre in July 1987.
The Duke's impression of City Hall was "It's quite remarkable". However, the media had fun with his quote about the building due to local criticism of the structure and the fact that the media found his response to be less than sincere. Mississauga resident Don Cherry, most notable for being on Hockey Night In Canada and a Canadian icon added fuel to the fire when he stated that the new City Hall reminded him of his home town Kingston, Ontario because it looked more like a penitentiary than a City Hall. Mississauga faced criticism over the fact that they decided to use bricks from a U. S. company for construction instead of using a long time big brick company close by in Brampton, which borders Mississauga. The new hall is a popular spot for bridal photo shoots; the complex is home to: Mississauga City Council chambers located in the cylindrical structure The Art Gallery of Mississauga wedding chapel C Cafe restaurant Great Hall – four storey open space with marble walls and glass pyramid atrium Mayor and Council offices departmental staff offices fitness centre Great Stairs – connects the Great Hall to the main wingSmall openings allow visitors to view out into the Great Hall.
A pyramid shaped atrium brings natural light into the Great Hall. By making references to local farm architecture around the suburban area of Mississauga as well as a clocktower—a feature associated with traditional city centres—it connects with its local context and historical architectural ideas, yet is decidedly untraditional in design. A 9,000-square-metre courtyard, named Celebration Square, is a newly renovated multi-media public space, it features a wading pool/ice rink located on the south side of the building. South of the complex is the five-storey Mississauga Central Library, one of the largest in the Greater Toronto Area. Art Gallery of Mississauga Mississauga Living Arts Centre PlaydiumA list of other Greater Toronto civic centres: Toronto City Hall Markham Civic Centre East York Civic Centre Etobicoke Civic Centre Scarborough Civic Centre York Civic Centre Metro Hall North York Civic Centre The Competition held for the design Model of Cityhall by Jonathan L. Martins Image of Mississauga City Hall Cooksville Town Hall Toronto Township Municipal Offices
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000