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Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians

The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians is one of three federally recognized tribes of Choctaw Native Americans, the only one in this state. On April 20, 1945, this band organized under the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. In 1945 the Choctaw Indian Reservation was created in Mississippi by the federal government by acquisition of lands in Neshoba, Newton, Jones, Attala and Winston counties. Other federally recognized tribes are the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, the largest, the Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, a small group located in Louisiana, they are sometimes referred to as Southern Choctaw. By a deed dated August 18, 2008, the state returned Nanih Waiya in Mississippi to the Choctaw; this ancient earthwork mound and site, built ca. 1-300 CE, has been venerated by the Choctaw since the 17th century as a sacred place of origin of their ancestors. The Mississippi Band of Choctaw have made August 18 a tribal holiday to celebrate their regaining control of the sacred site; the historic Choctaw had emerged as a tribe and occupied substantial territory in what is now considered the state of Mississippi.

In the early nineteenth century, they were under increasing pressure by European Americans, who wanted to acquire their land for agricultural development. President Andrew Jackson gained congressional passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830 to accomplish this and extinguish Native American land claims in the Southeast; the chiefs signed the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek with the United States, ratified by the U. S. Senate on February 25, 1831. President Jackson was anxious to make the Choctaw removal a model for other tribes to be taken out of the Southeast to territory well west of the Mississippi River. After ceding close to 11 million acres, the Choctaw were to emigrate in three stages. Although the removals continued into the early 20th century, some Choctaw remained in Mississippi, they continued to live in their ancient homeland. According to the terms of removal, the nearly 5000 Choctaw who remained in Mississippi became citizens of the state and United States. For the next ten years, they were subject to increasing legal conflict and intimidation by white settlers.

Racism against them was rampant. The Choctaw described their situation in 1849, we have had our habitations torn down and burned, our fences destroyed, cattle turned into our fields and we ourselves have been scourged, manacled and otherwise abused, until by such treatment some of our best men have died. Joseph B. Cobb, a Choctaw who moved to Mississippi from Georgia, described the Choctaw as having no nobility or virtue at all, in some respect he found blacks native Africans, more interesting and admirable, the red man's superior in every way; the Choctaw and Chickasaw, the tribes he knew best, were beneath contempt, worse than black slaves. Conditions declined for the Choctaw after Reconstruction; as conservative white Democrats worked to restore white supremacy and eliminate black suffrage, they passed a new constitution in 1890 that disenfranchised blacks through creating barriers to voter registration. In addition, under racial segregation and Jim Crow laws, the whites included all people of color in the category of "other" or Negro, required them to use segregated facilities.

Although many mixed-race Choctaw identified culturally as Native American, the whites classified them as black if they had visible African features. Both minority groups were disenfranchised and segregated until after the middle of the twentieth century and passage of federal civil rights laws in the 1960s. During the Great Depression and the Roosevelt administration, officials began numerous initiatives to alleviate some of the social and economic conditions in the South; the 1933 Special Narrative Report described the dismal state of welfare of the Mississippi Choctaw, whose population by 1930 had declined to 1,665 people. John Collier, the US Commissioner for Indian Affairs, used the report as instrumental support in a proposal to re-organize the Mississippi Choctaw as the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians; this enabled them to establish their own tribal government, as well as to have a beneficial relationship with the federal government. In 1934, President Franklin Roosevelt signed into law the Indian Reorganization Act.

This law proved critical for survival of the Mississippi Choctaw, Alabama Choctaw and other tribal peoples, who reorganized in that era. Baxter York, Emmett York, Joe Chitto worked on gaining recognition for the Choctaw, they realized. A rival organization, the Mississippi Choctaw Indian Federation, opposed federal tribal recognition because of fears of dominance by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, they disbanded. The first Tribal Council members of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw were Baxter and Emmett York, with Joe Chitto serving as the first chairperson. With the tribe's adoption of an elected, representative government, in 1944 the Secretary of the Interior declared that 18,000 acres would be held in trust for the Choctaw of Mississippi, as was done for other federally recognized tribes on reservations. Lands in Neshoba and surrounding counties were set aside as a federal Indian reservation. Eight communities were included in the reservation land: Bogue Chitto, Bogue Homa, Crystal Ridge, Pearl River, Red Water and Standing Pine.

Under the Indian Reorganization Act, the Mississippi Choctaw re-organized on April 20, 1945 as the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians. This gave them sovereignty and independence from the state

Charles-Antoine Coypel

Charles-Antoine Coypel was a French painter, art commentator, playwright. He lived in Paris, he was the son of grandson of Noël Coypel. Charles-Antoine inherited his father’s design and painting duties as premier peintre du roi at the French court when his father died in 1722, he became premier peintre du roi and director of the Académie Royale in 1747. He received a number of commissions for paintings for the Palais de Versailles, worked for Madame de Pompadour, the king’s mistress. Coypel was an excellent tapestry designer, he designed tapestries for the Gobelins manufactory. His most successful tapestries were created from a series illustrating Don Quixote. Coypel was the first to illustrate Don Quixote in a sophisticated manner; these illustrations were painted as cartoons for tapestries, were engraved and published in a deluxe folio in Paris in 1724. Coypel created twenty-eight small paintings for these tapestries over a number of years; each of the paintings was used as the centrepiece of a larger area, richly decorated with birds, small animals, garlands of flowers on a patterned background.

Over two hundred pieces of the Don Quixote series were woven between 1714 and 1794. He received a commission to design a series of theatrical scenes for tapestries for the queen of Poland in 1747. Coypel wrote prose, several comedies, two tragedies, some poetry. Alongside his painting career, Coypel wrote some forty plays between 1717 and 1747. Only Les Folies de Cardenio was published, it was played at Palais des Tuileries in 1721. In La Poésie et la Peinture, allegorical comedy in three acts, the artist compared the qualities of both arts; the painter realized works on the theme of the theater, including the portrait of Adrienne Lecouvreur in Cornelia. Charles-Antoine Coypel on Data.bnf.fr Charles Antoine Coypel in Artcyclopedia

Radio VNG

Radio VNG was Australia's national time signal service. It was inaugurated by the Australian Post Office at Lyndhurst, Victoria on 21 September 1964, although a predecessor service using the callsign VLX had begun in March 1946 alongside shortwave radio station VLR. From 1964 until 1987, Radio VNG transmitted on 4.5, 7.5 and 12 MHz from the Lyndhurst transmitters. After 1987 it relocated to Shanes Park, NSW, transmitted on 2.5, 5, 8.638, 12.984, 16 MHz. Radio VNG broadcast time in binary coded decimal, during seconds 21-58, it broadcast DUT-1 information during seconds 1-16. Tones were of 1 kHz. Encoding details are described in the VNG Leaflet. Radio VNG broadcast a spoken time signal every 15 minutes; the exact words in earlier years were: "This is VNG Lyndhurst, Australia on 4.5, 7.5 or 12 MHz. VNG is a standard time signal service of the Australian Telecommunications Commission; this is VNG Lyndhurst, Australia on 4.5, 7.5 or 12 MHz." If a leap second were to be introduced, a further voice announcement occurred.

The original service 38°03′03″S 145°15′44″E was shut down in October 1987, due to a lack of funding. The area has since been converted to housing estates with the only hints to the former site at Lyndhurst and the vast antenna arrays for VNG and other radio services existing is "Tower Hill Park" and a road called "Towerhill Boulevard"; the original Lyndhust site was owned by the Commonwealth of Australia and the boundaries of the site were a triangle shape formed by the South Gippsland Highway, Hallam Road and Lynbrook Boulevard. The replacement Radio VNG service operated from 33°42′52″S 150°47′33″E, Shanes Park, Llandillo, NSW, until 30 June 2002 on 2.5 and 8.838 MHz. The remaining three transmitters were closed down on 31 December 2002. Many scientific and astronomical users of the service were somewhat inconvenienced with the shutdown of Radio VNG. Daytime reception of overseas shortwave and longwave time signal services in Australia is rather poor as the nearest HF time signal services are BPM, JJY and WWVH

Baloda Bazar

Baloda Bazar city is a nagar palika parishad in Baloda Bazar district in the state of Chhattisgarh, India. PIN 493332. On 15 August 2011 It was declared as a District. Baloda Bazar is called Cement hub of Chhattisgarh because there are many reputed Cement Plants like Ambuja Cement Rawan, Lafarge Cement Sonadih, Emami Cement Risda, Shree Cement Khapradih, Ultra Tech Cement Hirmi, Grasim Cement Rawan, etc. Current MLA of Baloda Bazar is Mr. Pramod Sharma; this city is the birthplace of Chef Vijay Sharma, a 6th runnerup in Masterchef India in the year 2015, Politician Shailesh nitin trivedi from Indian national congress INC comes from Baloda Bazar. It is home to the accounting software Count 2.0 - Business Tool Simplified, owned by software company High-Tech Computing Solutions. Baloda Bazar is located at 30.67°N 82.17°E / 30.67. It has an average elevation of 254 m. There are several Tourist place in Balodabazaar like Sirpur, Giroudpuri, Siddheswr Mandir Pallari and many more; the town has two Government run colleges, one polytechnic colleges, a Government run High School and over 50 private educational institutions.

Some of the prominent schools are Ambuja Vidya Peeth, Vardhman Vidya Peeth, Gurukul English Medium School, Sacred Heart Convent School, Aditya Birla Public School etc. There are no Engineering colleges at present. Government Pandit Chakrapani Shukla Multipurpose Higher Secondary School Formally known as Govt. High School was the main high school of the region established in the year 1948, it was inaugurated by Pandit Ravi Shankar Shukla. As of the 2008 India census, Baloda Bazar had a population of 27,853. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Baloda Bazar has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. It is 60 km from Bilaspur. Total area is about sq. 16 km. The main occupation of the people is service in cement factories, it is a good source of cement. Basic facilities like schools, electricity and hospitals are available here. Government run D. B. D. K. PG college grovides higher studies and a government run polytechnique college is available at sakari.

Baloda Bazar has been a centre for education for the neighbouring areas for many decades. A number of private institutions have come up now for the primary education and one Law college is running for many years. There is a famous temple of "Mahamaya Mata". Which is located in front of Bus-Stand; the largest pond of chhattisgarh is situated at palari, about 15 kms from baloda bazar. This town was famous for its cattle market in the region; the market still exists with name "Bhaisa Pasra". Purani Basti or the area adjoining. Freedom fighters like Bisauha Banjare,Veer Narayan Singh and Raghunath Prasad Kesarwani are from Baloda Bazar; some of the great personalities from Baloda Bazar are Late Dr. Saheb Lal Tiwari, Late Shri Ganesh Prasad Kesharwani, Late Shri Chakrapani Shukla, Late Shri Bansh Raj Tiwari, Late Shri Ganesh Shankar Bajpai Late shri Shankar dayal trivedi etc. https://balodabazar.gov.in/

Rudolf Miethig

Rudolf Miethig was a Luftwaffe flying ace of World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross; the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Miethig was credited with 101 aerial victories—that is, 101 aerial combat encounters resulting in the destruction of the enemy aircraft—and was killed in action following a midair collision with an enemy aircraft on 10 June 1943. Miethig volunteered for service in the Luftwaffe in 1939, he was transferred to the 3./Jagdgeschwader 52 in the spring of 1941. 3./JG 52 at the time was stationed in the Netherlands. Miethig claimed his first aerial victory, a Supermarine Spitfire, in the fall of 1941. On 8 June 1943, Miethig was credited with his 100th aerial victory, he was the 41st Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark. Oberleutnant Miethig, Staffelkapitän of the 3./JG 52 was killed in a crash following combat with Yakovlev fighters on 10 June 1943 10 kilometres north-east of Krymskaja, over the Kuban bridgehead.

Miethig flying Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2 had shot down one of the Yakovlev Yak-1 and collided with his crashing opponent, tearing off one of his wings. Miethig was posthumously awarded the German Cross in Gold as well as posthumously promoted to Hauptmann. Iron Cross 2nd and 1st Class Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe German Cross in Gold on 19 January 1944 as Hauptmann in the 3./Jagdgeschwader 52 Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 29 October 1942 as Staffelführer and Leutnant of the 3./Jagdgeschwader 52

Tolis Voskopoulos

Apostolos Voskopoulos is one of the legends of modern Greek music. He starred in many films and played in the Theatre in Athens. One of Voskopoulos' greatest theatrical hits was Oi Erastes tou Oneirou, which he performed opposite Zoe Laskari. Voskopoulos is married to former minister Antzela Gerekou; this is a partial list of Tolis Voskopoulos' discography: 1967: Doukissa & Voskopoulos – Anamnisis 1968: Agonia 1970: Adelphia Mou, Poulia 1970: Se Iketevo 1971: Mia Agapi 1972: Stigmes Agapis 1972: Tolis Voskopoulos 1973: As Imaste Realiste 1974: Marinella & Voskopoulos 1974: Marinella & Tolis Voskopoulos - Ego Ki' Esy 1975: Ego Ti Eho Ke Ti Tha'Ho 1976: Smyrneika Ke Laika 1976: Otan Tragoudo 1977: Ine To Kati Pou Meni 1977: I Anamnisis Xanagyrizoune 1978: Tragouda Theatrine! 1979: Mera Nihta Pantou 1980: 80 1981: Kardia Mou Moni 1982: Den Thelo Na Thimame 1983: Eisai Dikia Mou 1984: O Tolis Voskopoulos Tragouda Manoli Chioti 1985: Tote 1985: Tora 1986: Ametrita Giati 1987: 16 Ap' Ta Oraiotera Tragoudia Mou 1987: Atelioto Erotiko Taxidi 1988: I Megaliteres Epitihies 1989: I Megales Epitihies 1989: I Megaliteres Epitihies No. 2 1990: Tolis Voskopoulos Gia Panta 1990: Na Kanoume Enan Erota Olo Trela 1990: Oli I Alithia 1991: Stazeis Erota 1993: Konta Sou Ego 1995: Anepanaliptos 1996 Matia Feggaria 1998: Irthes San Oniro 1999: I Nichta Gemise Fos 2000: Ta Erotika 2001: Live 2000 – 2001 2002: I Sosti Apantisi 2003: Kali Sou Tichi 2005: Antitheto Revma 2006: Stis Zois Mou Tis Strates 2007: Na Me Koitas Sta Matia Tolis Voskopoulos on IMDb