click links in text for more info

Mississippi County, Arkansas

Mississippi County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,480. There are two county seats and Osceola; the county was formed on November 1, 1833, named for the Mississippi River which borders the county to the east. Mississippi County is part of the First Congressional District in Arkansas; the Mississippi County Judge is John Alan Nelson. The Blytheville, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Mississippi County. Jefferson W. Speck, a Mississippi County planter, was the Republican gubernatorial nominee in 1950 and 1952. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 920 square miles, of which 901 square miles is land and 19 square miles is water. Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2010 census, there were 46,480 people living in the county; the racial makeup of the county was 60.5% White, 33.9% Black, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, <0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from some other race and 1.2% from two or more races.

3.6 % were Latino of any race. As of the 2000 census, there were 51,979 people, 19,349 households, 13,911 families living in the county; the population density was 58 people per square mile. There were 22,310 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 64.45% White, 32.70% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.07% from other races, 1.12% from two or more races. 2.25 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 19,349 households out of which 36.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% were married couples living together, 17.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.10% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.15. In the county, the population was spread out with 29.60% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,479, the median income for a family was $32,648. Males had a median income of $29,645 versus $19,782 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,978. About 19.00% of families and 23.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.10% of those under age 18 and 19.80% of those age 65 or over. While a traditionally Democratic area, Mississippi County has voted Republican in the past three presidential elections. Mississippi County is home to the following public school districts, listed in order of student population: Blytheville School District Osceola School District Gosnell School District Southern Mississippi County School District Manila School District Buffalo Island Central School District Armorel School DistrictThe following school districts are based outside of the county but serve portions: East Poinsett County School District KIPP: Delta Public Schools Nettleton School District Mississippi County is served by the Mississippi–Crittenden Regional Library System, which includes the Mississippi County Library System and 13 branch libraries in communities throughout the county.

FM FM 88.3 KBCM Blytheville FM 93.9 KAMJ Gosnell FM 96.3 KHLS Blytheville FM 103.7 KAIA K279BJ Blytheville FM 107.3 KQXF OsceolaAM AM 860 KOSE Wilson NEA Town Courier, Blytheville, Arkansas The Osceola Times, Osceola, Arkansas There are no television stations in Mississippi County, Arkansas. Mississippi County, Arkansas is placed in TN Television Market; those stations include: ABC- WATN 24 NBC- WMC 5 CBS- WREG 3 Fox- WHBQ 13 PBS- WKNO 10 CW- WLMT 30 Ion WPXX 50However some residents in county may watch stations from the Jackson, TN, Jonesboro, AR, or Little Rock, AR Television Markets. Blytheville Gosnell Joiner Keiser Leachville Manila Osceola Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county; each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications.

The townships of Mississippi County are listed below. Island 35 Mastodon List of lakes in Mississippi County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Mississippi County, Arkansas "Mississippi. I. A N. E. county of Arkansas". The American Cyclopædia. 1879

Black-appeal stations

Before the development of the radio format called "Top 40" was born, "Black Appeal Stations" reinvigorated radio. By playing a specific group of songs aimed at the young African American demographic, "Black Appeal Stations" helped keep radio alive. Many other radio stations soon began to employ the "Top 40" radio format, in which the vast majority found their stations to rise from the bottom to top of ratings in their markets. By employing "Top 40" as a radio format, stations were making a decision to target a niche in the listening audience rather than trying to appeal to everyone as they had done since the beginning. Thus, several different stations could engage in format radio that included songs that appealed to various niche audiences within a community; this strategy of marketing radio broadcasting was made clear and successful through the developments and maturation of early "Black Appeal Stations." As 1952 drew to a close, the world of broadcasting was a maelstrom of probes, experiments and adjustments.

Everything was in flux due to losing audience and programs to television. In Chicago, Jack Cooper, a black DJ with a big band audience refused to play R & B as it was considered'low life' and had'suggestive lyrics' that were somewhat sexual due to the double entendre's, the cultural connotations were that it was music your mother didn't let you listen to. Somehow, the negro youth market did listen, it was music heard in'juke' joints and on jukeboxes and it was what was selling in record shops. Radio, sensing disaster, looked for new functions; some stations became "Negro Stations". WDIA Memphis claims to be the first black format radio station. Blues great B. B. King started his career as a disk jockey on the station programmed by Nat D. Williams with a rhythm and blues sound, but the station featured discussion of race issues as experienced and viewed by black announcers. The format was successful, spread to other stations in Birmingham, New Orleans, Cincinnati, St. Louis, Washington D. C. among others.

In 1949 only four stations aired a black appeal format. By 1952 there were around 200 such stations and by 1956 there were 400; some people thought. One-time radio greats like Eddie Cantor and Paul Whiteman were disk-jockeys. Taboos had vanished, but ratings still plunged, major sponsors were ready and eager for the switch. As the comedian Fred Allen put it, "they were ready to abandon radio like the bones at a barbeque." The nation began to flock to television. Bishop Fulton J. Sheen was placed into a weekly series against his Texaco program. Information Please began to transition itself from radio into the realm of television. Another radio veteran, Walter Winchell, wearing his hat like a 1930's movie reporter, transitioned from radio as well and shouted out news insights with a gravelly voice. Edward R. Murrow and a young collaborator, Fred W. Friendly, had transformed their documentary radio series Hear It Now into See It Now; as the audience for comedy and drama shifted toward television and away from radio, radio stations had to find a new way to attract an audience.

Stations that had remained independent had been familiar with the answer for several years. That answer was found in the newly permitted freedom to play recorded music. In the mid-1940s technology for the recording industry had advanced to the point that recorded music was equal to or better than live performances on radio. Therefore, radio stations were airing fewer and fewer live performers through the decade with more airtime being devoted to records. Network affiliates had to fill more and more airtime on their own, they too began to turn to recorded music. In the 1950s these new sounds from the recording industry began to find prominent airtime on the radio; this influence was in large part to Cleveland disc jockey Alan Freed, who developed a new term for the upbeat music that combined elements for rhythm and blues and country. He called it Roll; this popular new music through the tremendous aid of "Negro Stations" or "Black Appeal Stations" soon was being played on numerous jukeboxes in young adult and teen hangouts.

WLAC WERD WEDR WDIA Arthur Bernard Leaner Jack Gibson Daddy-O Daylie DJ Nat D. Glossary of jive talk Jive talk Archives_of_African_American_Music_and_Culture

Penguin Classics

Penguin Classics is an imprint of Penguin Books under which classic works of literature are published in English, Spanish and Korean among other languages. Literary critics see books in this series as important members of the Western canon, though many titles are translated or of non-Western origin; the first Penguin Classic was E. V. Rieu's translation of The Odyssey, published in 1946, Rieu went on to become general editor of the series. Rieu sought out literary novelists such as Robert Graves and Dorothy Sayers as translators, believing they would avoid "the archaic flavour and the foreign idiom that renders many existing translations repellent to modern taste." In 1964 Betty Radice and William Baldick succeeded Rieu as joint editors, with Radice becoming sole editor in 1974 and serving as an editor for 21 years. As editor, Radice argued for the place of scholarship in popular editions, modified the earlier Penguin convention of the plain text, adding line references, maps, explanatory notes and indexes.

She broadened the canon of the'Classics', encouraged and diversified their readership while upholding academic standards. Penguin Books has paid particular attention to the design of its books since recruiting German typographer Jan Tschichold in 1947; the early minimalist designs were modernised by Italian art director Germano Facetti, who joined Penguin in 1961. The new classics were known as "Black Classics" for their black covers, which featured artwork appropriate to the topic and period of the work; this design was revised in 1985 to have pale yellow covers with a black spine, colour-coded with a small mark to indicate language and period. In 2002, Penguin redesigned its entire catalogue; the redesign restored the black cover, adding a white orange lettering. The text page design was overhauled to follow a more prescribed template, allowing for faster copyediting and typesetting, but reducing the options for individual design variations suggested by a text's structure or historical context.

Prior to 2002, the text page typography of each book in the Classics series had been overseen by a team of in-house designers. The in-house text design department still albeit much smaller than formerly. Recent design work includes the Penguin Little Black Classic series. Penguin Classics collaborated with Bill Amberg in 2008 in the design of six books. Within the broader category of Classics, Penguin has issued specialised series with their own designs; these include: Penguin Nature Classics, with authors such as John James Audubon, Rachel Carson, John Muir Penguin Modern Classics, issued from 1961 onwards, with authors such as Truman Capote, James Joyce, George Orwell, Vladimir Nabokov, Antoine de Saint Exupéry. Some titles come with critical apparatus; the series has gone through a number of redesigns, the most recent being in June 2017: see here here, here. The series was renamed Penguin 20th Century Classics in May 1989, but the series reverted to its old name in February 2000. 20th Century Classics feature full-page front cover art, with a light blue-green/eau de nil rear cover and spine.

Penguin Enriched Classics, such as Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and Prejudice, The Scarlet Letter, A Tale of Two Cities Penguin Popular Classics, issued in 1994, are paperback editions of texts under the Classics imprints. They were a response to Wordsworth Classics, a series of cheap reprints which imitated Penguin in using black as its signature colour. Penguin Designer Classics, issued in 2007, is a set of five limited-edition books, with covers created by fashion designers to commemorate the series' 60th Anniversary Penguin Mini Modern Classics, issued in 2011, is an assortment of fifty pocket-sized books from fifty different authors such as Franz Kafka, Italo Calvino, E. M. Forster, Virginia Woolf and Stefan Zweig, it has been released to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the Penguin Modern Classics. It is out of print. Penguin Little Black Classics, issued in 2015 a series of pocket-sized classics introduced to celebrate the 80th anniversary of Penguin Books. Pocket Penguins, issued in 2016.

The series echoes the style of the original Penguin Books, with smaller A-format size, tri-band design. The first 20 books were released in May 2016, described by publishing director Simon Winder as "a mix of the famous and the unjustly overlooked". No definitive bibliography of Penguin Classics has yet been published, although several partial bibliographies have been issued; the earliest come from the Penguin Catalogues, published annually covering in-print editions. The 1963 catalogue, for example, lists 97 titles, although by the series overall had produced 118 volumes. In the 1980s Penguin began publishing discrete catalogues of its Classics and Twentieth Century Classics series, listing all the titles available in the UK; the Penguin Collectors' Society have published two bibliographies of the early, pre-ISBN editions: firstly in 1994, with an update in 2008. In 2008, Penguin Books USA published a complete annotated listing of all Penguin Classics titles in a single paperback volume in the style of its Penguin Classics books.

The list organi

Naughty Dog

Naughty Dog, LLC is an American first-party video game developer based in Santa Monica, California. Founded by Andy Gavin and Jason Rubin in 1984 as an independent developer, the studio was acquired by Sony Computer Entertainment in 2001. Gavin and Rubin produced a sequence of progressively more successful games, including Rings of Power and Way of the Warrior in the early 1990s; the latter game prompted Universal Interactive Studios to sign the duo to a three-title contract and fund the expansion of the company. Longtime American game designer and producer Mark Cerny convinced Naughty Dog to focus its new resources on creating a character-based platform game that would utilize the 3D capabilities of the new systems; this led to the release of Crash Bandicoot for the PlayStation in 1996. Naughty Dog developed three Crash Bandicoot games over the next several years. After developing Crash Team Racing, the company began working on Jak and Daxter: The Precursor Legacy for the PlayStation 2. In 2004, who had become the company's president, left the company to work on a new project named Iron and the Maiden.

In addition to their inhouse game team, Naughty Dog is home to the ICE Team, one of SIE Worldwide Studios's central technology groups. The company's first PlayStation 3 title, Uncharted: Drake's Fortune, was released in 2007, with the series tetralogy being completed by 2016. Naughty Dog was known for having a history of developing one game at a time, one franchise per console, a controversial trend, criticized by fans; this lasted until Naughty Dog announced a new intellectual property for the PlayStation 3, The Last of Us, in development by a secondary team at the studio and released to critical acclaim in 2013. High school students Jason Rubin and Andy Gavin, having experimented with Lisp and C++, teamed up to create video games and founded JAM Software, of which JAM stood for "Jason and Andy's Magic", in 1984. Rubin and Gavin chose to create software for the Apple II and decided to create a skiing game for their second title. During production of the game, Gavin accidentally copied bootleg games over the only copy of the skiing game they had.

Rubin created a new skiing game called Ski Crazed within the weekend. Because the game played Gavin reprogrammed the game to play quicker; the game was picked up and published by Baudville, who bought the game from Jam Software for $250. Rubin and Gavin created an Apple IIGS graphic adventure game titled Dream Zone, released in 1988 and ported to the Atari ST, Amiga and personal computer. In 1989, Rubin and Gavin released a game titled Keef the Thief, published by Electronic Arts for the Apple IIGS, Amiga and IBM PC Compatible. To make a fresh start and to dissolve their relationship with Baudville and Gavin renamed Jam Software as Naughty Dog on September 9, 1989. Naughty Dog created and developed Rings of Power, published by Electronic Arts for the Sega Genesis in 1991. Rubin and Gavin were joined on the title by programmer Vijay Pande, who would become better known for orchestrating the distributed computing disease researching project known as Folding@home at Stanford University. In 1994, Rubin and Gavin produced the 3DO Interactive Multiplayer title Way of the Warrior and presented it to Mark Cerny of Universal Interactive Studios.

Cerny was pleased with Way of the Warrior and signed Naughty Dog on to Universal Interactive Studios for three additional games. Rubin and Gavin devised a plan to create a three-dimensional action-platform game; because the player would be forced to look at the character's rear, the game was jokingly codenamed "Sonic's Ass Game". Production of the game began in 1994, during which Naughty Dog expanded its number of employees and invented a development tool called Game Oriented Assembly Lisp, to create the characters and gameplay. Cartoonists Charles Zembillas and Joe Pearson were recruited to create the characters of the game, which resulted in the titular character Crash Bandicoot. After 14 months of development, the game was shown to Sony Computer Entertainment, who signed on to publish the game. Crash Bandicoot was shown to the public for the first time at E3 and went on to become one of the highest-selling titles for the PlayStation console, selling over 6.8 million copies. Naughty Dog continued to develop two more Crash Bandicoot games, with a spin-off Crash Team Racing kart racing game.

By the studio was looking to develop games for Sony and not be constrained by Universal Interactive. Since Universal held the rights to the Crash Bandicoot series, Naughty Dog could not develop future games in its own right; the studio would be bought out by Sony to avoid a repeat while it focused on developing the first game of the Jak and Daxter series. The Jak and Daxter games met similar success as the Crash Bandicoot games. During the development of Jak 3 and Jak X: Combat Racing games and Gavin transitioned Evan Wells and Stephen White to become co-presidents of Naughty Dog by the time the founders left the studio. White was replaced by Christophe Balestra after a year. Starting in 2007, Naughty Dog began work on the Uncharted series, made their first approach to realistic worlds and characters, in contrast to their Crash Bandicoot and Jak and Daxter series, which featured fantastical worlds set in a fictional setting; the Uncharted franchise has been praised for its cinematic quality and technical proficiency, has sold nearly 17 million copies worldwide as of April 2012.

During the 2011 Spike TV Video Game Awards, Naughty Dog unveiled a new intellectual property, The Last of Us, described as a "post-apocalyptic third-person action-adventure game", following the plight of a teenage girl, Ellie


Kanturk is a town in the north west of County Cork, Ireland. Kanturk is situated at the confluence of the rivers Allow and Dallow, streaming further on as tributaries into the Blackwater, it is about 50 kilometres from Cork and Limerick, lies just north of the main N72 road, 15 km from Mallow and about 40 km from Killarney. Apart from its creamery which produced casein from milk, a raw material for early plastics, its former knitwear facility now produces concrete flooring products; the town's schools include Scoil Mhuire. A historic site close to the town is Kanturk Castle, known locally as the Old Court, a fortified house built in 1601 for MacDonagh McCarthy as a defence against English settlers, it was a limestone rubble Tudor mansion four storeys high, 28 metres in length and 11 metres wide, with four towers of five storeys high and a height of 29 metres. According to legend, the castle was never completed as word of its construction reached the Privy Council in England, they ordered MacDonagh to stop building works, as they feared it would be used as a base to attack English settlers.

Macdonogh was so furious at this news that he smashed all the blue ceramic tiles for the roof and threw them into a nearby stream. The stream became known as the Bluepool Stream because of the reflection of the tiles in the water. Due to its architectural and historic importance, it is owned by An Taisce, is a designated National Monument. Heritage tourists from the McAuliffe, O'Keeffe, O'Callaghan, Fitzpatrick, Walsh, O'Riordan, McCarthy families visit Kanturk to investigate familial roots in the area; as families moved during wars and the plantations, some O'Neills, O'Donnells, other families date their roots in Kanturk from the time of the Siege of Kinsale. The Kanturk Library on the Main Street offers lending facilities, including books on tape and general reference books. Internet access is available and the library organises cultural events. Kanturk Town Park is a short distance from the town shopping centre, crossing the Kanturk Bridge and left into the O'Brien Street entering the park at the Unity Stone monument.

The park has oak, beech and ash trees, a children's playground, some cultural exhibits, a walkway by the banks of the Dalua. Kanturk GAA club has a hurling team and a football team, both men's and women's from underage to Intermediate level; the local pitch is located in Kilroe, just outside the town. Kanturk RFC is a rugby union club, located just outside the town, at Knocknacolan. Founded in 1927, the club play in the All-Ireland League. An eighteen-hole golf course is located on the Mill Road. A soccer pitch and facilities accommodates 6 teams from under 11s up to Junior level. Kanturk has a cycling club with its own outdoor 250m velodrome, one of only two in the Republic of Ireland. Kanturk has a trout fishing club; the Dalua from Newmarket flows into the Allow in the centre of the town. A further 2 km south of the town the river Brogeen flows into the Allow; the Allow joins the River Blackwater. In recent years the club installed a salmon pass in Kanturk Park and repaired the damage done in previous decades aimed at flood prevention.

The club is represented on the international stage, with Kanturk Trout Anglers Association entering senior and juvenile members on the 2007 TAFI world championship teams. Rail: Kanturk is served by the nearby Banteer railway station, 6 km from Kanturk; the town's one-time railway station opened on 1 April 1889, closed for passenger traffic on 27 January 1947 and closed altogether on 4 February 1963. Bus: Kanturk is served weekdays by four buses a day to Mallow, one of which continues to Cork. On Saturdays, there is a single bus service to Cork via Mallow. Kanturk is not served by bus on Sundays. Air: Kanturk is 51 km from Kerry Airport. A wider range of air services is available from Cork Airport, 61 km away. Kerry Airport is accessed by rail from Banteer railway station. Cork Airport is accessed by taking the bus to Cork or the train from Banteer to Cork and switching to the city bus service at either Parnell Place Bus Station or Kent Station respectively. Otherwise both airports may be accessed by private car.

People of note from the area include: Barry Yelverton, 1st Viscount Avonmore and judge. Thady Quill, historical rake. Patrick Guiney, agrarian agitator & N. Cork nationalist MP from 1910 to 1913 Philip Francis Johnson, labour activist and local hotel proprietor D. D. Sheehan B. L. labour activist and parliamentarian MP from 1901 to 1918 Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington and author Sean P. Keating, I. R. A. Member, became Deputy Mayor of New York City. Pat O'Callaghan, Dr. twice Olympic Gold Medal winner Pádraig A. Ó Síocháin S. C. author and Irish language activist Edel Quinn, missionary worker declared Venerable in 1994 List of towns and villages in Ireland Market Houses in Ireland Kanturk Town website Kanturk Historic Images

Miguel Laurencena

Miguel M. Laurencena was an Argentine lawyer and politician, he served as governor of Entre Ríos Province. Born in Buenos Aires, he was the son of Martin G. Laurencena and Margarita Eyaragaray, citizens of Gualeguay. Laurencena completed his primary studies in Gualeguay, secondary and university studies in the city of Buenos Aires, where he became a lawyer. In 1881, he was elected mayor of the City of Gualeguay. In 1883 he was elected provincial deputy, the same year appointed Minister of Government of the Province of Entre Ríos, under General Eduardo Racedo. In 1885, he obtained a loan from Britain to build a railroad. Between 1886 and 1892 he served as national deputy, he joined the Unión Cívica in 1889 under Leandro Alem. He organized radicalism in the province of Entre Ríos, took part in the Revolutions of 1893 and 1905, the latter of which resulted in his arrest and imprisonment. In 1914, he was elected Governor of the Province of Entre Ríos, with Luis L. Etchevehere as lieutenant governor.

From the time Hipólito Yrigoyen was elected president of Argentina in 1916, Laurencena expressed opposition, with the Unión Cívica Radical in the years up to his death he campaigned nationally for change, joined the group of radical leaders who formed the Unión Cívica Radical Antipersonalista in 1924. The Radical President Marcelo T. de Alvear appointed him Minister of the Supreme Court by decree of December 5, 1924, a post he held until his death in 1928. One of his sons, was a national senator and served as governor of Entre Ríos Province