Maria Chappelle-Nadal is a Democrat from University City, who represents District 14 in the Missouri Senate. She is a member of the Missouri House of Representatives from District 72. In 2010, Chappelle-Nadal was elected to the Senate to succeed fellow Democrat Rita Heard Days of St. Louis, Senator Chappelle-Nadal is a University City native, going on to receive a dual degree in Political Science and Sociology from Georgia State University in Atlanta. She is a participant of the Sue Shear Institute for Women in Public Life. Chappelle-Nadal was first elected to the Missouri House of Representatives in 2004 and she was re-elected in 2006 and 2008, serving in this office until her successful State Senate campaign in 2010. While in office, she served on the Ways and Means, Small Business, Chappelle-Nadal was first elected State Senator of District 14 in 2010, and successfully ran for re-election in 2014. She currently serves on the Education, Seniors and Children, Transportation and Public Safety, Chappelle-Nadal is a former member of the Democratic National Committee, serving from 2005 -2009.
Chappelle-Nadal worked as Director of Communications for Lt and she served as the Director of Boards and Commissions, becoming Missouris Senior Advocate. Legislation associated with her work in these roles includes the Senior Care and Protection Act of 2003, in addition, Chappelle-Nadal was one of Missouris superdelegates to the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado. Chappelle-Nadal currently serves as director on the University City School Board, Chappelle-Nadal took part in the protests over the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri in August 2014. She expressed criticism for the response to civil unrest. During the protests, Chappelle-Nadal was among the protesters who were tear-gassed by law enforcement officials. “People are angry, and they are hurt, and they’re trying to out, how are they going to receive justice. ”The Senator has proposed legislation in 2015 to re-examine policies related to use of deadly force
Bob Dixon (Missouri politician)
Bob Dixon is an American Republican politician currently serving the Missouri State Senate. He formerly served in the Missouri House of Representatives and he is a resident of Springfield, Missouri. Dixon was first elected to the house in 2002 and served four terms, between 2004 and 2008 he served as Majority Caucus Chairman and chaired the House Transportation committee. Dixon has a Master of Education degree in Human Services and a Bachelor of Science degree in Business Administration, Dixon graduated high school from the Christian Schools of Springfield. He is a member of the Alpha Xi Chapter of Alpha Sigma Lambda National Honor Society and his wife, have three daughters, Grace and Olivia. They currently live in Springfield, Missouri where they are members of a local church. Dixon and his wife serve on the Association of Evangel University Family. Dixon is a conservative in thought, he is centered on crime prevention and public safety, tax reform, and likes the idea of a more limited government
Brian Munzlinger is an American politician and farmer from the state of Missouri. A Republican, he is a member of the Missouri Senate serving the 18th District, Munzlinger was born in Quincy, Illinois but raised in rural Lewis County, Missouri. He is a graduate of the University of Missouri, with a B. S. degree in general agriculture, Munzlinger, a third-generation Missouri farmer, his wife and their two children reside on their farm near Williamstown, Missouri. Brian is a member of the National Rifle Association and previously served as a rifle, brian Munzlinger was first elected to represent the 1st District in the Missouri House of Representatives in November 2002, and reelected in 2004,2006, and 2008. Due to Missouris term limits he was prevented from running for the House again in 2010, Munzlinger chose to continue his political career at the next level by running for Missouri Senate from the 18th District in 2010. Munzlinger defeated incumbent Democrat Wes Shoemyer
Jefferson City, Missouri
Jefferson City is the capital of the State of Missouri and the fifteenth most populous city in the state. It is the county seat of Cole County and the city of the Jefferson City Metropolitan Statistical Area. Jefferson City is named for Thomas Jefferson, the president of the United States. Jefferson City currently holds the title of Americas Most Beautiful Small Town, Jefferson City is on the northern edge of the Ozark Plateau on the southern side of the Missouri River in a region known as Mid-Missouri. It is at the edge of one of the major wine-producing regions of the Midwest. Often referred to as Jeff, many of Jefferson Citys primary employers fall within the service and manufacturing industries, Jefferson City is home to Lincoln University, a public historically black land-grant university founded in 1866 by the 62nd Regiment of U. S. Colored Troops with additional support from the 65th Regiment of U. S, in pre-Columbian times, this region was home of an ancient people known only as the Mound Builders.
They were no longer present by the time of the first white settlers, when the Missouri Territory was organized in 1812, St. Louis was Missouris seat of government, and St. Charles would serve as the next capital. In the middle of the state, Jefferson City was chosen as the new capital in 1821 when Thomas Jefferson was still living, the village first was called Lohmans Landing, and when the legislature decided to relocate there, they proposed the name Missouriopolis before settling on Jefferson City. For years, this village was more than a trading post located in the wilderness about midway between St. Louis and Kansas City. In 1825, the settlement was incorporated as a city and a year later, Jefferson City was chosen as the site of a state prison. This prison, named the Missouri State Penitentiary, opened in 1836 and this prison was home to multiple infamous Americans, including former heavyweight champion Sonny Liston, assassin James Earl Ray, and bank robber Charles Pretty Boy Floyd. During the Civil War, Jefferson City was occupied by Union troops, some of the legislators reconvened in Neosho and passed an ordinance of secession.
Missouri was claimed by both the Confederacy and the Union, just like the neighboring state Kentucky, German immigrants created vineyards in small towns on either side of the Missouri River, especially on the north from the city east to Marthasville, located outside of St. Louis. Known as the Missouri Rhineland for its vineyards and first established by German immigrants in the mid-1800s, this region has become part of the agricultural and tourist economy. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 37.58 square miles. Jefferson City has a climate between a humid subtropical and humid continental climate with hot, rainy summers and cold winters. Thunderstorms are common in both the spring and summer, light snow is common during the winter, although about half of wintertime precipitation falls as rain
Missouri State Capitol
The Missouri State Capitol is the building that houses the legislative and executive branches of the government of the U. S. state of Missouri, as well as the Missouri General Assembly. Located in Jefferson City at 201 West Capitol Avenue, it is the capitol in the city after the other two were demolished following a fire. The domed building was designed by the New York City architectural firm of Tracy and it is individually listed on the National Register of Historic Places and a contributing property in the Missouri State Capitol Historic District. Statuary is a prominent feature of the Capitol grounds, a Karl Bitter bronze relief, depicting the signing of the Louisiana Purchase by Livingston and Marbois, and the Fountain of the Centaurs, created by A. A. Weinman, are featured on the north grounds, the north side of the building contains a frieze showing the history of Missouri by Hermon Atkins MacNeil, while the theme is continued on the south side by Alexander Stirling Calder. The figure of Ceres on the top of the dome is by Sherry Fry, the Capitols first floor features the State Museum.
Paintings and friezes decorate the Capitols interior, a prime attraction is a series of murals painted by Thomas Hart Benton in the House Lounge. The structure features a whispering gallery high within the dome and these areas are not normally open to the public except for special tours and school tours. The capitol is Jefferson Citys leading tourist attraction and it is a destination for school groups who arrive by busloads, particularly during General Assembly sessions. Students fill the galleries to watch the Senate and House of Representatives in action, the present Capitol, completed in 1917 and occupied the following year, is the third Capitol in Jefferson City and the sixth in Missouri history. St. Charles was designated as the capital of the state in 1821. It was decided that the Capitol should be located more in the center of the state, a group was sent out to survey various locations. The fourth Capitol was made out of brick, two tall, measured approximately 40 by 60 feet, and took two years to complete.
It was built for approximately $18,500 and it was called the Governors House and State Capitol. The site is now occupied by the present-day Missouri Governors Mansion and it was designed by Stephen Hills and modeled on the first Pennsylvania State Capitol in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The fifth Capitol was completed in 1840 for approximately $350,000, with some claiming that there were bribes and this building burned on February 5,1911 when it was struck by lightning. This building was approximately 50,000 square feet and by 1911, was far too small to meet the needs of the legislators, the original budget called for a building to be constructed for $3 million, with an additional $500,000 allocated for site and furnishings. This was approved in general election by the public by a three-to-one margin However, the state miscalculated on revenue projections, all of this money was eventually used for the entire project, which is one of the reasons why the sculptures and art work are of such high caliber
A U. S. state is a constituent political entity of the United States of America. There are 50 states, which are together in a union with each other. Each state holds administrative jurisdiction over a geographic territory. Due to the shared sovereignty between each state and the government, Americans are citizens of both the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons covered by certain types of court orders. States range in population from just under 600,000 to over 39 million, four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names. States are divided into counties or county-equivalents, which may be assigned some local authority but are not sovereign. County or county-equivalent structure varies widely by state, State governments are allocated power by the people through their individual constitutions. All are grounded in principles, and each provides for a government.
States possess a number of powers and rights under the United States Constitution, Constitution has been amended, and the interpretation and application of its provisions have changed. The general tendency has been toward centralization and incorporation, with the government playing a much larger role than it once did. There is a debate over states rights, which concerns the extent and nature of the states powers and sovereignty in relation to the federal government. States and their residents are represented in the federal Congress, a legislature consisting of the Senate. Each state is represented in the Senate by two senators, and is guaranteed at least one Representative in the House, members of the House are elected from single-member districts. Representatives are distributed among the states in proportion to the most recent constitutionally mandated decennial census, the Constitution grants to Congress the authority to admit new states into the Union. Since the establishment of the United States in 1776, the number of states has expanded from the original 13 to 50, alaska and Hawaii are the most recent states admitted, both in 1959.
The Constitution is silent on the question of states have the power to secede from the Union. Shortly after the Civil War, the U. S. Supreme Court, in Texas v. White, as a result, while the governments of the various states share many similar features, they often vary greatly with regard to form and substance
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States, achieving statehood in 1821. With over six million residents, it is the eighteenth most populous state, the largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City and Columbia. The capitol is in Jefferson City on the Missouri River, the state is the twenty-first most extensive by area and is geographically diverse. The Northern Plains were once covered by glaciers, tallgrass prairie, in the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber and recreation. The Mississippi River forms the border of the state, eventually flowing into the swampy Missouri Bootheel. Humans have inhabited the land now known as Missouri for at least 12,000 years, the Mississippian culture built cities and mounds, before declining in the 1300s. When European explorers arrived in the 1600s they encountered the Osage, the French established Louisiana, a part of New France, and founded Ste. Genevieve in 1735 and St. Louis in 1764, after a brief period of Spanish rule, the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.
Americans from the Upland South, including enslaved African Americans, rushed into the new Missouri Territory, many from Virginia and Tennessee settled in the Boonslick area of Mid-Missouri. Soon after, heavy German immigration formed the Missouri Rhineland, Missouri played a central role in the westward expansion of the United States, as memorialized by the Gateway Arch. The Pony Express, Oregon Trail, Santa Fe Trail, as a border state, Missouris role in the American Civil War was complex and there were many conflicts within. After the war, both Greater St. Louis and the Kansas City metropolitan area became centers of industrialization and business, the state is divided into 114 counties and the independent city of St. Louis. Missouris culture blends elements from the Midwestern and Southern United States, the musical styles of ragtime, Kansas City jazz, and St. Louis Blues, developed in Missouri. The well-known Kansas City-style barbecue, and lesser known St. Louis-style barbecue can be found across the state, St.
Louis is a major center of beer brewing, Anheuser-Busch is the largest producer in the world. Missouri wine is produced in the nearby Missouri Rhineland and Ozarks, Missouris alcohol laws are among the most permissive in the United States. Outside of the large cities popular tourist destinations include the Lake of the Ozarks, U. S. President Harry S. Truman is from Missouri. Other well known Missourians include Mark Twain, Walt Disney, Chuck Berry, some of the largest companies based in the state include Express Scripts, Emerson Electric, Edward Jones, and OReilly Auto Parts. Missouri has been called the Mother of the West and the Cave State, Missouris most famous nickname is the Show Me State, the state is named for the Missouri River, which was named after the indigenous Missouri Indians, a Siouan-language tribe
Mike Kehoe is a Republican member of the Missouri Senate representing the 6th district. Mike Kehoe was born and raised in the St. Louis area by his single-parent mother, at age 25 he began working for Osage Industries, a company involved with auto parts and the manufacturing of ambulances. After selling Osage Industries in 1992 Kehoe purchased a dealership in Jefferson City, Missouri. Senator Kehoe and his wife Claudia are the parents of four children, mike Kehoe was appointed by Governor Matt Blunt to the Missouri Highway and Transportation Commission in 2005. Despite not having held elected office before Kehoe ran for the 6th District State Senate seat in 2010 to succeed Carl Vogel, in a close Republican primary he defeated three other candidates to advance to the 2010 general election, where he ran unopposed
Missouri House of Representatives
The Missouri House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the Missouri General Assembly. It has 163 members, representing districts with a size of 37,000 residents. House members are elected for two-year terms during general elections held in even-numbered years, in 1992 Missouri approved a constitutional amendment providing term limits. No Representative may serve more than eight years in the House, each candidate for the office must be at least twenty-four years old, a registered qualified voter in the state for at least two years, and a resident of his or her district for at least one year. Missouris house is the fourth largest in the United States although the state ranks 18th in population, legislation was introduced in 2011 to cut its size to 103 in 2020. Larger legislatures in the United States are New Hampshire and Georgia, These are the yearly recurring committees that hold hearings on legislation filed by Representatives. Once filed, legislation is assigned to one of the committees by the Missouri Speaker of the House.
Legislation is typically assigned to the committee whose province envelopes the subject matter of the bill, there are frequently multiple relevant committees to which a bill can be assigned, and it is at the Speakers discretion to choose which committee receives the bill. The partisan makeup of each committee is intended to reflect as closely as possible the partisan makeup of the entire House, each Party caucus selects which of its members will serve on the Standing Committees, and the Chair of each committee is chosen by the Speaker of the House. Tradition in the Missouri General Assembly is that all appropriations bills initiate in the Missouri House rather than the Senate, so each year, the Chair of the House Budget Committee files legislation establishing the spending plan for the state of Missouri. This plan, which in 2007 exceeded $20 billion, may differ greatly from the Governors budget recommendations, the budget legislation is assigned to the House Budget Committee, which assigns each bill to its respective subcommittee.
Joint Committees contain members from both the Missouri House and Senate and these committees may be permanent and study ongoing issues, or may be temporary and intended to come up with suggested legislation to address a one-time issue. The Chair of these committees typically alternates annually between a Representative and a Senator to prevent unfairness to one chamber, a Representative can serve no more than four two-year terms in the house. The first time term limits prevented someone from running again was in 2002, as of March 2008, members of the Missouri House of Representatives receive an annual salary of $35,915.44. Missouri Legislature Missouri Senate Government of Missouri American Legislative Exchange Council members Missouri House of Representatives
Missouri Democratic Party
The Missouri Democratic Party is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the state of Missouri. The party Chairman is Roy Temple, who has been chair since 2013, Temple was re-elected to another term as chair February 7,2015. The Missouri Democratic Party politics were characterized by cultural, economic. The dispute was whether the US should join the League of Nations or not. Reed strongly opposed this while President Wilson was a supporter in favor of it. This question led to debate in many states but none was so affected as Missouri, mainly the dispute was over president Wilsons will to form a strong national leadership, while Reed wanted more state control. The supporters for the President mainly resided in the rural parts of the state. Another big issue within Democratic politics was the prohibition issue, in the state of Missouri, wet candidates tended to win office, although dry candidates were found both in the Democratic and the Republican party. The African-American part of the population, who earlier had favored GOP.
This was partly caused by the Democratic Partys 1928 backing of Joseph L. McLemore for Congress, contributing to the change was the Republicans inability to handle the Great Depression. During the phase-out of the party bosses, power moved from Kansas City to St. Louis which had been a Democratic city since 1933, the state of Missouri hasnt seen such high growth in population during the past decades as other states. This has led to a political influence today than earlier. In the 2008 election Missouri held 11 votes having held 13 in the 1960 election, in the 2010 election the Missouri democratic party won three of the nine House of Representatives districts. That is a loss of one seat comparing with the 2008 House of Representative election, on a national level Missouri is known as a swing state. Harry S. Truman is probably the most influential person in the history of the Missouri Democratic Party, Truman played an important role in Missouri politics after the depression in 1929. He was one of the main beneficiares of the powerful Tom Pendergast organization, the backing of the organization helped Truman secure Missouris senator seat in the 1932 election.
Truman on, in 1944, got elected president to Franklin D. Roosevelt. After Roosevelts death Missouri got its first President when Truman remained in the seat even after the 1948 election, especially the African-American part of the population, appreciative of Roosevelts New Deal and Trumans Fair Deal program, stayed loyal to the Democratic Party