The mitre or miter, is a type of headgear now known as the traditional, ceremonial headdress of bishops and certain abbots in traditional Christianity. Mitres are worn in the Catholic Church, Orthodox Church, as well as in the Anglican Communion, some Lutheran churches, by bishops and certain other clergy in the Eastern Catholic Churches and the Oriental Orthodox Churches; the Metropolitan of the Malankara Mar Thoma Syrian Church wears a mitre during important ceremonies such as the Episcopal Consecration. Μίτρα, mítra is Greek, means a piece of armour a metal guard worn around the waist and under a cuirass, as mentioned in Homer's Iliad. In poets, it was used to refer to a headband used by women for their hair, it refers to a kind of hairband, such as: the victor's chapter at the games. The camelaucum, the headdress, that both the mitre and the Papal tiara stem from, was a cap used by officials of the Imperial Byzantine court. "The tiara developed from the Phrygian cap, or frigium, a conical cap worn in the Graeco-Roman world.
In the 10th century the tiara was pictured on papal coins." Other sources claim. In the late Empire it developed into the closed type of Imperial crown used by Byzantine Emperors. Worn by a bishop, the mitre is depicted for the first time in two miniatures of the beginning of the eleventh century; the first written mention of it is found in a Bull of Pope Leo IX in the year 1049. By 1150 the use had spread to bishops throughout the West. In its modern form in Western Christianity, the mitre is a tall folding cap, consisting of two similar parts rising to a peak and sewn together at the sides. Two short lappets always hang down from the back. In the Catholic Church, ecclesial law gives the right to use the mitre and other pontifical insigna to bishops and cardinals and those canonically equivalent to diocesan bishops who do not receive episcopal ordination; the principal celebrant presents the mitre and other pontifical insignia to a newly ordained bishop during the Rite of Ordination of a Bishop and to a new abbot during the Rite of Blessing of an Abbot.
In the case of a person, canonically equivalent to a diocesan bishop but does not receive episcopal ordination, this presentation occurs during a public installation as the ordinary of his jurisdiction. Catholic ecclesial law permits former Anglican bishops received into full communion and subsequently ordained to the order of presbyter in the Catholic Church to obtain permission to use pontifical insignia as a mark of recognition of their previous ministry, but former Anglican bishops have not requested permission to use pontifical insignia under this provision. Three types of mitres are worn by Roman Catholic clergy for different occasions: The simplex is made of undecorated white linen or silk and its white lappets traditionally end in red fringes, it is worn most notably at funerals, Lenten time, on Good Friday and by concelebrant bishops at a Mass. Cardinals in the presence of the Pope wear a mitre of white linen damask; the auriphrygiata is of plain gold cloth or white silk with gold, silver or coloured embroidered bands.
The pretiosa is decorated with precious stones and gold and worn on the principal Mass on the most solemn Sundays and feast days. This type of mitre is decorated with precious stones today, the designs have become more varied and original merely being in the liturgical colour of the day; the proper colour of a mitre is always white, although in liturgical usage white includes vestments made from gold and silver fabrics. The embroidered bands and other ornaments which adorn a mitre and the lappets may be of other colours and are. Although coloured mitres are sometimes sold and worn at present, this is due to the maker’s or wearer’s lack of awareness of liturgical tradition. On all occasions, an altar server may wear a shawl-style veil, called a vimpa, around the shoulders when holding the bishop's mitre. With his inauguration as pope, Benedict XVI broke with tradition and replaced the papal tiara on his papal coat of arms with a papal mitre and pallium. Prior to Benedict XVI, each pope's coat of arms always contained the image of the papal tiara and St. Peter's crossed keys though the tiara had fallen into disuse under popes John Paul I and John Paul II.
Pope Paul VI was the last pope to date to begin his papal reign with a formal coronation in June 1963. However, as a sign of the perceived need for greater simplification of the papal rites, as well as the changing nature of the papacy itself, he abandoned the use of his tiara in a dramatic ceremony in Saint Peter's Basilica during the s
Malibu U is an American variety show that aired in the summer of 1967 on ABC. The series starred Ricky Nelson. In the series, Nelson starred as the dean of a fictional college called "Malibu U," where the biggest popular music stars of the 1960s performed once a week; the show was a summer replacement program that lasted for only seven episodes, going off the air on September 1, 1967. Today it is best known for airing Leonard Nimoy's performance of the novelty song "The Ballad of Bilbo Baggins." In addition to Nelson, series regulars included Robie Porter, Patricia Wymer, the Bob Banas Dancers. Gray would go on to success in portraying Colonel Wilma Deering in the Sci-Fi television series Buck Rogers in the 25th Century and Kate Summers in the sitcom Silver Spoons. Both of her series would air on NBC. July 21: guest stars Frankie Valli, Don Ho, Annette Funicello July 28: guest stars Leonard Nimoy, Buffalo Springfield, Engelbert Humperdinck, Bobby Rydell, Mrs. Miller August 4: guest stars James Darren, Harper's Bizarre, Frankie Randall, The Happenings August 11: guest stars The Turtles, Lou Rawls, Lesley Gore and the Goodtimes August 18: guest stars John Astin, The 5th Dimension, The Sunshine Company, Roger Williams August 25: guest stars The Doors, Marvin Gaye, Chad & Jeremy, Lou Christie September 1: guest stars Dionne Warwick, The Breed and Gordon, Sandy Posey Malibu U on IMDb Malibu U at TV.com
The 24th Armoured Brigade "1st Cavalry Regiment Florina" is an Armoured brigade of the Hellenic Army, based at Litochoro and subordinated to the I Army Corps. It was founded in July 1960 at Thessaloniki as the 1st Battle Command of the 20th Armoured Division. In September 1971 it was moved to Litochoro and was constituted as an independent Armoured brigade on 1 January 1979. In December 2000, it received the honorary title "1st Cavalry Regiment Florina", continuing the tradition of the 1st Cavalry Regiment. From 1 April 2004 until 26 September 2005 it was subordinated to the 2nd Mechanized Infantry Division, since it belongs to I Army Corps. In 2014 the brigade came under the 2nd Mechanized Infantry Division. 24th Armoured Brigade in Litochoro, Macedonia HQ Company 23rd Armoured Battalion 26th Armoured Battalion 647 Mechanized Infantry Battalion 137 Self Propelled Artillery Battalion 24th Engineer Company 24th Signal Company 24th Support Battalion