Miyazaki (city)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Miyazaki

宮崎市
Tachibana Street in Miyazaki
Tachibana Street in Miyazaki
Flag of Miyazaki
Flag
Official seal of Miyazaki
Emblem
Location of Miyazaki in Miyazaki Prefecture
Location of Miyazaki in Miyazaki Prefecture
Miyazaki is located in Japan
Miyazaki
Miyazaki
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 31°55′N 131°25′E / 31.917°N 131.417°E / 31.917; 131.417Coordinates: 31°55′N 131°25′E / 31.917°N 131.417°E / 31.917; 131.417
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu
PrefectureMiyazaki Prefecture
Government
 • MayorTadashi Tojiki
Area
 • Total286.96 km2 (110.80 sq mi)
Population
(2010)
 • Total399,834
Symbols
 • TreeCinnamomum camphora
 • FlowerIris ensata, Camellia
Time zoneUTC+9 (JST)
City hall address1-1-1 Tachibana-dōri Nishi, Miyazaki-shi, Miyazaki-ken
880-8505
Websitewww.city.miyazaki.miyazaki.jp

Miyazaki (宮崎市, Miyazaki-shi, Japanese: [mijaꜜzaki]) is the capital city of Miyazaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan. Located on the coast and crossed by several rivers, Miyazaki City enjoys scenic views of both ocean and nearby, verdant mountains. A popular resort destination for Japanese tourists, the city offers many attractions, including the SeaGaia event center (though the indoor ocean facility is no longer operational), the Phoenix Zoo, and many large hotels and onsens (public baths). The city is the primary shopping destination for eastern Kyushu residents in smaller towns around the prefecture. The city was founded on April 1, 1924.[1]

As of this merger (but with 2003 population estimates), the city has an estimated population of 365,311 and a population density of 612 persons per km². The total area is 596.68 km². As of December 2010, the current population is 399,834.

Miyazaki Airport and Miyazaki seaport serve[2] the city.

History[edit]

Hakkō ichiu Monument. It had Prince Chichibu's calligraphy of Hakkō ichiu, carved on its front side.[3]

In 1940, the imperialist Shōwa regime constructed the 37 meter Hakkō Ichiu pillar upon the legendary site of Emperor Jimmu's palace. Located near Miyazaki, it was originally intended to symbolize the divine right of the Empire of Japan to "unify the eight corners of the world". The tower survived the war and is now the center piece of the Heiwadai-koen peace park.[4]

On January 1, 2006, the towns of Sadowara and Tano (both from Miyazaki District), and the town of Takaoka (from Higashimorokata District) were merged into Miyazaki.

On March 23, 2010, the town of Kiyotake (from Miyazaki District) was merged into Miyazaki. Miyazaki District was dissolved as a result of this merger.[5]

Economy[edit]

Skynet Asia Airways has its headquarters in Miyazaki.[6] Asiana Airlines operates a sales office on the sixth floor of the Miyazaki Daiichi Seimei Building in Miyazaki.[7] Dell Inc has their two call centers in Japan then had opened the one on the 5th floor of Carino Miyazaki Building in Miyazaki.

Points of interest[edit]

  • Miyazaki Prefectural Office became famous as a tourist spot when Hideo Higashikokubaru, a national celebrity, became the mayor of Miyazaki.
  • Miyazaki-jingū, a shrine in the city's center, is one of Miyazaki's sacred dedications to Japan's first emperor, Jinmu.
  • Heiwadai Tower or "Peace Tower" (also known as the Hakkō ichiu monument), in the expansive Heiwadai park, is a must-see for tourists. Originally the "Tower of the Emperor," symbolizing Japanese imperial expansion, it was renamed for peace after the events of World War II.
  • Aoshima Island and shrine, only minutes south of the city, boasts some rare rock formations known as the Devil's Washboard among a peaceful beach setting, and is a popular relaxation and play destination for locals and travelers alike. The fascinating Aoshima Subtropical Botanical Garden is also located nearby.
  • The Tom Watson Golf Course was produced by Tom Watson, an American professional golfer.
  • Miyazaki-city Phoenix Zoo
  • The Citizen's Forest. a Large park near Phoenix Zoo.

Located on its grounds is the Misogi-ike, Pond of Purification, that according to legend is the birthplace of the sun goddess Amaterasu.

  • The Ikimen Burial Mounds are located in Miyazaki and include the Ikime-no-mori Yukokan, Activity Centre, where visitors learn the history of the burial mounds and learn about ancient activities.
  • Miyazaki City is known for its excellent surfing conditions year-round, and Kisakihama Beach, Aoshima Beach, and Shirahama Beach are popular surfing spots all within the city limits.

Transportation[edit]

The JR Kyushu Nichinan Line serves the area.

The city is served by Miyazaki Airport.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Miyazaki has five sister cities:[8]

National[edit]

International[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

Climate[edit]

Miyazaki has a humid subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and cool winters. During the summer, the city is particularly prone to typhoons, one of which drenched the city with 587.2 millimetres (23.12 in) of rain in one day on 16 October 1939. The wettest month since records began has been September 1886 with 1,259.3 millimetres (49.58 in) and the driest December 1988, which stands as the only month with no measurable precipitation.

Climate data for Miyazaki, Miyazaki
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.1
(77.2)
25.4
(77.7)
28.1
(82.6)
31.7
(89.1)
34.3
(93.7)
36.2
(97.2)
37.7
(99.9)
38.0
(100.4)
36.9
(98.4)
32.7
(90.9)
30.3
(86.5)
25.0
(77)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 12.7
(54.9)
13.8
(56.8)
16.7
(62.1)
20.7
(69.3)
24.1
(75.4)
26.8
(80.2)
31.4
(88.5)
31.0
(87.8)
28.1
(82.6)
24.3
(75.7)
19.5
(67.1)
15.1
(59.2)
22
(71.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.5
(45.5)
8.6
(47.5)
11.9
(53.4)
16.1
(61)
19.9
(67.8)
23.1
(73.6)
27.3
(81.1)
27.2
(81)
24.4
(75.9)
19.4
(66.9)
14.3
(57.7)
9.6
(49.3)
17.4
(63.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
3.4
(38.1)
7.2
(45)
11.5
(52.7)
15.9
(60.6)
19.7
(67.5)
23.9
(75)
24.1
(75.4)
21.1
(70)
15.1
(59.2)
9.6
(49.3)
4.7
(40.5)
13.2
(55.8)
Record low °C (°F) −7.5
(18.5)
−6.6
(20.1)
−4.1
(24.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.1
(37.6)
9.2
(48.6)
16.0
(60.8)
16.4
(61.5)
9.7
(49.5)
2.6
(36.7)
−2.7
(27.1)
−7.2
(19)
−7.5
(18.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 63.8
(2.512)
90.8
(3.575)
182.1
(7.169)
212.5
(8.366)
239.3
(9.421)
429.2
(16.898)
309.4
(12.181)
290.2
(11.425)
354.6
(13.961)
181.8
(7.157)
95.0
(3.74)
60.0
(2.362)
2,508.7
(98.767)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.5 mm) 6.7 7.6 12.3 11.9 11.8 16.3 12.7 13.7 13.1 8.9 7.1 5.6 127.7
Average relative humidity (%) 65 66 69 70 73 82 76 79 80 75 73 70 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 182.8 167.3 175.8 179.0 173.3 133.6 205.5 208.6 155.5 176.9 168.1 189.6 2,116
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[9]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Miyazaki City Official Website". Archived from the original on 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2014-11-05.
  2. ^ Miyazaki Car Ferry Routes and Timetables
  3. ^ David C. Earhart, Certain Victory, 2008, p.63
  4. ^ Travelogue of Hakko Ichiu at 31°56′54″N 131°24′52″E / 31.9483°N 131.41457°E / 31.9483; 131.41457
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-06-29. Retrieved 2008-09-13.
  6. ^ 会社概要/会社案内. Skynet Asia Airways. Retrieved May 20, 2009.
  7. ^ "Worldwide Offices Japan." Asiana Airlines. Retrieved on January 19, 2009.
  8. ^ "Sister cities on Miyazaki City Official Website". Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. Retrieved 2015-01-28.
  9. ^ 平年値(年・月ごとの値). Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  10. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(12月としての値). Retrieved 22 January 2012.

External links[edit]